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safety for Elderly.

Transcript: Old age is really the repetition of your childhood years, as you get older the more care needed, strengthen aren't the same as when young, injuries are more vulnerable when it comes to this age. the old age represents the age of where nothing is the same and that everything as change. Quick Facts... ~The risk of falling increases with age and is greater in women than for men. ~ the decrease in the bone density takes to falls and the result for injuries. ~At least one-third of all falls in the elderly are involve of environmental hazards in their homes. Failure to exercise regularly results poor muscle tone, decreased strength, and loss of bone mass and flexibility in their body. falls are the most common of the causes in the united states within elderly people. fractures in, the spine, hip ,forearm, legs, ankle, pelvis, upper arm, and hands. These are the most commonly outcomes falls in elderly people. also the result of not exercising at their age can be a one of the reason as well. BIGGER THAN ME and YOU!!. Falls are a severe injury that can cause their life or at any stage it can be serious. One out of three adults around the age of 65 and much older have fallen each year but less than of that half talk to their healthcare providers about it. Safety For Elderly THANK YOU !! DID U TAKE NOTES Many of these risk factors are preventable. Some people believe that falls are a normal part of aging, and others as well think that is not preventable. i believe because of the age stage is that they don't see where they are walking to and is the major cause of them to fall and hurt themselves. Factor #1:Osteoporosis might be the cause..?!! Osteoporosis is a condition known as bones that become more less resistant to stress, and more prone to fractures. Caused by hormonal changes, calcium and vitamin D deficiency, also a decrease in physical activity, osteoporosis is a chief cause of fractures in older adults, especially among women. The causes of falls are known as risk factors. The greater the risk an individual has is exposed to , the greater the probability of a fall and is more likely to result a fall that will threaten the person's independence and movement for life. ... What are the Outcomes for falls.. Causes and Prevention Preventing Falls in the Elderly http:// How BIG IS THAT!!! Citations

Exercise for Elderly

Transcript: Adequate lighting Obstacle free environment Timing of exercise - Medication side effects Community support One continuous session and multiple shorter sessions (of at least 10 minutes) are both acceptable to accumulate desired amount of daily exercise. Gradual progression of exercise time, frequency and intensity is recommended for best adherence and least injury risk. People unable to meet these minimums can still benefit from some activity. For each exercise, 8-12 repetitions improve strength and power 10-15 repetitions improve strength in middle-age and older persons starting exercise 15-20 repetitions improve muscular endurance. Adults should wait at least 48 hours between resistance training sessions Special Senses Lenny Vasanthan T Lecturer in Physiotherapy CMC, Vellore Neurological system Formulating an Exercise Prescription No Single program works for all Needs to be tailored to the individual Some active & need refinement of exercise, Some have never exercised Risk Assessment Stratify an individual into Low, Medium, High risk Decreased Reflexes Loss of neurons Atrophy of brain Loss of neuro transmitters Visual - loss in acuity Hearing - degeneration Skin - frail, sensory loss Pulmonary system Exercise for Elderly Cardio vascular Pulmonary Musculo skeletal Neurological Metabolic Special senses Physical factors Adults should get at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week. Exercise recommendations can be met through 30-60 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise (five days per week) or 20-60 minutes of vigorous-intensity exercise (three days per week). Common problems in the Elderly Decreased BMR Increased fat mass Complications: Diabetes, Dyslipidemia Types of Exercise Gentle warm up Exercise for larger muscle groups Gradual cool down Drink fluids - Before, during & after Empathize with the patient needs Provide constant encouragement & Praise Possibility of finding time Variety in Exercise Maximizing Adherence Balance Or Co ordination exercises Flexibility Exercise Resistance Exercise The Prescription (MDFIT) M - Mode D - Duration F - Frequency I - Intensity T - Timely Follow up Neuro motor exercise (sometimes called “functional fitness training”) is recommended for two or three days per week. 20-30 minutes per day is appropriate for neuro motor exercise. Exercises should involve motor skills (balance, agility, coordination and gait), proprioceptive exercise training and multifaceted activities (Tai chi and yoga) to improve physical function and prevent falls in older adults. What is Physical Activity Adults should do flexibility exercises at least two or three days each week to improve range of motion. Each stretch should be held for 10-30 seconds to the point of tightness or slight discomfort. Aerobic or Cardio respiratory exercise Extrinsic factors Pollution, Smoking, Respiratory infection Intrinsic factors Decreased elasticity, reserve What is Exercise What is Exercise Common problems in the Elderly Types of Exercise Exercise Prescription Contents How to start Metabolic system “Physical activity that is planned, structured and repetitive and has a final or intermediate objective the improvement or maintenance of physical fitness” 'Stiffening' of the heart VO2 max 10 % reduction/ decade Maximum achievable HR reduction Decreased Myocardial sensitivity, CO, Coronary Blood flow Increased BP & Peripheral resistance Adults should train each major muscle group two or three days each week using a variety of exercises and equipment. Very light or light intensity is best for older persons or previously sedentary adults starting exercise. Two to four sets of each exercise will help adults improve strength and power. Aerobic exercise Resistance exercise Flexibility exercise Balance or Co ordination exercise Cardio Vascular System Repeat each stretch two to four times, accumulating 60 seconds per stretch. Static, dynamic, ballistic and PNF stretches are all effective. Flexibility exercise is most effective when the muscle is warm. Try light aerobic activity or a hot bath to warm the muscles before stretching. Sarcopenia Metabolic rate Osteoporosis Fall risk Exercise Prescription “Any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that results in energy expenditure above resting levels. Physical activity broadly encompasses exercise, sports and physical activities done as a part of daily living, occupation, leisure and active transportation” Musculo skeletal system

