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Black Gold

Transcript: During the 20th century, oil and gas platforms were constructed on land and sea to enable this sticky substance ( oil) to be extracted. In the center of the platforms is a drill , no ordinary drill, a mechanical drill. The drill has a three toothed wheel which bores down to make a test hole. When oil is discovered it is vacumed through a series of pipes before being shipped to a oil refinary. That is how oil is speparated. Oil is life: for many countries, factories and house holds oil is everything. Imagane cars without tyres. Picture a place where there is no black gold. Hard isnt it. Read on more to find out how precious oil really is... This black gold is very valuable to other living things as well as us. But it is causing many problems all over the world for instance: war. Greed is one of the main problems this sticky substance it causing. People are fighting so we can have oil in our hands. Also there is a great change in the next centry this precious material will no longer exist. That is why we have to take care of this substance and not use it heavily. Black Gold Video of Oil and Gas formation How Oil is Formed Have you ever wondered how oil was created? Millions of years ago, organic matter such as dead creatures (dinosaurs) and many species of plants setteld to the darkest, deepest depths of the ocean. Overtime a layer of sedementry rock (mud,silt and sand) covered over the dead species. Heat and pressure trasformed into hydrocarbons then into three componments: oil, gas and water and there it lay for millions of years. How oil is separated.

Black and Gold

Transcript: Nancy Byrd Turner, born in Boydton, Virginia, was the eldest child of Rev. Byrd Thornton and Nancy Turner. In 1898 she graduated from Hannah More Academy in Maryland and began work as a teacher. During this period her work appeared in several national magazines including the Saturday Evening Post and Scribner's.In 1917, she moved to Boston to join the editorial staff of The Youth's Companion. By 1922 she was an editor for The Atlantic, The Independent, and Houghton Mifflin. She joined the MacDowell art colony in 1925 and remained there until 1944.Her first book of poetry, A Riband on My Rein, was published in 1929. Over the course of her career she published 15 books, ranging from adult poetry to children's literature and lyrics. Her work appeared in England and in the United States in such magazines as Good Housekeeping, Harper's Magazine, Ladies' Home Journal, and the New Yorker.She retired to Ashland, Virginia to become a lecturer and freelance writer. Everything is black and gold, Black and gold, to-night: Yellow pumpkins, yellow moon Yellow candlelight; Jet-black cats with golden eyes Shadows black as ink, Firelight blinking in the dark With a yellow blink Black and gold, black and gold Nothing in between- When the world turns black and gold Then it's Halloween! Summarize Nacy Byrd Turner Black and Gold Nacy Byrd Turner Black and Gold The poem build a kind of peaceful atmosphere of Halloween, although the poet just described two colors,it made people think a lot about the Haloween, the night and the family. The poem describes a picture with two colours.All the stuffs are either black or gold. Black cats, gold eyes, and the yellow candlelight made us imanige the picture of Halloween. The poem describes a peaceful and quiet picture to show the Halloween he excepted.Everything is peace but glorious, like a silience night.

