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H&S PowerPoint

Transcript: BTEC HEALTH & SAFETY IN THE ENGINEERING WORKPLACE 03/06/2020 Accidents must be reported but not reported where the accidents results in a worker being incapacitated for more that three consecutive days. If you are an employer, you must keep an accident boo under the Social Security Regulations 1979, that record will be enough 3 Day OFF Accidents must report where they result in an employee or self-employed person being away from work or unable to perform their normal task, for more than 7 consecutive days, as a result of their injuries. This 7-day period does not include the days of the accident but does include weekends and rest days. The report must be made within 15 days of the accident. 7 Day OFF Purpose of an accident book A company must have more than 10 people working for it in order to have an accident book, it is part of the work procedure for the company. The individual/individuals who are involved in the accident have the right to have the accident written down in the book. The accident must have accurate details of when it happened, and this would become a part of a legal document if it is needed How do you protect employees in the event of an accident? Complete a risk assessment to prevent further accidents . Check if the injured employee requires medical attention. Check if it is necessary to inform HSE fill a RIDDOR report to the HSE, to prevent further accidents Look for patterns, to see if familiar accidetns have occurred previously or to the same employee. Key reasons for reporting: One important reason for reporting accidents and incidents is to allow for medical treatment if necessary and prevent minor injuries becoming worse or to treat life-threatening injuries. As by the RIDDOR (Reporting of injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences regulations 2013) you are required to report all accidents, near misses or dangerous occurrences in case the HSE would like to investigate the causes of the accident and whether adequate control measures and risk assessments were carried out prior and if not made sure they are next time. The immediate result of an accident may be classified as minor, serious or major however they are still accidents that are causing people to become injured. If not identified or corrected, the same conditions that led to the accident/incident are still there and need to be removed as per the Hierarchy of Controls to prevent further accidents and incidents. How to Report an inccident How to Report an inccident Methods of Reporting accidents: Report and record using the form on the HSE website Accident forms should be kept with the accident book. Fill out a RIDDOR form or RIDDOR report of details of the accident . Direct costs = Directs costs are ‘insured’ costs that are directly from the accident itself which includes compensation payments and medical costs such as costs for hospital stays and ambulance rides ( non free health care countries) Indirect costs = Indirect costs are ‘uninsured’ additional costs associated with the accident. These involve time away from the job, other workers having to be paid to look after injured staff, equipment losses and overtime payments for staff DIRECT AND INDIRECT COSTS OF ACCIDENTS Definitions 4 1 Definitions 3 2 DANGEROUS OCCURENCES An occurrence where no person is hurt which had the potential to cause serious injury, incapacity or death NEAR MISS An inadvertent event that did not result in injury, illness or damage- but still had the possibility to do so. ACCIDENT Any unplanned event that resulted in grievances or illness of people, or damage or loss to property, plant material or the environment or a forfeiture of business opportunity INCIDENT An unpremeditated event that disrupts normal operations Statistical data Common injuries Under the Occupational Safety and Health act of 1970. the employers must provide adequate and regular training on equipment and/or chemical control to each employee it concerns who should provide training

Powerpoint 4

Transcript: WTO IT welcomes scholarship that uses evidence from the real world to advance theoretical arguments. However, IT is intended as a forum where scholars can develop theoretical arguments in depth without an expectation of extensive empirical analysis. Introduction: The Problem of Globalisation Theory. Rosenburg, Justin (2000) 1.Globalisation intellectual tribulations has this virtue `Internation Relations' and Globalisation Theory Societies (nation states): societalization System of societies: internationalization Individuals: individuation Human Kind: generalization of consciousness about humankind Unjust patent laws System constituted by a set of rules (frames) Encourages interdependence of nations World-systems should be basic unit of social analysis 2.The problem is that sociology so far is poorly equipped to treat the social space beyond the confines of the nation-state as anything else but the analytically compressed `environment'. Westphalian state system arose from a historical peace treaty within Germany in the 17th Century The term represents nation states to be in a mutual agreement to laws and their individual territories EU as an example Globalisation Theories 2.Thrown into new relief by the debate Aver globalisation is the idea of `the international' as a significant and distinctive dimension of the social world of modernity. Members in this are motivated by these frames Different agreements within the WTO structured – such as TRIP and GAT – all refers to specific parts of the new rules concerning different kinds of international economic activity. Trade Related Intellectual Property. The TRIP agreement is concerned with the freedom of transitional corporations (TNCs) to protect their brand names and production know-how from copying or adaptation by others without agreement (and payment). Well-known examples of companies that are protected under TRIS are the pharmaceutical companies. TRIPS prevent other companies from copying the basic (generic) form of drugs. World Polity Theory 'International Relations' and Globalisation Theory Continued... Uneven trade agreements: Core Countries : Focus on higher skilled jobs that are capital intensive Semi-periphery Countries: Focus on primary and secondary sectors of industries eg. the extraction and production of raw materials Periphery Countries: Focus on primary and secondary sectors of industries eg. the extraction and production of raw materials Globalisation has now become the central thematic for social theory. Globalisation Theories World-systems refer to the international division of labour The world of economic globalisation is confusing. International regulation of world trade by the World Trade Organisation purpose to offer a level playing field to the rich and poor countries alike; but often in the name of regulation the WTO imposes rules which prevent developing countries from supporting industrial activity for domestic consumption. Theory is that, under the unitary system, investment can move freely between countries, and enterprises will meet no obstacle in sourcing or marketing their produce from anywhere in the world. In practical the level of protectionism in the western world (in terms of on-going subsidies to local producers, or tariff barriers against imports) remains extremely high. In spite the apparent level playing field that the new rules offer to all members, developing countries continue to face extreme difficulties in accessing the western market, and earning sufficient foreign exchange to meet their import requirements. Polity : "system of creating value through the collective conferral of authority" Contains no singular member and no dominating figure Globalisation Theories 1.The rectification of international theory has not proceeded as far or as fast as globalisation theorists in other disciplines would advocate. Involves development of: Capitalism and Greed Enriching oneself at their poor neighbours' expense Wealth accumulation,r:19,s:0&tx=82&ty=73 World-Culture Theory International Theory (IT) promotes theoretical scholarship about the positive, legal, and normative aspects of world politics respectively. IT is open to theory of absolutely all varieties and from all disciplines, provided it addresses problems of politics, broadly defined and pertains to the international. General Problem Focus on becoming conscious of and giving meaning to living in the world as a single place 'Westphalian State System' Breaking down of continents and the emergence of societies Advancement of International Relations seen through

