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Bipolar Disorder

Transcript: Common Medications for Bipolar Disorders: Lithium Anticonculsants Antipsychotic drugs Calcium channel blockers Benzodiazepines Antidepressants Paxil, Prozac, Luvox, and Zoloft for Bipolar Disorder Interesting Facts: Total Number of Adults with Bi-Polar 5.7 million Total percent of people that suffer from BiPolar disorder 5% Average Age of Bipolar Onset 25 years old Percent child will get Bi-Polar when 1 parent has it 23% Experts believe bipolar disorder is partly caused by an underlying problem with the balance of brain chemicals called neurotransmitters. A multitude of controlled studies of bipolar patients and their relatives have shown that bipolar disorder does run in families. Perhaps the most convincing data comes from twin studies. There is also growing evidence that environment and lifestyle issues have an effect on the disorder's severity. Stressful life events -- or alcohol or drug abuse -- can make bipolar disorder more difficult to treat. Disorder used to be known as manic depressive disorder or manic depression. It's a serious mental illness, one that can lead to risky behavior, damaged relationships and careers, and even suicidal tendencies -- if its not treated Causes of Bipolar Disorder There are four types of mood episodes in bipolar disorder:mania, hypomania, depression, and mixed episodes. Each type of bipolar disorder mood episode has a unique set of symptoms. Feeling hopeless, sad, or empty. Irritability ,Inability to experience pleasure ,Fatigue or loss of energy, Physical and mental, sluggishness, Appetite or weight changes ,Sleep problems ,Concentration and memory problems, Feelings of worthlessness or guilt, Thoughts of death or suicide. Bipolar Disorder By: Jymia Howard (Mya) Medications/Intersting Facts Symptoms... Template by Missing Link Images from What is a Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar Disorder

Transcript: Bipolar disorder is a condition in which people go back and forth between periods of a very good or irritable mood and depression. The "mood swings" between mania and depression can be very quick. A mild form of bipolar disorder called cyclothymia involves less severe mood swings. People with this form alternate between hypomania and mild depression. People with bipolar disorder type II or cyclothymia may be wrongly diagnosed as having depression. Types of Bipolar *Life changes such as childbirth *Medications such as antidepressants or steroids *Periods of sleeplessness *Recreational drug use Cyclothemia Bipolar type II Many factors are involved in diagnosing bipolar disorder. The health care provider may do some or all of the following: *Ask about your family medical history, such as whether anyone has or had bipolar disorder * about your recent mood swings and for how long you've had them *Perform a thorough examination to look for illnesses that may be causing the symptoms *Run laboratory tests to check for thyroid problems or drug levels * Talk to your family members about your behavior * Take a medical history, including any medical problems you have and any medications you take * Watch your behavior and mood Other drugs used to treat bipolar disorder include: *Antipsychotic drugs and anti-anxiety drugs (benzodiazepines) for mood problems * Antidepressant medications can be added to treat depression. The depressed phase of both types of bipolar disorder includes the following symptoms: *Daily low mood or sadness *Difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions *Eating problems -Loss of appetite and weight loss -Overeating and weight gain Very elevated mood * Excess activity (hyperactivity) * Increased energy * Racing thoughts * Talking a lot * Very high self-esteem (false beliefs about self or abilities) *Bipolar type I *Bipolar type II *Cyclothemia Bipolar type I These symptoms of mania occur with bipolar disorder I. In people with bipolar disorder II, the symptoms of mania are similar but less intense. *Fatigue or lack of energy *Feeling worthless, hopeless, or guilty *Loss of pleasure in activities once enjoyed *Loss of self-esteem *Thoughts of death and suicide *Trouble getting to sleep or sleeping too much *Pulling away from friends or activities that were once enjoyed The following drugs, called mood stabilizers, are usually used first: *Carbamazepine *Lamotrigine *Lithium *Valproate (valproic acid) In most people with bipolar disorder, there is no clear cause for the manic or depressive episodes. The following may trigger a manic episode in people with bipolar disorder. *Very involved in activities *Very upset (agitated or irritated) People with bipolar disorder type II have never had full mania. Instead they experience periods of high energy levels and impulsiveness that are not as extreme as mania (called hypomania). These periods alternate with episodes of depression. Citations Basile, M. (2005). Bipolar Disorder. In B. Narins (Ed.), The Gale Encyclopedia of Genetic Disorders (2nd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 166-170). Detroit: Gale. Retrieved from Sobieski, S. (2010, March-April). Not a life sentence: bipolar symptoms can lessen with age. Psychology Today, 43(2), 19. Retrieved from Shaghaghi, M. (2009, September-October). Bipolarity's hidden hazards: multiple causes of early death. Psychology Today, 42(5), 31. Retrieved from Seeking cures for adult bipolar disorder. (2011, September 12). Crain's Detroit Business, 27(38), 0031. Retrieved from People with bipolar disorder type I have had at least one manic episode and periods of major depression. In the past, bipolar disorder type I was called manic depression. Reckless behavior and lack of self control *Binge eating, drinking, and/or drug use *Poor judgment *Sex with many partners (promiscuity) *Spending sprees The manic phase may last from days to months. It can include the following symptoms: *Easily distracted *Little need for sleep *Poor judgment *Poor temper control

