Transcript: ADHD in School Age Children There is no such medical condition as ADHD. ADHD is a medical disorder, not a condition of the child's will. A child with ADHD does not choose to misbehave. ADHD is caused by bad parenting. All the child needs is good discipline. ADHD is not caused by bad parenting. But parenting techniques can often improve some symptoms and make others worse. ADHD is a life sentence. Although ADHD symptoms usually continue into adulthood, the person learns ways to cope with the symptoms. People with ADHD have plenty of energy, are creative, and can often accomplish more than people who do not have the condition. Having ADHD means the person is lazy or dumb. ADHD has nothing to do with a person's intellectual ability. Some highly intelligent people have ADHD. Public schools use IEP's and 504 plans to regulate the accomodations for students. An IEP needs to show measurable growth for the students and a 504 ensures that a student will recieved accomodations that will ensure their academic success. Private schools do not use IEP's unless they are governed by the U.S. Government. In the Diocese of Saint Petersburg, the Catholic schools use a SSP (student service plan). This mimics an IEP, but is not under the jurisdiction of IDEA. Parents can request services from the county, but this is usually denied. Typical accomodations for students with ADHD include, but are not limited to extra time for tests and quizzes, taking tests and quizzes in a different location (usually by themselves), having a rubber band tied around the bottom of their chair for bouncing their feet, allowing the child to stand while doing work and allowing frequent breaks during the day. Conclusion Students with ADHD can acheive success in all areas of life! Thank you for your interest and time. We hope you enjoyed our presentation. Any questions? Here is a link that we found that suggests great strategies for teahcing studuents with ADHD. http://www.as.wvu.edu/~scidis/add.html Living Proof What did you learn about ADHD? And one more thing... Strategies for Classroom Teachers What do you know about ADHD? KWL for Cory Stories School Interventions and Accomodations (public and private) What would you like to know about ADHD? Misconceptions and Truths about Students with ADHD
Transcript: There is no precise cause at this point. What we do know is a person who has a family member who has ADHD is at a higher risk of being diagnosed. The scientific community generally believes that ADHD is biological in nature. Many believe that it is caused by chemical imbalances in the brain while others believe that food additives, specifically some colorings may have an impact on ADHD behaviors. Scientists believe that some people with AD/HD do not have enough of certain chemicals (called neurotransmitters) in their brain. These chemicals help the brain control behavior. Boys are three times as likely to be diagnosed than girls. Children who are diagnosed with ADHD are more likely to exhibit difficult behaviors both at school and at home than children without ADHD. Preschool and kindergarten children with ADHD often have trouble sitting still for games or stories. They may roll around on the floor, crawl under tables and seem to be always “on the go”. Children who have ADHD in preschool or kindergarten often stand out among their peers as impulsive, inattentive, hyperactive and exhibit behavior not seen in their peers. There are three primary subtypes each associated with ADHD: Inattentive Hyperactive/Impulsive Combined type ADHD Symptoms: ADHD History The first coherent description of ADHD was by George Still in 1902. He described ADHD as an “abnormal defect in moral control in children”. ADHD has been known as many names over the past century: Hyperactive Impulsive Disorder, Developmental Hyperactivity, Minimal Brain Dysfunction and Organic Driveness. ADHD is the most common cognitive, behavioral and emotional disorder treated in children. As many as 5 out of every 100 children in school may have ADHD. Sources Cited: 1.http://jpepsy.oxfordjournals.org/content/32/6/631.full.pdf 2. http://www.russellbarkley.org/content/adhd-facts.pdf 3.http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/adhd/ 4. https://www.ctnbestpractices.org/education/fyi-series-therapeutic-area-lectures/neurosciences/20090123_kollins.pdf6. 5. http://www.adhd.org.nz/define1.html http://www.russellbarkley.org/content/ClassroomAccommodations.pdf 7. http://nichcy.org/disability/specific/adhd Courtney Richard Hyperactive/Impulsive Type:• •Has difficulty remaining seated •Runs around or climbs excessively •Talks excessively •Acts as driven by a motor •Interrupts or intrudes upon others ... continued •The diagnostic criteria indicates that the disorder is marked by behaviors that are long-lasting and evident for at least six months before age seven. The guidelines are very specific because everyone shows signs of these behaviors at one time or another. •In children, the symptoms must be more frequent or severe than in other children of the same age. In adults, the symptoms must be present since childhood and affect the person’s ability to function in daily life. ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) *Combined Type meets both inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive criteria 5.http://www.chadd.org/Content/CHADD/Understanding/Symptoms/default.htm Inattentive Type: •Has difficulty sustaining attention •Does not appear to listen •Struggles to follow through on instructions •Has difficulty with organization •Is forgetful in daily activities Accommodations for children in the classroom: What causes ADHD? •Schedule - Keep the same routine every day. Keep schedule posted. Write or notify of changes in advance. •Organize everyday items - have a place for everything, and keep everything in its place. •Be clear and consistent - consistent rules they can understand and follow. •Positive reinforcement
