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South Asia Background

Transcript: do you want to live there? South asia Russia pakistan, bangladesh, nepal, and bhutan = less than 1/2 Islam is perhaps the most conservative of the major religions. Hinduism is reasonably conservative as well. treatment of women style of dress no alcohol Urban or rural? climate of South Asia The East India Company Islam Ecosystems of South Asia socially conservative high, medium, low? the world at night... beach in karachi, pakistan in modern history South Asia South Asia Population density low income = less than $1000 per year Socioeconomics was founded in 1600 to sail from England to India and trade goods between the locations. it established relationships with the kingdoms in India at the time built factories made tons and tons of money eventually takes over rule of the British Empire in India india = 60-70% The British government fully ruled the region of South Asia from 1858 to 1947. built extensive railroad system built factories, schools, public buildings ran the government as a minority discriminated against the native population fought many rebellions of Muslims and Hindus Hinduism do you want to live there? South asia ranks Reasonably low Buddhism soviet union British Raj Positano, italy there was a great civilization in the Indus River Valley around the time of the ancient Egyptians, about 3300-1300 BCE. at it's peak, it was home to approximately 5 million people in modern history There is a dominant language purely due to population ... Hindi is the most prevelant approximately 800 million people speak Hindi, mostly in India most Indians speak english as well this is an effect of British rule

Asia Presentation

Transcript: Afica and Asia Presentation Conclusion Starting in early 200’s, the first of the dynasties had ended. Other leaders tried to take the power that Han had. After certain leaders tried their time, the Mongols came and took control. The Mongols ruled for a long time, in which violence carried on. A man by the name of Shotoku Taishi tried unifying Japan under one government. After his death, everything fell out of hand again. About 800 years later, trade became very popular in Southeast Asia. Several groups, including the Portuguese, the Dutch and the Europeans fought for trade routes. The Dutch became very strong in the islands (non-mainland), while the Portuguese had support from the mainland states such as Vietnam and Thailand. As the years continued, ways of religion in the non-mainland states changed. Christianity had started making its way, while in the mainland, Buddhism was the main teaching. In 1500, mainland southeast Asia was a relatively stable area. All around the region, from Bruma to Vietnam Kingdoms formed with their own ethnicities, languages, and cultural elements. Bibliography In 1511, Portuguese seized Melaka, one of the main sources of spice. The Portuguese did not have s military large enough to take full control of Melaka, so they made small settlements around it to be included in the trade. Chap. 3 less. 3 & Chap. 6 less. 3 Spice trade Route In 1279 a grandson on Genghis Khan named Kublai khan rose to power, completed the conquest of the song dynasty, and created a new dynasty known as the Yuan. Kublai khan made his capital at Khanbaliq in north China. This area would later be renamed Beijing. By this time, religious preferences had changed quite a lot as well, and Confucianism had become dominant in court. In the early seventh century, Shotoku Taishi began trying to unify Japan under one government and give more power to the sole ruler of Japan. This was done to more effectively prepare the islands of Japan against an invasion. Since this was enacted, it caused the ruler of Japan to be viewed as a divine figure and symbol of Japan. After Shotoku Taishi died, another yamato ruler was appointed, but he was very strongly influenced by the Fujiwara clan. In 710 the emperor began to create his capital at Nara. In 794 the emperor moved his capital from Nara to Heian, which is now at the site of modern day Kyoto. By this time the Fujiwara clan basically ruled through the emperor and because of it, the government began returning to their decentralized state. During the time of trade, religious beliefs changed. In the non-mainland states, Islam and Christianity were taking action. In the mainland however, Buddhism remained as the main belief, and influenced new ways of government. The Han dynasty has fallen and ended in 220, making china a chaotic empire. For over three hundred years the Chinese went through disorder and civil war. The Sui dynasty came next, but it did not manage for too long (581-618) However, even though they did not last for very long, the Sui dynasty was still able to keep china at peace for a time. "Google Images." Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. <>. "Google Images." Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. <>. Later, the English and Dutch traders came to take over. The Dutch took control of a Portuguese fort in Melaka, excluding them from the trade. As the Dutch became more powerful, they took over most of the trade, leaving the English with a port in southern Sumatra, and leaving the Portuguese with nothing. As Dutch military and political power grew, so did their expansion of control. Chapter 6 less. 3 In 1767, the Thai capital was attacked by the Burmese army, which forced the Thai to move their capital to what is now Bangkok. By 1800 the Khmer monarchy was all but gone, thanks to several attacks made by the Vietnamese. Things were different in the Malay Peninsula. Over there Islamic traders were slowly entering the area because of the growing attraction to the spice trade. The Portuguese, Dutch and Europeans continued to fight over the trade routes. While the Europeans and the Dutch were fighting over trade in the islands, The Portuguese were in trade with some of the mainland states. This was an advantage for them because the mainland had strong monarchies and political unity. The small trade islands were very unorganized. The only reason they were profitable, was for the many spices they had. The Asian World and Southeast Asia in the Era of the Spice Trade By Brandon Kieler, Nick Carter, and Isaac Hanson Then in 960 a new dynasty known as the song dynasty rose up and had the best economic prosperity and cultural achievement out of all the dynasties. This dynasty fell when the Mongols created the Mongol dynasty. Chapter 3 less. 3 "Google Images." Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. <>. The Mongols were a type of pastoral

