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The Odyssey--Gods, Goddesses, and Creatures

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Christopher Cole

on 16 March 2016

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Transcript of The Odyssey--Gods, Goddesses, and Creatures

The Odyssey--Gods, Goddesses, and Creatures
Book 1
Book 9
Book 11
Book 12
Helios
--the sun god (literally the sun)

--Helios raises cattle on the
islands of Thrinacia
--Helios will destroy
anyone who harms them.
Zeus
--god of storms (sky and thunder)
--the King of all gods and goddesses
--assigns all gods and goddesses their role(s) and enacts firm laws
--rarely ever takes a side when their is conflict
--sleeps around with A LOT of people despite being married to Hera, the queen (and, ironically, the goddess of marriage!)
Telemachus
--the only son of Odysseus

--grows up without a true father

--loyal to his mother, the queen of Ithaca
Penelope
--wife of Odysseus

--her name has traditionally been associated with marital faithfulness

--she is considered a match for Odysseus due to her immense strength, warm personality, and intelligence
Incantation of the Muses: Homer calls on the Muses to give him strength and guidance to tell the tale.
Alcinous
--King of the Phaeacians

--His name literally means "mighty mind"

-known mostly for the myth of Jason and the Argonauts (they wanted the golden fleece)
Circe
--goddess of magic (or sometimes a nymph, witch, enchantress or sorceress)

--daughter of Helios

--renowned for her vast knowledge of potions and herb

--Through the use of magical potions and a wand or a staff, she transformed her enemies, or those who offended her, into animals.
Polyphemus
--a cyclops (one-eyed giants

--son of Poseidon

--hates Zeus and Zeus' laws since he believes his father should be king
Poseidon
--brother of Zeus (considered 1 of the 3 super-gods)

--god of the seas and oceans

--referred to as "Earth-Shaker" due to his role in causing earthquakes e gets angry a lot)

--believed to have fathered most ocean life due to him having sexual affairs with many people
Apollo
--recognized as a god of music, truth and prophecy, healing, the sun and light, plague, and poetry (he is the leader of the Muses)

--the son of Zeus and Leto

--has a twin sister, the chaste huntress goddess Artemis
The Lotus Eaters
Polyphemus

Aeolus
--god and ruler of all wind

--close companion and chief force opposition towards Poseidon since wind and water have a deep relationship with one another
Tiresias
On Mount Cyllene in the Peloponnese, as Tiresias came upon a pair of copulating snakes, he hit the pair a smart blow with his stick. Hera was not pleased, and she punished Tiresias by transforming him into a woman. As a woman, Tiresias became a priestess of Hera, married and had children.

Lady Tiresias was a prostitute of great renown. After seven years as a woman, Tiresias again found mating snakes; depending on the myth, either she made sure to leave the snakes alone this time, or, according to Hyginus, trampled on them. As a result, Tiresias was released from his sentence and permitted to regain his masculinity.

Tiresias was then drawn into an argument between Hera and her husband Zeus, on the theme of who has more pleasure in sex: the man, as Hera claimed; or, as Zeus claimed, the woman, as Tiresias had experienced both. Since he favored Zeus' opinion, Hera instantly struck him blind for his impiety. Zeus could do nothing to stop her or reverse her curse, but in recompense he did give Tiresias the gift of foresight and a lifespan of seven lives.
The Underworld (Hades)
Sirens: dangerous yet beautiful creatures, who lured nearby sailors with their enchanting music and voices to shipwreck on the rocky coast of their island.

Scylla: a six-headed sea monster
who devours sailors who attempt
to avoid Charybdis
Charybdis: a female sea monster that looks like a wide, dangerous whirlpool. Usually kills those who escape from Scylla.
Book 10
Circe, the witch
Full transcript