Transcript of Ancient China
Geography Ancient China History Food One of the countries that can boast of an ancient civilisation is China. China has a long and mysterious history, almost 5,000 years of it. About 4000 years ago powerful ruling families called dynasties ran the country. There was the Shang dynasty that ruled from 1600-1027 BC, the Zhou dynasty that ruled from 1028-256BC and lots more. Many years of war followed, until China was made one country by Emperor Qin Shihuangdi. One of the most famous archaelogical findings in China was the tomb of Emperor Shi Huangdi. This was found in 1974 by farmers digging near the city of Xi,an. Inside this tomb an army of 10,000 life sized clay soldiers called Terracotta warriors were found, this army was buried in 210BC along with the dead Emperor. Housing Clothing References www.solomon.cps.k12.il.us/roeschleyindex.html Clothing was a mark of class in Ancient China. The fabric, textures, colours, decoration, jewellery, headgear and footwear all told about the wearers rank and position in society. High-ranking officials dressed in the finest silk for public outings and celebrations, and in less expensive clothes at home. While peasants wore a long shirtlike garment made of undyed hemp fibre. During some dynasties, the scholar-gentry class wore jade, gold, silver and brass jewellery, while everyone else had copper and iron accessories. In the Zhou dynasty there were rules about colour, design and adornment of clothes. The colour yellow was for the Emperor only. The colours Green, Red, White and black were symbols for North, South, East and West. In Ancient China people built houses of two types. One of just roos, grass or reeds over holes in the ground while the others were made of wood covered with clay. For the poor people who lived in China most of the houses were usually just one room, but for the rich people the houses were big and luxurious. These houses had high walls made of rammed earth all the way around them and had no windows, just a big door to keep the family safe. In Northern China, the doors of houses usually faced South, to keep out the cold Northern wind. Ancient Chinas geography consisted of Mountains, Rivers, Seas and Deserts. China is 9,596,961 km2; making it the fourth largest country in the world. Religion Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism, with Christianity and Islam arriving only in the 7th century A.D were the main religions in ancient china. The Zhou claimed that heaven was now occupied by their supreme god, a god they called "The Lord on High," who, they said, had commanded the downfall of the Shang emperors. Confucianism is not a religion, but a system of social and political morality. The Indian emperor Ashoka sent Buddhist missionaries to China in the third century B.C. In ancient times people believed that nature had two forces that were opposite to each other like yin and the yang.Yin meant female force (wet, dark things of nature) while Yang meant male force (dry and bright). The Great Wall of China was built in the 7th century B.C (214-204) by slaves and criminals. The materials used to build the Great Wall Of China were materials readily at hand such as stones from the mountains, forest timber, earth from the plains,desert sand and pebbles. If the slaves and criminlas working on the construction died, their bodies would be used as fill. Different dynasties have extended the great wall over time with the latest construction on the great wall taking place in the Ming dynasty. The Great Wall of China measures over 6,000 kilometres long, 9metres high and 9metres wide. The Great Wall Of China was built to keep out Mongolian invaders and other enemies. The Great Wall was built wide enough for chariots to pass along. Towers were built and were strategically positioned along the top of the wall for soldiers and archers. This meant enemies were not out of range as the archers could cover half the space between them and the enemy. The Great Wall of China In Ancient China there were many different types of food. Some of the foods in China were considered the best by travellers, like Chinese tea, dumplings and Chinese wine. There were many more foods such as steamed buns, noodles or pancakes with vegetables and soybean products (for protein), pickles, and sometimes meat, eggs, or fish on the side. Wheat and millet were also grown as rice was very expensive due to the fact that not many places in Ancient China were suitable for growing it. The wealthy in Ancient China had more variety of foods such as bear paw, shark fin, and wild boar while the poor people in Ancient China ate roast duck or chicken, fried fish, vegetables, grains, and soup. Cooking Chinese food required alot of time and effort and was considered a very sophisticated art. Order in Ancient Chinese Society www.buzzle.com/articles/women-in-the-ancient-chinese-culture.html www.kwintessential.co.uk/articles/china/ancient-china-social.../2413 Ancient China Discoveries Library Law Trade Confucius Confucius was an Ancient Chinese philosopher, he was born in about 551 BC, during a time where wars were very frequent. Confucius dedicated his life to teaching others how to live their lives in peace.His teachings formed the basis of the Chinese Civil Service up to the beginning of the 20th century. Confucius was known throughout China as "The Master". The trade in Ancient China began when neighbouring countries wanted luxury goods made in China. At first there was more raiding than trading in China, but soon the Chinese began to trade silk for the horses in central Asia called the Ferghana horses. Full transcript
The Silk Road:
In 139BC, Emperor Wu sent his minister Zhang Qian to Ferghana in cental Asia to buy some horses. On the way he was captured by the Xiongnu. When Zhang Qian returned to China ten years later,he brought back information about the countries to the West. The first Chinese merchants set out into central Asia in 114BC. This trade route became known as the Silk Road. In Ancient Chinese society there was six main classes. These were Kings, Emperors, Scholars, Craftsmen, Peasants and Women. Kings
The Kings of Pre-Qin Period were the Kings of Spring and Autumn Period as well as the Warring States Period, these kings were quite full of persoanlity, as well as the kings of Xia and Shang period.
