Transcript: Humanities Research Task Tensions over slavery - North vs South When - Spring 1861 What - By the time Abraham Lincoln (who was anti-slavery) was elected President, seven Southern states had already seceded from the Union (America) and became the Confederate States. Four more states joined the Confederacy after the first shots of the Civil War were fired. Why did it occur- Because an anti-slavery Republican president was elected (Abraham Lincoln). Who - Abraham Lincoln, the leaders of the seven (at the time) Confederate states. Why it was important - It made the southern slave states want to split off from the North. Connection to next event - These tensions over slavery and also over anger that the North was becoming more economically successful than the South, caused the Southern states to secede. To try to preserve the Union, the North responded by raising an army to reclaim the seceded southern States. Secession of the Confederate States When - In 1861 (before Abraham Lincoln's new government took office . What - Seven American states seceded before Abraham Lincoln was elected, four after the first military attack (by the Confederates on South Carolina). Why did it occur - The Confederacy was afraid that the new laws announced by the Northern Republican Government would infringe on their 'natural' rights of owning slaves. Who - Before: South Carolina, Texas, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia and Louisiana. After: Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee and North Carolina. Why was it important - It was the flashpoint opening of military hostilities Connection to the next event - The North saw the secession of the Southern States as a rebellion and had to crush the rebellion to preserve the Union. Election of Abraham Lincoln When - November 1860 What - Abraham Lincoln was elected as President of the United States of America Why it occurred - Because he was the leader of the Republican Party Who - Abraham Lincoln Why it was important - Abraham Lincoln had campaigned against expanding slavery beyond the states where it already existed Connection to the next event - Abraham Lincoln was partly at fault for the tensions over slavery and states' rights Tensions over states' rights - North vs South When - Started in 1820, escalated in 1840 and came to a head in 1854 WhatThere were several powerbases in the United States in the 1800's; the richer North and north Western States with power based in Washington D.C., and the poorer Southern States. The Southern States resented being told what to do by the wealthier and growing North. Why did it occur - there were many reasons why resentments existed between the North and the South, eg in the South they paid higher tariffs on imports and they paid higher interest rates to borrow from northern banks. Greater population growth in the North gave rise to sectionalism where the Southerrn States lost power to the richer North. However the issue of slavery was the greatest source of conflict between the North and South. Who - Confederate States led by Jefferson Davis, the Republican US government in Washington led by President Lincoln, Why was it important - This prompted the Southern States to wish for their own state laws to preside over Federal laws and to make their own decisions Connection to the next event Attack on Fort Sumter When - April 12-14, 1861 What - In South Carolina, a Confederate State, the Confederacy launched an attack on a garrison of Union men flying the US flag at Fort Sumter Why did it occur - Because a Federal Major moved his force into the fort and tried to get a supply ship sent. The supply ship was seized, along with all other federal property. Who - Major Robert Anderson, South Carolina Why was it important - it was the first major attack in the civil war Connection to next event - Because the emancipation proclamation angered the South even more, making them attack Fort Sumter because there was nothing they could do short of surrendering Emancipation Proclamation When - July 1, 1863 What - Abraham Lincoln passed a law that said all the slaves in the Confederacy were free Why did it occur - Lincoln at first said he would make all slaves free if the Southern states did not return to the Union. When they did not return, he issued the Emancipation Proclamation. Who - Abraham Lincoln, all the slaves in the Confederacy Why was it important - it did not outlaw slavery, but it made ending slavery an explicit goal of the war, along with restoring the Union Connection - Perhaps if this law had not been passed, there may not have been an escalation of hostilities, and there may not have been a battle of Gettysburg Battle of Gettysburg When - July 1 - 3, 1863 What - The Confederate General Robert E Lee had been advancing north, but was finally defeated by the Northern Army at the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania. Casualties for both sides add up to between 46,000 to 51,000 men, with up to 28,000 casualties on the Confederate side. Why did it occur - Although
Transcript: Ulysses S. Grant Photo based on: 'horizon' by pierreyves @ flickr Death Wars On right is a picture of Zachery Taylor. In 1846 Ulysses Grant sevred in the Mexican War under the group of Zachary Taylor. He was the junior office at the time and learning many skills on the battle field as well as not to be afarid of it. After the war Grant took many assignments, but soon quit after a year because of sickness and booze. When the American Civil War broke out he decided to come back to the army. He provided good soliders, skills, and tactics. In 1862, he won at Fort Donaldson, which was the first strategic victory for the northHe moved up rapildy up in ranks and soon became the United States general who would lead them on to victory. In 1865, he surrounded General Robert E. Lee's amry and forced thrm to surrender. He was born in Point Plesant Ohio on April 27, 1822. His father was Jesse Root Grant and his mother is Hannah Simpson Grant. For education he went to an academy.When he got there he found out that you had to change your name to get in. He decided to do it instead face his fathers rath. In school he was known as Uncle Sam because of the inichales U.S. He stay for four year in West Point and then grauated the middle in his class. In 1848 on August 22 he was married to Ms. Julia Boogs Dent and had four children. On the left is a picture of the Civil War. President After the wars Grant became the 18th President of the United States. He was the symbol of victory because of his bravory. Black Friday began the worst. When The Panic of 1873 hit, so he signed his first law into action which repushed the Greenback currince problem. In 1875, Grant made up the Civil Right Act and won the fiffthen amment to spread peace to the land and the people. Two years later Grant decide to leave the White House that start new problem for him. Early Life Soon after leaving the White House Grant invested in a company with soon became bankruped. He tries to pay it off so that he can keep his family alive and well. Plus he also desoves that he has cancer in his thoart. Despite all the bad news he right his personal memwarys. On July 23, 1885 he finish his memwarys and dies theat very day. Soon people make plans to have a temperary tomb at Riverside Park then decide to keep it there permettily. On March 4, 1897 the tomb is finished.
