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safety for Elderly.

Transcript: Old age is really the repetition of your childhood years, as you get older the more care needed, strengthen aren't the same as when young, injuries are more vulnerable when it comes to this age. the old age represents the age of where nothing is the same and that everything as change. Quick Facts... ~The risk of falling increases with age and is greater in women than for men. ~ the decrease in the bone density takes to falls and the result for injuries. ~At least one-third of all falls in the elderly are involve of environmental hazards in their homes. Failure to exercise regularly results poor muscle tone, decreased strength, and loss of bone mass and flexibility in their body. falls are the most common of the causes in the united states within elderly people. fractures in, the spine, hip ,forearm, legs, ankle, pelvis, upper arm, and hands. These are the most commonly outcomes falls in elderly people. also the result of not exercising at their age can be a one of the reason as well. BIGGER THAN ME and YOU!!. Falls are a severe injury that can cause their life or at any stage it can be serious. One out of three adults around the age of 65 and much older have fallen each year but less than of that half talk to their healthcare providers about it. Safety For Elderly THANK YOU !! DID U TAKE NOTES Many of these risk factors are preventable. Some people believe that falls are a normal part of aging, and others as well think that is not preventable. i believe because of the age stage is that they don't see where they are walking to and is the major cause of them to fall and hurt themselves. Factor #1:Osteoporosis might be the cause..?!! Osteoporosis is a condition known as bones that become more less resistant to stress, and more prone to fractures. Caused by hormonal changes, calcium and vitamin D deficiency, also a decrease in physical activity, osteoporosis is a chief cause of fractures in older adults, especially among women. The causes of falls are known as risk factors. The greater the risk an individual has is exposed to , the greater the probability of a fall and is more likely to result a fall that will threaten the person's independence and movement for life. ... What are the Outcomes for falls.. Causes and Prevention Preventing Falls in the Elderly http:// How BIG IS THAT!!! Citations

Smartphone for elderly presentation

Transcript: Reasons why seniors don’t buy smartphones Factors mostly influence on buying decision Problems - both smartphone users and non-smartphone users face Potential demand of using smartphones within Vietnamese middle-aged groups and the elderly. Display 3.5-4.0 inches Large apps icons Simple menu interface Focuses on the technologies to enhance the quality of life and independence of elders Action plan Research Question Research Method Why do Vietnamese senior citizens prefer basic phones to smartphones? What are the main factors that influence their buying decisions? LoudSound Voice control: slow down caller speech Survey Interview Table of Content Recommemdantion by William Mann , Ph. D , Sumi Helal , Ph. D Smart phones for the elders: Boosting the intelligence of smart homes (2002) Non-smartphone users Smartphone users Source: SNID - Social Network Influence Design (2012) Smartphone Users Around The World General information innovate cost-effective ways to help elders maintain their independence, and reduce caregiver burden. Secondary research Elderly diseases Training classes Communicate adult’s children Thanh Thu Introduction Hong An Secondary Research Dinh Quyen Survey Summarization To Tran Recommendation Research Objective Implication Generation gap Special applications SOS emergency function List of healthy meals Mobile monitor Voice command Solution Survey summarization Instructor: Cody G.Fuston Team members: Dinh Quyen Thanh Thu To Tran Hong An

