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The History of Computers

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Chandra Carrier

on 3 February 2015

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Transcript of The History of Computers

The Evolution of Technology
: Apple Computers is Born
By March of 1976, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak had completed the construction of their first Apple computer, The Apple I. Upon Completion, Wozniak offered their invention to HP for $800. All Departments of HP turned them down.
In May of 1976, Paul Terrell, president of Byte Shop chain, was the first person to order The Apple I after Wozniak's introduction at the Home Brew Computer Club meeting.
This first purchase created the gateway for Apple Inc. to become the powerful company that it is today.
1980 - 1982:
Apple III, and Lisa
The early 1890's brought Apple extrerme popularity. In the late 1970's Apple began to invest time into beginining the Lisa Project. The Lisa Project designed and created the LISA computer, which was an extremely advanced, user friendly computer that was the first to use GUI, or Graphical User Interphase.
1980 - 1981: Microsoft Inc. and IBM
1990 - 1995:
IBMS OS/2, Windows 3.0, and Internet Explorer
After the release of the IBM PC with MS-DOS, Microsoft became extremely popular; by the early 1990's they sold more than 100 million copies of the program. In 1990, Microsoft deepened its' posititon in operating systems with their release of Windows. By 1993, Windows softwares, especially Windows 3.0, was selling at a rate of one million copies per month. In 1995, the release of Windows 95 became so popular that it allowed Microsoft to become the leader in productivity software, and was known to possess the same easy-to-use system as Apple's Mac OS.
On December 7th, 1995, Microsoft unlocked the unlimited use of the internet with the release Internet Explorer, increasing their popularity level and changing technological history forever.
1983 - 1988:
Apple IIe, Superbowls, Macintosh, NeXT, and Lawsuits
On January 13, 1983, Apple Publically released their latest computers, the Lisa and the Apple IIe. The Lisa was oringially introduced for $9998 and the Apple IIe for $1395. Becuase of the extreme price differences, the Apple IIe excelled in popularity compared to the Lisa, and is known today as one of Apple's greatest inventions. Apple IIe's were continually on the market fot ten years post the original release date.
For the Superbowl of 1984, Apple released a ground shaking commerical based off of the novel and new movie, "1984". The commerical promoted the release of the Macintosh that was to be released on January 24th, 1984. Both the Macintosh and Lisa II were introduced, the Macintosh for $2495 and the Lisa II for $3495.
After the release of the Macintosh XL in1985, founder of Apple, Steve Jobs, releases news of his intent to start a new company of lower level Apple workers, called NeXT, and then sends Apple his letter of resignition on September 17th, 1985. Apple then preceded to file a lawsuit against Jobs, claiming that he knew of technology secrets that he may use in his new company. In November of 1985, Apple signed an agreement with Bill Gates to use Mac technology in Windows, which then lead Gates to created Excel for Macintosh.

