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1 Kings 18

Transcript: He is also mentioned in 2 Chronicles 21:12-19 Also in James 5:17 After he makes his altar he kneels before the Lord and starts praying for the people and for them to turn back to God, before he's even done praying God sent down fire and consumed the whole altar and turned it to dust. The Contest On the way down. Elijah lived privately in the Transjordanian wilderness, but God was speaking to him and told Elijah that he needed to confront Ahab about the sinful life he's living, and if Ahab doesn't listen there will be a drought throughout the land of Israel. 1 Kings 18 Summary We need to have the same faith and courage as Elijah. We should be able to listen to God when he speaks to us and tells us to do stuff that seems impossible. Also we can never be scared at how out numbered we are because God can beat any odds. Preparation Almost to the top. Elijah's team Adam is the best freshman... The people were so astonished that the Bible says " they fell on there faces and said, "the Lord, he is God, the Lord, he is God."" Vs.36-38 Elijah's Prayer 450 prophets of Baal Ahab says they will have all of Israel come and watch the contest at Mount Carmel. Elijah and Ahab Background (2 Kings 2-8) Elijah went back up to Mount Carmel, knelt down and told his servant to look over the sea seven times and the seventh time the servant said he saw a small rain cloud coming out of the sea. And there was a mighty rain. Then Elijah tells them not to let any of the prophets escape. He brought them down and slaughtered them at the brook of Kishon. Adam is cool. Application When Elijah said that he was talking to the king of Israel. 1 Kings 18 They get two bulls to sacrifice, one for each altar. Elijah says cut the bull into pieces and lay it on the wood, but with no fire. So to settle who the real God is they decide to have a contest between their gods, and which ever God sends down fire onto the altar, their God would be the real God. By: Adam Harris Vs.7-16 The Lord Sends Rain 400 prophets of Asherah "17. And when Ahab saw Elijah, Ahab said to him, " is it you, you troubler of Israel?"18. And he answered," I have not troubled Israel, but you have, and your fathers house, because you have abandoned the commandments of the Lord and followed the Baals." Vs. 41-46 Elijah And Ahab Courage During the time that they were trying to get Baal to answer, Elijah started mocking them saying“Cry aloud, for he is a god. Either he is musing, or he is relieving himself, or he is on a journey, or perhaps he is asleep and must be awakened.” Vs.3-6 When Obadiah is on his way Elijah meets him on the path to talk to him. In vs.7 Obadiah says “Is this you, Elijah my master?” (sign of respect). While they talk, Elijah wants to talk to Ahab again. But Obadiah says if I tell him Ahab will kill me. Vs.30-40 This isn't the first time that Elijah and Ahab have talked so Ahab already doesn't like Elijah. King Ahab's team The Showdown #2 Ahab Talks to Obadiah Surrounding Context Vs. 19 Main Characters Ahab and the prophets made their altar and called upon Baal from morning until noon. Eventually they started cutting themselves and crying out for Baal to bring down fire onto the altar. Vs.39-40 When it was Elijah's turn he didn't just make a regular altar. He Gathered 12 stones and made an alter out of the stones. Then he built a trench around the altar, then he laid the wood and then the bull on it. Then he filled four jars with water and he poured the water onto the altar and he did it three times. So that the whole sacrifice was dripping wet and even the trench around the altar were filled. Results Vs.1-2 After Ahab hears what Elijah has to say to him he tells Obadiah (King Ahab's Right hand man) to go to all the springs and valleys to collect grass for his cattle since there was going to be a drought. Almost Done. Vs.26-29 The Showdown #1 1 Kings 18 is about how God tells Elijah to confront King Ahab and tells him that he needs to turn back to God or there will be a drought through out the land of Israel. So the king and Elijah decide to have a contest and which ever God would send down fire onto the alter would be the real God. Vs. 17-18 Vs. 23-25 Elijah Confronts King Ahab God Elijah Obadiah King Ahab 450 prophets of Baal 400 prophets of Asherah Elijah is also in 2 Kings, where he is taken up to heaven in fiery chariots. Elijah God Elijah Meets Obadiah


