Transcript: The most common sources of air pollution include in :- 1- ozone, 2- nitrogen dioxide, 3- sulfur dioxide. Air pollution is a significant risk factor for multiple health conditions including in :- 1- respiratory infections, 2- heart disease, 3- lung cancer How we can now the problems that donig air pollution how we can solve the prblem 4- and move to non-polluting renewable forms of energy production . 5- Also, reduce automobile-produced the air from pollution done by :- mariam slutions air pollution problems 1- use less energy, 2-improve energy efficiency 3- reduce waste,
Transcript: By : Ashley Torres Breanna Caudle photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Air pollution is the result of years of waste and poor handling of chemicals all over the world. Gasoline is one of the number one causes of air pollution, caused by millions of gasoline are used, yearly, by drivers on every continent. Leaves and cut grass are even considered waste because when they are piled up, they take a longer time to disintegrate. When they start to erode, a chemical process happens that release elements that can add to air pollution. According to a German study, people who breath in the fumes of heavy traffic regularly have higher chances of getting hardening of the arteries, which is associated with risk of heart attack. Introduction Air Pollution Graphs and Charts http://fun.yukozimo.com/facts-about-air-pollution/ http://www.mexicocityexperience.com/green_living/air_quality/ http://www.camden.gov.uk/ccm/content/environment/air-quality-and-pollution/air-quality/air-pollutants-of-concern.en?page=all Bibliography Key Points Conclusion Air pollution is one of the major damages to mother earth. It damages our atmosphere and it damages living organisms. It causes a lot of damage to the biodiversity. People use fossil fuels and coal , nonrenewable resources, which are the most harmful to our atmosphere. These are very harmful air pollution examples. Air pollution is pollution of the atmosphere. We need to do something about it before it kills us and the other living organisms in this world. Air pollution is caused by millions of things but the major things are factories and gasoline. Air pollution is damaging our atmosphere and we aren't doing anything to help the cause.
Transcript: Air Pollution Project Miss L. 2nd period Tessa Vessels 1. Air pollution is the release of noxious gases, like sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and chemical vapors. Air pollution is the release of particles into the air from burning fuel for energy. Diesel smoke is a good example of this particulate matter . The particles are very small pieces of matter measuring about 2.5 microns or about .0001 inches. This type of pollution is sometimes referred to as "black carbon" pollution. The exhaust from burning fuels in automobiles, homes, and industries is a major source of pollution in the air. Some authorities believe that even the burning of wood and charcoal in fireplaces and barbeques can release significant quanitites of soot into the air. 2. They are particle pollution (often referred to as particulate matter), ground-level ozone, carbon monoxide, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, and lead 3. power plants, cars, appliances, etc. Sadly, our continuous neglect has created the effects we are experiencing now, global warming, diminishing resources, and weather instability are some of what we are experiencing today. 4. humans, Plants, Animals, and mother earth. 5. In May 1899, the Union Improvement Company purchased 382 acres 30 miles south of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to form a small town called Donora located along the Monongahela River. A year later, the town was laid out and within three years a thousand buildings were built and the population grew to six thousand. On October 26, 1948, a cold blanket of air settled over the Monongahela Valley trapping sulfur dioxide from the mills. The trapping was caused by an air inversion, where cold air aloft prevents warmer, often polluted air, from rising and dispersing. Air inversion prevents clouds from forming and rain showers to occur that would otherwise clean the air. Weather fronts and pollution can cause the inversions.The residents of Donora were familiar with the sulfur dioxide odor and went about their usual routine in spite of the smell and difficulty in visibility. By noon on October 30, the yellow smog was so thick that residents could not see their hands in front of them and cars were driven with their headlights on. The air burned the throats and caused breathing difficulties. Within three days of the event, eleven people had died and thousands of others had fallen ill. The local hotel became an emergency hospital because the two surrounding hospitals were filled to capacity. The basement of the hotel became a morgue