Transcript: Performance Enhancing Drugs Why do people take steroids What are steroids The dangers of performance enhancing drug use What God thinks about people who use steroids illegally Thesis Statement The desire is so strong for fame and fortune that some athletes will result to taking steroids to try and make themselves just as great as these athletes. Introduction Walter Patton, Michael Jordan, Muhammad Ali were some of the greatest athletes in the world. These three athletes are perfect examples of how an individual can obtain the fame and fortune that comes with being great at a sport. So it is no mystery why those who play sports have a desire to want to be the best. The desire is so strong for some athletes that they will result to taking steroids to try and make themselves just as great as these athletes. Steroids enhances your muscles and make you perform better. But taking steroids to increase your athletic ability is illegal and in many cases can be deadly. There is much debate about whether taking sports enhancing drugs should be illegal or legal. Dedication Page I, Michael Howell would like to dedicate my thesis paper to parents because they would stay up with me all night doing homework. They encourage me to keep going and never give up. Why people take Steroids The life of an professional athlete can look very attractive. But this life is not an option for everyone that plays sports. There are some athletes that have the natural ability and there are some that cheat by taking performance enhancing drugs in order to make it to and in professional sports. It is shocking that someone would take such a great risk by taking steroids in order to become or maintain being a professional athlete, but according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention steroid use has increased in professional sports and has doubled in high school sports. More than 6 percent or as many as 1 million U.S. students, said they had taken steroids at least once. With so many athletes seeing steroids as an option to increase their chances of getting better at sports. One must be wondering how does taking steroids to increase athletic ability actually work. The effects of steroids Steroids are some times referred to as roids, hype, weight trainers or gym candy are similar a hormone in our body. Our body naturally produces steroids to support functions in the body to fight stress and promote growth and development. These steroids are called androgen. The most powerful androgen in our body is called testosterone. This androgen is mostly found in male bodies but female bodies produce small amounts. Androgen promotes masculine traits that guys develop during puberty, such as your voice getting deeper and the growth of your body hair. Testosterone can also affect how aggressive a person is. But some people use steroids pills, gels, creams or injections because they think they can improve there performance or the way they look. These are called anabolic steroids which are artificially made hormones or fake steroids. There are over 100 variations of anabolic steroids. Here is an example of an anabolic (artificially made)steroid to your left and an androgen (body produced) steroid to your right. Dangers of Steroids Fake steroids or anabolic steroids stimulate muscle tissue to grow and “bulk up” in response to training by mimicking the effect of naturally produced androgen. Anabolic steroids can remain in the body anywhere from a couple of days to about a year. Since anabolic steroids are a weaker form of androgen so they have to be taking in larger doses in order to get the result of bulking up muscle tissue. For example muscle builders. But has dangerous side effects which are listed below. premature balding or hair loss dizziness believing things that aren't true (delusion) extreme feelings of mistrust or fear (paranoia) nausea and vomiting high blood pressure that can damage the heart or blood vessels over time greater chance of injuring muscles and tendons jaundice or yellowing of the skin; liver damage urinary problems shortening of final adult height increased risk of developing heart disease, stroke, and some types of cancer What God thinks about steroids I Corinthians 6: 19-20 Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy who is in you, whom you have from God,and you are not your own. For you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body. Steroids will negatively effect your body, it will effect the way God meant for you body to be. He made you in his on image so why would you illegally want mess up the way God created you just to be good at something , I wouldn't. Conclusion Steroids are very deadly and should not be tampered with unless prescribed by a doctor. There if nothing wrong with having a goal but there are safer and better ways to succeed ,like eating healthy, or working out. Joining gym or getting a personal trainer is also another good idea. But you shouldn't be so desperate to be an all-star that
Transcript: PowToon is the undisputed king of “interesting.” If you really want to inspire your audience with a great pitch, story and emotional hooks, this is the way to go; PowToon allows you to present using animated characters and to introduce yourself or your product using “story telling” rather than “fact telling.” Best Powerpoint Alternative Preszentit is another PowerPoint look alike. Unlike Prezi, there is nothing groundbreaking here… but it does allow you to create impressive presentations without downloading any presentation software. It’s simplicity is brilliant. Prezentit’s strongest feature is it’s ‘transitions’ capability, so if you want killer bullet points that transition really well – you should really check it SlideRocket is an online presentation platform that lets users create, manage, share and measurepresentations. SlideRocket is provided via a SaaS model. The company was acquired by ClearSlide, a similar SaaS application, in March 2013. They are no longer offering independent signups, as the platform is being integrated into ClearSlide. Sometimes known as the zooming presentation tool, some people have actually complained that Prezi gave them motion sickness. Prezi is a bit much with all the flying objects and movements, but it’s the best tool for those who need to constantly jump from one part of their presentation to another. Keynote is only available as a software download for Mac users who won’t touch Microsoft PowerPoint if their life depended on it. It allows all the same functions as PowerPoint, but its’s just much easier to use. We love the potential that iCloud brings to Keynote but hate the iPad application.
