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Section 4: Rise of Civilization in China
Transcript of Section 4: Rise of Civilization in China
Geography Influences China
North- The forbidding Gobi
South- Thick rainforests
East- Pacific Ocean
West- Himalayas and Tian Shang
Where it all started
Kings ruled only a small area.
Clans made up of loyal princes and local nobles governed most of the land.
Royal Family and Noble Warriors
Artisans and Merchants
1122 B.C. to 256 B.C.
believed that they had the divine right to rule, or Mandate of Heaven.
The Improvements of Zhou China
Large irrigation works
copper money system
Increase in population
Early Religious Beliefs
Early China had a polytheistic culture. Shang Di was the supreme god. King was the link between the people and Shang Di.
Confucianism and Daoism
Founded by Confucius.
Confucius developed philosophy that is centered around wordly goals that assured social order and good government.
introduced belief that universe reflected the delicate balance between ying and yang.
Founded by Laozi, or "Old Master".
Laozi is credited with writing the Dao De Jing.
Daoists sought to live in harmony with nature
Saw government as unnatural and, therefore, the cause of many problems.
Early Chinese Achievements
Produced by the silkworm to make the cocoon.
Each symbol stood for a single word or idea.
First books made during the Zhou Dynasty.