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Section 4: Rise of Civilization in China

Chapter 3 Section 4
by

R Kay

on 6 October 2013

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Transcript of Section 4: Rise of Civilization in China

Section 4: Rise of Civilization in China
Geography Influences China
North- The forbidding Gobi
South- Thick rainforests
East- Pacific Ocean
West- Himalayas and Tian Shang
Where it all started
Shang Dynasty
Kings ruled only a small area.
Clans made up of loyal princes and local nobles governed most of the land.
Social Classes
Royal Family and Noble Warriors
Artisans and Merchants
Peasants
Zhou Dynasty
1122 B.C. to 256 B.C.
believed that they had the divine right to rule, or Mandate of Heaven.
The Improvements of Zhou China
Improvments
Ironworking
Soybeans
Large irrigation works
copper money system
Increase in population
Early Religious Beliefs
Early China had a polytheistic culture. Shang Di was the supreme god. King was the link between the people and Shang Di.
Confucianism and Daoism
Confucianism
Founded by Confucius.
Confucius developed philosophy that is centered around wordly goals that assured social order and good government.
introduced belief that universe reflected the delicate balance between ying and yang.
Daoism
Founded by Laozi, or "Old Master".
Laozi is credited with writing the Dao De Jing.
Daoists sought to live in harmony with nature
Saw government as unnatural and, therefore, the cause of many problems.
Early Chinese Achievements
Calendar
Silk
Produced by the silkworm to make the cocoon.
Writing System
Each symbol stood for a single word or idea.
Books
First books made during the Zhou Dynasty.
The End
Full transcript