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Black Gold

Transcript: During the 20th century, oil and gas platforms were constructed on land and sea to enable this sticky substance ( oil) to be extracted. In the center of the platforms is a drill , no ordinary drill, a mechanical drill. The drill has a three toothed wheel which bores down to make a test hole. When oil is discovered it is vacumed through a series of pipes before being shipped to a oil refinary. That is how oil is speparated. Oil is life: for many countries, factories and house holds oil is everything. Imagane cars without tyres. Picture a place where there is no black gold. Hard isnt it. Read on more to find out how precious oil really is... This black gold is very valuable to other living things as well as us. But it is causing many problems all over the world for instance: war. Greed is one of the main problems this sticky substance it causing. People are fighting so we can have oil in our hands. Also there is a great change in the next centry this precious material will no longer exist. That is why we have to take care of this substance and not use it heavily. Black Gold Video of Oil and Gas formation How Oil is Formed Have you ever wondered how oil was created? Millions of years ago, organic matter such as dead creatures (dinosaurs) and many species of plants setteld to the darkest, deepest depths of the ocean. Overtime a layer of sedementry rock (mud,silt and sand) covered over the dead species. Heat and pressure trasformed into hydrocarbons then into three componments: oil, gas and water and there it lay for millions of years. How oil is separated.

BLACK PINK

Transcript: Celebrity artist BLACK PINK Jenny Kim Jenny Kim Jenny grew up in New Zealand (studied at ACG Parnell College). Audition passed and began practicing with YG around 2011, with YG chosen Jenny in due to her singing and dancing ability. History History Position: rapper, singer Born: January 16, 1996 Language: Korean, English, Japanese Works Works Music video XX (That XX) - G-Dragon Lee Hi's special music feed Big Bang's Seungri's GG BE Feed G-Dragon's Black Music Feed Lisa Lalisa Manorab Works We Zaa Cool Works Is a model for the NONA9ON brand. Works MV RINGA LINGA - Taeyang Lisa Lalisa Manorab Lisa Lalisa Manorab Lisa is a Thai, considered to be the first foreign artist of YG. Lisa won the YG Audition in Thailand Contest 2010 and trained with YG in 2011. Lisa has dance skills such as Hip Hop, Shuffle and more. History History Position: Singer, Rapper Born: March 27, 1997 Language: Thai, Korean, English, Japanese Rose Rose was born and raised in Melbourne. Australia (Study at Canterbury Girls' Secondary College) Winner of the YG Audition in Australia 2012 audition Rose ็History Name: Chaeyoung Park / Roseanne Park Position: Singer Born: February 11, 1997 Language: English, Korean (other languages have not been confirmed) History Works 1. MV - Without You - G-Dragon Works 2. Boom Bayah Works 3. Ddu-Du Ddu-Du Works 4. Blackping House Jisoo Kim Jisoo Kim Position: Singer Born: June 20, 1995 Language: Korean (other languages have not been confirmed) Works Works MV (Spoiler) + HAPPEN ENDING) - EPIK HIGH MV (I’m Different) - HiSuhyun Guest starring in the drama The Producers, advertising presenter Samsonite RED Nikon 1 J5 LG Stylus 2 AngelStone game SMART school uniform

Black Gold!

Transcript: Oil is measured in barrels, which is equal to 42 US gallons or 159 liters. The US has the 10th largest oil reserve in the world. Venezuela has the largest, with 298.35 billion barrels compared to the US’ 33 billion barrels. The US consumes more oil than any other country -- 1.85 billion barrels per day. Gasoline makes up 45% of crude oil. Petrochemicals (found in oil) helped produce the electronic device you are reading on right now. How is oil formed? What is oil? Welcome to the M.A.S presantation Black Gold! The mud eveentullay tured into rock this put alot of pressure on the on the dead animals and plants rocks around them also heat up together the heat and the pressure turned the remians into oil it was important that no air or oxygen is present. Is there enough oil to last forevever? Materials like oil and coal which formed from living things many years ago are called fossil fules oil takes millions of years to form when we have used it all we cant quickly get more. This is why we call oil non renewable or finite resources our supplies will run out in about 50 years time. Oil is a liquid which we use for multiple things, such as fuel for transportation. Today we are going to be talking about the oil Industry. Saudi Arabia Russia United States Iran China Oil was formed from the remains of animals and plants that lived millions of years ago in a marine water envirioment before dinosaurs over the years the remains were covered by layers of mud heat and pressure from these layers helped the remains turn into what we call today crude oil. THANK YOU FOR LISTENING!! How did oil get trapped underground? The worlds top 5 crude oil producers. Facts about oil.