Elderly for Everyone

Transcript: ... if in previous years children and teenagers used to be the base of the pyramid, (the majority of the population). In the near future, based on the decline in birth rate of previous years, the base of the pyramid is going to be the elder adult. Fact 2 Yoli has parkinson Juan Daniel Oviedo, director of DANE, alongside Fedesarrollo expects that by 2050 the percentage of people older than 65 years will be 21% of the population in Colombia. In Colombia when an old man asks for a job, they will hardly hired him because they tend to describe him as not capable of performing at the rate of a younger individual. The Situation According to El Tiempo newspaper, based on new research from the Dr. Carlos Castañeda-Orjuela, Director of the National Health Observatory of the National Institute of Health Bogotá, co-author of the study. There has been an enormous increase in the life expectancy in Colombia. When in 1961 it was 57.28 years by 2018 it is 75,4 for males and 81,1 for women. Because... ELDERLY FOR EVERYONE This is Yoli Or in the worst case scenario families abandon them If the minimum Wage currently is 781,000 pesos (which is already a low income for young people) The activities that include elders interacting with the remaining society are scarce. DANE in 2005 predicted that by 2018, the Colombian population would be 50 million people. After the most recent "censo", DANE realized that the real number is much lower, around 45 million people. Fact 4 Fact 3 Places where elders can have a nice day and enjoy life as it goes by, don't exist YET Elder people usually need to pay for special care in elderly homes and this is expensive and unaffordable for the majority of the population Yoli's case is an example of the social and gubernamental inequalities against elders Imagine how expensive an elderly home is for all the elders who have no pension The Effect Yoli is 65 years old now... Fact 1 For Example Why is this Important? Some Ways Society Makes it harder for the elders Which will then be a hard change for society to adapt Lack of Employment The Complication Taking into account that around 70% of the total population in Colombia is in a low social-economical level, and the maintenance cost of their elderly relative is high, families tend to put them in an Elderly Home Elderly is a Concern for Everybody Yoli is a beloved friend of my family, they know her much before I was born How to make a more convenient life style for elderly people Why? Everything Relates to Poverty Our society is designed for younger people! Elders in Latin America are a burden to the rest of the population Which Means... Because this shows that there has been a decline in birth rate in the last 13 years in Colombia How can we support the society in order to avoid elderly people burden for others. Because... Clubs only for elders, is not a thing you will find in Colombia. According to SABE, today people older than 60 years are around 11% of the population, when in 2005 it was only 7.5%. In the other hand by 2020 there will be 6.5 million people in this conditions, a growth that in Colombia required 26 years, while in France it took 115. The lack of social activities and a way to generate a regular income makes the elder's family to put him in a Elder Home. Most countries in Latin America will face a high demographic change in the next two decades, starting from the typical pyramid of ages in which minors and adolescents predominated and seniors were not significant, in the near future things will be upside down, with notable reduction of the base and an increase of the summit. Without a job, then you will not generate a regular income. In Other Words Lack of Activities Yoli... Gabriela Lozano, Valeria Aragón, Maria Jose Lopez and Juan Jose Echeverry Cruz, Yoli pays 3 million pesos to stay in Hogar Santa Ines, the medication and personal care are not included

Welfare For Elderly

Transcript: Social Challenges faced by Senior Citizens Welfare for senior citizens Done by: Jeevan,siri,palak, arsh,debopriya, gopika and shivani How can we help as social workers? Government schemes 'Important Statistics regarding elderly population in India' 1.According to population census 2011, there are nearly 104 million elderly persons (aged 60 or above) in India. 2. 71% of elderly population resides in rural areas while 29% is in urban areas. 3. Prevelance of heart diseases among elderly population was much higher in urban areas than in rural parts. 4. Old age dependency ratio in India was 8.80 as of 2016. 5. The share and size of elderly population is increasing over time. 5.6% in 1961 increased to 8.6% in 2011. 6. In rural areas, 66% of elderly Men and 28% of elderly women were working, while in urban areas only 46% of elderly men and about 11% of elderly women were working. LACK OF INFRASTRUCTURE Due to increase in longevity and chronic diseases, many elder citizens will need better access to physical infrastructure in the coming years. Unattended chronic disease, unaffordable medicines and treatment and malnutrition are part of old age life in India as there is no system of affordable health care. The other issues of the public health system are lack of infrastructure, limited manpower, poor quality of care and overcrowding of facilities due to insufficient focus on elderly care LACK OF SOCIAL SUPPORT The elderly in India are much more vulnerable because of the less government spending on social security system. Social isolation and loneliness has also increased. In addition, the preexisting illnesses are usually not covered making insurance policies unreliable for the elders. A study states, almost half of the respondents felt neglected and sad and felt that people had an indifferent attitude towards the elderly. It was also found that 47% felt unhappy in life and 36.2% felt they were a burden to the family. LACK OF SOCIAL SUPPORT social inequality Elderly are a heterogeneous section with an urban and rural divide. All the elderly are not seen in the same view as the needs and problems of elderly are rejected to a vast extent as government classifies these people based on caste and other sociology cultural dimensions. In a case study, it was found that a major proportion of the elderly women were poorer; received the lowest income per person; had the greatest percentage of primary level education. Recorded the highest negative affective psychological conditions; were the least likely to have health insurance coverage and they recorded the lowest consumption expenditure. social inequality AVAILABILITY,ACCESSIBILITY AND AFFORDABILITY OF HEALTHCARE Due to the ever increasing trend of nuclear families, elder care management is getting more difficult, especially for working adult children who find themselves responsible for their parents’ well-being. Due to the ever increasing trend of nuclear families, elder care management is getting more difficult, especially for working adult children who find themselves responsible for their parents’ well-being. Despite an aging population, geriatric care is relatively new in many developing countries like India with many practicing physicians having little knowledge of the clinical and functional implications of aging . AVAILABILITY,ACCESSIBILITY AND AFFORDABILITY OF HEALTHCARE AVAILABILITY,ACCESSIBILITY AND AFFORDABILITY OF HEALTHCARE Most of the government facilities such as day care centers, old age residential homes, counseling and recreational facilities are urban based. The key challenges to access and affordability for elderly population include reduced mobility, social and structural barriers, wage loss, familial dependencies, and declining social engagement. The stigma of aging is another social barrier to access of health in addition to the health and social conditions the elderly commonly face such as dementia, depression, incontinence and widowhood. AVAILABILITY,ACCESSIBILITY AND AFFORDABILITY OF HEALTH CARE ECONOMIC DEPENDENCY As per the 52nd round of National Sample Survey Organization, nearly half of the elderly are fully dependent on others, while another 20 percent are partially dependent for their economic needs. The situation was even worse for elderly females. The elders living with their families are largely contingent on the economic capacity of the family unit for their economic security and well being. The single most pressing challenge to the welfare of older person is poverty, which is a multiplier of risk for abuse ECONOMIC DEPENDENCY ECONOMIC DEPENDENCY Also due to their financial dependence, elderly persons though are most vulnerable to infections have low priority for own health. Migration of younger generation, lack of proper care in the family, insufficient housing, economic hardship and break-up of joint family have made the old age homes seem more relevant even in the Indian context. ECONOMIC DEPENDENCY HOW CAN WE HELP AS SOCIAL WORKERS?