The Qin Dynasty was Chinas first empire, the Qin Dynasty had two Emperors, the first one was Emperor Qin Shihuang and the second was his son named Hu Hai, known as the second Emperor of Qin Dynasty.
Scholars were also known as the Shi and were respected above everyone else as they could read and write.
Craftsmen were also known as the gong and were those who had skills to make useful objects for the people in Ancient China. This was the class identified by the Chinese character that stands for “labour.”
Peasant farmers were also known as the Nong.They were the second most important class in Ancient China as the country relied on them for food.
In Ancient Chinese times for almost two thousand years, the life of Chinese women was unbearable. Women were not equal to men and women were not allowed to have an education. After marriage, an Ancient Chinese woman would be a slave to her husband.
In ancient times China was composed of pockets of civilization. China’s early people were said to have settled by the Yangtze River and Yellow River. These pockets of civilisations were ruled by different kings. Natural barriers such as the impressive Himalayan Mountains protected these early people from the rest of the world and from invasions. The Himalayan Mountains ran to the South and were very rugged which made it difficult for any invading countries to cross.
Not all of China's geography acted as barriers. China has two major river systems - the Yellow River (Huang He) and the Yangtze River (Long River). The world’s third largest river is the Yangtze River (Long River) as it is about 4000 miles long. The Yangtze River had high banks which kept homes safe from annual floods. As for The Huang He (Yellow River), the civilization in ancient China had begun on this river about 5000 years ago. By Dakota Murray Imperial china Law in Ancient China was sometimes very strict. In Ancient China there was strict laws especially when envolving the Emperor. An example of how laws were enforced in Ancient China is if you looked at the Emperor at any time there was severe consequences even including death. Most of the laws in Ancient China were made by the Emperor and his council and if any of these laws were broken the punishments that were given were very severe.Beatings with bamboo sticks were very common and were considered to be a mild punishment. Some examples of the laws that were followed are; Respect for their ancestors and that women were considered to be less important than men and were treated different to men. Imperial China is also known as the Empire of China. Early Imperial China spans a period from the unification of China under the Qin Dynasty in 221 BCE to the re-unification of China under the Sui Dynasty in 589 CE. The Forbidden City The Forbidden City was the Chinese Imperial Palace from the Ming Dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty. It is located in the middle of Beijing, China, and now houses the Palace Museum. For almost 500 years, it served as the home of Emperors and their households, as well as the ceremonial and political center of Chinese government. Mountains Rivers Emperors Scholars Craftsmen Peasant Farmers Women Ancient China's natural barriers included three vast seas called the China Sea and the Yellow Sea, both located in the Pacific Ocean. These seas provided a huge coastline for Ancient China, this provided trade routes and easy access to food. Seas Everyday Life Normal working days in Ancient China were hard and industrious for the farmers while luxurious and laid back for nobles and merchants. In Ancient China the father had complete authority over his wife and children, Women were controlled by their husband, father or if they had no husband their son.