**Carl Friedrich Gauss**

Introduction

Carl Friedrich Gauss (April 30,1777- February 23, 1855) was a German mathematician, astronomer, and physicist, who is noted as one of history's greatest mathematicians. He is known for his contributions in number theory, geometry, planetary astronomy, and electromagnetism. As a child, Gauss was a calculating prodigy who retained the ability to do elaborate calculations in his head. His success in mathematics began at age nineteen in Gottingen University where he studied math for three years.

The Least Squares Method

One of the many things Carl Friedrich Gauss was famous for was discovering the orbit of Ceres in 1801, which was one of the foremost problems of mathematical astronomy at that time. Among all other papers submitted, Gauss' had the most accurate calculations. He had used a method he called the least squares method to calculate the trajectory of Ceres. This was one of Gauss' major publications in 1801. By using the calculations of other astronomers, Gauss devised the method and made the perfect measurements.

Facts about Gauss

Importance

Today, Gauss' least squares method is widely embraced by many and is used in all branches of science to make more accurate calculations. It is also used mainly to detect and correct errors and miscalculations in mathematical observations and measurements to make them more useful and understandable as well. It is seen as an indispensable tool for analyzing data.

http://www.rare-earth-magnets.com/t-johann-carl-friedrich-gauss.aspx

Sources:

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/227204/Carl-Friedrich-Gauss

http://www.keplersdiscovery.com/Gauss.html

http://www.mathunion.org/index.php?id=143

In 1818, Gauss published over 70 papers in the next 12 years after researching differential geometry.

http://www.magnet.fsu.edu/education/tutorials/pioneers/gauss.html

At Gottingen University, Gauss had constructed a 17 sided polygon, now called a heptadecagon, which revealed an important connection between algebra and geometry.

Gauss' book, Disquitione Arithmeticae, represents Gauss' most significant contributions to number theory.

http://www.math.cornell.edu/~web401/steve.gauss17gon.pdf

http://www.math.rochester.edu/people/faculty/doug/UGpages/gauss.html

Gauss and his sextant appear on the 1991 10 Deutch Marks.

The Carl Friedrich Gauss Prize for Application of Mathematics is an award for those whose math research impacts the outside world.

Gauss's motto was 'pauca de matura', which means "few but ripe."

http://www.math.wichita.edu/history/men/gauss.html

The gauss(G) is a unit of measurement used to measure a magnetic field.

http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Gauss_(unit).html

In 1831, Gauss worked with physicist Wilhelm Weber and created the first electrical telegraph

Gauss and Weber made and used this telegraph to communicate and coordinate their study of geomagnetism.

Gauss made and used his own model of a magtnetometer to formulate his own laws of magnetism.

The Deutch Mark was the official currrency of Germany and is no longer printed or used.

Gauss's Disquitione Arithmeticae

The Carl Friedrich Gauss Prize for Applications in Mathematics consists of a medal and a monetary reward of 10,000 euros.

Diagram of Gauss' calculations of the orbit of Ceres

At Gottingen University, Gauss sketched the asteroids Ceres and Pallas to help himself with his calculations.

Young Gauss

Gauss and his sextant appeared on the last series of these notes, as a way honoring his contributions to surveying and cartography.

A heptadecagon

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