Transcript: huddle Mrs. Rossi huddle to crowd together crowd huddle separate
Transcript: Taxonomic Survey of Class Asteroidea in Intertidal Zone of Potipot Island, Candelaria, Zambales METHODOLOGY Mrs. Zenaida Salazar Asteroidea A (Abactinal surface) B ( Actinal surface) C (Scale :0.132 cm) Culcita novaguineae (Muller and troschel, 1842) A (Abactinal surface) B ( Actinal surface) C (Scale :0.15 cm) 1. marginal plates conspicuous; with bivalve shaped pedicellariae 2. spines present in marginal plates.................... Heppasteria philippinensis 2. spines absent in marginal plates 3. spinelets on inframarginal plates are present......... Archaster typicus 3. spinelets on inframaginals plates are absent 4. body shape pentagonal................................ Culcita novaguineae 4. body shape star-like 5. tubercles are prominent........................ Nardoa tuberculata 5. tubercles are inconspicuous 6. madreporite shape ovate................ Protoreaster nodosus 6. madreporite shape pentagon 7. shape of rays are triangular.......... Pentaster obtusatus 7. shape of rays are cylindrical 8. ambulacral plate color blue..... Linckia laevegata 8. ambulacral plate color orange... Linckia guildingi *(•) indicates that species occur in that station Pentaster obtusatus (Bory De St. Vincent 1827) They are commonly live at over or under rocky, sandy, grassy and muddy substrate. Some are attached in coral reefs. Recomendation Key to species of Class Asteroidea in Potipot Island, Candelaria Zambales National Museum A (Abactinal surface) B (Actinal surface) C (Scale: 1.38 cm.) A (Abactinal surface) B ( Actinal surface) C (Scale : 0.355cm) The sea stars that were surveyed in the intertidal zone of Potipot Island consist of (8) species, (7) generas, (4) families and all collected species belonged to Order Valvatida. Magnesium sulfate Taxonomic distribution of collected specimen Order : Valvatida Family : Archasteridae Genus : Archaster Species : typicus Intertidal zone of Potipot Island, Candelaria, Zambales, Philippines During day time at low tide level Five (5) representative individual per species Occurence of all species under Class Asteroidea Classified, Identified and Verified Dichotomous key was constructed based on morphological characteristic only There are no available data of Class Asteroidea Significance of the study to increase the amount of data available on the species of Class Asteroidea in the Philippines it could give information about the asteroidean present in Potipot Island wherein there is no report of study at this area it can inform the people of the area about the value of the species Department of Biology, College of Science, PUP research in marine biology and taxonomy of class asteroidea Crinoidea Ophiordea Echinoidea Holuthoroidea Archaster typicus (Muller and troschel 1840) Conclusion Summary Relaxation and fixation Order: Valvatida Family: Oreasteridae Genus: Protoreaster Species: nodosus In conducting this study, the following were recommended: - The sampling must also be done in night time wherein some sea stars are nocturnal. - The collection of sea stars must be observed not only in the intertidal zone but in the deepest part of water. - Water quality