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African American Background

Transcript: Religious Practices Take Home Message Their diet has developed from limitations due to slavery and income Religious practices have changed, but are a very big part of their culture. African American culture and tradition has slowly fused with mainstream American culture. They're diet and cooking techniques are changing to be healthier, so that their food is not detrimental to their health. Procedure 1. Preheat oven to 350°F. 2. Place the water and Tablespoon of salt in heavy saucepan and bring to a boil. 3. Slowly stir in the macaroni. 4. Boil for 12 minutes, stirring continuously. 5. Macaroni is done when firm, but tender. 6. Strain macaroni and rinse with a cold water. 7. Drain. 8. Mix macaroni with the butter and set aside. 9. In a small bowl, beat the eggs until light yellow. 10. Add milk and teaspoon of salt. 11. In a large buttered casserole dish, put a layer of the macaroni, then add a layer of cheese. 12. Continue to do this, ending with a cheese layer on top. 13. Pour egg mixture slowly and evenly over top. 14. Sprinkle with paprika. 15. Bake for 30 to 40 minutes, until the top is bubbly and golden brown Cultural Melting Pot African American Culture -African American Culture is indigenous to the decedents in the US who survived the middle passage. - Slavery restricted African American's to practice cultural traditions - Anthropological evidence has shown that traditions in music, art, literature, food, religion, and holidays have been carried on. -Slave owners used physical isolation and social marginalization to try and keep slaves from holding onto traditions from Africa Food Culture African American Background African American society is based around food. African Americans tend to eat diets high in fat and sodium with low fiber and calcium. Food originally good diet for hard labor workers who needed calorie dense foods working in fields. Nowadays sedentary lifestyle without diet change has proven to be problematic. This results in a much higher rate of obesity, heart disease, hypertension, and diabetes. Statistics show 51% higher obesity rate. Some families are limited by socioeconomic status. Cheap and easy to buy pre-packaged meals. Baked Macaroni and Cheese Introduction Resources American culture has grown from a combination of all the countries who immigrated here then we added our own twist. In Africa the diet is determined by where you live, where most of the slaves came from in West Africa the diet is heavy in starches, meat and spices. Once in North America, most slaves were given rations to last them the whole week. No choice in food they received, usually a fatty meat, corn meal and flour. Some could grow gardens. Once freed they were able to experience all the other types of food brought here by other countries. The African American culture has changed and developed over time. Blended with American culture. There are many different religions among African Americans. Their food culture is similar to the typical American diet, but has a few different distinct differences. Typical Soul food meal- Fried Chicken, candied yams, collard greens, cornbread, macaroni and cheese. Okra Grits Watermelon Chittlings Sweet Potato Hoppin' John (Black-eyed peas and rice) Rabbit, possum, squirrel, waterfowl (rural populations) - Food preparation - Frying - Barbequing - Sauces and gravy Before coming to America they had many different religions descendant from Africa. Most African Americans were converted to some form of Christianity when they came to America or even before from European influences. The majority are Protestant Christians, which means they do not really have any food restrictions. Other African Americans may have food restrictions if they are of a different religion. (For example Catholics sometimes abstain from meat on Fridays.) Kwanzaa is also a very important holiday being the first holiday specifically for African Americans. Diet Ingredients • 6 cups water • 1 Tablespoon salt • 2 cups elbow macaroni • ¼ cup, plus 2 Tablespoons butter, softened • 2 eggs • 2 cups evaporated milk • 1 teaspoon salt • 1 pound sharp cheddar cheese, grated and mixed with ½ cup grated American cheese • ½ teaspoon paprika "African American Culture." University of Michigan Health System, n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2014. <http://www.med.umich.edu/diversity/pdffiles/2%20February/February%20African%20American%20culture.doc>. Ewing, June. "Cultural Diversity: Eating in America African American." The Ohio State University. n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014. <http://ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-fact/5000/pdf/5250.pdf>. "Food in Every Country." Food in United States African Americans. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2014. <http://www.foodbycountry.com/Spain-to-Zimbabwe-Cumulative-Index/United-States-African-Americans.html#b>. Maffly-Kipp, L.. N.p.. Web. 23 Feb 2014. <http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo aareligion.htm>. Wolff, Anita. "Soul Food." Encyclopaedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2014.

