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The Evolution of Education

Digital artefact made for Coursera Edc Mooc

Marinas Shemesh

on 26 February 2013

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Transcript of The Evolution of Education

Digital Artefact
There are still people who get a much better education than others

Teachers are worried that students will not think anymore

Sensorship Teachers were worried that calculators would make
students too lazy to think for themselves….

Sounds familiar? Various types of primary schools were established.

In 1880 Britain introduced compulsory education for 5 – 10 year olds. Poor families often preferred sending their children to work for extra income. So let’s have a brief look
at the history of
education to see what we can learn Where will this endless
immergence into

lead us? You decide But where will we end …
? Anybody with a device and an Internet connection can learn anything under the sun
24/7 Everything
Nothing What
has changed the last thousand
years? In the late 20th century we got the personal computer and the Internet.

And as we barely entered the 21th century, we already have smart phones, tablets, Wi-fi and MOOCs 1917 – in the USA radio was used to broadcast music education programs
1930 – the overhead projector is used in classrooms
1950 – Educational programs are broadcasted over the television
1959 – The photocopier was invented

Even more tools! 20th Century More and more inventions (tools) assist in education such as

the typewriter (1867)
the magic lantern (1870)
the Dewy Decimal system (1876)
mass-produced pencils and paper (1900)

Teachers must have felt overwhelmed/ excited/ worried....sounds familiar? Martin Luther felt that people should be able to read and interpret the Bible by themselves. He fought against the Catholic Church that felt people should not think, "lest they get hurt.“

Sounds a bit like sensorship - doesn't it ? 1483-1546 Martin Luther Priests give free education to the boys of the parish. Only the daughters of rich families were allowed to attend some of the classes.

These monastic schools eventually developed into universities in the major European cities.

Stained glass windows, paintings and sculpture was used to teach Biblical stories to illiterate people.

Today it is called 'visual assisted learning' Boys, even those from poor families, were send to school for a few years. They studied music, drama, history and literacy. Girls received no formal education.

Young boys learned the alphabet first by song and then by copying the letters on a waxed wooden tablet.
Sound familiar? He gave us the Socrates’ Method –

the teacher asks the student a number of questions that leads the student to understand the material and formulate his own conclusion. Boys from wealthy families was send to schools to learn to read and write hieroglyphics and do mathematics.

They learnt by memorizing and copying old texts. Very boring but at least they got good jobs such as lawyers, accountants and scribes. Cavemen may not have had schools but children learnt important survival skills such as making fire, hunting and learning which roots are edible.

Teaching was one-to-one and VERY interactive. Pre-history But we can learn from

George Santayana:
“Those who cannot remember the
past are condemned to repeat it.” …or maybe a bit
of everything… We shall live in a wonderful world where nobody is sick, old, overweight
or just having a bad-hair day. Utopia The Evolution
Education Late 20 th Century Hello World! 1970 Hand-held Calculators This is what Thomas Edison said in 1913 about teaching with motion pictures:

“Books will soon be obsolete in the schools. Scholars will soon be instructed through the eye. It is possible to teach every branch of human knowledge with the motion picture. Our school system will be completely changed in ten years.”

Off by a few years – wasn’t he? The use of television By the end of the 19th century high schools were established. The age for compulsory education was raised to ages 14 or 15 in the USA and Britain.

The good old days :) ..today you never stop
learning. High schools The blackboard was invented and is still used today 19th Century 500 – 1600 AD The Middle Ages 500-400BC Greece & Rome Probably the world’s oldest known teacher (he taught Plato and Xenophon) 0470 – 0399 BC Socrates 3100BC Ancient Egypt We cannot predict the future, We will be bred to produce
energy for machines like in
The Matrix Dystopia Wow did not know it was such an old
teaching method! Some teaching tools: Nothing Everything Baby - http://www.publicdomainpictures.net
Crystal ball - http://www.flickr.com/photos/katerha/4436395036/
Calculator - Keith S Brown
Computer - Blake Patterson
Others from Wikipedia
All are in the public domain or have a
creative commons license Photos Music Anton Steklov - Bach J S - Präludioum in C-Dur http://www.last.fm/music/+free-music-downloads/classical by Marina
Full transcript