Transcript: Iambic pentameter, for the first four lines, and stress on the second syllable. First line says your servants give you a broken altar So the altar is comprised of a human heart, and handmade, no tools were allowed to smooth out the altar and make it pretty/ without flaws. Hence no workman's stools That, if I chance to hold my peace, These stones to praise thee may not cease. Oh let thy blessed SACRIFICE be mine, And sanctify this ALTAR to be thine. Who's the intended audience? A broken altar, Lord, thy servant rears, Made of a heart, and cemented with tears: Whose parts are as thy hand did frame; No workman's tool hath touched the same. What is the occasion? Who is the Speaker? Take special notice of the first line, "Lord" is sandwiched in between both the altar and the servants. Giving oneself up as a sacrifice to God. Perhaps after sinning and hardship, the speaker feels as though their heart is broken, and wants God to cut through they "stone" and mend their "hard heart" with His love. The kind of poem can be called an "emblem poem" a "shape poem" or even an "hieroglyphic" poem because of the form it possesses and how it directly relates to the subject material Biblical Quotes This portion of the poem has two iambs Why does God revel in self-sacrifice? In the first stanza, it seems the speaker is quite emotionally distraught, as he speaks of creating a broken altar, and "rearing" it, almost as if he is speaking of growing a child. He continues by saying that the altar is made of a heart and cemented with "tears", the process seems painful, and the speaker unwilling (hence the tears) One of the descendants of Cain used fashioned an altar out of tools, quite unfaithfully I might add, (Cain was the one God hated). So God angered by the unfaithful altar said A A broken ALTAR, Lord, thy servant rears, A Made of a HEART, and cemented with tears: B Whose parts are as thy hand did frame; B No workman's tool hath touched the same. C A heart alone C Is such a stone, D As nothing, but D Thy power doth cut. E Wherefore each part E Of my hard heart F Meets in this frame, F To praise thy name: G That, if I chance to hold my peace, G These stones to praise thee may not cease. H Oh let thy blessed SACRIFICE be mine, H And sanctify this ALTAR to be thine. What's the central purpose of the poem Iambic pentameter 5 beats In the old testament one of the first mentions of an altar is the story of Abel and Cain ALTAR HEART SACRIFICE ALTAR Paraphrase III The form Quite often there is imagery of stones, and brokenness The brokenness represents, the imperfection of the human soul, In Christianity every human is born flawed, sinful and imperfect, the altar may reflect the sinning and broken heart, which is why the Lord wants a broken altar just as the human is imperfect so too is the altar, which is the reflection of a perpetually flawed human heart. Paraphrase I Shaped like an altar, Herbert took special care to even make sure the form was religious and was directly related to the text. The speaker is saying that the heart incredibly hard, and nothing but God can penetrate it. The speaker then goes on to say that he is assembling each part of his heart, so one assumes it's broken To prais his Supposedly those who have broken spirits, are more submissive and therefore better accepted into God's kingdom. Well the poem was published in 1633, and in that time in England Christianity was pretty popular, and the Bible was a mandatory study for all writers before the 20th century. The speakers intended audience seems suited for a very large amount of people, the entire population perhaps. Paraphrase II Tone Throughout the poem, a few words were repeatedly capitalized I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit in you; I will remove from you your heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh. And I will put my Spirit in you and move you to follow my decrees and be careful to keep my laws. (Ezekiel 36: 26,27) A heart alone Is such a stone, As nothing, but Thy power doth cut. Wherefore each part Of my hard heart Meets in this frame, To praise thy name: If I were to quiet, stop praying, or stop communicating, my altar would keep praising you Let me sacrifice myself for you And cleanse/make holy my heart/altar/stones In the second stanza the though, the tone becomes slightly uplifting as the speaker moves his focus of his emotions, and more towards praising the Lord. The broken pieces of the heart are now actually in the form of an altar. Some one perhaps who has a broken heart, someone who's been extremely damaged but is prepared to sacrifice oneself to god to become pure. Tone Pattern! Also after the fall, the heart supposedly turned into stone because of Adam's and Eve's betrayal, so it is only God's power than can cut through the stone and give one a heart of "flesh", this can only be attained through pure worship. Even if fearful, one should sacrfice oneself to the Lord. Why does think a broken soul makes one more appealing to God?