2000 - 2015:
Xbox, Microsoft Office, Bing, Kinect, and Windows Phone
The 2000's brought continual success, popularity, and productivity for Microsoft. On November 22nd, 2005, Microsoft released their new gaming software, the Xbox. Later in 2009, Microsoft released their new, popular internet search system, Bing. After the Xbox, and Xbox 360 became increasingly popular, Microsoft released the Kinect software for the Xbox in 2010. That same year, Microsoft launched their new phone, the Windows Phone 7.
Since then, Microsoft has released new updates for Microsoft office, Windows 8, and many new smart phones. Today, it is one of the largest and wealthiest companies in the modern world.
iPhone, iPad, iPods and iMacs
With the introduction of the iPod in 2001, Apple's popularity began to greatly increase yet again. In 2003, Apple released iTunes, an online store where Apple users could purchase songs, books, movies, and more. 2006 came with the release of Macs that ran on intel chips. Finally, in 2007, Apple announced the release of their new iPhone and their new iPod Touch.
In 2008, Apple launced their new. successful App Store, where users were able to download games and applications onto their Apple devices. The iPhone 3GS was released in 2009, which was followed by the release of the iPad (pictured to the right) and iPhone 4 in 2010.
Since the death of Steve Jobs in 2011, Apple has released the iPhone 4s, iPhone 5c and 5s, and their latest model of iPhone, the iPhone 6. They created Siri, a voice controlled search engine located on the phone, and several new versions of the iPod and iPad. Apple is currently one of the most popular and most commomly used computer companies, as well as one of the most powerful and preferred.
Apple and Microsoft
Apple Inc.
Microsoft Inc.
Apple Museum: http://applemuseum.bott.org/sections/history.html
Market Watch: http://www.marketwatch.com/story/what-is-apple-really-worth-2014-05-28
Introduction to Apple II
Steve Jobs with Apple I. The fist order of these computers, placed by Byte Shop, sold for $666.66 . In December 2014, the first computer Apple I was auctioned off for $365,000.
1977 arrived with big achievements for Apple Inc. By January 3rd, Apple Computer, Inc. was officially created after the company is incorporated. Mike Markkula invests $92,000 in Apple, with intent to invest $250,000.
After the successful purchase of the Apple I, Jobs and Wozniak immediately began designing prototypes for the Apple II computer. The official design for the Apple II was publicly released in April for $1295.
Steve Jobs with the Apple II, April, 1977.
If you ask anyone today to name a computer or cell phone brand, chances are that one of the first brands that they mention will be Apple. Apple Inc. technology is extremely popular in modern society, and a large majority of people own at least one Apple device, whether it be an iPhone, iPod, iPad, or Mac.
But how exactly did Apple become the $350,000,000,000 power machine that it is today? It all began with a garage and two college drop-outs from California.
Steve Wozniak (Left) and Steve Jobs (Right), founders of Apple Inc. and creators of the first Apple computer.
Microsoft, one of today's largest and most powerful companies, was also founded in the 1970's, like Apple, and was designed and controlled by two guys from Seattle, Washington.
Today, Microsoft is one of the biggest and most popular companies in the world, and is the one greatest competitors of Apple.
Paul Allen (Left) and Bill Gates (Right). founders of Microsoft Inc.
BASIC, Altair, and Microsoft
Britannica: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/380624/Microsoft-Corporation
About Money: http://inventors.about.com/od/CorporateProfiles/a/Timeline-Of-Microsoft-Corporation.htm
During the year of 1975, two childhood friends from Seattle, Paul Allen and Bill Gates, converted BASIC into a program that was compatable for use on an early computer, the Altair. After this accomplishment, Gates and Paul founded Microsoft.

After creating Microsoft into a more popular and successful company, Gates and Paul began to refine the BASIC system so that it was accessable to those in other countries who spoke foreign languages. Gates and Paul continued to work on this project until the year 1980.
1980 and 1981 were two years that brought extreme success to Microsofts name. In 1980, International Business Machines Corporation, or IBM, asks Microsoft to produce an operating system for their first computer, the IBM PC. Microsoft purchased an operating system from another company and then edited it before renaming it Microsft Disk Operating System, or MS-DOS.
After the release of the IBM PC and MS-DOS, most manufacturers used MS-DOS as their operating system. Shortly prior to this, Microsoft became incorporated.
Princeton: https://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Apple_Lisa.html
Bill Gates in his Bellevue office, 1980
Paul Allen and Bill Gates with Altair, 1975
Old Computers: http://oldcomputers.net/lisa.html
On May 19th, 1980, Apple publically released their latest computer, the Apple III. Apple also began planning a new computer know as the Macintosh computer, or Mac. Jobs was later kicked off of the Lisa Project and moved to the Macintosh Project.
In September of 1982, the Lisa Project is declared ready for market, and is finally presented to the public in January of 1983 along with the Apple IIe
Steve Jobs with the Lisa/Macintosh computer, released January 19th, 1983
Jobs at promotion of his new company, NeXT, February 1986
Bill Gates with a copy of Windows 3.0 software, 1993.
Mac Stores and iMac
TIME Magazine:http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1873486_1873491_1873461,00.html
In 1997, Jobs returns to Apple and began planning the release of their latest computer design, the iMac. The iMac was a new, larger screened computer that was user friendly, and could be selected from a range of different color options. After the release of the iMac in 1998, Apple's popularity increased to be even higher, and became the iMac second best selling computer in August of 1998.
Apple also answered the cry of many iMac users in 1998, and created the "Store within a Store" or, Apple stores, in order to sell iMacs and repair damaged iMacs. Apple later announces 1998 to be their first profitable year since 1995.
Bill Gates at the unveiling of the orginial Xbox
By Chandra Carrier
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