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Transcript: BTEC HEALTH & SAFETY IN THE ENGINEERING WORKPLACE 03/06/2020 Accidents must be reported but not reported where the accidents results in a worker being incapacitated for more that three consecutive days. If you are an employer, you must keep an accident boo under the Social Security Regulations 1979, that record will be enough 3 Day OFF Accidents must report where they result in an employee or self-employed person being away from work or unable to perform their normal task, for more than 7 consecutive days, as a result of their injuries. This 7-day period does not include the days of the accident but does include weekends and rest days. The report must be made within 15 days of the accident. 7 Day OFF Purpose of an accident book A company must have more than 10 people working for it in order to have an accident book, it is part of the work procedure for the company. The individual/individuals who are involved in the accident have the right to have the accident written down in the book. The accident must have accurate details of when it happened, and this would become a part of a legal document if it is needed How do you protect employees in the event of an accident? Complete a risk assessment to prevent further accidents . Check if the injured employee requires medical attention. Check if it is necessary to inform HSE fill a RIDDOR report to the HSE, to prevent further accidents Look for patterns, to see if familiar accidetns have occurred previously or to the same employee. Key reasons for reporting: One important reason for reporting accidents and incidents is to allow for medical treatment if necessary and prevent minor injuries becoming worse or to treat life-threatening injuries. As by the RIDDOR (Reporting of injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences regulations 2013) you are required to report all accidents, near misses or dangerous occurrences in case the HSE would like to investigate the causes of the accident and whether adequate control measures and risk assessments were carried out prior and if not made sure they are next time. The immediate result of an accident may be classified as minor, serious or major however they are still accidents that are causing people to become injured. If not identified or corrected, the same conditions that led to the accident/incident are still there and need to be removed as per the Hierarchy of Controls to prevent further accidents and incidents. How to Report an inccident How to Report an inccident Methods of Reporting accidents: Report and record using the form on the HSE website Accident forms should be kept with the accident book. Fill out a RIDDOR form or RIDDOR report of details of the accident . Direct costs = Directs costs are ‘insured’ costs that are directly from the accident itself which includes compensation payments and medical costs such as costs for hospital stays and ambulance rides ( non free health care countries) Indirect costs = Indirect costs are ‘uninsured’ additional costs associated with the accident. These involve time away from the job, other workers having to be paid to look after injured staff, equipment losses and overtime payments for staff DIRECT AND INDIRECT COSTS OF ACCIDENTS Definitions 4 1 Definitions 3 2 DANGEROUS OCCURENCES An occurrence where no person is hurt which had the potential to cause serious injury, incapacity or death NEAR MISS An inadvertent event that did not result in injury, illness or damage- but still had the possibility to do so. ACCIDENT Any unplanned event that resulted in grievances or illness of people, or damage or loss to property, plant material or the environment or a forfeiture of business opportunity INCIDENT An unpremeditated event that disrupts normal operations Statistical data Common injuries Under the Occupational Safety and Health act of 1970. the employers must provide adequate and regular training on equipment and/or chemical control to each employee it concerns who should provide training

4-H

Transcript: The History of Goat Soap By: Raime Norton, Sarah Hendzel, and Amanda Holtham Most people do not understand or are unaware of goat milk soap and its benefits. Day after day many people continue to use the same commercial soaps that are too harsh for their skin. They do not realize that there is a handcrafted natural soap alternative that could be much better for their skin. Commercial soaps can leave a soapy build-up around the tub or shower. They can leave a mushy mess for you to clean. This is not the case with goat milk soaps. This soap lasts much longer than regular commercial soaps, using a well-drained soap dish. -Rubber gloves and goggles -Vinegar (for neutralizing lye mixture if you should splash some on skin) -Paper towels/waxed paper -Long pants, long shirt sleeves, closed toe shoes. A stainless steel whisk, heat tolerant rubber spatula, heat tolerant long handled spoon, and although optional…a stick blender is absolutely wonderful to bring soap to trace faster and can be bought for around $10-saves your arms and wrists! How I make Goats Milk Soap 1. First and foremost-You figure out what kind of oils and butters you want to include in my recipe. You should always use a Lye Calculator (several good ones on the internet) to make sure your combination of oils and lye and goats milk will saponify and provide a nice moisturizing product. Each oil has a slightly different property so please research on your oils before deciding what you want to do. You set the calculator at 6 percent superfat, and 35-40 percent liquid (all of my liquid being goats milk). 2.You use the 18 oz Red Devil Lye. (Side note:A lot of hardware or building stores sell Lye from companies called Roebic or Rooto..just MAKE SURE the bottle says 100 percent Lye on it! You don't want drain cleaner that has metal pieces in it! 3. Knowing how much milk you'll need, by weight, I put that much milk into a doubled gallon sized Ziploc freezer bag (the kind that zips all the way across-don’t use the tabbed kind) and freeze the milk laying flat like a pancake. Yes, this takes some planning ahead. You use anywhere from 65-72 oz of goats milk for one batch. 4.Okay, once you have all your needed resources and recipe, you are ready to make soap, right? Well, first find the right time to make your soap, when you don’t have lots of kids and animals running in and out of the room or getting under foot. You make sure the whole family knows when you'll be adding the lye and doing the mixing/bringing to trace and they all stay out of the kitchen. you need to weigh all your oils and add them together first…which is a safe activity for the family to still be coming in and getting into the fridge, but from when you get out the lye bottle to when your done pouring the “traced” soap, the kitchen is off limits! 5. Okay, maybe you need help with your recipe, ok so lets talk. Well, our advice to is to have 3 basic ingredients in your soap recipe and these can all be found at your local grocery store: Coconut oil, Olive Oil, and lard (or substitute plain Crisco) in addition to the goats milk and lye. We always add even more oils, but you don’t have to when making your first batch. We do suggest you try some kind of fragrance oil or essential oil to make your soap that much more enjoyable for your family or customers. The Lye Calculator will show you the percentage of your oils and try not to add more than 30 percent of the coconut oil….olive oil is wonderful and you can use closer to 40 percent or even 50 percent of that. 6. Fragrance-there are a lot of places to order your fragrance oils or essential oils from on line-just do a Google search. We hadn’t discovered that yet when we made my very first batch so went down to my local Hobby Lobby craft store and bought some there to try. I honestly feel that the ones you buy online are not only less expensive, even after figuring out the shipping, but of higher quality. So this would be another “plan ahead” item of note. 7. Okay, are we ready to try making soap? We think so. You do a quick check to make sure you have my molds ready, all your oils at hand, my scale, my pots clean and dry, my recipe, and all my needed utensils to include our beloved stick blender—oh yes, and our safety stuff like my goggles, gloves, and vinegar. We cover the countertops where you'll be working with paper towels and a couple pieces of waxed paper where you know it might get messy. We make sure both sides of the sink are empty. We will have our two stainless steel pots sitting in each side when we get ready to add them together (the oils and lye/milk mixtures). 8. We do mourweighing of the “solid at room temp” oils (for instance the coconut and lard) first and put them in the biggest stainless steel pot to melt them-usually over medium heat-but always keep a close eye on the pot. We then start weighing my liquid oils (for instance the olive oil, safflower oil, almond oil, etc) and adding them too. Once all your solid oils have become

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