The Altar

Transcript: 26 As they led him away, they seized Simon from Cyrene, who was on his way in from the country, and put the cross on him and made him carry it behind Jesus. John 3:16 16 "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. 1 Thessalonians 5:18 30 They were also to stand every morning to thank and praise the LORD. They were to do the same in the evening. I Corinthians 15:58 16 "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. 8 In God we make our boast all day long, and we will praise your name forever. "Selah" Psalm 23:6 Romans 6:7 John 3:16 6 Surely goodness and love will follow me all the days of my life, and I will dwell in the house of the LORD forever. 7 because anyone who has died has been freed from sin. I Corinthians 23:30 Isaiah 56:7 24 "No one can serve two masters. Either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve both God and Money. Luke 23:26 18 give thanks in all circumstances, for this is God's will for you in Christ Jesus. Psalm 44:8 7 these I will bring to my holy mountain and give them joy in my house of prayer. Their burnt offerings and sacrifices will be accepted on my altar; for my house will be called a house of prayer for all nations." Matthew 6:24 58 Therefore, my dear brothers, stand firm. Let nothing move you. Always give yourselves fully to the work of the Lord, because you know that your labor in the Lord is not in vain. The Altar

the altar

Transcript: The Altar by George Herbert The Altar About George Herbert George was born on April 3rd 1593. In 1620 he attained election to the post of the University’s Public Orator, a position he held until 1628. In 1629, he decided to enter priesthood in Bemerton where he lived, preached and wrote poetry. While at Bemerton, George added to his collection of poems called The Temple. Having suffered from poor health most of his life, he died in 1633. George wrote poetry in English, Latin and Greek. His poems imitate the architectural style of churches through both the meaning of the words and their visual layout. All of his surviving English poems are religious. The Altar Line by Line Analysis Historical Context Capitalization: Capitalization of the word ALTAR is used to stress the important of it because it is said to be linked to life as well as appreciation Capitalization: Capitalization of the word HEART is seen as the seat to all emotion and so was the key to religious belief and experience Imagery: Broken altars symbolize a forgotten and hurting God. Therefore, emphasizing that the reader is lacking with his faith A HEART alone Is such a stone, Herbert structures his poetry around biblical metaphors and his struggle to define his relationship with God. Herbert places himself in church through many poems that are styled in an architectural form, however his emphasis is always on the soul’s inner construction The Altar which is part of his Temple collection is often called a hieroglyphic poem because it is written in the shape of what it describes. In this poem he claims that, however much man neglects to demonstrate his devotion to God, his inner being is constantly drawn to worship and praise by Christ's sacrifice upon the Cross . A broken ALTAR, Lord, thy servant rears, The location of the word HEART in the poem is parallel to the location of a heart in the human body Allusion: Sumaiya Yasmin (22113049) Nasrin Khandakar (22113034) By the speaker using the words altar, Lord, and servant in the same line he is emphasizing that the altar is broken and that no human is perfect like himself while he is traveling through his faith journey The Altar Masculine Rhyme: A masculine rhyme is used in this line because the line ends in a stress syllable Definition: Doth means the archaic third person singular of do Negative Connotation: "Cemented with tears" is viewed negative connotation because it is reflecting a hardship in time associated with sadness and darkness As nothing but Thy power doth cut. Made of a heart, and cemented with tears: A broken ALTAR, Lord, thy servant rears, Made of a heart and cemented with tears; Whose parts are as thy hand did frame; No workman's tool hath touched the same. A HEART alone Is such a stone, As nothing but Thy power doth cut. Wherefore each part Of my hard heart Meets in this frame To praise thy name. That if I chance to hold my peace, These stones to praise thee may not cease. Oh, let thy blessed SACRIFICE be mine, And sanctify this ALTAR to be thine. Metaphor: Tears are often a binding element in personal relationship, therefore emphasizing the speakers relationship with God Tone: The tone that is shown in this line as well of the poem can be seen as one of two things. It can appear to be compassionate or it can be seen as dedication to religion Structure of The Altar Imagery: A workman's tool is providing imagery of the tools used in order to build the altar, those of which craftsman use Capitalization: Capitalization is shown in the letter N in order to show importance and respect to someone or something which in this case is God Whose parts are as thy hand did frame; No workman's tool hath touched the same. Wherefore each part Of my hard heart Meets in this frame To praise thy Name: Rhyming Scheme: AABB Rhythm: 16 line poem that consists of irregular meters due to the altar shape Poem follows a masculine rhyme as each line ends in a stressed syllable and highlights that the poem is from a male’s point of view. This signifies that the poem is a record of his private life and it provides insight to the poet’s personal relationship with God Personification: These lines show personification because giving the heart a human characteristic to praise something displays this literary device Allusion: These lines are a direct allusion where it says "And if you will make me an altar of stone, you shall not build it of hewn stone: for if you lift up your tool on it, you have polluted it." Masculine Rhyme: The ending of these lines reflects on how masculine line continues throughout the poem Capitalization: Capitalization of the word ALTAR is used to represent God, a place where sacrifices are taken and a place where respects are paid which links to the end of the speakers journey where he reattaches to his faith Capitalization: The word SACRIFICE is capitalized in order to stress the importance that God/Jesus has made for us in order to live the lives that we have today And sanctify this