Transcript: ADHD ADHD has long been considered a disorder of childhood and an interesting history. It was recognized as early as 1902 The DSM-III-R further defined the disorder, changing the name to Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder. Many people with ADHD (but not all) have deficiencies in areas of executive functioning, which, in the human brain, appear to be medicated by the prefrontal lobes of the cerebral cortex Patients with frontal lobe damage would exhibit disorganized functioning, which, in the human brain, appear to be medicated by the prefrontal lobes of the cerebral cortex. Use of executive functioning allows us to indentify a problem, make a plan, execute the plan, and then evaluate the outcome. Different aspects of executive function include: the ability to sustain or fexibly redirect attention, the inhibition of inappropriate behavioral or emotional responses, the planning of strategies, and the ability to easily switch among problems-solving strategies. The brain uses various neurotransmitters such as serotonin, norepinephrine, GABA. glutamate, and others for different functions. However, both norepinephrine and dopamine are present in large quantities in the frontal cortex. Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder Double click to crop it if necessary By the 1990s it was apparent that many children and adolescents continued to suffer from their ADHD symptoms well into adulthood Aaron M. LaMothe (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr The major symptoms are distractibility, forgetfulness, inability to concentrate, poor attention span, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness. Individuals often present with a variety of complaints and functional impairments, unaware that deficits in attention or impulsive control have contributed to their problems. ADHD is an acronym for Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder which is a brain-based disorder that effects attention, motor activity, and impulsive control. More INFO Budapest San Francisco History Between 4% and 5% of the adult population in the U.S. is thought to be affected by ADHD, which translates to approximately 8 million adults with ADHD, most of whom are not treated. The shortest lasting medication for ADHD is Methylphenidate (Ritalin) only last for 3 to 4 hours Since ADHD is a brain-based disorder, regions of the brain responsible for impulsive control, planning, organization, and other executive functions appear to be involved. For example, individuals with ADHD have higher unemployment rates, higher divorce rates, and higher risk for substance abuse. There is evidence for regional brain differences in persons with ADHD that supports the recognition of ADHD as a brain-based disorder that most often is a condition across the lifespan Once considered a disorder of children and adolescents, ADHD is now recognized as a condition that typically persists into adulthood, with 65% to 85% of children who have ADHD continuing to meet full or partial criteria for ADHD as a adult. (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr Stockholm The early symptoms of ADHD was aggressiveness and defiance, and being overly emotional and exhibiting cruelty toward others, described it as a "disorder of moral control" The longest lasting medication for ADHD is D-Methylphnidate XR (Focalin XR*) last up to 12 to 14 hours (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr Symptoms were indentified as due to Attention Deficit Disorder (with or without hyperactivity) (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr
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Transcript: ADHD- Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder A behavioral disorder that can affect attention span,social interaction, aggressiveness, and impulsive behavior. "ADHD." The Gale Encyclopedia of Genetic Disorders. Ed. Stacey Blachford. Vol. 1. Detroit, MI: Gale Group, 2002. Print. medication behavior modifications counseling aggressiveness defiance difficulty organizing tasks forgetfulness impulsivity Can also be characterized by hperactivity and the inability to remain focused on various tasks and activities ADD/ADHD Treatment/Management "CDC - ADHD, Data and Statistics - NCBDDD." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Web. 02 Oct. 2011. <http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/data.html>. Definition Christina Jackson and Sammi Hansen Mr. Jacobsen Period Three Affects 3-9% of children Over 5.2 Million in the U.S. Boys ages 3-17 11.2% Girls ages 3-17 5.5% Although the trend of this disorder varies by race, gender and ethnicity, it has been shown that children of Mexican decent have a lower percentage of ADHD cases then any other race Works Cited Signs/Symptoms Izenberg, Neil, ed. "ADHD." Human Diseases and Conditions. Vol. 1. New York: Scribner/Thomson/Gale, 2000. Print. State-based Prevalence Data of ADHD Diagnosis (2007-2008) Statistics Larson, David E., ed. "ADD." Mayo Clinic Family Health Book. 2nd ed. 1993. Print. State-based Prevalence Data of ADHD Medication Treatment (2003) What is ADHD?