Smartphone for elderly presentation

Transcript: Reasons why seniors don’t buy smartphones Factors mostly influence on buying decision Problems - both smartphone users and non-smartphone users face Potential demand of using smartphones within Vietnamese middle-aged groups and the elderly. Display 3.5-4.0 inches Large apps icons Simple menu interface Focuses on the technologies to enhance the quality of life and independence of elders Action plan Research Question Research Method Why do Vietnamese senior citizens prefer basic phones to smartphones? What are the main factors that influence their buying decisions? LoudSound Voice control: slow down caller speech Survey Interview Table of Content Recommemdantion by William Mann , Ph. D , Sumi Helal , Ph. D Smart phones for the elders: Boosting the intelligence of smart homes (2002) Non-smartphone users Smartphone users Source: SNID - Social Network Influence Design (2012) Smartphone Users Around The World General information innovate cost-effective ways to help elders maintain their independence, and reduce caregiver burden. Secondary research Elderly diseases Training classes Communicate adult’s children Thanh Thu Introduction Hong An Secondary Research Dinh Quyen Survey Summarization To Tran Recommendation Research Objective Implication Generation gap Special applications SOS emergency function List of healthy meals Mobile monitor Voice command Solution Survey summarization Instructor: Cody G.Fuston Team members: Dinh Quyen Thanh Thu To Tran Hong An

Volunteer for Elderly

Transcript: What we would've changed Our Goal Deciding what we wanted to do What we knew prior to fully investigating. After fully investigating about the elderly Our First Day Volunteering- Our Second Day Volunteering- Our Third Day Volunteering- C. Taking Action Our Research Goals: A: Investigating Photos We definitely would have gone more days to the Care Community, as we didn't feel that three days wasn't enough. But that wasn't possible due to the extracurricular activates that we have during the weekend. We sometimes went off-topic in the classroom during the work sessions and looking back we should have used them more wisely. Volunteer For Elderly D.Reflecting B. Planning A Community Project by Thirav Ganesh and Alex Xiao Final Thoughts Our ultimate goal of this project, is to let the elderly people feel generally happier and more connected with the community, as at times they are mistreated or disconnected with us because of their physical and mental disabilities. The global context we used in our project is ‘Identities and Relationships’, and understanding this global context is important because we need to understand and identify each other, while being able to accept others and people that are outside of your own identity or group. This is especially prominent inside of our project and the group we are directed to, the elderly people of Mississauga. In doing our volunteering, I have gained insights into the lifestyles of the people, and how they are just as interesting and charismatic as all of us. We had 5 questions related to the global context, and they are; “Who are we helping?, why are we helping them?, what are we doing to help them?, and how are we going to do this?” We are helping the elderly people of Hawthorn Woods Care Community, and we are helping them because there are not nearly enough volunteers as needed. We are helping by simply being there and talking and interacting with them, as this brings the mood and vibes of the place up. We did this by, after filling out a ton of paperwork and doing a Tuberculosis test, introducing ourselves and building friendships within the place. T helped with the sport-related activities and I did a piano performance for them. How did we plan this in order. Making the plan The steps that we would be taking in order to volunteer. Did we accomplish our goal? What skills did we to good at What skills did we struggle with