black gold

Transcript: what is the petrol? or black gold ? The main problem is the over consumption due to population growth and limited resources , this internal consumption has been steadily raising because of subsidies make it cheaper .. - Provide information about its availability , current use and future estimate . in 2011, Egypt's annual petrol production stood at 54 million tonnes , while annual consumption reached 53 million tonnes . so ,if Egypt's oil production decrease, it will lead to decrease the production of the chemical product as well, making it difficult to increase revenues from their resources * So oil is used in many products..as example : farm fertilizer , plastic toys , detergent ..... supply of essential resources black gold : introduction * 3- lack of skills. Government try to attract foreign companies in process of exploring and drilling for oil becase all of this process costs alot . * so what are the uses of the petrol ? plane will be grounded. lack of technology to extract oil * this lead to increase the production and decrease the unemployment rate so standard of living will increase and ECONOMY will increase also importance of the oil After the industrial revolution , the world started to use the petrol as the main source for manufacturing . * * * * * how to use the renewable energy? the problem that faced our society * Petroleum is non-renewable energy so its very difficult to save this resources. but we must determine the way for efficient use for this resource. another solution : In simple definition the petrol is the raw material getting from the first earth crust by drill into the earth to use it in our l. In 2010 , the production of petrol equaled consumption meaning that Egypt had no surplus oil to export . this cut off the country from major sources of foreign exchange . It is easy to understand why oil is so important in our society ... :) - 1- the increase of consumption . introduced by : magdy mostafa karim ahmed mohamed osama mohamed samir mohamed hasssan mohamed Ebrahim so what is the best solution for this problem ? * first solution,To search about another resources or substitute to save or reduce the consumption of it . * - * - Sure we cant use the petrol as the raw material س but , we can get it and try to make oil refining to select and get material usable for human like benzene , gas , solar , plastic material and so on .... * lack of skills : there are many problem that affect our society : _Government cant afford the cost of foreign companies for long time . so they try to search among their people by provide them with training , skills, education and motivate them to gain more benefit from them in the future. Our government has basically announced that the targeted economic growth is 6 % , so we need for thus equivalent of 3 % of energy growth per year for the next 30 years in order to cope with the targeted ( GDP) . : * Importance for using smart card system. Without petrol, factories will stop running , Thanks for listenting how the petrol increase the standard of living Airoplane 2- lack of technology.

Black Gold

Transcript: THE FUTURE is here... • The global coffee market is dominated by a mere four multinational corporations. - Kraft - Nestle - Proctor and Gamble - Sarah Lee •Coffee reaches the consumer after 6 chains of sellers and buyers. •Private traders are greedy. •Farmers are unable to negotiate prices with buyers. - They don't have frequent updates on price information - A select few control the market •Unlike the developed world, poor countries like Ethiopia don't have adequate funds to subsidize their farmers. - Therefore their crops can't compete in the world market. •The World Trade Origination (WTO) sets the regulations for global trade. - 148 countries meet for 5 days to make these rules. - The problems and concerns of underdeveloped countries are largely ignored. • Globally, more than 2 billion cups of coffee are drank daily. •Ethiopia is the largest producer of coffee in Africa. •The economy of whole communities is based on the price of coffee. • Over 15 million Ethiopians depend on coffee for their survival and it accounts for 67% of Ethiopia’s export revenue. • The supply of coffee on the world market was previously regulated by the International Coffee Agreement until its collapse in 1989. • Since 1989, the price farmers recieve for cofee has fallen to a 30 year low. http://ecadforum.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/ethiopia-famine-time-magazine1-226x300.jpg?d9c344 •If Ethiopia's share of world trade increased by 1%, it would generate 70 billion dollars which is 5 times more than they recieve in aid. • The primary strategy being utilized to improve the profits of farmers is that of eliminating the need for coffee suppliers, collectors, and middle-men. - Directly link the farmers through their own co-operative and through their union, directly to the roaster. •6o% of this costly 6 step processing chain is removed by working through co-operatives. - Ex: Oromia Coffee Farmers Co-operative Union •The consumers can make a difference in the market if they are more aware and demand more fair trade products. - Not just coffee, but all products from the third world which do not get a fair price. Goals •In Ethiopia, a cup of coffee costs 12 cents, in western countries it is sold for an average price of $2.90. - 80 cups of coffee are made from only one kilo of coffee. - A kilo of coffee is therefore worth $230. •Ethiopian farmers consider 23 cents for a kilo of coffee to be a good price. - They have yet to recieve a price of over $0.57. •Farmers need a 10 fold increase in profit to provide their families with nutritious food, clean water, clothes, and to be able to send their kids to school. - Need to receive $1.10 per kilo of coffee instead of $0.11 per kilo. •Some farmers aren't asking for a ten-fold increase in profit to be happy, most state that a price of $0.57 or 5 birr would "change their lives beyond recognition". http://lucyinnovation.files.wordpress.com/2011/04/fair_trade_coffee__hands_with_beans3.jpg • Africa is the only continent in the world to get more poor over the past twenty years. •Trade is more important to Ethiopia than aid. •7 million people in Ethiopia are dependent on emergency food aid every year. •Over the last 20 years, Africa’s share of world trade has dropped to 1%. • Instead of coffee, some farmers are growing chat (a narcotic smoked in East Africa) because it fetches a higher price. - Banned in most countries. • “It’s not just amazing how much bigger we are getting, but the lives that we are touching.” – Starbucks Manager - Sidama, the region in Ethiopia where Starbucks buys its coffee is suffering from famine. Black Gold: The Story of the Ethiopian Coffee Trade http://tesfanews.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/Ethiopia_Famine_undp-investigated.jpg - Pressure politicians to make responsible international trade rules that are fair to developing countries. - Ask companies to pay a fair price for their goods. - Buy fair trade items! Support the market for these products! - Donate to charities that will help subsidize Ethiopian communities and farms! - Inform others about the cause. http://bop.nppa.org/2007/thumbnails/512/00013140/INS/00013140-INS-Famine%20in%20Ethiopia-001.jpg Black Gold Conclusion: What YOU Can Do! Issues with the Market Prices http://www.keycoffeeroaster.com/images/samplefront.jpg http://www.nationsonline.org/map_small/ethiopia_africa.jpg http://growingalibrary.files.wordpress.com/2011/03/etmap2.gif The Facts http://www.afrol.com/images/release_photos/eth_malnutrition_fews.gif http://www.africanews.com/documents/6a/64/6a64bbb3a52e544f69558c1725cff36c.article.jpg

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