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US Presence in Middle East

SS7H2.d. Explain the US presence in the Middle East.

Trey Coggins

on 30 September 2014

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Transcript of US Presence in Middle East

U.S. Presence in the Middle East
Mr. Coggins
The Persian Gulf War
When did the war happen?
What was the cause of the war?
In 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait.
Kuwait is an oil-rich country.
How did the US respond?
Missile attacks on Iraq for one month.
Ground attack on Feb. 24th 1991.
100 hours later, Iraq surrendered.
What happened to Iraq afterwards?
The absolute ruler, Saddam Hussein,
remained in power.
Cornell Notes
Why would Iraq invade Kuwait?
Border disputes. Iraq considered
Kuwait part of Iraq.
The border full of oil fields that
Iraq wanted. $$$$
Iraq accused Kuwait of slant drilling.
Kuwait was keeping the $ of oil low.

The UN imposed a trade embargo on Iraq to prevent them from importing goods or exporting oil. Hussein continued to fight.
Questions Answers
why do we have troops there?
what happened to the
US to fear terrorism?
On September 11, 2001, terrorists hijacked 4 airplanes headed from the East Coast to California.
2 jets crashed into the twin towers of the World Trade Center in NYC.
The 3rd plane crashed into the Pentagon outside of Washington, D.C.
The 4th plane crashed into an empty field in PA after the passenger fought back.

Who was behind the attacks?
An Islamic terrorist network known as al-Qaeda. Its
members believe that the US and other Western
nations are evil.
What does that have to do
with Afghanistan?
Oil Refinery in Kuwait
Kuwait City
Saddam Hussein
General Colin Powell
Their leader, Osama bin Laden, was living in Afghanistan. He is a
millionaire from Saudi Arabia.
Afghanistan's government was controlled by an extremist Islamic
group known as the Taliban. The Taliban was protecting bin Laden.
What did the US do in response?
The US demanded the Taliban turn over bin Laden.
They refused. In October 2001, The US began
bombing Taliban air defenses, airfields, and command
centers. They also struck numerous al-Qaeda training
camps in Afghanistan.
They also provided support to rebel groups that opposed
the Taliban government.
By December, the Taliban was out of power and al-Qaeda
was weakened. Osama bin Laden was killed by US forces
in 2011.
In October, 2001, President Bush signed into law the Patriot Act. This gave the federal government a broad range of power to strengthen national security.
The act enabled the US to detain foreigners suspected of terrorism for 7 days without charging them of a crime. The US can also monitor all phone calls and Internet usage of suspects without restrictions.
Is this ok? Are you willing to give up certain rights to be safe?
Operation Iraqi Freedom
When did it happen?
Why did we need
to invade again?
Saddam Hussein was a dictator that concerned the world community. He had used chemical weapons to put down a rebellion in his own country in the 1980s and also invaded Kuwait in the 1990s.
What was the
main concern?
The possible development of weapons
of mass destruction. This includes chemical
and bioligical agents as well as nuclear devices.
What did Hussein
Hussein allowed UN inspectors to search
for the outlawed weapons. The investigators
said that the Iraqis were not cooperating. This
worried the US and British officials.
How did we respond?
The US and British officials threatend to
use force to disarm Iraq. After 9/11, the idea
that weapons of mass destruction could easily
fall into the hands of terrorist was too great of
a threat to ignore.
How did the war begin?
On March 17, President Bush gave Hussein
48 hours to leave the country or face a military
strike. He refused.
Did everyone agree
with the invasion?
Many did not agree with this decision.
Russia and other countries claimed it
was not justified.
So why are we still there?
Iraq needed to be re-built.

Even though Hussein's regime was not
in power, pockets of fighters loyal to him
continued to resist.

Iraq now has a democratic government.
Terrorists have flocked to Iraq to wage
war againsts the Western nations there.
What happened to Saddam?
He was captured in December 2003. He was charged by the Iraqis with war
crimes committed against the residents of Dujail in 1982, after an assissnation attempt failed.

Charged with the murder of 148 people, illegal arrests of 399 others, and torture of women and children.

Found Guilty and sentenced to die in 2006.

On March 19, air strikes on Baghdad. The next day,
coalition forces march into Iraq through Kuwait. By
April, the regime had fallen.
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