Nigeria Presentation

Transcript: Nigeria Nigerian History Nigerian History Many reports claim that little is known about the earliest history of Nigeria. By c.2000 B.C. most of Nigeria was thinly occupied by people who had a basic knowledge of raising domesticated food plants and of herding animals. At the beginning of the 11th century, seven independent Hausa city-states were founded in Northern Nigeria. They were, Biram, Daura, Gobir, Kano, Katsina, Rano, and Zaria. In the late15th century, Portuguese navigators became the first Europeans to visit the country. The Portuguese soon began to purchase slaves and agricultural produce from coastal middlemen; the slaves had been captured further inland by the middlemen. Following the arrival of Portuguese, British, French, and Dutch traders show up. Among the Igbo and Ibibio a number of city-states were established by individuals who had become wealthy by engaging in the slave trade. Slave Transportation Slave Transportation European Flags TIMELINE TIMELINE 16-18th century- Slave trade 1960- Independence from Britain 1830s-1886- Civils wars in Yorubaland 2003- First civilian-run presidintial elections since end of military rule MAP MAP Nigerian Geography and Culture Nigeria lies on the Gulf of Guinea in the south and it borders Lake Chad to the northeast. Though agriculture employs over 60% of Nigerians, crops have a hard time thriving due to the close proximity of the equator. Nigeria's major product is peanut oil, but it also produces cotton, corn, rice, rubber, and yams. The Hasua ethnic group in the North is mostly Muslim, the Yoruba tribe in the West is divided amoung mainly Islam, Christianity, and traditional religions, ehile the Igbos of the East and the Ijaw in the South are predominantly Christian. Nigerian Geography and Culture Cultural Dances Culture Landscape Landscape Yams Yams Kola Nut Kola Nut British Colonization and Nigeria British Colonization and Nigeria A colony is a country or an area under the full or partial political control of another country, typically a distant one, and occupied by settlers from that country. Nigeria became a protectorate in 1901, It lasted until 1960, when an independence movement succeeded in gaining Nigeria its independence. Nigeria became a republic in 1963, but lost to military three years later. The British colonial authorities encouraged Nigerians to be involved in agriculture for the production of crops. With these, new cash crops came so that the Nigerian's did not have to rely soley on food crops. Colonization Protectorate Missionary Involvement In Nigeria Missionary Involvement In Nigeria Missionaries came from Africa in the 1490's. In the 1800's missionary trips were relaunched to the west. After the abolition of owning and trading slaves in 1807 missionaries began converting newly freed slaves. The missionaries intent was to convert the Nigerians to Christianity. Missionaries in Nigeria Missionaries Nigeria was organized by hierarchy and patriarchy. Some social organizations including religious or cultural ceremonies dominated tribal life. Elders were the villages leader. Religion played an important role in the order of the village. The tribe worshipped one main god, but had lower gods. Had one preist(ess) in each village, they believed in spirits, and made sacrifices to their gods Tribal Life Tribal Life Tribal Life Tribal Life Chinua Achebe is a novelist who was born in Nigeria in 1930. He wrote many amazing novels. He was the author of the highly regarded novel Things Fall Apart. This novel was written to illustrate the occurrences in the Igbo society of Nigeria regarding its colonization by the British. The novel Things Fall Apart is a part of the series of books called the African Trilogy, which includes the other two novels, No Longer at Ease and Arrow of God. Chinua Achebe Chinua Achebe Chinua Achebe Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart Things Fall Apart No Longer At Ease No Longer At Ease Arrow of God Arrow of God https://prezi.com/q0b7ir1koabz/tribal-life/ /kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/countries/nigeria/ www.everyculture.com › Ma-Ni https://www.usip.org/publications/2016/10/current-situation-nigeria www.sahistory.org.za./missionaries www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/features/storyofafrica/8chapter4.shtml www.wowessay.com https://www.britannica.com/place/Nigeria/Nigeria-as-a-colony https://www.nigerianinfopedia.com/colonialism-impact-of-colonialism-on-nigeria-by-the-british/ https://www.britannica.com/place/Nigeria/Nigeria-as-a-colony Citations Citations

