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Air Pollution Powerpoint Template

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Transcript: WHAT IS AIR POLLUTION? Avoid driving at high speed · When purchasing a vehicle, choose one with high performance in miles per gallon. · Do not overfill the gas tank · Do not refuel in the days of high ozone. Try to do after dark. · Use a vehicle model that is as new as possible, as new models are generally less polluting. · Use an alternative vehicle, such as electric cars, or one that works with other fuel. · Drive smoothly and avoid your car unused for a long time. · If your car is pre-1995 model, then change the hazardous air conditioning system R-12 (clorofluocarbonado) for the R-134-a, which is safer, thereby contributing to reducing the ozone hole. · Keep your car in good condition, with particular attention to the exhaust system. · Make sure the tires have proper air pressure. · Keep good air conditioning system of your vehicle, ensuring that no leaks. · Make fewer trips. Plan your itinerary so as to avoid congested traffic areas. · Reduce the use of gasoline as much as possible, the shape and design of the car can be determinants of consumo. HOW TO PREVENT Is produced as a result of the release of toxic substances. Air pollution can cause disorders such as burning eyes and nose, irritation and itching of the throat and breathing problems. Under certain circumstances, some chemicals found in polluted air can cause cancer, birth defects, brain damage and nervous system disorders, and lung damage and respiratory tract. A certain level of concentration and after a certain exposure time, certain air pollutants are extremely dangerous and can cause serious disorders and even death. Air pollution also causes damage to the environment, having hit the tree flora, fauna and lakes. Contamination has also reduced the thickness of the ozone layer. It also produces the deterioration of buildings, monuments, statues and other structures. Air pollution is also causing haze, which reduces visibility in national parks and other places and sometimes an obstacle to aviation. The main causes of air pollution are associated with the burning of fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas). The combustion of these raw materials produced in the process or the operation of industrial and road transport, mainly. Within the industrial sector would have to differentiate between plants (eg, cement or steel) and electricity production plants (which produce half the electricity consumed in our country). AIR POLLUTION CAUSES

Air Pollution

Transcript: Air Pollution How can air pollution start? Air pollution can start when harmful gases are released into the air. (This happens often at factories.) What is Air pollution? Any atmospheric constituent present as a result of anthropogenic activity or natural processes that causes adverse effects to humans, animals, vegetation, or materials. What year did air pollution start? It is not possible to know what year exactly. Air pollution began when the first lightning strike started a wildfire on earth, long before human life existed. What causes it? Air pollution caused from many different sources such as factories, power plants, dry cleaners, cars, buses, trucks and even windblown dust and wildfires How did humans start air pollution? They through trash and waste to the waters which effected animals and humans who lived in the villages and also.humans brought global warming which attracted the sun and dried up the rivers and... 1977 Amendments to the Clean Air Act of 1970 Ozone Conserve energy - turn off appliances and lights when you leave the room. Recycle paper, plastic, glass bottles, cardboard, and aluminum cans. Keep wood stoves and fireplaces well maintained Buy green electricity Wash clothes with warm or cold water instead of hot. Connect your outdoor lights to a timer or use solar lighting. Forest Crops Ornamental plants Particulate Matter History Sulfur Dioxide Clean Air Act of 1963 Skin and eyes Cough Chest pain Respiratory Bronchitis Headaches Nausea Allergic Reaction Other... how it effects humans Authorized provisions relating to areas which are non-attainment with respect to the National Ambient Air Quality Standards Short Term Chronic Respiratory disease Lung cancer Heart disease Damage to the brain Nerves Liver Kidneys Acid Rain Enhanced ozone monitoring - PAMS First federal air pollution legislation Acidification of lakes and stream causes deterioration of metal and stone Authorized provisions related to the Prevention of Significant Deterioration The Air Pollution Control Act of 1955 Clean Air Act of 1970 Causes soiling Vegetation Damage Authorized research into techniques to minimize air pollution The development of a national program to address air pollution related environmental problems Funded research for scope and sources of air pollution Resulted in a major shift in the federal government's role in air pollution control How it affects Earth Causes cracking of rubber Nylon Polymer plastic Long Term Authorized requirements for control of motor vehicle emissions Way to lower air pollution Wildlife Aquatic life Population of endangered species Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 Damage building Ornamental plants Market based incentives Overhaul of hazardous air pollutants Work Cited Authorized the establishment of National Ambient Air Quality Standards

