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Agriculture Presentation

Transcript: Egypt DUCK CASTOR SEED and SESAME SEED The economy FIGS DATES fully grown crops were cut down and removed Repair of canals for next flood sickles, carting and threshing FOR MEATS March- May CUCUMBERS FOR BREAST OF BURDEN ANCIENT EGYPTIAN AGRICULTURE Shemu Land had to be divided evenly Would allow tax assessors to accurately measure NILE RIVER IMPORTANT ROPE began with the annual flooding of the Nile many farmers worked for pharaoh building pyramids or temples not much work to do on the fields little flooding led to famine lots of flooding could destroy dykes and irrigation canals and delay planting Growing season FOOT WEAR ONIONS Dates and grapes were crushed to make wine Very important IMPORTANT DONKEYS Farmers can glean or pick up any grain left on the ground some would purposely do it if they were needy GOATS LETTUCE flooding season Grain crops are most important Peret CATTLE PROVIDE OIL FOR COOKING flood waters drained leaving a layer of rich black soil fertile soil will be ploughed and seeded for growing crops Agriculture was the most important economic activity Majority took part in farming Farmers were called laborers- who worked for the royal family, temples or the wealthy landowners Payment was received in a small portion of crops (wheat or barley) used to feed their families no monetary system GRAPES BEANS MELONS Akhet IRRIGATED GARDENS PAPYRUS PLANT LOTION FOR SKIN animals July-September harvesting season October- February BASKETS MATS PAPER MAKING The Nile River is the main source of agriculture during this time It floods once a year to give off its rich fertilized soil The Nile runs all the way down Egypt, 6670 km It was also a source of transportation and gave access for trade Most importantly to supply food, water and other means CROPS Agriculture CYCLE GEESE

Agriculture Presentation

Transcript: Soil Erosion Havana Vail Introduction TOPIC 1 Soil erosion has become a major problem for farmers. It occurs when wind or water has blown and/or washed away the top soil particles. it is a natural process that causes erosion as well as reduces the nutrients and proteins that plants need to grow. Types of Erosion Types of erosion Types of erosion include Sheet erosion, gully erosion, rill erosion and tunnel erosion. Sheet erosion Sheet erosion is the removal of the first thin layers over an extensive area of land Gully erosion Gully erosion is caused by over flowing surface water that has been concentrated in natural depression in the land washes away soil and deep gullies are formed. Gully erosion begins are rill erosion . Rill erosion Rill erosion is the removal of soil by concentrated water running through little streams Tunnel erosion Tunnel erosion is caused by motion and movement of excess through subsoil that has been washed away TOPIC 2 Some facts - In deserts, high winds send tiny particles hurtling up into the air. These tiny particles actually have the power to change and shape rocks TEXT - ice can also be a cause of Erosion - Glaciers can also cause erosion - Erosion can also have positive impacts such as new soil gets spread over the impacted area PICTURES of Erosion PICTURES Maintaing and improving soil erosion In recent years there have been many new way farmin methods that help maintain the soil matter. This includes mulching, planting a cover crop, and reducing the amount of tillage. This is typically done whist preparing for a new crops. TOPIC 3 - Soil errion is natural When and where does soil erosion occure? - Ocuures all over the world - Occures due to water, wind and gravitational movemnet MAP MAP Australia Erosion can occure everywhere Aboriginal land use - Aboriginal land use allows the help to prevent the occurrence including burning using tea tree bark and a torch - Aboriginal people were skilled farmers as they created their own techniques for agricultural purposes TOPIC 4 - development of new methods over time - Rotation of pasture as this allows grazing land for animals as well as build soil tilth and fertility Aboriginal Land use Land use

