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Greek Roots

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by

Lauren Mongada

on 11 April 2017

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Transcript of Greek Roots

Spec
Meaning: see or look

Examples: inspect, spectacle, spectator at a football game.
Greek and latin Roots
Tract and Struct
Meaning: Pull and Build

Attract: a force pulling things together
Retract: A promise that is pulled back or taken back
Extract: Pulled out with force
Obstruction: In the way of being built
Instruct: To build knowledge
Deconstruct: To take apart something that was built
Meaning: life, live

biography: writing about a persons life written by someone else
biologist: a person who studies living things
symbiosis: when two living things depend on each other to live
vital: something that is necessary to live
revive: to bring back to life again
revitalize: to put life back into an object
port & miss/mit
Meaning: carry & send

portable: able to be easily carried
transport: to carry from one place to another
deport: to carry or send away from a place

omit: to leave out, or not to send
dismiss: to send someone away
transmit: to send from place to place
Meaning: mother

Examples: maternal, maternity clothes
What are root words?
By learning what parts of words mean in Greek or Latin, we can use these clues to help us figure out the meanings of lots of new words.
Meaning: know

Examples: recognize
Meaning: place

Examples: location, local, dislocated
Meaning: born

Examples: native country, prenatal vitamins
Meaning: foot

Examples: pedal, pedestrian, biped, quadriped, pedicure
sign
Meaning: mark

Examples: signal, signature
aud
Meaning: hear

Examples: audience, audio CD, auditorium, inaudiable
photo
Meaning: light

Examples: photocopy, photosynthesis, photograph
struct
Meaning: build

Examples: construct, structure, construction
therm
Meaning: heat

Examples: thermometer, thermos, thermostat, thermal underwear
vis
Meaning: to see

Examples: tele
vis
ion, vision check, in
vis
ible, visual
act
Meaning: do

Examples: action, actor, activity, interatction
cycl
Meaning: circle

Examples: bicycle, cyclone, recycle, unicycle, tricycle, life cycle, rock cycle
graph
Meaning: to write

Examples: autograph, graphite pencil, graphics, paragraph
mem
Meaning: recall

Examples: remember, memorzie, memory, memorial
tact
Meaning: touch

Examples: contact sports, tactile
mater or matr
bio, viv, vit
cogn
loc
nat
ped
ast or astr
Meaning: star

Examples: asterisk *, astrolab, astronaut, astronomy, astrology
fac
Meaning: make

Examples: factory, manufacture, artifact
morph
Meaning: shape

Examples: metamorphosis, morphing
geo
Meaning: earth

Examples: geography, geology, geothermal energy
rupt
Meaning: break

Examples: rupture, erupt, bankrupt, interrupt
brev
Meaning: short

Examples: abbreviate
cap
Meaning: head

Examples: capitan, decapitate, capital
ord
Meaning: row, rank

Examples: order
phil
Meaning: love

Examples: philanthropist
san
Meaning: health

Examples: sanitary, hand sanitizer, sane, insane, sanitation department
log
Meaning: word

Examples: dialogue, apo
log
ize, monologue
max
Meaning: greatest

Example: maximize, maximum
nov
Meaning: new

Example: novice, novelty
pel
Meaning: drive

Example: pro
pel
ler, repel, expel, insect re
pel
lant
strict
Meaning: make tight

Example: restrict, boa con
strict
or, restricted, strict
mand
Meaning: force

Example: demand, manditory, command
min
Meaning: small, less

Example: minimum, mini, minus, minority, minor, miniature
neg
Meaning: no

Example: negative
orig
Meaning: beginning

Example: origin, original
trib
Meaning: give

Example: contribute, distribute, tributary
ben/bon & mal

bonus: something good that is more than what you expected
beneficial: something that has a good outcome
benefactor: a good person who helps or donates money
malefactor: a person who does bad things
malodorous: a bad smell; stinky
dismal: depressing or causing bad feelings
fra & rupt
meaning: break

frail: something that is easily broken
fraction: a whole that is broken into parts
fragmented: something that is broken down into pieces
rupture: to burst or break open
interrupt: to break into someone's conversation
disruption: something that breaks someone's concentration
ped & man
meanings: foot and hand

pedestrian: someone who travels on foot
pedal: a lever that is moved by your feet
impediment: something that stands in your way
manipulate: to move something using your hands
manufacture: to make something using your hands
emancipate: to release from someones hands
Full transcript