Nutrition for Elderly

Transcript: Heart and blood vessels become stiffer and the heart fills with blood more slowly. Arteries are hardening and develop to lipid-laden, calcified plaques in arteries wall in elderly. • Emphasize eating plan that rich in magnesium, potassium, calcium, proteins and fibers. • But low in trans fat, saturated fat and cholesterol. ะะะ In 1980, a study results was published Glascock, a basis definition of old in developing countries. Definitions fell into three main categories. • Chronology • Change in social role (i.e. change in work patterns) • Change in capabilities (i.e. invalid status, senility and change in physical characteristics) Oral Health -Losing Teeth -Gingivitis - SUNDAY Heart and Blood Vessels Hearing Loss ็ฟพกHard of Hearing Most developed world countries have accepted the chronological age of 65 years as a definition of 'elderly' or older person. (World Health Organization, 2010) (Multi-trace element - Combination of Zinc, Copper and Magnesium) Nutrition and Bone Health In majority of elderly, digestive functioning are decline and sense of hunger and thirst is also impaired which lead to undernutrition. Intestinal microbiota plays an important role in aid the function of digestion, absorption and elimination. Therefor specific functional foods containing probiotics or probiotic are required consume. THURSDAY Thank you for attention Lacking an accepted and acceptable definition, the age at which a person became eligible statutory and occupational retirement pensions has become the default definition. There is no general agreement on the age at which a person becomes old. Older and Elderly person Fiber TUESDAY SATURDAY WEDNESDAY Dementia -Alzheimer -Parkinson Depression Changed Emotion Stroke Foods that are low in saturated fats and trans fat help reduce your risk of heart disease. Most of the fats you eat should be polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats. Check the Nutrition Facts panel on food labels for total fat and saturated fat. Eating right and staying fit are important no matter what your age. As we get older our bodies have different needs, so certain nutrients become especially important for good health. MONDAY (Probiotic - Live good bacteria in yogurt, diary product, Prebiotic - fertilizer for good bacteria) Nutrition and Gastrointestinal Tract Nutrition and Immune Function Osteoporosis is the main threat against bone health in the elderly and leading to fragility fracture of the hip, wrist and vertebrae. • Calcium and Vitamin D are crucial nutrients for bone strength, integrity and mineral density. Respiratory Disease -Pneumonia -Tuberculosis -Lung Cancer Mr. Nanthawat Aunkuntha ID: 5731804032 Miss Sutanee Noipa ID: 5731804075 Miss Sutasinee Tanruean ID: 5731804076 Mr. Santiphap ID: 5731804096 Mr. Thanakrit Tornarak ID: 5731804104 Miss Thidarat Praserttho ID: 5731804106 Miss Yupaporn Suyayai ID: 5731804115 Miss Rachada Cruz ID: 5731804117 Mr. Autsatayut Subpokatorn ID: 5731804134 Miss Pawichaya Sanchai ID: 5731808023 Older adults need more calcium and vitamin D to help maintain bone health. Have three servings of vitamin D-fortified low-fat or fat-free milk or yogurt each day. Other calcium-rich foods include fortified cereals and fruit juices, dark green leafy vegetables and canned fish with soft bones. If you take a calcium supplement or multivitamin, choose one that contains vitamin D. Vitamin B12 Age-related cataract and age related macular degeneration are the major causes of visual impairment and blindness. • Vitamin C and E, zinc, omega-3 and lutein Potassium Special Nutrient Needs of Older Adults Calcium and Vitamin D Eye-related Disorder and Nutrition Members Many people older than 50 do not get enough vitamin B12. Fortified cereal, lean meat and some fish and seafood are sources of vitamin B12. Ask your doctor or a registered dietitian nutritionist if you need a vitamin B12 supplement. Immune responses are specifically influenced by nutritional status in aged person. Mostly Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) is linked to decreased CMI and leads to a disease that is difficult to reverse without high energy intakes. Decrease in thymus functions leads to T-Cells and become less and less efficient. • Micronutrient supplements enhance immune responses in the frail. • Multi-supplements including combinations of antioxidant micronutrients or combinations of multi-trace-elements and vitamins. Nutrition for Elderly FRIDAY Eat more fiber-rich foods to stay regular. Fiber also can help lower your risk for heart disease, control your weight and prevent Type 2 diabetes. Eat whole-grain breads and cereals, and more beans and peas - along with fruits and vegetables which also provide fiber. Fats Definition of Elderly Increasing potassium along with reducing sodium (salt) may lower your risk of high blood pressure. Fruits, vegetables and low-fat or fat-free milk and yogurt are good sources of potassium. Also, select and prepare foods with little or no added salt. Cataract Glaucoma Macular