Agriculture Presentation

Transcript: 44% of Canda's crop production comes from Saskatchewan Bio-security has become more important as well so that the industry may continue to thrive in Saskatchewan. There are many varieties of crops grown in Saskatchewan. Wheat is one of the most commonly found among them. This crop is grown throughout Canada, but the major area is in the western Prairie region. Average annual production of all types of wheat in Canada from 1997-2001 was around 24.5 million tons.Several different types of wheat are grown in Saskatchewan. Farmers have to invest in large portions of land and expensive equipment Farming has become larger for one key reason: The percentage of farmers in Canada is 2% of our population. This means that those few people are working to feed and support the other 98% of the population The Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) possibly has the highest investment in the world for biotech wheat. They are developing a wide range of traits such as resistance to yellow mosaic virus, head scab, powdery mildew, and insect. A wheat line with resistance to yellow mosaic virus is expected to be available in the market by 2015. The Henan Agricultural University is also developing sprouting-tolerant wheat, to get rid of the 20% loss in production due to early sprouting. This was expected to be commercially available by 2012 or 2013. Wheat is also being developed to be safe for people with celiac disease, which is caused by the consumption of gluten that leads to damage to the small intestine resulting in obstructed absorption of nutrients from food, and hence malnutrition. Washington State University (WSU) is currently conducting experiments using genetic techniques to remove the celiac-causing gliadins in the wheat grain with improved baking quality traits. The variety is also expected to contain more lysine, an essential amino acid that is usually scarce in wheat Wheat plants undergo the tillering, jointing, boot, and heading and flowering phases before becoming fully ripe. Agriculture of Saskatchewan Wheat is subject to numerous diseases, including bacterial, viral and fungal diseases like rust and bunt. This grain also has a number of pest which can inhibit its growth including the Hessian fly and the Cinch bug. Durum wheat Agriculture in Saskatchewan is the production of various food, feed, or fiber commodities to fulfill domestic and international human and animal sustenance needs. Durum wheat is grown exclusively in the western Prairie region of Canada, and primarily in the province of Saskatchewan. It is planted in spring, from May to June, and harvested from August to October. Durum wheat is the only tetraploid species of wheat of commercial importance that is widely cultivated today. Its high protein content, as well as its strength, make durum good for special uses. It is unusual in that, despite very high protein content, it is low in desirable gluten needed to form a glutinous web necessary for bread to rise. Thus most breads are not made with 100% durum flour. Farming is how a large percentage of the Earth's population gets its food, and Saskatchewan is no exception from this fact. Small farms that produced multiple resources like corn, peas, cows, barley, and chickens have vanished from the industry due to the increasing popularity of specialized farming. Now one farm will have thousands of chickens while the one next door owns acres upon acres of planted barley fields. Elongation of the stems and quick head growth go hand in hand. The individual wheat florets prepare for pollination and fertilization. Up until now, the developing head has been enclosed in a sheath. Now it emerges and a few days later, pollination begins. The pollination of the florets in a head takes about four days. Pollination leads to the formation of kernels. The kernels grow over the course of about a month. Maturity is easy to see because the head changes color from green to amber. Maturation takes about 120 days. Before becoming a farmer, one must understand the science involved and be able to invest time in researching. Wheat is easily grown in soils such as chernozemic soils which have high organic matter levels, gleysolic soils which have high water content, luvisolic, organic, and solonetzic soils. Good moisture and available organic matter is important in producing a healthy crop of wheat. Saskatchewan is Canada's most important grain-producing region, supplying 10% of the world's total exported wheat. Saskatchewan is the world's top exporter of green lentils and chickpeas. Our pulse crop sector has grown into a billion-dollar export industry that employs more than 1,000 people. Tillering refers to wheat plants growing shoots. How many the plant grows depends on its variety and growing conditions. Three is a normal number. These shoots are in addition to the main shoot from which leaves emerged. A fully developed tiller ends up producing grain, but not all tillers will get that far. Tillers that grow at the