Background Presentation

Transcript: 14th Week Consulting interns can be expensive Time and Money Personal Experience Preliminary Design Stage NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 New and Existing Education, Business, and Mercantile Definition of Project This app would be used to provide interns and recent graduates with an outline of guidelines for how to design and review designs of specific occupancies. With the given time frame, I will be writing the information that will go into the app Begin parametric study: Speak with my mentor and Jason to understand more about what critical variables I could concentrate on for this app. Choose those parameters and begin my study Gather information from NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 for new and existing education, business, and mercantile occupancies. By: Breanne Thompson Next Steps (Continued) Finish preparing for Draft of Analysis Pull together and discuss results of project Draw my conclusions and state future work needed Turn in Final Paper! 10th and 11th Week Turn in my parametric study Begin draft of analysis Map out the process of the app for the key elements 15th Week References Next Steps 7th Week Prepare for Final Presentation Summarize my draft of analysis into presentation Work on how to incorporate a live demonstration for my presentation App Development Background Information 8th-9th Week Continuous Process Objective-C for Apple products Java for Android products 6 months of studying Places to Learn: Codecademy, iOS Dev Center, Android Developers Training Hire App Developer will cost thousands Prepare Final Paper Dive into Shark Tank! 1. 2. 6th Week Background Presentation 12th-13th Week

Background Presentation

Transcript: Real action and accountability Amnesty International Non-state actors/ Rebel Groups?? ...and what about men?? ignoring male rape victims? would rape exist without a man? Weapons of War: Rape UN as an Arena - NGO's - Discussion and dialogue Arena Instrument Actor Critical Thinking Weapons of War: Rape UN as an instrument UNSC Resolution 1820 (2008) UN as an Actor - UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict Weapons of War: Rape Problems with 1820 "Roles and Functions of International Organizations" "Sexual violence, when used as a tactic of war in order to deliberately target civilians or as a part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilian populations, can significantly exacerbate situations of armed conflict and may impede the restoration of international peace and security… effective steps to prevent and respond to such acts of sexual violence can significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security" (UNSC Resolution 1820, p. 2)" Background Presentation- Kristin Mann Weapons of War: Rape Brief Insight - used to manipulate social control - destabilize communities - weaken ethnic groups and identities Examples: - Sudanese Militia - Rwanda Genocide - DRC Critical Thinking Critical Thinking Increased Data Collection by international organizations - determine humanitarian responses - ensures justice and reparation - provides recognition and dignity

