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LGBT History in the UK

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Will Makin

on 25 March 2015

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Transcript of LGBT History in the UK

LGBT History in the UK
The 17th Century
1615: King James knighted another of his male lovers, George Villiers, as a Gentleman of the Bedchamber.

1623: King James made Villiers Earl of Coventry and Duke of Buckingham. Villiers was now the highest ranking subject outside the royal family.
The 19th Century
1895: Oscar Wilde was tried for gross indecency over a relationship with Lord Alfred Douglas. Wilde was sentenced to two years in prison with hard labour.

1897: George Cecil Ives organizes the first homosexual rights group in England.

Early 20th Century
1912: London's first gay pub,
The Cave of the Golden Calf
opened in Heddon Street, off Regent Street
The Early Centuries - to the 17th Century
117 - 138 AD: Hadrian was the first Roman Emperor to make it clear that he was homosexual.

The Early Years - to the 17th Century
1327: King Edward II of England is killed.

His relationship with Piers Gaveston, the Earl of Cornwall, was called 'excessive, immoderate, beyond measure and reason'
The Early Years - to the 17th Century
1580: King James VI of Scotland (later King James I of England), began a relationship with Franco-Scottish Lord Esmé Stewart.

The influence of his 'favourites' on politics, and the resentment at the wealth they acquired, became major political issues during his reign.
The 18th Century
1772: The first public debate about homosexuality began during the trial of Captain Robert Jones. Jones was acquitted and received a pardon on the condition that he left the country.
The Early Years - to the 17th Century
Hadrian made Antinous his 'official consort'

He named a city in Egypt, Antinopolis, after him.
And he built the wall!
1866: Marriage was legally defined as being between one man and one woman (preventing same-sex marriages).
1936: A 30-year-old British athletic champion, Mark Weston, transitioned from female to male.
The story appeared in some national newspapers.
The reportage was accurate and sensitive.
1954: English computer genius Alan Turing committed suicide after being prosecuted by Police for being a homosexual
The 1950's
1957: The Wolfenden report is published. It advised the British Government that homosexuality should not be illegal, and a campaign begins to make homosexuality legal in the UK.

The 1960's -
The Woodstock Generation
1969: Campaign for Homosexual Equality (CHE) formed as the first British gay activist group.
1969: Stonewall riots in New York mark the beginnings of the fight for equal Gay Rights across the globe
The 1970's
1972: The First UK Gay Pride Rally is held in London with 1,000 people marching from Trafalgar Square to Hyde Park.

Gay News, Britain's first gay newspaper is founded
David Bowie
announces he is bisexual. He scandalises the country with his infamous appearance on Top of the Pops.
1975: The Naked Civil Servant (starring John Hurt), was transmitted by ITV.
The film tells the life story of Quentin Crisp, an infamous homosexual, author and raconteur
The 1970's - continued
The 1980's
1984: Chris Smith, newly elected to the UK parliament declares:
'My name is Chris Smith. I'm the Labour MP for Islington South and Finsbury, and I'm gay'
1983: Boy George and Culture Club top the charts with 'Karma Chameleon'
The 1980's continued
More pop music from bands with openly gay members including:
The Pet Shop Boys
Bronski Beat
Frankie Goes to Hollywood
The 1990's
1994: The Conservative Member of Parliament Edwina Currie proposed lowering the age of consent for homosexual acts, from 21 to 16 in line with that for heterosexual acts.
A mainstream movie telling the story of 2 drag queens and a transsexual crossing the Australian desert in a bus
Freddie Mercury died of Aids.
George Michael outed in LA
Glam Rock
Gender Benders and New Wave
The vote was defeated and the gay male age of consent was set at 18
Actress Anna Friel shoots to fame after portraying lesbian Beth Jordache in Liverpool based soap Brookside
kiss took place in January of this year
3rd most capped Welsh Rugby Union Player

100 Test Match appearances for the
Welsh Rugby Union Team
Came Out publicly as a gay man in 2009
2000: The Labour government scraps the policy of barring homosexuals from the armed forces.
The Civil Partnership Act 2004 is passed, giving same-sex couples the same rights and responsibilities as married heterosexual couples in the United Kingdom
The Prime Minister Gordon Brown makes an official public apology on behalf of the British government for the way in which Alan Turing was chemically castrated for being gay after the war
The Equality Act
Makes discrimination against all minority groups, including lesbians and gay men, in the provision of goods and services illegal
"I'm a soccer player, I'm Christian, and I'm gay. Those are things that people might say wouldn't go well together. But my family raised me to be an individual and to stand up for what I believe in."
Robbie Rogers comes out.

An American footballer, he played for Leeds United through the 2012 season before retiring and coming out.
Tom Daley, Olympic diver, announces on YouTube that he is in a relationship with another man
Thomas Hitzlsperger, German footballer who played for Aston Villa and Everton, comes out
"I have taken a conscious decision to confront publicly the prejudice and hostility shown towards homosexuals.
I have nothing to be ashamed of."
March 2014
Gay couples will be able to marry from March 29th 2014, when the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act comes into force.
Gareth Thomas
The Independent 2013
The Independent 2013
World Affairs Board. 2012
Britannia 2013
Theology History - King James - 2013/03
Timeline English Bible History - King James
1785: Jeremy Bentham becomes one of the first people to argue for the decriminalisation of homosexuality in England, which was punishable by hanging. He argued that homosexual acts did not 'weaken men nor threaten population nor marriage.'
'A Great and Monstrous Thing: London in the eighteenth century' By Jerry White
Often hailed as the 20th-century Oscar Wilde, Quentin Crisp
was famous for his witticisms.
"Never keep up with the Joneses; drag them down to your level. It's cheaper."
Life was a funny thing that happened to me on the way to the grave.
Liverpool man, George Jamieson, undergoes gender reassignment surgery in Casablanca in 1960
Now known April Ashley she became a top model until she was outed as a transexual by the Sunday People in November 1961
Press coverage was very hostile.
Casey Stoney, England Womens Football Captain, reveals she is in a relationship with another woman.
February 2014
She becomes the highest profile,
openly gay,
active professional footballer in the country
The 'I' Feb 11th 2014
Vita Sackville-West
1910 - 1930
Respected Author, Poet and Gardener well known for her exuberant aristocratic life and her passionate affairs with both men and women
the 1980's continued
Miriam Margloyes. Has lived openly with her Australian partner since the early eighties.

Now famous for her appearances in the Harry Potter series of films
Sandi Toksvig, then named as Compere for the Save the Children 75 aniversary celebrations, was dropped after coming out a lesbian.

Wide public condemnation for this resulted in the decision being reversed and Sandi being receiving a public apology and being reinstated.
Mary Portas launches 'Mary, Queen of Shops' on TV.

Her private life comes under press scrutiny revealing that she is living with her female partner.
December 2014
Gay couples who were in a Civil Partnership,
when Marriage became on option in March,
were given the option to 'convert' to full Marriage.

Their Marriage Certificates are 'back-dated' to the date of their original partnership.
Full transcript