analysis should be done to be able to determine the parameters. - The collected species must be kept away from direct sunlight so that the natural color of species will be maintained. (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr Order : Valvatida Family: Oreasteridae Genus: Culcita Species: novaguineae Distribution of Class Asteroidea General objective: This taxanomic survey of Class Asteroidea was done in the intertidal zone of Potipot Island, Candelaria, Zambales, Philippines They are predators They are detritivores. They can be voracious predators. They are important members of many marine benthic communities. Collection of the Specimen Hippasteria philippinensis (Domantay and Roxas, 1938) INTRODUCTION Sea stars or star fishes Approximately 1,600 extant species There were 71 species are described in the Philippines. Order: Valvatida Family: Oreasteridae Genus: Pentaster Species: obtusatus Potipot Island Eight (8) species were collected that belonged in one (1) order (Valvatida), Four (4) families (Archasteridae, Goneasteridae, Ophidiasteridae and Oreasteridae) and Seven (7) genera (Archaster, Hippasteria, Nardoa, Linckia, Protoreaster, Pentaster and Culcita). Each speicies were identified and describe each morphological character to conduct a taxonomic key to make easy to be familiar with the characteristics of each asteroidean from order to species level. Linckia guildingi (Gray, 1840) Protoreaster nodosus (Linneaus, 1758) Phylum Echinodermata Results Summary Linckia laevegata (Lutken, 1871) Order: Valvatida Family: Goniasteridae Genus: Hippasteria Species: philippinensis Classification of Sea stars Verification A (Abactinal surface) B ( Actinal surface) C (Scale :0.137 cm) OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 1. collect, classify and identify the specimens that were surveyed along intertidal zone of the study area; 2. preserve the collected
Transcript: The Fault In Our Stars is my favorite movie because it depicts real life tragedies in a realistic yet touching way. Personal Narrative Process Classification Problem-Solution Topic:The Fault In Our Stars (Movie) The Fault In Our Stars is a beautiful love story based on the novel by John Greene. However, this movie is not the typical fairytale romance that you're used to seeing.The movie is about a teenage girl named Hazel who is dying from unbeatable cancer. She falls in love with a witty older boy named Augustus that she met in a cancer support group. As the plot thicken the two of them have an amazing with each other until Augustus' cancer returns. Thesis PowerPoint By: Elizabeth Spielman A problem with the movie is that it does not accurately depict Augustus as he is in the book, this may be fixed by adding minute details about him if there is ever a remake. The Fault In Our Stars is one of the most influential love stories of our decade due to the realism and beauty of the characters and their actions. Position Throughout the movie The Fault In Our Stars, different types of cancer are mentioned such as thyroid cancer and osteosarcoma. When dying from cancer Hazel, the main character underwent a surgery, than had radiation than chemo than, finally, got into a miracle clinical trial.