because the funeral homes were full. Firemen delivered oxygen tanks to residents who had trouble breathing. The firemen had to reach out in front of them to feel the surface of a house or a fence in order to get to where they were going because visibility was difficult. It took them 45 minutes to travel several blocks, which normally may have taken ten or fifteen minutes. Owners of the nearby zinc plant were asked to shut down, but refused. Finally, on Sunday, October 31, the plant did agree to shut down to eliminate smoke and fumes. This proved to help and soon visibility improved. It also began to rain, which helped to clear the air. The following day, the zinc plant resumed operations. The event provoked local, state, and federal governments to look at what took place in Donora and how to prevent it from happening again. Regulations were put into place and by 1955 the Pittsburgh area had cleaned up emissions by 97 percent. In 1963, the United States Congress passed the Clean Air Act and then in 1970 with the insistence of Senator Edward Muskie of Maine, the Clean Air Act was amended requiring states to reduce emissions according to federal guidelines 7. Ozone's major air pollutent for our area is ground level ozon. damages lung tissue and reduces lung function and sensitizes the lungs to other irritants. formed when pollutants react chem. in the presence of sunlight. It's a problem May through October when the weather is hot and sunny with relitivly light winds. Mortality, Hospital Admissions, Emergency room visits, asthma, respiratory symptoms. Fossil fuels burns your eys when its high. plants can die off. 9. 8. 6. The Clean Air Act (CAA) is the comprehensive federal law that regulates air emissions from stationary and mobile sources. 1970. EPA. NAAQS, carbon monoxide, lead, Nitrogen Dioxide, Ozone, Particle pollution, Sulfur Dioxide. Nonattainment-Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, and washington. 8 hour ozone standerd.
Transcript: Approximately 4% of all deaths in the USA can be attributed to air pollution Data from the Worl Health Organization 2.4 million people die each year from causes directly connected with air pollution, with 1.5 million of these deaths being the result of indoor air pollution. More deaths are attributable to air pollution than to automobile accidents Effects: Irritation to the eyes Nose and throat Bronchitis Pneumonia Chronic respiratory disease Lung cancer Heart disease Damage to the brain Nerves Liver Ways to REDUCE Air Pollution Conserve energy Turn off appliances and lights when you leave the room. Recycle paper, plastic, glass bottles, cardboard, and aluminum cans. (This conserves energy and reduces production emissions.) Plant deciduous trees in locations around your home to provide shade in the summer, but to allow light in the winter. Buy green electricity-produced by low-or even zero-pollution facilities. Connect your outdoor lights to a timer or use solar lighting. Wash clothes with warm or cold water instead of hot. Choose not to smoke in your home, especially if you have children. Keep tires properly inflated and aligned. Avoid waiting in long drive-thru lines, for example, at fast-food restaurants or banks. Park your car and go in. When possible, use public transportation, walk, or ride a bike. Get regular engine tune ups and car maintenance checks (especially for the spark plugs). Use an energy-conserving (EC) grade motor oil. Report smoking vehicles to your local air agency. Air Pollution The biggest air polluter in EU is road transport
Transcript: Air pollution What is air pollution? Air pollution is the accumulation of hazardous substances into the atmosphere that danger human life and other living matter. What are the sources of air pollution? Automobile emissions Tobacco Smoke Combustion of coal Noise pollution from cars and construction How to prevent air pollution? Carpool or join a ride share with friends and coworkers. Don't smoke Don't use harsh chemical deaners that can emit fumes. How does air pollution affect human and animal? Irritation of eyes, nose, throat; damage to lungs when inhaled. Acute and chromic asthma Bronchitis and emphysema (As a result of synergy between SO2 suspended particulate matter) Lung cancer http://www.greenstudentu.com/encyclopedia/pollution Image from google image. Found at:
Transcript: ENVIRONMENT AIR POLLUTION Topic AIR POLLUTION AIR POLLUTION AIR POLLUTION MEANING IS... WE SHOULD ARE WE SHOULD ARE GUARD THE ENVIRONMENT GUARD THE ENVIRONMENT 1 GUARD THE ENVIRONMENT 1 ACTUALITY WE ARE IDEA INVIRONMENT GUARD THE ENVIRONMENT2 GUARD THE ENVIRONMENT2 GUARD THE ENVIRONMENT3 GUARD THE ENVIRONMENT3 GUARD EFFORT THE ENVIRONMENT GUARD EFFORT THE ENVIRONMENT GUARD EFFORT THE ENVIRONMENT GUARD EFFORT THE ENVIRONMENT THANK YOU FOR LISTENING MY PRESENTATION, THANK YOU!!! THANK YOU FOR LISTENING MY PRESENTATION, THANK YOU!!!