Nutrition for Elderly

Transcript: Heart and blood vessels become stiffer and the heart fills with blood more slowly. Arteries are hardening and develop to lipid-laden, calcified plaques in arteries wall in elderly. • Emphasize eating plan that rich in magnesium, potassium, calcium, proteins and fibers. • But low in trans fat, saturated fat and cholesterol. ะะะ In 1980, a study results was published Glascock, a basis definition of old in developing countries. Definitions fell into three main categories. • Chronology • Change in social role (i.e. change in work patterns) • Change in capabilities (i.e. invalid status, senility and change in physical characteristics) Oral Health -Losing Teeth -Gingivitis - SUNDAY Heart and Blood Vessels Hearing Loss ็ฟพกHard of Hearing Most developed world countries have accepted the chronological age of 65 years as a definition of 'elderly' or older person. (World Health Organization, 2010) (Multi-trace element - Combination of Zinc, Copper and Magnesium) Nutrition and Bone Health In majority of elderly, digestive functioning are decline and sense of hunger and thirst is also impaired which lead to undernutrition. Intestinal microbiota plays an important role in aid the function of digestion, absorption and elimination. Therefor specific functional foods containing probiotics or probiotic are required consume. THURSDAY Thank you for attention Lacking an accepted and acceptable definition, the age at which a person became eligible statutory and occupational retirement pensions has become the default definition. There is no general agreement on the age at which a person becomes old. Older and Elderly person Fiber TUESDAY SATURDAY WEDNESDAY Dementia -Alzheimer -Parkinson Depression Changed Emotion Stroke Foods that are low in saturated fats and trans fat help reduce your risk of heart disease. Most of the fats you eat should be polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats. Check the Nutrition Facts panel on food labels for total fat and saturated fat. Eating right and staying fit are important no matter what your age. As we get older our bodies have different needs, so certain nutrients become especially important for good health. MONDAY (Probiotic - Live good bacteria in yogurt, diary product, Prebiotic - fertilizer for good bacteria) Nutrition and Gastrointestinal Tract Nutrition and Immune Function Osteoporosis is the main threat against bone health in the elderly and leading to fragility fracture of the hip, wrist and vertebrae. • Calcium and Vitamin D are crucial nutrients for bone strength, integrity and mineral density. Respiratory Disease -Pneumonia -Tuberculosis -Lung Cancer Mr. Nanthawat Aunkuntha ID: 5731804032 Miss Sutanee Noipa ID: 5731804075 Miss Sutasinee Tanruean ID: 5731804076 Mr. Santiphap ID: 5731804096 Mr. Thanakrit Tornarak ID: 5731804104 Miss Thidarat Praserttho ID: 5731804106 Miss Yupaporn Suyayai ID: 5731804115 Miss Rachada Cruz ID: 5731804117 Mr. Autsatayut Subpokatorn ID: 5731804134 Miss Pawichaya Sanchai ID: 5731808023 Older adults need more calcium and vitamin D to help maintain bone health. Have three servings of vitamin D-fortified low-fat or fat-free milk or yogurt each day. Other calcium-rich foods include fortified cereals and fruit juices, dark green leafy vegetables and canned fish with soft bones. If you take a calcium supplement or multivitamin, choose one that contains vitamin D. Vitamin B12 Age-related cataract and age related macular degeneration are the major causes of visual impairment and blindness. • Vitamin C and E, zinc, omega-3 and lutein Potassium Special Nutrient Needs of Older Adults Calcium and Vitamin D Eye-related Disorder and Nutrition Members Many people older than 50 do not get enough vitamin B12. Fortified cereal, lean meat and some fish and seafood are sources of vitamin B12. Ask your doctor or a registered dietitian nutritionist if you need a vitamin B12 supplement. Immune responses are specifically influenced by nutritional status in aged person. Mostly Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) is linked to decreased CMI and leads to a disease that is difficult to reverse without high energy intakes. Decrease in thymus functions leads to T-Cells and become less and less efficient. • Micronutrient supplements enhance immune responses in the frail. • Multi-supplements including combinations of antioxidant micronutrients or combinations of multi-trace-elements and vitamins. Nutrition for Elderly FRIDAY Eat more fiber-rich foods to stay regular. Fiber also can help lower your risk for heart disease, control your weight and prevent Type 2 diabetes. Eat whole-grain breads and cereals, and more beans and peas - along with fruits and vegetables which also provide fiber. Fats Definition of Elderly Increasing potassium along with reducing sodium (salt) may lower your risk of high blood pressure. Fruits, vegetables and low-fat or fat-free milk and yogurt are good sources of potassium. Also, select and prepare foods with little or no added salt. Cataract Glaucoma Macular

Policy for Elderly

Transcript: Objectives Role of The Government in Social Services For Elderly - by Maryam Fauzi Data Collection, by library research. - Review of National Policy for the Elderly - regulations and acts on elderly Background Malaysia, just like other developing countries in the world, has been experiencing improved health Major sources of ageing, declining fertility and mortality rate, improved health and life expectancy. Thus, government see the significantimpact of social and economic changes brought about by population ageing the Government formulated the National Policy in 1995 for the Elderly aimed at “creating a society of elderly people who are contented and possess a high sense of self worth and dignity, by optimizing their self potential and ensuring that they enjoy every opportunity as well as care and protection as members of their family, society and nation” encouraging the provision of facilities for the elderly so as to ensure care and protection for them. devided into external services and institutional services External service - financial aid; materials aid includes items such as cane and spectacles. Institutional care refers to shelter care in old people’s home (Rumah Seri Kenangan). There are eleven (two in East Malaysia) old people’s homes in the country administered by the federal government. offer the following services: nursing and shelter, counseling and guidance, occupational rehabilitation, devotion facilities, recreational activities, and medical treatment. the rural areas, huts or “pondok” assistance is given to elderly people Conclusion Findings National Policy for the Elderly It is hoped that Malaysia will soon advance into a country that has an established system of care for the elderly, not only in terms of health, but also in other areas that affect the overall quality of life of the elderly. Methodology role of community services can help to strengthen family care. Friends and neighbors can be important too in the case of community care, Social Welfare Services The role of community care and NGOs, although not so significantly Community Care Services Introduction To review Malaysian social services on ageing that includes: the situation of ageing in Malaysia policies and programs for the elderly main features of the policies and programs; the role of civil society or NGOs in providing inputs into the formulation of policy the likely developments with respect to policies and programs for the elderly

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