Template 4

Transcript: Detailed Services Offer “Installation, Maintenance, Audits and Optimization of PV installations” Installation of Energy Generation Plants Security, Occupational Health & Safety and Environment Laboratory Characterization of Photovoltaic Cells Certifications and Quality Management Integral development of the project for PV cells or modules manufacturing plant Operation Processes design for the manufacturing plant, following the business plan. Civil Works management, infrastructure design, facilities and services and legal permits. Installation plan, implementation, monitoring and control. Definition, installation and commissioning of the production line and associated services. Manufacturing plant Operation during production Ramp Up and supervision during an agreed timeframe. Online diagnostic service and associated integral assistance Electrical and control systems Electrical systems Photovoltaic modules Series cluster boxes “on field” Over voltage, current and lightning protection panels 100 kVA in CT´sº inverters 0,4/xxkV 100 kVA in CT´s transformers and peak power (GSU) Additional system in CT 100 kVA Substation Emergency power supply system Wiring Electrical wiring (including connection) Instrumentation, communications and video wiring Trays and cable piping Ground cable network. Cathode protection and lightning protection Electrical control system Electrical control system Alignment of structures and control system Security system and video-control PV Systems Division Manufacturing Real Time Monitoring of production Losses/breakages (Yield) NON CONFORMING Products Statistical Control Process (SPC) Logistic Warehouse and Procurement Guarantees and Sales Consumption and real cost Maintenance Work orders Spare Parts Preventive and Corrective Document Management Specific Projects for developments or improvements After Sales Testing and Quality controls Automated Accounting (General, Assets,…) Licenses, permits and procedures Projects for licensing Agreements and contracts with the Electric Company Local or municipal licenses and permits Building permit and initial work Environmental study Waste treatment and management Rental /purchase of land Initial works Topographical and geotechnical study Land preparation and initial civil works Preparation of electricity, water, communications, supplies, etc. Construction and improvement of roads needed for construction transportations Ready to produce! First Production Test monitoring Operational tests Spare parts checking Consumable supplies checking Training of the operation team Operation of the plan/facility to its acceptance test Production Process PV SOLUTIONS Cells and Modules Factories Integral development of the project for photovoltaic cells and/or modules manufacturing plant Civil Works and permits Project design and manufacturing process Installation and commissioning Operation and Maintenance Support activities Global assistance Process Control: Method of identification and traceability. Definition of verification, validation, monitoring, inspection and specific test activities Acceptance /Rejection Criteria Records of product development and validation Visibility and process analysis, automation of data collection, real-time production monitoring Personnel and Staff: Operation and profiles for each employee, and required qualification Definition and implementation of staff training plan for the correct operatoin of the production line Process Optimization: Optimizing the effectiveness of equipment and processes. Implantation of Lean Manufacturing techniques Implantation of working philosophies: Kanban, 5S. Installation of Energy Generation Plants Product: Selection, development and documentation of the product to be manufactured according to company strategy. Details of operation, processes, job sites, resources and manufacturing methods to be used on each component or product Definition and documentation of the required controls and inspections Equipment and tools: Details of features, operation and production capacity Definition of physical distribution of plant (lay-out) Productivity and performance assessment Definition of Process Conditions and setting sheets Materials and components: Definition of bills of materials (BOM), quality, quantity and durability required in each process and operation Definition of handling methology, internal transportation and preservation Installation of Energy Generation Plants Intrinsic solar cells analysis SEM analysis Chemical composition analysis for contaminants detection (EDX) Emitter resistivity measurement Thickness measurements with micrometer High resolution of metallurgic microscopy Concentration depth profiles by means of GDOES, etc. Solar cells operating analysis Electrical parameters measurements and I-V curve in STC Post-soldering adherence test Infrared (IR) Electroluminescence (EL) Spectral Hemispheric Reflectance measurement, etc. Introduction Technology and product Engineering

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