Transcript: Chapter 1 1.1. Background of the study Campylobacter jejuni is a bacterium that behaves as a commensal in the chicken gut. Though this bacterium is a part of the natural flora of a flock’s body, it becomes pathogenic as it reaches its human host through ingestion of poultry products. Campylobacter jejuni can also be easily transmitted from one flock to another that therefore lead to a larger number of positive flocks capable of infecting humans. Several strategies have been applied to reduce Campylobacter count on poultry, including attempts to eliminate Campylobacter from the farms in order to help control shedding of Campylobacter before it is attained by humans (Zoete et al. 2007). Poultry feeds are given daily to chicken for growth and survival, along with this, it must be noted that one of the easiest way to be infected by bacteria is through ingestion of contaminated feeds. Therefore, examination on poultry feeds should be done in order to know if it causes an increased prevalence of these microorganisms. Development of resistance in zoonotic bacteria appears to be primarily driven by the utilization of antibiotics in contemporary intensive animal production for therapy and prevention of diseases (Pezzotti et al. 2002). Making use of antibiotics in the case of poultry, which is the major reservoir of Campylobacter jejuni, may possibly lead to the selection of resistant strains. There is a rising level of resistance to antibiotics among Campylobacter and was considered as an emerging public health problem in human bacterial illness (Rodrigo et al. 2005). Observing the drug resistance of these strains has developed into of prime significance and management of these species would yield a positive impact on the improvement of food safety (Mackiw et al. 2011). Campylobacter is regarded to be the major contributory pathogen of food borne gastrointestinal diseases around the world (Ganan et al. 2011). In fact, the reported cases of Campylobacter infection have a higher record than other food pathogens such as Salmonella, Shigella and Escherichia coli in many regions. Most common indications of the Campylobacter infection particularly Campylobacter jejuni comprises diarrhea which is often bloody, abdominal pain, and fever. A small percentage of chronic long-term complications are reactive arthritis and peripheral neuropathies, Guillain-Barré and Miller Fisher syndrome (Ansari-Lari et al. 2010). Transmission happens by ingestion of contaminated poultry products (Hariharan et al. 2008). The study will prospectively determine the prevalence of Campylobacter jejuni in commercial and recycled poultry feeds and investigate the multi-resistance antibiotic patterns of the isolates. 1.2. Theoretical Framework 1.3. Statement of the Problem This study will aim to detect Campylobacter jejuni in commercial and recycled poultry feeds and its antibiotic multi-resistance pattern. Specifically, it will aim to answer the following questions. 1.3.1. What is the prevalence of Campylobacter jejuni in recycled and commercial poultry feeds? 1.3.2. Is there a difference between the Campylobacter jejuni count isolated from commercial poultry feeds and recycled poultry feeds? 1.3.3. What is the prevalence of antibiotic multi-resistance Campylobacter jejuni in commercial and recycled poultry feeds? 1.4. Scope and Delimitations The study will focus on the prevalence of Campylobacter jejuni in commercial and recycled poultry feeds. Polymerase chain reaction will be used in order to detect the prevalence of Campylobacter in poultry feeds using a gene specific hipO of C. jejuni. It will also center on the occurrence of C. jejuni strains that are resistant to the commonly used nalidixic acid, ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, tetracycline and doxycycline employed for antibacterial action. Gel electrophoresis will be used for comparison. Disc diffusion assay will determine the antibiotic multi-resistance patterns of the Campylobacter jejuni isolates. Hence, other sources of C. jejuni like raw meat and feces are not part of the study as well as its resistance to other utilized antibiotic. 1.5. Significance of the Study Chapter 3 3 PREVALENCE OF Campylobacter jejuni IN COMMERCIAL AND RECYCLED POULTRY FEEDS AND ITS ANTIBIOTIC MULTI-RESISTANCE PATTERN Mae Kristine A. Cervantes Shannen Valerie P. Valerio Future Researchers Total genomic DNA will be isolated using Wizard® Genomic DNA Purification Kit (Promega USA) according to the manufacturer’s instruction. Briefly, the enriched suspension will be centrifuged at 8,000 rpm for 5 min. The pellet was resuspended in 600 µL nuclei lysis solution and incubated at 80°C for 5 min. The cell lysate will be mixed with 3 µL RNase and incubated at 37°C for 1 hr. The RNase-treated cell lysate will be vortexed with 200 µL protein precipitation solution for 20 min and will be incubated on ice for 5 min. The suspension will be centrifuged at 14,000 rpm for 5 min. The DNA will be precipitated by adding equal volume of