Background Presentation

Transcript: Death rate 2012: 12.84 deaths/1,000 population (World ranking: 22) Infant (Child Mortality) Total: 79.02 deaths/1,000 live births (world ranking: 10) HIV/AIDS (2) Appropriate Technology Landlocked country Great African Rift Valley system: East – Lake Malawi South – mountains, tropical palm-lined beaches Mainly a large plateau, with some hills Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa) Almost 1 million people have AIDS 60% of these are female Declining in urban areas, Rising in rural areas Leading cause of death amongst adults Contributes to the low life expectancy: 54.2 years 209th ranking (One of the lowest) 500,000 children have been orphaned due to AIDs Micro-finance Policy Framework and Strategies (Health SWAp) increasing the availability and accessibility of antenatal services; utilization of skilled health personnel during pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal period at all levels of the health system; strengthening the capacity of individuals and institutions to improve maternal and neonatal health; increasing the number of skilled health personnel; constructing and upgrading health facilities to offer essential health services particularly focusing on rural and underserved areas; and provision of ARVs and micronutrients during pregnancy. Geography of Malawi CCST 9004 Appropriate Technology for the Developing World Indicator 3: Literacy Rate of 15 – 24 year-olds According to the World Bank, microfinance is defined as: Microfinance is the provision of financial services to the entrepreneurial poor.This definition has two important features:it emphasizes a range of financial services—not just credit— and it emphasizes the entrepreneurial poor. Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education Appropriate Technology: SIRDAMAIZE 113 Population: 16,777,547 (estimated in July 2013) Population growth rate: 2.758% (2012 est.) (World ranking: 18) Age structure Children: 50% of total population HIV/AIDS Human Resources Education Poverty Food Insecurity Erratic Rainfall Patterns/Droughts Corruption Lack of Foreign Investment Languages Indicator 5: Proportion of seats held by women in National Parliaments Central Region: 1-9 (Yellow) *Capital: Lilongwe Northern Region: 10-15 (Red) Southern Region: 16-27 (Green) Lake Malawi (Blue) Land surface area 45,747 square miles Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leadinto absenteeism, especially among girls who take care of the sick · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. Malawi – Climate/Agriculture Trading partners: South Africa, Zambia, China, US Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leading to absenteeism especially among girls who take care of the sick; and · poor participation of school committees and their communities in school management. · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. 1 Doctor per 50,000 people Hinders the ability to deliver medical services to people in need Reason: Emigration Lack of access to education Aggravated by AIDS > 4 nurses are lost each month This also affects other sectors: Government Business Farmers Human Resources HIV/AIDS - Contemporary GDP: US $14.58 billion (2012 est.) (World ranking: 142) Labor force: agriculture: 90%; industry and services: 10% (2003 est.) Countries main income Agriculture Main crops: maize, tobacco, tea, sugar cane, groundnuts, cotton, wheat, coffee, and rice Industry: tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods Challenges: limited capacity in terms of human and material resources to facilitate adult literacy and continuing education; early marriages perpetuated by socioeconomic factors; socio–cultural factors that make people believe that men should be leaders while women are followers; and, poor learning environment which affects girls in primary and secondary schools e.g. sanitary facilities, long distances to education facilities, extra burden from domestic chores especially for adolescent girls resulting into high dropout rate. 1964: Independent from Britain Indicator 1: Maternal Mortality Ratio Malawi Demographics Problems - Outline Indicator 4: Share of Women in Wage Employment in the Non- Agriculture Sector measure of employment opportunities ( i.e equal proportions of men and women in formal employment) Yet, more women participate in the agriculture sector than in the formal wage employment especially in jobs that require professional qualifications. Due to: literacy levels, gender disparity and cultural values. Facts About the Product: Drought tolerant maize variant Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas 136 days to mature Normally: 150 – 180 days Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas

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