Transcript: Well, APA Style is needed to change the present and the future educational landscape within an across academics departments, colleges and universities. *Express the key elements of quantitative results. *Choose the graphic from that will best suit our analysis. APA Style was originated in 1929, when a group of psychologists, anthropologists, and business managers convened and sought to establish a simple set of procedures, or style rules, that would codify the many components of scientific writing to increase the ease of reading comprehension. It features four integrated but separated centers, providing expert resources for every stage of learning which are: *Learn *Research *Write *Publish Examples: APA Style APA Style Why is there a specific APA Style? APA Style was established to codify the many components of scientific writing to facilitate clear communication and has enabled psychologists and scholars in other social and behavioral sciences to enhance the dissemination of knowledge in their respective fields. What is APA Style? APA Style CENTRAL the new game-changing learning, writing, research, and publishing solution for current and future generations of scholars. The web-based technologically advanced advanced APA Style has been developed for academic institutions by the American Psychological Association. Why is APA Style needed? What does APA Style features? APA Style focuses on the needs and guidelines established in psychology social and behavioral sciences and does not cover general rules explained in widely available style books and examples of usage with little relevance to it.
Transcript: How to cite small quotes Because it is necessary to say who is the author of the information that we use in our works , otherwise it would be plagiarism and lack of academic or scientific efficiency Edgar Allan Poe (1846)''All that we see or seem is but a dream within a dream'' page 45 APA STYLE APA STYLE Ideas American Psychological Association Apa Style Thanks Notes Finally the sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Dream_Within_a_Dream http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/e/edgar_allan_poe.html http://www.write.armstrong.edu/handouts/APAstyle.pdf http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/23/ theinstitute.ieee.org http://www.zerochan.net/347351 Why APA style is important? Ideas Ideas Is a frequently used to cite sources within the social sciences Step 1 enclose the quote in a double quotation mark. Step 2 Before writing the quote you need to put the author´s last name and the year of publication. Step 3 Put the number of the page at the end of the quote. Step 4 Check that all the punctuation marks are after the quote. Example
Transcript: First, purchase a copy of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Then, read it. The manual is not just a reference; it is a style manual with advice on how to write in your discipline. Of course, the book is used as a reference because there are too many rules to keep in one’s head. The more you use the reference, the quicker it will be to find the information you need. Don’t get frustrated when the index is of no use whatsoever. Again, the more familiar you are with the manual, the more you will save yourself time and frustration. APA style is commonly used in science-related fields It is a parenthetical system of citations In-text citations can be cross-referenced to the references page. References www.apastyle.org Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association Members of a discipline share research, so that community of scholars needs an agreed upon set of rules—a style or format—to make the scholarship standardized and accessible to other scholars of that field. Basic Strategies for Mastering APA Style Using APA style properly adds to your credibility as a writer and researcher in your field. Personal communications are not recoverable, so do not include them in the reference list. Cite them only in-text, and use a date. J.J. Jones (personal communication, June 10, 2010). APA tables do not use vertical lines. (See page 130 in the Sixth edition.) APA Without Tears Using APA style properly adds to your credibility as a writer and researcher in your field. Synthesize your sources a number of ways: “The author-date method of citation requires that the surname of the author. . .and the year of publication be inserted in the text at the appropriate point: DOIs DOI stands for digital object identifier. They function as links to referenced content. This way readers can find your sources easily Not all journals use this method as of yet, but most do. One work by six or more authors uses the Latin for “and others” “et al.” on the first reference. Jones et al. (2010)... This is the only Latin abbreviation that can be used outside parentheses. When a secondary source is used, give the secondary source in the reference list; in text, name the original work and give a citation for the secondary source. Jone’s study (as cited in Johnson, 2010). If the date of a source is unknown, use n.d. in the parenthetical citation. If a source does not have page numbers, cite the paragraph and use the abbreviation “para.” (Jones, 2010, para. 7). The paper should be double-spaced throughout and have one-inch margins. Members of a discipline share research, so that community of scholars needs an agreed upon set of rules—a style or format—to make the scholarship standardized and accessible to other scholars of that field. The Basics: A note about plagiarism: “Researchers do not claim the words and ideas of another as their own; they give credit where credit is due (APA Ethics Code of Standard 8.11, Plagiarism). Quotation marks should be used to indicate the exact words of another. Each time you paraphrase another author (i.e., summarize a passage or rearrange the order of a sentence and change some of the words), you need to credit the source in the text” (APA,2009, p.15). Kessler (2003) found that among epidemiological samples Early onset results in a more persistent and severe course (Kessler, 2003). In 2003, Kessler’s study of epidemiological samples showed that” (APA, 2009, p.174). APA Without Tears Do read chapter 3, “Writing Clearly and Concisely” carefully. Tips on writing style Tips on clarity, precision, and concision Organizational structure to develop your argument Strategies to improve writing style First, purchase a copy of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Then, read it. The manual is not just a reference; it is a style manual with advice on how to write in your discipline. Ten Tips for Better APA Style On the cover page, in the words “Running head,” the “h” is not capitalized. Begin page numbers on the title page, which is page 1. If “and” is inside the parenthetical use the &, otherwise spell out “and.”