Transcript: ADHD Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder It is known as hyperactivity or attention deficit disorder. ADHD is a common condition that affects children and adolecents , while ADD is more common in ADULTS. -WebMD.com The symptoms in ADHD adults are kind of different than the symptoms of ADHD children. About 60% of these adults have developd ADHD as a child. Tend to have: low self esteem mood swings procrastination TOP 10 ADHD medications Ritalin Exercise ADHD in Adults Easily Distracted Forgetful Don't follow directions Often loses things Prolems organizing daily tasks Factors that might cause ADHD Vyvanse What is ADHD ? ADHD is a common condition that affects children and adolecents . It is also common among adults. The Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCA) Who Does It affect ? Have difficulty waitung for his or her turn Blurts out answers to questions before they have been stated Often interrupts others Adderall ADHD in Children Wellbutrin Hyperactivity Provigil(Modafanil) Often squirms, fidgets, and bounces around Don't stay seated as expected Difficulties playing quietly Talks excessively Always moving- running or climbing (more common in teens and adults) Symptoms The symptoms of ADHD children are sometimes grouped into three categories: Inattention Hyperactivity Impulsiveness Heredity: ADHD tends to run in families causing some children to inherit it and develope it from their parents. Chemical imbalances: Imbalance of brain chemicals that send impulses through your nervous system may cause you o develope ADHD. Brain changes: parts of the brain that that control the attention are not as active as other childrens. Head injury: Studies of children have said that head injuries such as concussions, have developed behavioral problems that mimic ADHD. Inattention Impulsivity 3% to 5% of children have ADHD. It increases to 8% to 10% in school aged children. These children have problems paying attention or concentrating.They get easily bored, get frustrated with tasks and don't seem to follow directions as easy as other children. Risperdal Strattera Intuniv
Transcript: A disease a child, adult or even teenager who has been diagnosed with as a baby. It makes them hyper,and do things a child without adhd would not do. It's hereditary, people with adhd often have family members who also have adhd because the way a brain works is inherited genes. It also comes from the norepinephrine only moving a little which causes less brain focusing on one thing. Adhd, is a common behavioral disease, it causes inability to focus or pay attention.This may also make a person with this disease to be overly hyper, nd not think first before making decisions or doing something that a regular person would regret. Adhd have been around long before the 1800s. Back then people would believe these kids who were caused by demons taking over their body or a punishment from the gods. Some kids would get punished with beatings. When Adhd was called "minimal brain damage" and "minimal brain dyfunction" these were the times How can people catch adhd? There's no specific test to know. But, these symptoms must develop before the age of seven and cotinued to act this way for almost six months after. And not just in school but everywhere. Well untreated adhd can have long term effects on a child. Even if you ignore or even be in denial it won't go away. Byee!! (: Thanks for watching What is the history of Adhd? What causes this disease? How can this disease be described? 6.Strattera- A nonstimulant drug, also used for kids with adhd. 7.Minimal brain damage- Attention deficit disorder, which is no longer in use. 8.Hereditary- In your genes from bloodline. 9.Norepinephrine- Neurotransmitter that has the effect to onstrict bloodvessels raising blood pressure. 10.Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder- A disease a child or an adult is diagnosed with. What can be dont to treat this disease? Author & Author Title: F.Xavier Catellanas "ADHD" Date of Pub: 2012 Name of Pub: World Book & Globe device Date of access: Feb 16,2012 Complete URL: www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar037025&st-adhd How is adhd diagnosed? What are the short term and long term effects? Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder 1.Inherited- Biology to recieve characteristics from one parent by genectic transmission. 2.Ritalin- Medicine that helps kids who have adhd. 3.Impulsivity- Acting without thinking 4.Psychiatric- Branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment,and prevention of mental and emotional disorders. 5.Inattentiveness- Lack of attention. Adhd, is not an contagious type it's just in genes. It's also not an all of a sudden you get the symptom you have to be born with this problem. If someone was to get checked for adhd it'll be a doctor checking them for possible other conditions or reasons for a childs behavior There's not to many ways to treat this but to not smoke,drink,etc while your childs in your stomach. Vocablulary Not sure how to prevent adhd but they say good prenatal care helps preventing adhd and also giving your child a healthy diet plus keeping them active. Author & article title: Martin B. "how is adhd diagnosed" Name of website: N/A Date pf Website: 2/13/12 Sponsor od Site: Psych Central Date of Access: N/A URL Addess: www.psychcentral.com/lib/2007/hoe-is-adhd-diagnosed/all/1/ Author: Alvin and Virginia Silverstein & Laura Title: The Adhd Update Publisher: Enslow Publishers, Inc Place of Pub: Berkeley leights, NJ Year of Pub: 2008 Library Call #: 618.92 SIL What can be done to prevent ?
Transcript: Prevalence 3-7% of the population; Most common in children; OVER DIAGNOSES IN CHILDREN x UNDER DIAGNOSES IN ADOLESCENTS AND ADULTS. CHILDREN: - Children are naturally hyperactive; - Excuse (?) Research: - Professionals responsible may diagnose without the patient fulfilling criterions listed in the manuals and/or have some sort of biases. ADOLESCENTS: reports from parents, themselves, and teachers can be inaccurate. Symptoms may appear in a lower level and/or display differently. Research: - 70% of adolescents diagnosed with ADHD in childhood continue to fit DSM-IV criteria for the disorder; - 17.7% of the sample that had the diagnosis in childhood did not manifest enough symptoms to meet DSM-IV criteria in adolescence. - less rigorous symptoms threshold (?) Neurobehavioral disorder characterized by symptoms of inattention, impulsiveness and hyperactivity -> compromises daily life functioning; Etiology Multifactorial etiology = genetics + environmental. Genetics seems to be responsible for a PREDISPOSITION to ADHD --> recurrence three times higher of ADHD in biological parents comparing to adoptive ones. 80% of the symptoms are explained by genetic factors. The level of genes' activity is different in each individual and interacts differently with other genes. Predominantly Inattentive: do not pay much attention, make mistake by carelessness, have difficulty remaining on a task for a long time, objects are lost.. Predominantly Hyperactive: restlessness, excessive talking, difficulty in engaging in sedentary activities; frequently interruptions during a conversation Combined subtype: presentation of six of the nine symptoms of inattentive subtype + six of the nine symptoms of the hyperactive subtype. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Primarily based on observations and input from parents and teachers. Perceptions MUST meet with a set of symptoms related in two standardized classifications: DSM-IV and ICD-10. ADHD symptoms must be observed in at least two different contexts and persist for at least 6 months; Manifestations should be observed before the age of seven; Disorder is classified in three subtypes. DSM-IV Diagnosis ADHD Etiology What is ADHD ADHD may be related to changes, on functioning of the neurotransmitters of the prefrontal cortex responsible for inhibition of behavior --> periods of attention, self-control, organization, planning, and memory may be affected. "neuro-imaging studies of children with ADHD have shown a decreased size" of this cortex. Ana Soares
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