Transcript: The colour Blue: —pollutants from consumer products and paints (VOCs) The Colour Green: pollutants from lawn, garden, and construction machinery (CO, NO2, PM10, SO2, and VOCs) The colour Red: pollutants from cars and trucks (CO, NO2, PM10, SO2, and VOCs) The Colour Yellow: pollutants from power plants and industrial processes (CO, NO2, PM10, SO2, and VOCs) Particulate matter (PM10) consists of airborne solids less than 10 micrometers in diameter. These tiny particles are easily inhaled into the lungs, where they can cause damage to lung tissue. Diesel fumes from busses and trucks are a source of airborne particulate matter. Sulfur dioxide (SO2)—Sulfur dioxide is a toxic gas with a pungent odour. Electric power plants fuelled by coal or oil are the primary source of sulfur dioxide pollution. Sulfur dioxide emissions can cause respiratory diseases and are a key factor in acid rain formation. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are toxic gases made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and other atoms that form gases easily. They are found in nature as well as in glue, paint, gasoline, tobacco smoke, and clothes that have been dry-cleaned. VOCs form ground level ozone, a main component of smog. Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colourless, odourless toxic gas. Motor vehicles are the primary source of carbon monoxide pollution. CO is highly toxic. At low concentrations it causes drowsiness and headache; it is lethal in high concentrations. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is a toxic, reddish brown gas by product of the combustion of fossil fuels (e.g., coal, diesel fuel, and gasoline). Nitrogen dioxide can irritate airways and increase susceptibility to respiratory diseases. It is also a factor in the formation of acid rain. Your Air Radioactive Fallout Radioactive fallout causes air pollution from the nuclear energy dispersed, which is a dust. Mining Operations Mining causes air pollution by releasing a variety of particles. Petroleum Petroleum refineries release hydrocarbons and various particulates that pollute the air Mills and Plants Mills and plants, include paper mills, chemical plants, iron mills, steel mills, cement plants and asphalt plants, release emissions into the air causing air pollution. Combustion Engine Exhaust Cars, trucks, jet airplanes and other combustion engine vehicles cause air pollution. The exhaust from these contains carbon monoxide, nitrous oxide and gaseous oxide. This type of air pollution creates smog (as seen in Los Angeles) which causes respiratory health problems and holes in the ozone layer, which increases the exposure to the sun's harmful rays. Indoor Air Pollution Sick building syndrome (SBS) is the term used when there is indoor air pollution. This happens when there is not enough ventilation to disburse the toxic fumes from new carpet, paint and/or cleaning chemicals that are used indoors. Mold can also cause SBS. Power Lines Some power lines are not insulated and are high voltage. This creates air pollution. Factories Factories, office buildings, homes and power-generating stations burn fossil fuels, which cause air pollution. The burning of oil and coal (fossil fuels) also contributes to smog. This air pollution destroys plants, damages buildings and creates oxidation on iron. Pesticides Pesticides used to kill indoor and outdoor pests, insecticides used to kill insects and herbicides use to kill weeds all cause air pollution. Power Lines Some power lines are not insulated and are high voltage. This creates air pollution. Causes Air Pollution Eye, Nose and Throat Irritation Smog, particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide can all contribute to ear, nose and/or throat irritation. Smog is a combination of smoke and fog. Air Pollution and Mortality Air pollution can lead to death in many cases. The World Health Organization estimates that indoor air pollution from solid fuel leads to approximately 1.6 million deaths per year. Bronchitis and Pneumonia Short term exposure to air pollution can cause or aggravate lower respiratory conditions such as bronchitis and pneumonia. Children are especially affected by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or PAHs, which can cause acute bronchitis. PAHs are released when fuel such as wood and coal are burned Allergic Reactions One of the short term effects of air pollution is an increase in the likelihood of allergic reactions. Not only do people with chronic conditions like asthma and emphysema need to pay attention to pollution indexes but now people with allergies are advised to do so as well. Pollution acts as a trigger to inflame already existing allergic reactions. Crop and forest damage Ground-level ozone can lead to reductions in agricultural crop and commercial forest yields, reduced growth and survivability of tree seedlings, and increased plant susceptibility to disease, pests and other environmental stresses (such as harsh weather). Crop and forest damage can also result from acid rain and from increased UV radiation caused by ozone
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