The Altar

Transcript: Genesis 8:18-22 Altars in the Bible Altars in Christianity Altars are a place where Christians offer themselves fully to God and show their devotion Altars are placed in the middle of the east wall of Churches as a symbol of resurrection & the rising sun Genesis 22:9 When they reached the place God had told him about, Abraham built an altar there and arranged the wood on it. He bound his son Isaac and laid him on the altar, on top of the wood. Altarnative Altars Origins The meaning and functions of altars are generally universal however each denomination differs in their practices Physical evidence of altars date back to 3000 B.C. ! Eastern Orthodox Pentecostalism 'Evangelistic encounters with God's holy presence' in a literal sense through 'altar calls' Relics of saints and martyrs are implanted into the altars Members seek salvation, baptism and healing & believe in the physical presence of the holy spirit Stricter rules apply for ministers with access to the altar Example: Famous Azusa St Mission (1905-1915) “Pentecostals crawled to the altar, rushed to the altar, fell prostrate at the altar, wept and groaned at the altar, laughed and danced at the altar, and were saved, sanctified, healed, and baptized in the Holy Spirit at the altar.” - William J Seymour In Summary Altars are at the centre of many traditional religious practices; the Eucharist, mass & the personal prayer of Christians The ultimate altar is the cross, just as the ultimate sacrifice was Jesus (the lamb of God) “When we draw close to the altar during Mass, our memory goes to the altar of the cross where the first sacrifice was made.” - Pope Francis, 2018 The Altar So Noah came out, together with his sons and his wife and his sons’ wives. All the animals and all the creatures that move along the ground and all the birds—everything that moves on land—came out of the ark, one kind after another. Then Noah built an altar to the Lord and, taking some of all the clean animals and clean birds, he sacrificed burnt offerings on it. The Lord smelled the pleasing aroma and said in his heart: “Never again will I curse the ground because of humans, even though[a] every inclination of the human heart is evil from childhood. And never again will I destroy all living creatures, as I have done. What is an altar? a raised area in a house of worship where people can honour God with offerings A symbol of sacrifice & resurrection Lives through the scriptures and the experiences of believers & the divine

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