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Ancient Roman Agriculture
Transcript of Ancient Roman Agriculture
Their staple crop is wheat allowing bread to
be a main food on the table for Romans.
The more land people owned, the more important
it would be in the city.
Soldiers were rewarded with land from the commander they served.
The Romans relied on slaves to do the farming for them. so when Rome came in contact with the
Greeks, they improved their farming methods.
They learned crop rotation, causing Rome to reach their height in production. There was a lot of buying between the provinces of the empire (which were all economically relying on each other or interdependent)
Some provinces specialized in producing grain, others in wine and others in olive oil, depending on the soil type Types of Roman Tools of Roman Agriculture
There are certain types of Roman tools used for farming.
1- The Plow: A frame with a sharp stick that was dragged into the soil to make a furrow (long narrow tench for crops to grow in)
2- Sickles: First made with wood and anial jaw bones, slaves and farmers used sickles to cut barley and wheat crops as well for the grass to feed cattle. A Plow A Sickle A Turf Cutter A Rake A Roman Hoe Blade The End! The Four systems of Farm Management
Romans had four systems of farm management:
1- Direct work by owner and his family (up to them if the family wants to do the work)
2- Tenant farming or sharecropping where the owner and a tenant divides up a farm's produce
3- Forced labor by slaves owned by aristocrats and supervised by slave managers
4- Other arrangements in which a farm was leased and some Romans raised snails as luxury food. 3- Turf Cutters and Rakes:
Rakes had iron prongs fixed into a strong wooden frame (often oak). They were used to loosen soil before sowing (spreading seeds into the Earth).
Turf cutters were wooden shafts and a strong iron head (it's like a shovel). They were often used to open new roads and build defenses around the empire, but they were also used to break hard, rocky soil. The Decline in Roman Agriculture
Farmers had problems with their land.
1- They couldn't predict when pests and weather
2- The farmer's soil was overworked.
3- The farmers didn't work to make new technology for better farmland.
4- During the war, soldiers trampled crops.
That made agriculture suffer, the people hungered and have disease, making the in population become smaller.
Thus agriculture became weaker in Rome. Some crops the Romans planted were grapes- Used for wine
olives- For oil
grain- Wheat for bread
dates Tools of Roman agriculture URLS Used for this project 1- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_agriculture
(used for parts 2-5, and 10-11)
(used for parts 7-9)
(used for part 6)