Transcript: Nothern West Passage Nothern Sea Route Lomonosov Ridge Geopolitical Process in the Arctic Ice Extent 1980-2009 The EEZ is up to 200 n/miles unless state’s continental shelf exceeds 200 n/miles Historical Sectors •Military presence; •Natural resources extraction; •Fishery fleet activisation; •Ice-breaker fleet advancing; •New navigation routes; •Scientific research programmes; •Ecological safety Subarctical Countries Directions to Develop Legislation approaches United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1980 A. Chelenganov, the head of "Arctic-2008" expedition UNCLOS Reach in: oil&gas 25% nikel gold platinum diamonds "We must get our teeth into the Arctic" Russia Norway Denmark Canada USA fish & seafood transportation routes Subarctical Countries Zhilina Irina IR-461 Latent conflicts Latent conflict zones Russian directions to develop: Sea Ice Extent 1980-2009 Spitsbergen Island Varangel Fjord Legislation Approaches High Sea Continuation
Transcript: Arctic Ocean Ou dans le monde se trouve notre biome? Notre biome se trouve dans le nord de notre planéte. Qu'est-ce qui rend se biome unique, spécial? C'est notament les animaux qui rend ce bome unique parce que ils sont endanger et aussi la nuit dûre 6 mois. C'est la seul place ou il y a des glaces dans l'ocean. Comment s'est il développé? Le Pole Nord a développé parce que l'eau a geler et sa formait une île de glace. Quel y est le climat? Le climat au Pole Nord est trés trés froid. Le temperature peut descendre jusque -5O°. What animals and plants live there? The main animals that live there are the Arctic Fox, Arctic turner, Caribou, Dall Sheep, Polar Bear and Walrus. The main plants that live there are the Red algae, Fungi, Lichens, Arctic willow and Pasaque flower. What adaptions do these animals have. The animals of the Arctic must have cold-resistible skin and they must have a storage for food through out the severe weather. The animals must find a warm shelter before winter breaks. Here are some examples of Arctic food chains. Are there animals in danger? Yes there are animals in danger. Especially polar bears because we are destroying their habitats which can lead to horrible consequences. How did the humans adapt to their severe climat? They are adapted to their severe climat because they hunt for food and fur and over the past few years they have built a little community. BY GRISHA & CHRISTIAN THANKS FOR WATCHING.
Transcript: ARCTIC Little marine life exists where the ocean surface is frozen, apart from whales, seals and polar bear's that tend to appear where the water is more open. the arctic fox is an incredibly hardy animal that can survivefrigid arctic arctic temperatures as low as -58f-(50c) in treeless lands where it makes it home. it has fury soles short ears and a short muzle-all-inported adaptations to the chilly clime. nearly 60 per cent of the worlds polar bears live in canada polar bears can swim up to 100 kilometres. a polar bear can eat up to 46 kilogrames (100 lb) of food at one sitting. Cute video
Transcript: life span 15-20 years they eat krill,squid and small fish they weigh 6-8 lb. they like to live on clifts or rocky coasts Where the crested penguin live General Arctic is intiarly surounded by ocean. The elevation of the Arctic is about 3 feet of sea level. Average temperature at the north pole is around 0*F. The tundra i well developed in trees and shrublines. Mammals like fox, wolf, bears, musk ox, reindeer, hare and more live in te Arctic. The animals that live in the arctic have adapted to the extreme climates and conditions. Many animal like the Arctic fox and hare have coats that change color to camouflage in the snow Some animals hibernate during the winter, they go to very deep sleep. These animals often dig pits or burrows under ground. Some animal like skunks, chipmunks, and some bears they go into a state that is closer to a normal deep sleep). Map of Arctic Arctic Foxes Crested Penguin Range map of the Arctic fox's Can live in temperature as lows as -50 celsios Life span is 3 to 6 years in the wild. Arctic Arctic fox's have adapeded to the harsh weather, a compact body with short legs, dense fur, short legs, hairy foot pads, which insulates against the cold. Animals By Laura, Carly, Brownynn They range in Northern and Western Canada and Alaska. Northeast in Alberta, Northern Manitoba, Northern Quebec, Russia and Greenland.
Transcript: The Arctic The dominant group in this region is the There are several different types of Inuit tribes within this group. Eg. Nestilik Inuit. Religion, Ceremonies, Art & Clothing The Inuit believe in making materials with what they find around them. Decorate items from bone and ivory by carving them into figures. Clothing and boots made up of animal skin and fur. Outer coats called "parkas." Parkas are now worn in other places with other cultures in the world. Transportation and Migration Kayaks: Small boats used for transportation and hunting. Umiaq: larger boats, transportating people, dogs and supplies. Dog sleds were a major method of transportation. Family & Social Structure During hunting in kayaks, the Inuit women are a large help in carrying hunting gear and help slaughter as well. The Iunuits are an open people, who share their homes with several different families. Food and Tools Because of the lack of plants in the cold climate, the people of the Arctic are forced have a diet consisting of mainly meat. Whales, walruses, seals, fish and caribou are popular. Fish are the most important resouce. The Inuit rely on meat more than any other Native tribe. Birds, birds’ eggs, and small mammals were other food sources Blubber, fish, and meat were eaten raw. Environment and Housing The harsh climate of the arctic left little available resources. Only small plants are able to grow in the Summer before Winter set in again. In the far North, the Sun does not rise for months, then does not set for months. Have windstorms that created snow drifts and snow blowing across the arctic plains. One of the most sparesly distributed groups on the planet. Three Oceans (Pacific, Atlantic, and Arctic) Mountains (Northern Rockies) Arctic plains (tundra) Unlike what many other native tribes have, the Inuit do not have trees to make homes. Nomadic people, housing was temporary, quick and easy to set up. In the winter, they live in igloos: round houses made up of blocks of snow. In the summer, they live in tent-like huts made out of animal skin strecthed over a frame. INUVIALUIT Lived in Western Arctic and had access to tress. Built permanent log and sod houses that they lived in most of the Winter. Dug a whole in the ground, and set up poles around it on an angle, so the sod could rest on top. Floor beneath the ground for extra warmth. Fireplace set up in hut. Villages of 10-20 in one area. Facts: All forms of Inuit speak the same dialect as Inukitut The Inuit have neogiated their own land with the federal government. The land is called Nunavut, meaning "our land", and has its own legislative assembly. The Inuit is believed to have migrated from Siberia all the way to Greenland. This group is distinct from all the other native populations biologically, linguistically and archaeologically. Thank you for watching - By Rachael, Lee and Tess Inuit. http://www.rvtravel.com/blog/canada/uploaded_images/7-wonders---Igloo-771024.jpg Drag floats for dog sledding Environment included: The traditional Inuit Parka. "Historica." The Canadian Encyclopedia. Web. 17 Feb. 2011. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/customcode/Media.cfm?Params=A3native-people.swf>. Harpoons Umiaq Watercrafts Kayak http://dev.glenbow.org/3DInuit/images/3.2I2.jpg
Transcript: huddle Mrs. Rossi huddle to crowd together crowd huddle separate
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