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Greek Roots

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by

Lauren Mongada

on 21 March 2014

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Transcript of Greek Roots

Spec
Meaning: see or look

Examples: inspect, spectacle, spectator at a football game.
Greek and latin Roots
Aqua
Meaning: water

Examples: aquarium, aquamarine, aquatic life
Meaning: life

Examples: biography, biology
gen
Meaning: birth

Examples: generation, generate
Meaning: mother

Examples: maternal, maternity clothes
What are root words?
By learning what parts of words mean in Greek or Latin, we can use these clues to help us figure out the meanings of lots of new words.
Meaning: know

Examples: recognize
Meaning: place

Examples: location, local, dislocated
Meaning: born

Examples: native country, prenatal vitamins
Meaning: foot

Examples: pedal, pedestrian, biped, quadriped, pedicure
sign
Meaning: mark

Examples: signal, signature
aud
Meaning: hear

Examples: audience, audio CD, auditorium, inaudiable
photo
Meaning: light

Examples: photocopy, photosynthesis, photograph
struct
Meaning: build

Examples: construct, structure, construction
therm
Meaning: heat

Examples: thermometer, thermos, thermostat, thermal underwear
vis
Meaning: to see

Examples: tele
vis
ion, vision check, in
vis
ible, visual
act
Meaning: do

Examples: action, actor, activity, interatction
cycl
Meaning: circle

Examples: bicycle, cyclone, recycle, unicycle, tricycle, life cycle, rock cycle
graph
Meaning: to write

Examples: autograph, graphite pencil, graphics, paragraph
mem
Meaning: recall

Examples: remember, memorzie, memory, memorial
tact
Meaning: touch

Examples: contact sports, tactile
mater or matr
bio
cogn
loc
nat
ped
ast or astr
Meaning: star

Examples: asterisk *, astrolab, astronaut, astronomy, astrology
fac
Meaning: make

Examples: factory, manufacture, artifact
morph
Meaning: shape

Examples: metamorphosis, morphing
geo
Meaning: earth

Examples: geography, geology, geothermal energy
rupt
Meaning: break

Examples: rupture, erupt, bankrupt, interrupt
brev
Meaning: short

Examples: abbreviate
cap
Meaning: head

Examples: capitan, decapitate, capital
ord
Meaning: row, rank

Examples: order
phil
Meaning: love

Examples: philanthropist
san
Meaning: health

Examples: sanitary, hand sanitizer, sane, insane, sanitation department
log
Meaning: word

Examples: dialogue, apo
log
ize, monologue
max
Meaning: greatest

Example: maximize, maximum
nov
Meaning: new

Example: novice, novelty
pel
Meaning: drive

Example: pro
pel
ler, repel, expel, insect re
pel
lant
strict
Meaning: make tight

Example: restrict, boa con
strict
or, restricted, strict
mand
Meaning: force

Example: demand, manditory, command
min
Meaning: small, less

Example: minimum, mini, minus, minority, minor, miniature
neg
Meaning: no

Example: negative
orig
Meaning: beginning

Example: origin, original
trib
Meaning: give

Example: contribute, distribute, tributary
Full transcript