Black and Gold

Transcript: By: Gabriela Aragon, Aranza Fernandez, Kymberly Patino, Joshua Lei, and Kurt Lara Civil War Dinner Party Project Guests Invited -Harriet Tubman -General Robert E. Lee -Clay Andrew Johnson -General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson -Hiram Revels -Harriett Beecher Stowe -President Abraham Lincoln -General George G. Meade Guests Invitation The Invitation Black and Gold Ball At: White House Ball Room 1600 Pennsylvania Ave NW, Washington, D.C .,20500 May,3rd, Thursday, 1-2:45 Rsvp by letter! Theme Theme The theme of our ball is Black and Gold, so expect to see lots of fancy colors throughout the event. Guests attending this ball will see lots of Black and Gold throughout the hour, including plates, tablecloth, and many other items! We want to celebrate Black and Gold through the ball because it symbolizes the high quality and elegance we still have after war. Menu Menu For our menu we have many things such as: Chicken, pork chops, steamed veggies, wine, coffee, rolls, worm castles, lemon cake, apple pie, pumpkin pie, corn on the cob, sugar cubes, cake, and grape juice. Decor Decor For decor we will stick with the Black and Gold theme as it is to keep our elegance. Most of the decor place will be either black or gold. The event will be hosted in the White House's ball room because it is very large and will fit my decorations. As well as it being elegant. This gives it a bit of high quality. Regrets Clay Andrew Johnson Dear President, I apologize for not being able to attend your Black and Gold Ball. The reason is because I have an important speech since I am sworn in as vice president. Sincerely, Clay Andrew Johnson Dear Mr. President Abraham Lincoln, I Hiram Revels apologize for not having the chance to attend your Black and Gold Ball. The reason is that I am going to leave the AME Church and am going to join the Methodist Episcopal Church on that day. I apologize for not attending. Sincerely, Hiram Revels Hiram Revels Dear President, I am sorry for not being able to attend your Black and Gold Ball. The reason is that I remained in the U.S. Army after the end of the Civil War and served as the commanding officer of the Division of the Atlantic, headquartered in Pennsylvania and will not have time to attend. Sincerely, General George G. Meade General George G. Meade President Abraham Lincoln R.S.V.P Abraham was invited because he is the president of the United States. He would be able to have talks about issues and improvments that they need to have. He is also the host of the ball. Abraham is also very reasonable. Harriet Tubman was invited because she was a woman of color who freed hundreds of slaves. She also helped black Americans after the Civil War ended. She worked hard believing what was right. Harriet was someone who would risk getting arrested to help others. Harriet Tubman R.S.V.P We invited Harriet Beecher Stowe because she is best known for her novel Uncle Tom's Cabin made in the year 1852. It tells the readers about the harsh conditions for enslaved African Americans. Her novel reached millions. She was against slavery. She was also very religious. Harriet Beecher Stowe enslaved: (making a person a slave) We invited Robert E. Lee because he was a general in the war for the Confedrates. We also invited him because we thought we could make an agreement. Robert E. Lee was a very intelligent man and believe he would make a good decision on what's right for our country. He also had a strong fighting spirit. General Robert E. Lee R.S.V.P Like General Lee, Stonewall had a high spirit. He fought on the confederates side. We believe that together we will choose a good agreement for our country. If Stonewall likes one of our agreements, then he could convince General Lee. General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson R.S.V.P Seating Harriet B. Stowe Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson Harriet Tubman Gen. Robert E. Lee Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln Reason Why He was seated at the front of the table because he is the host and one of the presidents of the United States of America. He also participated in the Civil War as Commander in Chief. She was seated on the left side of the table because the union go to the left side of Abraham Lincoln and she is part of the union. Harriet Elisabeth Beecher Stowe She was seated next to Harriet Elisabeth Beecher Stowe because she is also part of the union and thinks similar to Harriet E. B. Stowe in relation to slavery. Harriet Tubman He is put on the right side of the table because like I said before, the union and confederate are separated, Harriet B. and Harriet T. are sided with the union, General Robert E. Lee is sided with the confederate. General Robert E. Lee He is seated at the right side of General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson because he is also a confederate and a general like General Robert E. Lee. General Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson

black gold

Transcript: what is the petrol? or black gold ? The main problem is the over consumption due to population growth and limited resources , this internal consumption has been steadily raising because of subsidies make it cheaper .. - Provide information about its availability , current use and future estimate . in 2011, Egypt's annual petrol production stood at 54 million tonnes , while annual consumption reached 53 million tonnes . so ,if Egypt's oil production decrease, it will lead to decrease the production of the chemical product as well, making it difficult to increase revenues from their resources * So oil is used in many example : farm fertilizer , plastic toys , detergent ..... supply of essential resources black gold : introduction * 3- lack of skills. Government try to attract foreign companies in process of exploring and drilling for oil becase all of this process costs alot . * so what are the uses of the petrol ? plane will be grounded. lack of technology to extract oil * this lead to increase the production and decrease the unemployment rate so standard of living will increase and ECONOMY will increase also importance of the oil After the industrial revolution , the world started to use the petrol as the main source for manufacturing . * * * * * how to use the renewable energy? the problem that faced our society * Petroleum is non-renewable energy so its very difficult to save this resources. but we must determine the way for efficient use for this resource. another solution : In simple definition the petrol is the raw material getting from the first earth crust by drill into the earth to use it in our l. In 2010 , the production of petrol equaled consumption meaning that Egypt had no surplus oil to export . this cut off the country from major sources of foreign exchange . It is easy to understand why oil is so important in our society ... :) - 1- the increase of consumption . introduced by : magdy mostafa karim ahmed mohamed osama mohamed samir mohamed hasssan mohamed Ebrahim so what is the best solution for this problem ? * first solution,To search about another resources or substitute to save or reduce the consumption of it . * - * - Sure we cant use the petrol as the raw material س but , we can get it and try to make oil refining to select and get material usable for human like benzene , gas , solar , plastic material and so on .... * lack of skills : there are many problem that affect our society : _Government cant afford the cost of foreign companies for long time . so they try to search among their people by provide them with training , skills, education and motivate them to gain more benefit from them in the future. Our government has basically announced that the targeted economic growth is 6 % , so we need for thus equivalent of 3 % of energy growth per year for the next 30 years in order to cope with the targeted ( GDP) . : * Importance for using smart card system. Without petrol, factories will stop running , Thanks for listenting how the petrol increase the standard of living Airoplane 2- lack of technology.