Transcript: About The Civil War The most disastrous war in history indurstrialized disagree with slavery North "scorched earth" "Savannah Campaign" American Civil War served under General Grant. led to the fall of the Confederated stronghold of Vicksburg on Mississippi river. marched to the sea. "the bloodiest battle of the war" "the war's turning point" battle hymn of the republic Thank you Richmond - capital of South Battle of Gettysburg Confederate general Robert E. Lee William Tecumseh Sherman General Lee vs Grant Battle of Richmond The Song 'dixie to arms' Battle of Fort Sumter General Lee's northward advance ended. retreated after left many casualties. Uncle Tom's Cabin north's victory starting point of south's secession from union (military force) General Lee surrendered. - victory of the North Results Ulysses S. grant Causes Slavery South Result The north were superior in numbers. (economic power & numbers) Lincoln's election (1860) plantation agriculture agree with slavery Related Movies VS 20111711 Kim, Sae Bom 20113620 Choi, Hee Yea The war begins It describes influence of slavery - slaves' suffer - masters' morality "Seven Days Battles" Date : 1861. 5. 12 - 1865. 4. 9 (about 4 years) Location : America continent Secession and war begins emancipation of slaves - economic structure destroyed in south - the north's colony ruined the whole country confusing times - restoration "hostility about slavery" The last battle he defeated north army in 7 days. - sectionalism "All men are created equal." The war between the north and the south of America The south attacked Fort Sumter first. - the start of battle.
Transcript: What do we remember from the American Civil War? Who fought against whom? Why did they fight? What were the similarities found in both armies? Who were the major generals? What was the name of the "new southern country"? Which were some important battles? What was the role of African Americans in the war? What was the Emancipation Proclamation? How did the Civil War end? Who were the presidents for each side?
Transcript: This battle was fought at the appomattox courthouse on april 9th, 1865. General Robert E. Lee surrendered at this battle Abraham Lincoln Appomattox Robert E. Lee this was the start of the civil war. The confederates opened fire on the fort of union forces. the ship coming to the fort was meant to be peaceful and was only full of food and supplies for the men. A note was even sent to the confederates to tell them that the union did not want a fight. He was considered a hero of the civil war and fought for the union. He was the general for the confederate side. He did not believe in slavery and he wanted the north and south to come back together as a nation again. He only fought for the confederate side because of his love and devotion to the south. Civil War Powerpoint Battle of Antietam Gettysburg This battle was the bloodiest battle known in american military history. It ended in a tie but sine the confederate army retreated, lincoln called this a victory for the union. soon after he made his emancipation proclamation speech. fort sumpter Jefferson Davis He was a writer and an escaped slave from the south. When he became free he started working with abolitionists and became leader of the abolitionist movement Ulysses S. Grant Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln gave this speech during the civil war to fight back against the confederates. It issued a military order to free the slaves in southern states. These african americans could now join the army if they wanted too. This order angered the south even more but added to the union army. Lincoln became president in 1860 which caused a huge uproar in the south. They seceded from the north because they believed that Lincoln would abolish slavery everywhere.Lincoln just wanted the country to one nation even if he had to brin both sides together by force. He encouraged Lincoln to abolish slavery and was a very big abolitionist himself. He was a member of the army and a senator from Mississippi. He was the president of the confederate states and he was the secretary of war as well. By: McKayla Winder Fredrick Douglass This battle is known as the turning point of the civil war and was also the battle with the largest number of deaths among each side. The battle was fought on July 1st through July 3rd.