(Jones & Johnson, 2010). Jones and Johnson (2010) found. . . When you cite a source in text, you need three pieces of information. the author’s last name the year the information was published a page or paragraph number— depending on whether it’s a quote or a close paraphrase
Transcript: APA STYLE WHY WE USE MY APA RULE IS The reference list entry for an e-book includes the author, date, title, and source (URL or DOI). For a chapter in an e-book, include the chapter title and page numbers (if available). APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6th edition, second printing of the APA manual, APA style APA RULE WE USE THE APA STYLE BECAUSE WE KNOW WHEN WE'RE GOING TO GIVE SOME WORK, OR A MONOGRAPH, ETC WE MUST FOLLOW THESE RULES TO DO A BETTER WORK, TO TAKE A GOOD NOTE , OR ONLY FOR FOLLOW THE RULES TO DO A BETTER WORK WITH APA RULES SOURCES www.apastyle.org/ owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION DO YOU HAVE QUESTIONS uthor, A. (date). Title of chapter. In E. Editor (Ed.), Title of book (pp. xx–xx). doi:xxxxxxxxxx Chapter in an e-book: Author, A. (date). Title of chapter. In E. Editor (Ed.), Title of book (pp. xx–xx). Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxx hole e-book Author, A. (date). Title of book. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxx Author, A. (date). Title of book. doi:xxxxxxxxxxxx
Transcript: Back to the Basics Abstract Now you're ready for the specifics!!! Title Page Level Format 1 Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Headings 2 Left-aligned, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading 3 Indented, boldface, lowercase heading with a period. Begin body text after the period. 4 Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase heading with a period. Begin body text after the period. 5 Indented, italicized, lowercase heading with a period. Begin body text after the period. Reference Basics Starts on new page after the title page Title: type the word Abstract in the center Should be between 100-150 words Expresses: main idea and key points; address research implications and possible leads to future research Do not indent GOAL! You already know the format: 1" margins (all the way around Times New Roman 12 point font Double-spaced Standard size paper 8.5" x 11" You also already know the sections: Title Page Abstract Main Body References -Running Header: flush with the left side of the paper; no more than 50 characters of your title; all caps; the words "Running Header" only appear on the title page -Page Number: flush with the right side of the paper; arabic numerals -Full Title of Paper: Capitalize 1st letter of all words which are 4 letters or more -Author/Teacher Information: Your Name Class Title Teacher's Name Date Submitting Examples of Headings Main Body: Headings Manuscript Format APA Style All lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented. Authors' names are inverted (last name first); first initial Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work. Maintain the punctuation and capitalization that is used by the journal in its title. Capitalize all major words in journal titles. Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals. Homework: Read Writer's Reference APA Section 2 pages 460-463; Complete the practice assignment (handout) Methods (Level 1) Site of Study (Level 2) Participant Population (Level 2) Teachers. (Level 3) Students. (Level 3) Results (Level 1) Spatial Ability (Level 2) Test one. (level 3) Teachers with experience. (Level 4) Teachers in training. (Level 4) Test two. (Level 3) Kinesthetic Ability (Level 2)
Transcript: By: Ines P Jacob B Jocelyn S Samantha L Javarious T APA Style Guide Definition: What It is American Psychological Association, or APA for short, is a popular type of style guide to writing. Written by Written by: Basically, in 1929 a lot of people with _ came together and came up with this style. Granville Stanley Hall was a major contributor. "originated in 1929, when a group of psychologists, anthropologists, and business managers convened" (apa style guide) Why it Was Made Why it Was Made: It was formatted in attempts to have a consistent style to writing/research in the psychology and social science departments, as well as in education. "Uniformity and consistency enable readers to (a) focus on the ideas being presented rather than formatting and (b) scan works quickly for key points, findings, and sources." (apa style guide) Helps keep track of important info fewer grammar problems reference citations presentation of statistics done the same way How That's Useful: How That's Useful Written For Written For: It was mainly written for scientists and doctors for when they did research. "in response to the needs of researchers, students, and educators across the social and behavioral sciences, health care, natural sciences, humanities, and more" (apa style guide) Typed and double-spaced on (8.5" x 11") paper 1" margins on all sides. 