Agriculture presentation

Transcript: Kandidatprogrammet i geografi Stockholms universitet Geografi II, VT 2014 Resurser och landskap, 7hp EXPLOITATION CONSERVATION PRESERVATION Bild Mena Hautau Baijnath, India Gaiamuni 2010 Hur ser det ut idag NATURAL RESOURCES FOR AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION Overgrazing 7 Conservation tillage Drip irrigation Bild Cutter & Renwich 2004. Source FAO 2001 (American) Agricultural Systems Terracing Flood Irrigation arter står för 95% av köttproduktionen det kommer krävas en % ökning av jordbruksproduktionen över de närmaste 50 åren technological gap grödor står för ¾ av skörden av grödor Labor och Machines Trends in world cereal production. Harvesting wheat 50 Erosion Mixed cropping system Bild Seipasa 2014 Percentage arable land Furrows Irrigation Efekter av dagens jordbruk Monoculture cropping sytems Harvesting wheat Dairy cattle. Alentejo, Portugal DeLaval 1997 Varför ser det ut så? Palmolja Plantation. Ucayali, Peru Bild Pnuma 2012 Strip cropping Cebus, Bukavo, RD Congo. Bild Antonio Molina Molina 2011 ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT OF FOOD PRODUCTION AGRICULTURE AND FOOD PRODUCTION Agricultural Policy Management IRRIGATION Vineyard. Villanueva de Alcaudete, Toledo, Spain Bild Juan Diego Picazo 2012 LIVESTOCK Bild Cutter & Renwinck 2004. Source FAO, 2001 Endast % av världens landyta är odlingsbar! 2014-05-05 Soil Subsidies Contour Plowing Water A geographic perspective on natural resource use av Susan L. Cutter och William H. Renwick World meat production per capita Harvesting wheat Bild openwalles Intensive livestock production Crops, Cape Town, South Africa National Geographic 2014 Seed Bild Gavleson. Source: CIA, World factbook 2011 Rangeland Management Traditional pastoral nomad Rice, Ebro Delta, Spain Bild Xavier Jubierre 2014 Plowing,ploughing,farming,1930s Bild ImagesBee, 2012 Sara Dahl Rubén García pascual Madeleine Wahlund Soil Conservation Techniques Sprinkler irrigation Bild IImagesBee 2013 6 Animals in the Food Production System Fertilizers and Pesticides 12 Irrigation range. Benalua de Guadix, Granada, Spain Bild Francisco Camacho 2008


Transcript: PRODUCT PROFILE BUSINESS BACKGROUND LOCATION PROCESS PRODUCTION OF PADDY IN COMPANY TAN AH BOY CONCLUSION having potential to be developed if all problem which arose can be overcame Tan Ah Boy's factory able to compete with competition that there is near factory by taking strategies used by factory Industrialist should be seen problem that there is and resolve problems that arise orderly and in detail so that factory can keep the operation from time to time beside able to increase profit from activity product sale that have been completed SUMMARY PROCESS PRODUCTION OF PADDY IN COMPANY TAN AH BOY design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi Machine Competitor Less marketing activity BUSINESS STRATEGY FACTORY" TAN AH BOY" a) Reasonable price b) Rice that is quality c) Location that is strategic d) Company reputation that is good Agricultural sector is important sector to developing countries like Malaysia. This sector also that had contributed to basis of formation Malaysian economy in era after independence which at that time, concentrated a majority of the population to agriculture-based economic activity YHL Group Trading Sdn.Bhd is a company production oriented, and processing rice This company already operating since year 1970 that is for 43 years led by En.Yew Chye Seng This company have employee more than 500 people EMPLOYEE Employee Capital Business growth seasons ANALYSIS BUSINESS STRATEGY RECOMENDATION first step - paddy is kept in store Competitors Threat business not lasting Season Paddy price STRATEGY IS MOST SUITABLE endeavored by Mr Tan Ah Boy with the family member in year 1980 operate for 33 years this business done personally by using capital issued itself by Mr Tan Ah Boy's family member DISADVANTAGES 8.00 am until 5.00 pm operate 5 days in one week PROBLEM THAT WILL ARISE company which made rice sell rice husk as fertilizer to entrepreneur of the agricultural sector type of machine used Second step - process remove paddy husk BUSINESS STRATEGY "MAIN PLAYER“ a total of 6 employees he also willing work-as other workers in the company. round Jitra area, Kedah Less capital Employee that a little Machine that is old Rainy season Paddy price Competitor seasons paddy price BACKGROUND AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY ADVANTAGE Location that is strategic Reasonable price Company reputation that is good Rice that is quality PERIOD COMPANY OPERATION CURRENT PROBLEM PROCESS RICE PRODUCTION harvested at rice field and grouped put into coin box to be dried drying carried out by drying in clearing MANUFACTURING CONDITION AND MANAGEMENT CURRENT OPERATIONS IN COMPANY TAN AH BOY PROBLEM FACED BY TAN AH BOY's FACTORY Third step - to clear rice and whiten rice The old machine Capital Employee Marketing The final step-rice grading process done usage old machine capital Worker marketing Marketing 'MAIN PLAYER' IN RICE INDUSTRY Four step- the rice polishing process THREAT CHANCE KILANG BERAS TAN AH BOY SDN.BHD ANALYSIS STRATEGY

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