African Imperalism: Nigeria

Transcript: 3 A C Description of Government Business Reports Nigeria is a federal republic with executive power exercised by the president. The president is the head of state, the head of government, and the head of a multi-party system. Nigerian politics takes place within a framework of a federal, presidential representative democratic republic in which executive power is exercised by the government. Nigeria's major ethics groups or religious affiliates like the Hasa, and Muslim, Yoruba <islam< and christianity. Native culture Sales Model 1 Nigeria has an artistic tradition that dates back thousands of years. While much of the country's early art had a religious or spiritual significance, many of the traditional arts and crafts evolved over time to include practical and decorative items. Many of the local arts and crafts are regional, but most large markets in the major cities sell items from all over the country. Archaeologists in Nigeria have found a tradition of sculpture that dates to at least 500 B.C. Statues and figurines made of ceramic, bronze, terra cotta and brass have been found in Nigeria. Art 2 The music of Nigeria includes many kinds of folk and popular music, some of which are known worldwide. Styles of folk music are related to the multitudes of ethnic groups in the country, each with their own techniques, instruments, and songs. Little is known about the country's music history prior to European contact, although bronze carvings dating back to the 16th and 17th centuries have been found depicting musicians and their instruments. The largest ethnic groups are the Igbo, Hausa and Yoruba. Traditional music from Nigeria and throughout Africa is almost always functional; in other words, it is performed to mark a ritual such as a wedding or funeral and not to achieve artistic goals. Although some Nigerians, especially children and the elderly, play instruments for their own amusement, solo performance is otherwise rare Music/Dance 3 Nigerian singer/songwriter Ayodeji Ibrahim Balogun began his career in music when he was just 11 years old. His first record, Lil Prinz, was recorded in 2001 in collaboration with Glorious Five, a group with Balogun and his friends from church. In 2006, he started pursuing music full-time, at first collaborating with various Nigerian pop acts that included OJB Jezreel, Naeto C, and Banky W. By 2011 he was ready to record his debut studio album as a solo artist; Superstar was released via Empire Mates Entertainment to great critical and public acclaim across Africa, propelling him to stardom in his home country. After multiple delays and label disagreements, Balogun released his sophomore album, Ayo, in 2014. Biography of an important person The job of taking young people through the path of this generative process was left in the hands of different secret societies. The events were not only dramatic but also frenzied. On the day of initiation, the male candidates were taken through training on how to behave in adult life and tenets of strength and confidence. As the initiation right drew to a close, the excitement was also heightened. The youths went into series of wild dance movement aimed at inducing delectation. At the crescendo of their rapture, circumcision took place. Beliefs/rites of passage/ Holidays How It Works Environment Quick Overview Many of Nigeria's environmental problems are those typical of developing states. Excessive cultivation has resulted in loss of soil fertility. Increased cutting of timber has made inroads into forest resources, exceeding replantings. By 1985, deforestation claimed 1,544 square miles of the nation's forest land. Between 1983 and 1993 alone, Nigeria lost 20% of its forest and woodland areas. Oil spills, the burning of toxic wastes, and urban air pollution are problems in more developed areas. In the early 1990s, Nigeria was among the 50 nations with the world's highest levels of carbon dioxide emissions, which totaled 96.5 million metric tons, a per capita level of 0.84 metric tons. Water pollution is also a problem due to improper handling of sewage. Social Issues Global Issues some of the contemporary social problems happening now in the Nigerian society include poverty, examination malpractice, juvenile delinquency, drug abuse, kidnapping, cultism, crime proned films and movies among others. Contact Info Martin, Liam. “Wizkid Biography & History.” AllMusic, www.allmusic.com/artist/wizkid-mn0003081520/biography. Potter, Heather. “Information About Traditional Art of Nigeria.” USA Today, Gannett Satellite Information Network, 17 Apr. 2018, traveltips.usatoday.com/information-traditional-art-nigeria-39986.html. “Nigeria - Environment.” Encyclopedia of the Nations, www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Africa/Nigeria-ENVIRONMENT.html. Works Cited