Black Gold

Transcript: THE FUTURE is here... • The global coffee market is dominated by a mere four multinational corporations. - Kraft - Nestle - Proctor and Gamble - Sarah Lee •Coffee reaches the consumer after 6 chains of sellers and buyers. •Private traders are greedy. •Farmers are unable to negotiate prices with buyers. - They don't have frequent updates on price information - A select few control the market •Unlike the developed world, poor countries like Ethiopia don't have adequate funds to subsidize their farmers. - Therefore their crops can't compete in the world market. •The World Trade Origination (WTO) sets the regulations for global trade. - 148 countries meet for 5 days to make these rules. - The problems and concerns of underdeveloped countries are largely ignored. • Globally, more than 2 billion cups of coffee are drank daily. •Ethiopia is the largest producer of coffee in Africa. •The economy of whole communities is based on the price of coffee. • Over 15 million Ethiopians depend on coffee for their survival and it accounts for 67% of Ethiopia’s export revenue. • The supply of coffee on the world market was previously regulated by the International Coffee Agreement until its collapse in 1989. • Since 1989, the price farmers recieve for cofee has fallen to a 30 year low. •If Ethiopia's share of world trade increased by 1%, it would generate 70 billion dollars which is 5 times more than they recieve in aid. • The primary strategy being utilized to improve the profits of farmers is that of eliminating the need for coffee suppliers, collectors, and middle-men. - Directly link the farmers through their own co-operative and through their union, directly to the roaster. •6o% of this costly 6 step processing chain is removed by working through co-operatives. - Ex: Oromia Coffee Farmers Co-operative Union •The consumers can make a difference in the market if they are more aware and demand more fair trade products. - Not just coffee, but all products from the third world which do not get a fair price. Goals •In Ethiopia, a cup of coffee costs 12 cents, in western countries it is sold for an average price of $2.90. - 80 cups of coffee are made from only one kilo of coffee. - A kilo of coffee is therefore worth $230. •Ethiopian farmers consider 23 cents for a kilo of coffee to be a good price. - They have yet to recieve a price of over $0.57. •Farmers need a 10 fold increase in profit to provide their families with nutritious food, clean water, clothes, and to be able to send their kids to school. - Need to receive $1.10 per kilo of coffee instead of $0.11 per kilo. •Some farmers aren't asking for a ten-fold increase in profit to be happy, most state that a price of $0.57 or 5 birr would "change their lives beyond recognition". • Africa is the only continent in the world to get more poor over the past twenty years. •Trade is more important to Ethiopia than aid. •7 million people in Ethiopia are dependent on emergency food aid every year. •Over the last 20 years, Africa’s share of world trade has dropped to 1%. • Instead of coffee, some farmers are growing chat (a narcotic smoked in East Africa) because it fetches a higher price. - Banned in most countries. • “It’s not just amazing how much bigger we are getting, but the lives that we are touching.” – Starbucks Manager - Sidama, the region in Ethiopia where Starbucks buys its coffee is suffering from famine. Black Gold: The Story of the Ethiopian Coffee Trade - Pressure politicians to make responsible international trade rules that are fair to developing countries. - Ask companies to pay a fair price for their goods. - Buy fair trade items! Support the market for these products! - Donate to charities that will help subsidize Ethiopian communities and farms! - Inform others about the cause. Black Gold Conclusion: What YOU Can Do! Issues with the Market Prices The Facts

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