Bipolar Disorder

Transcript: Bipolar disorder is a disorder of drastically changing moods, energy levels, and abilities to carry out everyday tasks. Living with this disorder may not always be easy to do; however, there are various treatments and tests taking place in order to help patients manage and fully understand this condition. When were you diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder? I was diagnosed when I was 28, in 1998. You would have been 2 or 3 years old. Which type of disorder were you diagnosed with? I was diagnosed with Bipolar I Rapid Cycling. What symptoms were present? High risk behavior, such as putting myself in situations I normally wouldn’t, mood swings from severe depression to high points of mania, and also lack of decisiveness, leading to poor decisions. I also heard voices when I was a kid and started to hear them again. Also stress is a trigger for bipolar disorder What was your reaction to the diagnosis? I was surprised about it. I didn’t really know much about it. It took me a little while to come to acceptance. Did you have any doubts about it? At the time I was really not doing well, and was just seeking help. I didn’t think I had a condition, so when I was diagnosed I had doubt. But once I read the pamphlet they gave me, that included the symptoms, I realized I did have it. What types of medication were you prescribed to treat the symptoms? Some of the names included: Seroquel, Tegratol (at first), Prozac, Colanapin. I took various other anti-psychotic, anxiety and depression based drugs. Did you feel more like yourself with or without the medication? With the medication, I had a lot of side effects, a lot of memory was gone, lack of feeling, and lack of emotion, I could sleep and then couldn’t sleep so the side effects bothered with my everyday life. But without the medication I wasn’t near normal so it was necessary to have. Do you believe the medication was beneficial? Yes, I do it relieved many symptoms that troubled me. How is bipolar disorder affecting you today? I still have trouble in making decisions, mood swings, and the lack of memory from past experiences is also hindering me today. Especially with my children I don’t have much memory of them growing up. Mania Depression Thesis Statement: Bipolar Disorder 1: Also known as Manic Depression, is when one has mixed episodes of manic states and depressive states. In order to be diagnosed with this disease these episodes need to be drastic. Bipolar Disorder 2: This form of Bipolar Disorder is when one has mild states of depression along with mild states of mania. You never attain full mania with this type. Bipolar Disorder not Otherwise Specified: When one does not meet the entire criteria of Bipolar 1 and 2. This can mean only displaying a fraction symptoms. Cyclothymia: One experiences hypomania and mild depression. This is less than mania. Defined by: Mania Long periods of feeling empty. Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. Extreme Tiredness Troubles concentrating Restless and Irritability Change in eating, sleeping, or other habits Low self-esteem Thoughts of suicide or death Bipolar Disorder is a mood disorder that consists of drastic changes in energy, activity levels, mood, and impairment in the ability to carry out daily tasks. A person with Bipolar Disorder experiences high points of mania and low points of depression, hence the name Manic Depression. Research Long periods of feeling empty. Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. Extreme Tiredness Troubles concentrating Restless and Irritability Change in eating, sleeping, or other habits Low self-esteem Thoughts of suicide or death By Riley Chuss In the United States about 2.6% of people have been diagnosed with a form of Bipolar Disorder. And of those diagnosed 82.9% have a serious case. Treatments What is Bipolar Disorder? Long periods of feeling empty. Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. Extreme Tiredness Troubles concentrating Restless and Irritability Change in eating, sleeping, or other habits Low self-esteem Thoughts of suicide or death Defined by: Did you know? Depression The first step of diagnosis is family members noticing and reporting symptoms of an outbreak. For one to be diagnosed with this disorder, they should seek out a mental health professional. The person that did the diagnosis, can then prescribe you proper medication to relieve symptoms. Defined by: Feeling Overly Happy Extreme irritability Easily Frustrated Quick to act Restlessness Impulsive and frequently seeking pleasureful activities Defined by: Feeling Overly Happy Extreme irritability Easily Frustrated Quick to act Restlessness Impulsive and frequently seeking pleasureful activities Bipolar Disorder Counseling: Attending meetings regularly discussing problems. Family is a necessity of the counseling process. Medications: Lithium- most common and is a mood stabilizer for the manic portion. This produces side effects like too high of thyroid hormones, then you need to take a thyroid regiment. This is

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