Policy for Elderly

Transcript: Objectives Role of The Government in Social Services For Elderly - by Maryam Fauzi Data Collection, by library research. - Review of National Policy for the Elderly - regulations and acts on elderly Background Malaysia, just like other developing countries in the world, has been experiencing improved health Major sources of ageing, declining fertility and mortality rate, improved health and life expectancy. Thus, government see the significantimpact of social and economic changes brought about by population ageing the Government formulated the National Policy in 1995 for the Elderly aimed at “creating a society of elderly people who are contented and possess a high sense of self worth and dignity, by optimizing their self potential and ensuring that they enjoy every opportunity as well as care and protection as members of their family, society and nation” encouraging the provision of facilities for the elderly so as to ensure care and protection for them. devided into external services and institutional services External service - financial aid; materials aid includes items such as cane and spectacles. Institutional care refers to shelter care in old people’s home (Rumah Seri Kenangan). There are eleven (two in East Malaysia) old people’s homes in the country administered by the federal government. offer the following services: nursing and shelter, counseling and guidance, occupational rehabilitation, devotion facilities, recreational activities, and medical treatment. the rural areas, huts or “pondok” assistance is given to elderly people Conclusion Findings National Policy for the Elderly It is hoped that Malaysia will soon advance into a country that has an established system of care for the elderly, not only in terms of health, but also in other areas that affect the overall quality of life of the elderly. Methodology role of community services can help to strengthen family care. Friends and neighbors can be important too in the case of community care, Social Welfare Services The role of community care and NGOs, although not so significantly Community Care Services Introduction To review Malaysian social services on ageing that includes: the situation of ageing in Malaysia policies and programs for the elderly main features of the policies and programs; the role of civil society or NGOs in providing inputs into the formulation of policy the likely developments with respect to policies and programs for the elderly

Healthcare for elderly

Transcript: It is well known that Singapore has one of the fastest aging populations in the Asia-Pacific region. In 1997, there was an estimated of 217,400 elderly people aged 65 years and above, forming 7.0 of the whole Singapore population. It is estimated that by the year 2030, the figures will increase to 798,700, forming 18.4 of the whole Singapore population. Nowadays, elderly people all live by themselves. They either don’t have children, or their children don’t live with them. Living alone, can be quite dangerous. For example, they might slip and fall and hurt themselves, but nobody will be able to know what happened to them. We would like to use healthcare promotion and disease prevention strategies to help the elderly to stay fit and active. So, we have came up with a few ideas that may help solve these problems. These methods are not very costly, and it can help ensure the well-being of the elderly. Most importantly, children don’t have to send their parents to the old folks home just because they have no time to care for them. mindmap healthcare for elderly Risky to leave elderly alone at home without supervision as anything might happen. For example, burglary. Cameras & motion tracking devices installed at doors can help alert elderly about strangers lurking outside. Info will be sent to police/children if things are getting suspicious Easily forgetful in doing things such as cooking, washing clothes, locking the door. Electronic speaking alarms will be helpful to elderly, it can remind them something that they forgotten, such as time to eat medicine Difficulty moving around the house due to weak body or/and joints. Designing a wheelchair that has a remote control which is accessible to everything. Weak night vision, easy to fall if there are no lights at night as they get from one place to another. Light motion sensor can be placed in toilets. Lights will automatically switch sensors detect people, this can prevent falls in darkness. Tay Hui Cheng 094503A Background information Situation analysis Problems faced Nuradilah 090784Y Wong qizhi 091228T Zhang Zhicheng 096626Y EG2165 - Innovation and entrepreneurship Leong siwei 091862Q

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