African report: Nigeria

Transcript: BY MICKEY THE MAIN RELIGIONS ARE: 50% MUSLUM; 40% CHRISTIAN; 10% OTHER (MOSTLY AFRICAN BELIEFS) AFRICA IS LOCATED IN WESTERN AFRICA. ITS BORDERING COUNTRIES ARE BENIN, CAMEROON, CHAD, AND NIGER. THERE ARE 128.8 MILLION PEOPLE ON NIGERIA. IT IS GROWING AT AN ANUAL RATE OF 2.4% DRESS CODE NIGERIA IS ON THE GULF OF GUINEA. IT HAS THE SHEBSHI MOUNTAIN RANGES, AND LAKE CHAD. GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES NIGERIA! TOURISM DRESSING WELL IS IMPORTANT IN NIGERIA. MOST PEOPLE WEAR TRADITIONAL AFRICAN CLOTHING. NIGERIAN FABRICS ARE KNOWN FOR THEIR BRIGHT COLORS. POPULATION THE MAIN FOODS ARE YAMS, RICE, AND CASSAVA. MOSTMEALS ARE ACCOMANIED BY HOT SOUCE, CHICKEN, FISH, OR MEAT. DAIRY CATTLE IS SCARSE IN THE COASTAL REGIONS, SO THEY USE POWDERED MILK, YOGURT, AND CHEESE. BIBLIOGRAPHY: ENGLISH IS THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE. HAUSA- 21%; IGBO- 16%; YORUBA- 21%. NIIGERIA USED FUELDALISM AS THE TYPE OF GOVERNMENT IN THE 13TH CENTURY. IN THE 15TH CENTURY, EUROPEAN EXPLORERS MADE BENIN AND YORUBA PEOPLES SLAVES. NIGERIA BECAME INDIPENDANT IN 1960. FUN FACTS RELIGION HISTORY "NIGERIA". Culture Grams World Edition 2001. Print. http://answersafrica.com/facts-about-nigeria.html http://www.dw.de/diplomats-confirm-deaths-in-nigerian-hostage-crisis/a-16662378 LANGUAGES -- NIGERIA IS ONE OF THE MOST POPULATED COUNTRIES IN AFRICA. -- 1 IN EVERY 7 AFRICAN IS NIGERIAN. -- THERE ARE 250 ETHNIC GROUPS IN NIGERIA CURRENT EVENTS THERE ARE A LOT OF MAIN POINTS OF INTEREST IN NIGERIA. MOST REVOLVE AROUND THE ETHNIC CULTURE. THERE ARE RAINFOREST, WATERFALLS, AND SAVANNAH. THERE ARE TOURIST NATIONAL PARKS: OLD OYO, YANKARI, AND CROSS RIVER NATIONAL PARK. FOOD LOCATION THERE HAVE BEEN SEVERAL HOSTAGE SITUATIONS IN NIGERIA OVER THE PAST FEW YEARS. IN MARCH, THE NIGERIAN ISLAMIST GROUP ANSARU KIDNAPPED WORKERS WHO WORKED FOR A LEBANESE CONSTRUCTION CREW CREW. THEY WERE ALL FROM DIFFERENT COUNTRIES- 7 DIED.

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