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Holocaust Survivors: Eugene Black
Transcript of Holocaust Survivors: Eugene Black
Eugene was born in Munkacs, Czechoslovakia in 1928. He had three sisters and one brother.
Eugene's mother came from a Jewish family, but she did not make religion a big part of Eugene's life.
Eugene and his family lived in Hungary when the German Nazis took control on May 19, 1944.
All Jews we forced to wear the Star of David and to live in ghettos.
Eugene, his family, and many other Jews were forced into military lorries by the SS. They were taken out of the ghetto and transported to railway cattle trucks.
Eugene was separated from his family and taken to Auschwitz Birkenau.
Eugene was stripped of his clothes, showered, shaved, and given a striped uniform with a number - 55546.
At Auschwitz, Eugene was selected for slave labor. He was sent to Little Camp at Buchenwald and then to Dora Mittelbau in the Harz Mountains. Dora Mittelbau was were the German Nazis stored their V-1 and V-2 missiles.
Eugene was forced to load small trucks with rocks.
While working with little rest and on small portions, Eugene caught pneumonia. A Germn doctor saved his life.
After overcoming this illness, he was sent to Bergen Belson. He describes Bergen Belson as "a hellhole".
On April 15, 1945, the British Army freed Eugene and many other Jews of Nazi control.
Eugene found out that he had only one remaining family member, his brother. His brother was an officer in the Czech Army.
After being freed, Eugene worked as an interpreter for the British Army. While working, he met his future wife, Annie.
Today Eugene lives in Leeds with his family. He talks about his experiences at schools, prisons, and community organizations. His oldest daughter, Lilian, is the Chair of the Holocaust Survivors Friendship Association (HSFA).
Eugene later married Annie and had four children. He decribes Annie as, "my savior".