12 pt. Times New Roman font or any other readable font Format Paper Format Title page Title page Title of the paper Author’s name Institutional affiliation Page header that has the title of your paper with all caps and page number on the right side Should be “Running head: SHORTENED TITLE OF YOUR PAPER” Abstract Abstract Follows the title page Separate page titled with the centered word “Abstract” Summarizes the topic of the paper and main ideas/important findings Ranges from 150-250 words Body Body This is the Introduction, Method, Results, and Discussion in this order. Intro Introduction Doesn't require heading Include title at the top of the page in upper and lower case followed by the text Include background information and address the problem/topic that will be presented in the paper Method Method Describes how the research/test/experiment was conducted Subsections/subheadings: participants, measures, and procedures. Subheadings are left-justified Participants (subjects in the experiment) Measures and procedures: includes the materials and equipment used in the experiment and explains how the research was conducted Results Results Summarizes the findings and the data collected Tables and graphs can be included, but make sure they’re simple Label each visual with an Arabic numeral and title Discussion Discussion This explains your interpretation/evaluation of the findings Reiterate the problems addressed in the intro Summarize the study (and its limitations), hypothesis, and results Proper grammar usage is important to keep the reader focused and not disengaged. Improper grammar can lead to your work being unclear to your audience. Writers also need to steer away from language that will create bias or prejudice. Language and Grammar Language & Grammar Anthropomorphism: the writer giving human attributes to inanimate objects. Make clear and logical comparisons and make sure that your comparisons can’t be mistaken or taken out of context. Make sure you keep the verb tense the same all the way through your paper to avoid confusion and keep a steady pace throughout the writing. Both active and passive voice can be used in APA but writers tend to overuse passive voice. -Use active voice more to deliver clear and direct sentences. Use first person pronouns instead of third person to be more concise and direct. Avoid "we" to refer to a large group of individuals in general. The singular usage of they is encouraged when describing someone's whose gender is not known or relevant to avoid bias and it's inclusive. Grammar Grammar Accuracy and precision are strive for in APA. This includes all biases for gender, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, etc. Use only the characteristics that are relevant to the report. Be only as detailed as you need to be. Don't over do it. Be sensitive to the labels that people have attached to them. Choosing these labels with care and thought insures that people's humanities are kept. Compare groups of people with respect and thought. Stay away from comparisons that will unrightfully bid two groups against each other. Bias- Free Language Bias Free Language Tables and figures are an easy and effective way to present data such as statistics as well as information. Tables mostly deal with numbers, however some might have to do with words, such as K.I.M.S. charts. Figures can be a few different things, ranging from graphs to picture examples. Tables & Figures Tables & Figures Example Example: Separate page Double space all entries For references include the: -author -publication date -title -where it was published -publisher -address or access number Tables
Transcript: abstract 1. Journal article 2. Books 4. Book chapters 4. Doc Scribe’s APA Style Lite http://www.docstyles.com/apalite.htm 5. Douglas Degelman’s APA Style Essentials http://www.vanguard.edu/Home/AcademicResources/Faculty/DougDegelman/APAStyleEssentials.aspx method introduction format 1st method 5. Reference citations (in the text) 6. Online Resource 1.American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. 2. APA Style http://www.apastyle.org 3. Purdue Online Writing Lab http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01 organization: HOW TO COMMUNICATE IN PSY? apa resources: 1. Participants 2. Materials (or apparatus) 3. Design 4. Procedure citing references 2nd method 3rd method Burger (2008) conducted a replication of Milgram’s (1963) original obedience study. Recent evidence suggests that men and women are similarly talkative (Mehl, Vazire, Ramirez-Esparza, Slatcher, & Pennebaker, 2007). Burger (2008) conducted a replication of Milgram’s (1963) original obedience study. Although many people believe that women are more talkative than men, Mehl, Vazire, Ramirez-Esparza, Slatcher, and Pennebaker (2007) found essentially no difference in the number of words spoken by male and female college students. results discussion references APA STYLE Recall that Mehl et al. (2007) found that women and men spoke about the same number of words per day on average. There is a strong positive correlation between the number of daily hassles and the number of symptoms people experience (Kanner et al., 1981). 1. The Thesis Statement 2. The Literature Review 3. Concluding the Introduction of an Empirical Report title page paper organization references language, grammar & punctuation
Transcript: Purdue OWL: APA Formatting and Style Guide The front of your book! Introduction Thesis Body Supporting ideas in thesis Conclusion Summarizes thesis and supports In conclusion, To conclude, In summary, To summarize, In closing Read your paper out loud Have someone else read it Repetitive words? USE THESAURUS Write it, then leave it Go back to it after a day Style Con't Sandwich Formatting Rough Draft Any idea from a text (Myers & DeWall, 2017). Quotes (Myers & DeWall, p. 54, 2017). Avoid quoting; paraphrase After citing (2017). (p. 54)! Punctuation goes after citation THESAURUS Resources for Citing Style Avoid contractions Instead of "don't" use "do not" Speak formally Like you would during a job interview Less than 10, spell it out 1 = one, 2 = two, etc. Spell out ten In-text Citations Times New Roman 12 point font Double Spaced One inch Margins Left Alignment One space between period and first word Indent new paragraph APA Style The thesaurus should be your best friend! Verb tense = past tense Avoid words like: Really Very Thing A lot SO MUCH Awesome
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