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Young Goodman Brown - Nathaniel Hawthorne
Transcript of Young Goodman Brown - Nathaniel Hawthorne
melissa gee, rose rodriguez, mimi nguyen, wesely tam, jenny tan, jenny zheng
Author incorporates an element of the supernatural into his story
fear, suspicion, gloomy, crazy, dark, sinister, unsteady ( dream/ reality )
YOUNG GOODMAN BROWN
takes place after the Salem Witch Trials of 1692
over 200 people accused of "witchcraft" -- arrested and imprisoned
at least 25 people died in Salem because of these events
prime example of mass hysteria
puritans throughout present-day Massachusetts were fearful of witches
caused the witch hunts and hangings that ensued
names of witches used in Hawthorne's passage allude to two actual presumed witches from Salem
Goody Cloyse and Martha Carrier -- both were hung
experiences a transition from ignorance to corruption (through the communion ceremony)
"We have been a race of honest men and good Christains since the days of the martyrs; and shall I be the first name of the Brown that ever took this path and kept"
based on the Puritan times when witch hunts were common, religion became a strong focal point in the lives of many people. Women were watched carefully for unusual or 'suspicious' behaviour in case of heresy.
describes the good Christain beginings he had
curiosity causes him to fall into temptation to go to the journey and the transition to corruption begins
"In truth, all through the haunted forest there could be nothing more frightful than the figure of Goodman Brown"
as he believes he loses Faith he goes to a dark frenzy of losing his spiritual faith as well
"..brandshing his staff with frenzied gestured.."
"..shouting forth such laughter..."
"...echoes of the forest laughing like demons around him..."
snaps out of the craze when he sees Faith
wakes up from this experience, battles with fantasty and reality
dies in a paranoid state of fear
wife of Young Goodman Brown
she triggers his transition to corruption
tempts Brown into further going on the journey
could be the 'true nature' of Brown (lost of innocence; aged from the 'truth' of life's evil beings.)
persuades Brown by making claims that he had converted men of status and members of his family into being evil .
"...Well said Goodman Brown! I have been as well aquainted with your family as with ever a one among the Puritans..."
"...They were my good friends, both;and many a pleasant walk have we had along this path, and returned merrily after midnight. I would fain be friends with you for thier sake."
holds a serpant staff
woman proclaims that he is the devil
Christian woman, reveals herself as a witch
announces that the old man is the devil
STYLE & TONE
strong use of imagery and diction
ex: to enhance darkness
"He had taken a dreary road, darkened by all the gloomiest trees of the forest, which barely stood aside to let the narrow path creep through, and closed immediately behind"
even the righteous have given in to temptations at some point
loss of innocence
Traveler : Eve
FAITH'S PINK RIBBON
pink associated with innocence, purity
starts off with ribbon on cap, represents her innocence but later falls from the sky, illustrating her loss of innocence and purity after being drawn in by the devil
YOUNG GOODMAN BROWN
The 'traveler' represents his own inner devil.
"...the second traveler was about fifty years old, apparently in the same rank of life as Goodman Brown, and bearing a considerable resemblance to him..."
They are both the same age but the reason why the traveler is 'older' than Goodman is because he is aged with wisdom. He has attained the knowledge of evil.
Young= naiive, good, easily tempted
Faith - most pure hearted, was still capable of falling into devil's realm
THE OLD MAN
snakes represents evil
Represents the power of temptation
The moment when he woke up from his 'dream' alone in the forest, he realized that he lost his wife, Faith. She was everything he believed in, pure, righteous, innocent. He lost faith in everything he believed in; he lost faith in the church; he lost faith in the people he trusted. Everything...
REPRESENTED BROWN'S SPIRITUAL FAITH
goes on a one night journey
leaves his wife Faith who pleads not to be left alone because she's scared
he leaves anyways
Brown goes to the dark forest where he fears the worst but stumbles upon another man who looks like an older version of himself
The old man carries a snake shaped staff
The elder man guides him on the journey, Brown complains about needing rest and wanting to return to home
Old man offers him his staff to walk faster but Brown refuses and insists on going back
Brown tells the old man about his God-honest family but, old man tells him tales about his father and men of importance of how he knew them and converted them
a woman approaches Brown and he turns back to the village, but remembers her
the woman sees the old man and calls him to be the devil
claims to be a witch
as Brown turns back to the village, the old man gives him a staff just in case he decides to go to the evil ceremony
encounters Ministers of the Church on the way to the ceremony but he promises to stay true for Faith's sake
hears a voice coming from the ceremony
convinces himself that the voice is Faith's
decides to go back to the ceremony because he believes there is no good in the world and life is not worth living anymore
as he reaches the ceremony there are:
trees on fire
recognizes people from the village and is content when he can't find his wife
people at the ceremony are asked to present converts
they drag an unknown women (her face is covered)
Brown later discovers that the woman was his wife
begs her to look above at the sky (heaven)
he only finds himself alone in the forest
next day he can't look at the once thought to be respectful people, can't even look at his wife
lives a life of misery
has a biblical allusion of Adam
as being young, he represents blissful ignorance that Adam had when he was in the Garden of Eden
after Brown is given the knowledge of the true identity of the people of his village, it symbolizes the burden of the knowledge that Adam had after he ate from the tree of good and evil
In Christian belief, the devil represents sin and temptation
Brown is tempted by the devil,
people in the village were also tempted with success
Brown founds him in the ceremony
high status of religion
follower of the Devil
Dream vs. Reality
is he going crazy?
lives in a society where doubt is prominent
because of religious beliefs
when he finds himself at the forest he "wakes up"
normality is restored
tempted in a religious and psychological manner
everyone around him wasn't the good Christians he thought they were
Allusion: the staff represents the serpent that tempted Adam and Eve in the Bible
Young Goodman Brown represents the ignorance that Old Goodman Brown doesn't possess
The traveler represents the devil
represents two things
in the ceremony he does not only lose his wife Faith but also his spiritual faith
Garden of Eden for the devil
In the bible, Garden of Eden represents blissful ignorance and happiness
the forest is dark - represents danger, obscurity, unknown, evil and death
all these things are associated with the devil, making it the Garden of Eden for the devil
Adam lost his ignorance
in the forest, Young Goodman Brown loses his ignorance
PERSON VS UNKNOWN
PERSON VS HIMSELF
wakes up from the dream, could be his subconscious
devil putting ideas of temptation into Brown
struggles with self-doubt
fights with paranoia
tries to convert Brown
Loss of Innocence
Virtue vs. Sin