Air Pollution

Transcript: ARB's Community Health Program believe Law and public health The Different of polluting sources 1) Absorb CO2 and other dangerous gases 2) Trap and hold particle pollutants (dust, ash, pollen and smoke) 3) In a year a tree can absorb equal the amount of CO2 that you produce when you drive your car 26,000 miles. 4) The carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere is food for trees 5) Produce enough oxygen on each acre for 18 people every day 6) replenish the atmosphere with oxygen Diesel trucks Conserve energy - turn off appliances and lights when you leave the room, Recycle paper, plastic, glass bottles, cardboard, and aluminum cans. In schools student in Oakland have a high rate of asthma What is Oakland doing to help reduce Air Pollution? How many ways can we help reduce air pollution in Oakland? How can trees help reduce air pollution In Oakland? Article Ditching Diesel by Meena Palaniappan. Stop illegal trucks How are young people helping find solutions to air pollution? Train Omar Bernal "Before I moved here to East Oakland, I did not have asthma. This month I was diagnosed with asthma," says Nehanda Imara.” why is Students at Mandela join a after program Air Resources Board (ARB) adopted goals to reduce Air Pollution from the transportation of goods. Ships what is air pollution? "West Oakland EIP Committee believes that residents should be involved in deciding how trucks travel through their neighborhood" What causes air pollution in Oakland? community organizations through the West Oakland Environmental Indicators Project (WO EIP). How can Oakland reduce air pollution? When people decide to help reduce air pollution it makes the air cleaner for them to live in the areas with high levels of air pollution. In the article of Reducing Diesel Pollution in West Oakland states that “From our truck counts study and interviews with community members, we found that many trucks travel on West Oakland streets illegally. These trucks release diesel exhaust right near homes and create safety problems for families and children.” This article is saying that the west Oakland community has many trucks traveling streets illegally, and if they remove the trucks traveling street illegal, air pollution can be reduced a lot in the west part of Oakland. This is important because by taking those truck out of the west part of Oakland it will reduce harm and people will get healthier. The same article also state that “The West Oakland EIP Committee believes that residents should be involved in deciding how trucks travel through their neighborhood on their way to and from the Port of Oakland and other businesses. ” What this is saying is that the residents of west Oakland need to stop trucks from passing throughout those areas that are being polluted. This is important because it would help the environment, and the people to be healthier. In conclusion one way to reduce air pollution is to prevent trucks from traveling at the Oakland street illegally and also changing the route for the trucks can help prevent air pollution from growing. How can trees help reduce air pollution In Oakland? When people decide to plant trees they are going to reduce Air pollution by a bigger percent. The article of Trees Reduce Air Pollution it states the “Trees help to settle out, trap and hold particle pollutants (dust, ash, pollen and smoke) that can damage human lungs, Absorb CO2 and other dangerous gases and, in turn, replenish the atmosphere with oxygen, Produce enough oxygen on each acre for 18 people every day, Absorb enough CO2 on each acre, over a year's time, to equal the amount you produce when you drive your car 26,000 miles. Trees remove gaseous pollutants by absorbing them through the pores in the leaf surface. Particulates are trapped and filtered by leaves, stems and twigs, and washed to the ground by rainfall.” What this quote is saying that trees help reduce air pollution because they absorb CO2, other dangerous pollutants and also produce Oxygen. This is important because we need more trees because that would help Oakland’s need to become a non-polluted community, also more trees help clean the air and by cleaning the air people get healthier. The article also states that “Trees and other plants make their own food from carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere, water, sunlight and a small amount of soil elements. In the process, they release oxygen (O2) for us to breathe.” This quote is saying that trees make their food from CO2 in the atmosphere, basically trees eat the pollution. This is important because trees help clean the environment and this is why we need more trees in Oakland. In conclusion, my research suggest that more trees can help prevent and reduce air pollution in Oakland. If i was a Oakland city council member I would recommend to increase the numbers of parks so we can plant more trees. How many ways can we help reduce air pollution in Oakland? The article of Ways to Reduce Air Pollution states that to “Conserve energy

air pollution

Transcript: What is particulate matter? Particulate matter are tiny particles in the atmosphere that can be in solid or liquid form. They come from factories, power plants, incinerators, vehicles, construction, and fires. They are made up of dust, dirt, soot, smoke and tiny particles of pollutants in the air. Particulates get into the respiratory system and get trapped in the lungs, damaging lung tissue and may lead to permanent injury. Chernobyl: On april 26,1986 chernobyl became the worlds worst nuclear power plant accident. Opperators were shutting down one of the reactors when the power surged causing the reactor to explode. This sent radioactive gases and particles 3 metres high into the atmosphere. More then 120,000 people had to be evacutated from an 18-mile radius from the plant, within days. result: A huge cloud was split into two parts- one part moved northwest toward Poland, Scandinavia, and southwest to central Europe. Second part moved east across Asia, Japan, North pacific and even reached the western side of North America. European countries had to destruct millions of dollars worth of produce, milk, and livestock that were contaminated. For this reason farmers suffered huge financial loses when other countries refused to import there produce from Europe. Even low levels of radiation can increase the risk of cancer. Today scientists predict within the next few decades, thousands of people could develop cancer from the radiation. Car Pooling: I have learned that in Edmonton not very many people car pool. I think that people should car pool more often. Asthma: I have learned that asthma is a chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows your airways. Wheezing, chest tightness, coughing and being short of breathe is symptoms of asthma. When someone has asthma the muscle lining in your airways becomes very sensitive/ over-reactive to substances. Human vs. natural air pollution: Human pollution: Pollution made from man made things. ex. Factories, vehicles, smoking, litter. Natural pollution: Pollution made from natural things. ex. Lava, dust, flood, pollen. Both can be harmful for people and the enviroment. What did you learn from the readers theatre? I learned that Particulates, Carbon Monoxide, Sulphur, Nitrogen, Bad Ozone, Dioxide, CFC's and Toxins are the worst pollutants. I also learned Sulpher and other pollutants can make it hard for some people to breathe , and can also make trees/ other plants grow slowly. Air Pollution

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