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Transcript of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
a presentation by Tyler McEachern The Stigma The main stigma associated with O.C.D. is that it's characterized by being excessively organized or performing obsessive hand washing. The stigma that OCD labels you as a freak of nature often causes people to hide their disorder. About 10% of people with OCD hide their symptoms or go untreated. Those suffering with OCD are incredibly self-conscious. Thesis: OCD is a perplexing and misunderstood disorder which has serious consequences on the individual and those around them. What is OCD? Obessive-Compulsive Disorder is a type of anxiety disorder that can be characterized by recurrent, persistent thoughts and feelings and repetitive, ritualized behaviors Obsessions Uncontrollable thoughts or impulses that are recurring in a person's mind
Involuntary, causing the individual a tremendous amount of stress and distress
Common obsessions: fear of germs and dirt, thoughts of harming another person, or unwanted sexual thoughts Compulsions Actions carried out by those with OCD in attempts to neutralize the feeling of one's obsessions
excessive hand washing, checking locks, ordering/arranging, counting, and sometimes knocking... "I do not have OCD OCD OCD."
- Emilie Autumn, an American singer-songwriter, poet, and violinist with bipolar disorder. Quick Knowledge • Those with OCD often know that their behaviour is irrational, but they cannot stop it
• Those with it are ashamed and embarrassed or even unaware they have a treatable disorder
• Confused with other disorders with depression, bipolar disorder, and ADHD
•Average 9 year time span before an accurate diagnosis of OCD arises
•Hoarding is often mistaken for a symptom of OCD – but it has been classified as its own disorder, which Marty will explain in detail “OCD often takes up as much space in life as the sufferer allows it, pressing on the child’s abilities to function, always ready to make more and more things difficult or impossible on particularly bad days”
- (Anxietycare.org) Etiology of OCD Genetic factors play a large role in determining whether or not somebody has OCD. OCD effects men and women equally, however boys seem to develop the disorder earlier, while girls develop it in late teenage years.
Regulating of Brain Chemistry: Those with OCD have insufficient serotonin levels.
All medications used to treat OCD and many other anxiety disorders raise the levels of serotonin in the brain.
Genetics: siblings and children of a person with OCD have a greater chance of developing OCD than someone with no family history of the disorder.
Behavioural theory: those with OCD associate certain objects or situations with fear, and they learn to avoid the things they fear- or to resort to performing beneficial rituals that help reduce the fear.
Cognitive theory: the cognitive theory focuses on how people with OCD misinterpret their own thoughts. Celebrities with OCD Treatment 2 primarily effective treatments Most effective treatment is cognitive behaviour therapy
Specifically a technique called exposure and response prevention
Exposure to their obsessions in a controlled environment, designed to slowly make anxiety become "boring" Medication wise, SSRIs (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors) are a widely used medication for anxiety disorders, depression, and some personality disorders. Discussion Questions 1. What do you think you could do personally to help somebody treat and eventually overcome their Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder?
2. At what age do you think Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder becomes most difficult to cope with?
3. Do you think that in the past, somebody would be hospitalized for having OCD? Why or why not? That conludes my seminar- thanks for listening, and hopefully you learned something! However, a small minority do not improve from conventional treatments- one of the few remaining options is neurosurgery, or deep brain stimulation, where a brain pacemaker is implanted which sends electrical impulses to specific parts of the brain. “ … ‘Magical thinking’ emerges: though he knows it is far-fetched, a child finds himself compelled to scratch his right shoulder if he scratches his left shoulder so his mother will be less likely to die in a car accident”
-(Childmind.org on childhood OCD)