Transcript: Albraham Lincoln How did Lincoln try to solve the problem. Lincoln's emancipation proclamation - Northerners began to agree that slavery had to end. -Proclamation was issued on September 22, 1862. -Purposed to free all enslaved people in the states of war. -It freed 3.1 million of the 4 million slaves. It purposed to free all enslaved people in the states in war. What was reconstruction? Lincoln's view about southerners after war. - Lincoln wanted to forgive southerners -Nonetheless,confederate government officals and military officers were not allowed to vote again Situation in the south -Newly homeless and jobless African-Americans. Emergency news!!Where is president Lincoln??Let's go back!!!! John Wilkes Booth E.Andrew Johnson Lincoln thought that forgiveness to South was possible,compared to Johnson,he set up many restriction in south. 13th Amendment . Ended Slavery 14 Amendment Granted citizenship to former slaves. 15 Amendment -Af.Am could not be banned for voting. Southern Resistence -Secret organization was created to to undermine the Amendment and rights. Hooded,a Klan member who terrorized Af-Am,white-repub,and teachers in Af-Am school. New south was created. - Based on strong industrial economy -Thousands of miles of railroads were built. Dred Scott v.s Stanford. -This was a case where a slave named Dred Scott wanted his freedom so he sued his owners widow for his freedom. He brought the case to the supreme court. 1859 1861 1861 April 1862 1863 1865 March 1865 April 1865 1866 1880 1892 -Being to strict to southerners. A.Korean Kiss Kid B.Ku Klux Klan C.Keto Kent Kilo D.Klan Klux Ku after Lincoln? South began to pass the black codes. 3. -Lincoln failed to make peace. -Southerner viewed Lincoin as a threat to against its slavery system,culture,society. Sorry -0-,he's not here!!! 5. -On October 16,1859,John Brown led 18 men on a raid of the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry,virginia. Lincoln was assassinated..... Death................ <1860> -This was considered to be one of the causes of Amer. Civil War Civil War - 620,000 -South was suffering of thousands of unemployment, homeless people and hunger. Let's finish this I do not mean that you cannot vote, but at least you need to beat us up before we beat you up. By Someone MKS... Disenfranchisement i We are the Ku Klux Klan!! What is a civil war? South i Attack of Fort Sumter Emancipation -Northerner started believing that slavery is wrong due to change of morality. Is it?? Let's take a look in the theater. 3.Southerners viewed Lincoln as a threat to slavery. 1861 was known as Lincoln's election Lincoln's election threaten slavery Know the word pain. 1.Civil Right Act was passed on March. People who violated the act will be sued. Find out where Lincoln is..... From 1866 American civil war -Lincoln promised not to eliminate slavery which was already existed,directly tried to address seceding states. The Jim Crow Laws aimed at racial segregation,which was under the doctrine of "Separate but equal". (It was never EQUAL!!!) -Same side with Lincoln. You think you can run away after murdering a president? Revolutionary War - 25,000 Johnson's view of South. -Bureau of Refugees was created on March 1865. -Abolitionist Movement appeared. War can be triggered at any moment. l -Insistence of war. Go back to where you from -Many people started thinking that slavery was wrong. (People in North) 1. -Directly showed out southerner's desire for independence. 5.Attack on Fort Sumter. -Which was used to reaffirm white supremacy through again. -Lincoln tried to avoild war if possible. Reconstruction was to rebuild the south after Civil War,along with dealing with former confederate and newly freed slaves.(Proclaimed by Lincoln) Lincoln got slain. John Brown's raid r -Wanted independence and there by. -Attack of Fort Sumter triggered the war immediately. Lincoln -This led to more anti-slavery actions.Relationship between North and South became more intense. v -In 1892,Plessy v.s Ferguson which was a landmark United States Supreme Court supported their view of racism - "Separate but Equal" 14 Amendment was passed.(1868) -This action resulted as a tragedy,most of Brown's men had been killed or captured,and Brown himself was sentenced to death. -Brown's plan was to arm slaves with weapons to confront against slavery. Disenfranchisement!! Civil War April 9, 1865 Reconstruction -Wanted to protect slavery -Feed and clothed war refugees m -Poll taxes - tax paid if you wanted to vote.(Not affordable for Af.Am -Literacy Tests - Test you if you were qualified to vote.(Af.Am were almost all uneducated) -Grabdfather Clauses - You could basically vote if your grandfather had vote in the past. (It was issued between the mixed) -Marriage between blacks and whites were inhibited. -Separate in private and public business.(eg.school, washroom,railroads, elevators.) a Finally southern defense was broken,they came to surrender,13th Amendment was passed.(Slavery became illegal)
Transcript: By 1863 The United States of America was no longer a united country. The North and the South were at war, just because of slaves! States that did not allow slavery were called "Free States" States that allowed slavery were called "Slave States" I hope you learned alot! Did you know? 5.Harriet Tubman Thank You! Thank You! The Gettysburg Address is a famous speech by Abraham Lincoln Here are some events leading up to The American civil war 4.Fredrick Douglas 1.Andrew Jackson The American Civil War 1861-1863 Some famous people 3.Stephen Douglas Did you know? That the Civil War lasted 2 years Did you know? 1. Some famous events 2. Fugitive slave act is if any one arrested a slave they would have to pay a find. 2.Abraham Lincoln 1.Andrew Jackson became president 2.The fall of Fort Sumner
Transcript: The main generals usualy assoiciated are Robert and won the war. E. Lee & Usslysus S. Grant during this time was Abraham cival war famous after the civil war the union president was eventualy succesfull Manassas, Gettysburgh, and Picket's Charge the Union army . there were many Lincoln bloody battles such as first and second Gettysburgh became this is about the American
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