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Industrial Revolution: Factory Workers

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by

Ella Stanberry

on 8 January 2015

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Transcript of Industrial Revolution: Factory Workers

Industrial Revolution: Factory Workers
Women
made up 57% of all factory workers
were paid half or less than men
at age 30 women workers were paid 1/3 as much as men
women had to be at work the day before giving birth and the day after
no pay for the day off

Outcome of working in factory
How the Owners Treated the Workers
The owners of the factory had always seen themeselves as a higher "rank" than people such as factory workers.
The owners believed that they were born with the right to be in control.
They believed that the workers were made to be a labourer and nothing more.
So because of these beliefs they felt they could treat
their workers
however they felt was deserved
beatings
unfair hours
unfair payment
etc.
Children
Valued because:
cheap
not educated enough to argue
small
highly replaceable
Children worked up to 19 hours a day with a 1 hour break
They worked in horrible conditions
large heavy equipment
the machines ran 24/7 with no breaks and caused many deaths
Income
Children:
2-4 shillings per week
Women:
About 5 shillings per week
Men:
15-20 shillings per week
Each shilling= 0.011 U.S dollars
By: Ella Stanberry & Natalie Seils
Video
http://www.flocabulary.com/industrial-revolution/
1:40-2:11
Factory Conditions
Very dismal (depressing)
Long hours
Many died because they were so exhausted, some may have fallen asleep into the unprotected flywheels or leatherbands operating huge machinery
Many would get injured or get lung disease from breathing in soot, lint, sawdust, and/or other dust
The workers were treated awfully because those who didn't work believed the workers were made for dangerous things such as working in a factory
Factory Owners
In some cases the factory owners would build company towns for their workers to live in, but the owners did not do this out of the kindness of their heart, they did this because it trapped the workers. The owners would give them cheap rent to go along with the cheap pay, rent was 5 shillings a month. The company town provided them a place to live, but without the facotry job they could not leave, and were trapped.
John Allett (textile factory worker) reported: "I have known more accidents at the beginning of the day than at the later part. I was an eye-witness of one. A child was working wool, that is, to prepare the wool for the machine; but the strap caught him, as he was hardly awake, and it carried him into the machinery; and we found one limb
in
one place, one in another, and he was cut to bits; his whole body went in,
and was
mangled."
Although the factory owners were not forcing the workers to work in their factory, the workers had a very slim choice. Their options were to either be homless and suffer on the streets, or get underpaid and live pay check to pay check while still getting mistreated.
Present Day Factory Owners
Worker: $25,000 a year
Owner: $80,000 a year
The owner makes more than 3x the amount of money that a factory workers make, and this all started back with the Industrial Revolution factory owners.
$25,000
$80,000
The Triangle Shirt Factory Fire
Killed 114 workers becasue a piece of fabric caught fire and tore through

the
building. With no fire escapes, and the doors locked, the workers were
locked
in to burn alive.
Full transcript