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Transcript: Level of Tourism Support in Lucban Quezon Presented by: Thank You! Data Analysis To assess the level of support in Lucban, Quezon in terms of : Descriptive Method To relate level of support and factors affecting this level of support Factors Affecting the Level of Support Data Gathering Instrument Methods Questionnaire Books, internet and other materials serve as additional sources of information 2.2 Host Community 2.2.1 Support of the local population is essential for the development, successful operation, and sustainability of tourism. 2.2.2 The local residents contribute in the preservation of the infrastructures. 2.2.3 Increased crime rate in the local community affect the image of the destination 2.2.4 The host community abides to the policies being implemented by the local government 2.2.5 Local residents most often consider tourism as a cultural and employment factor 1.4 Policy 1.4.1 Tourism policy of the local government of Lucban, Quezon 1.4.2 Shaping of policy decisions and their impacts (the policy cycle approach) 1.4.3 Providing information about solutions to practical problems and to then feed this information into the policy process (scientific approach) 1.4.4 Maintenance of effective consultation with all sectors of the tourism industry 1.4.5 Provision of fiscal and other incentives to attract foreign investments. Participants of the Study * Tourist * Host Community * Government of the host community * Business catering tourist goods and services To develop an action plan to uplift level of support to tourism in Lucban, Quezon Literature Research design Factors affecting the level of tourism support in Lucban, Quezon management infrastructure promotion policies budget Mendoza Lalaine * Promotion 2.1. Tourist 2.1.1 Different preferences of tourist make them hard to manage 2.1.2 Heritage and historical sites are being degraded due to mass tourist arrival 2.1.3 Intensive promotions are needed to attract tourist 2.1.4 Policy makers always consider the tourist’s motivation for travel 2.1.5 The tourist’s contributes significantly to the economy. * Budget 2.3 Government of host community 2.3.1 The government facilitates the overall operation of tourism 2.3.2 Government develops the infrastructure required to make a destination a tourist-accessible 2.3.3 Government formulates rules and regulations for successfull operation of tourism activities 2.3.4 The government supports the advocacies of the tourism industry when it comes to promotion of a destination 2.3.5 Government looks on tourism as a capital and megabucks factor in the economy. 2.4 Business catering tourist goods and services 2.4.1. Methods of mass productions are being replaced by flexible systems. 2.4.2 Businesses help the government in the development of needed infrastructure 2.4.3 Promotion of individual products also helps in promoting the destination as whole 2.4.4 Business policy conforms to the policy of the government 2.4.5 Businesses pay taxes that contributes to the local economy of the place BS ITTM IV-A Part I. Level of Support in Lucban, Quezon Questionnaire 100 Participants 25 Tourist 25 Host Community 25 Government Official 25 Representation of business catering tourist goods and services Orias Mary Joyce Level of Support to Tourism Industry Falcunitin Maria Teresa Data Gathering Procedure * Management 1.1. Management 1.1.1 Organization of activities required to achieve a desired goal. 1.1.2 Proper assignment of responsibility for each organizational component 1.1.3 Effective human resources 1.1.4 Competent leadership of an organizational unit 1.1.5 Setting of standards and measuring of actual performance Reyes Darlene May Rational tourist host community government of the host community business catering tourist goods and services. * Infrastructure Objectives Questionnaire 1.2 Infrastructure 1.2.1 Accessible roads 1.2.2 Clutter-free sewage systems 1.2.3 Fast communication system 1.2.4 Availability of commercial facilities (supermarkets and retails stores) 1.2.5 Preservation of heritage sites 1.3 Promotion 1.3.1 Making of a recognizable public image. 1.3.2 Using of marketing techniques, knowledge and tactics to highlight the destination 1.3.3 Promotion of festivals to attract visitors 1.3.4 Accommodation of trade fairs showcasing products of Lucban 1.3.5 Using of media to promote the place 1.5 Budget 1.5.1. Budget of the government for tourism 1.5.2 Budget of the Municipality of Lucban for tourism activities 1.5.3 Tie-up with other tourism organizations 1.5.4 Participation in national and international competitions to raise funds 1.5.5 Investments from foreign investors * Policy Tourism is one of the possible trajectories for the integration of places into global sphere. Therefore, the researchers want to develop a place that will significantly contribute to the country’s tourism industry and be known internationally. The researchers believe that if the level of tourism support increases, the tourism industry will flourish.
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