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Transcript of Ancient China
The Silk Road:
In 139BC, Emperor Wu sent his minister Zhang Qian to Ferghana in cental Asia to buy some horses. On the way he was captured by the Xiongnu. When Zhang Qian returned to China ten years later,he brought back information about the countries to the West. The first Chinese merchants set out into central Asia in 114BC. This trade route became known as the Silk Road. In Ancient Chinese society there was six main classes. These were Kings, Emperors, Scholars, Craftsmen, Peasants and Women. Kings
The Kings of Pre-Qin Period were the Kings of Spring and Autumn Period as well as the Warring States Period, these kings were quite full of persoanlity, as well as the kings of Xia and Shang period.
The Qin Dynasty was Chinas first empire, the Qin Dynasty had two Emperors, the first one was Emperor Qin Shihuang and the second was his son named Hu Hai, known as the second Emperor of Qin Dynasty.
Scholars were also known as the Shi and were respected above everyone else as they could read and write.
Craftsmen were also known as the gong and were those who had skills to make useful objects for the people in Ancient China. This was the class identified by the Chinese character that stands for “labour.”
Peasant farmers were also known as the Nong.They were the second most important class in Ancient China as the country relied on them for food.
In Ancient Chinese times for almost two thousand years, the life of Chinese women was unbearable. Women were not equal to men and women were not allowed to have an education. After marriage, an Ancient Chinese woman would be a slave to her husband.
In ancient times China was composed of pockets of civilization. China’s early people were said to have settled by the Yangtze River and Yellow River. These pockets of civilisations were ruled by different kings. Natural barriers such as the impressive Himalayan Mountains protected these early people from the rest of the world and from invasions. The Himalayan Mountains ran to the South and were very rugged which made it difficult for any invading countries to cross.
Not all of China's geography acted as barriers. China has two major river systems - the Yellow River (Huang He) and the Yangtze River (Long River). The world’s third largest river is the Yangtze River (Long River) as it is about 4000 miles long. The Yangtze River had high banks which kept homes safe from annual floods. As for The Huang He (Yellow River), the civilization in ancient China had begun on this river about 5000 years ago. By Dakota Murray Imperial china Law in Ancient China was sometimes very strict. In Ancient China there was strict laws especially when envolving the Emperor. An example of how laws were enforced in Ancient China is if you looked at the Emperor at any time there was severe consequences even including death. Most of the laws in Ancient China were made by the Emperor and his council and if any of these laws were broken the punishments that were given were very severe.Beatings with bamboo sticks were very common and were considered to be a mild punishment. Some examples of the laws that were followed are; Respect for their ancestors and that women were considered to be less important than men and were treated different to men. Imperial China is also known as the Empire of China. Early Imperial China spans a period from the unification of China under the Qin Dynasty in 221 BCE to the re-unification of China under the Sui Dynasty in 589 CE. The Forbidden City The Forbidden City was the Chinese Imperial Palace from the Ming Dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty. It is located in the middle of Beijing, China, and now houses the Palace Museum. For almost 500 years, it served as the home of Emperors and their households, as well as the ceremonial and political center of Chinese government. Mountains Rivers Emperors Scholars Craftsmen Peasant Farmers Women Ancient China's natural barriers included three vast seas called the China Sea and the Yellow Sea, both located in the Pacific Ocean. These seas provided a huge coastline for Ancient China, this provided trade routes and easy access to food. Seas Everyday Life Normal working days in Ancient China were hard and industrious for the farmers while luxurious and laid back for nobles and merchants. In Ancient China the father had complete authority over his wife and children, Women were controlled by their husband, father or if they had no husband their son.