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ASL Myths and Misconceptions
Transcript of ASL Myths and Misconceptions
on Deafness ASL is the same as English? ASL IS A UNIVERSAL LANGUAGE MYTH OR FACT? Why isn't ASL used in England or other English speaking countries? Myth or Fact? Myth!
ASL has a completely different grammar structure than English. Examples: SUBJECT + OBJECT + VERB ENGLISH: I'm going to the store.
ASL: ME STORE GO-TO NOUN + VERB ENGLISH: Send the letter
ASL: LETTER SEND QUESTION COMES LAST ENGLISH: WHO IS THE BOY?
ASL: BOY WHO? FACIAL EXPRESSIONS: Are you from New York?
Are you a student?
Do you have a sister? Example of YES/No Questions Who is the boy?
What is your name?
Where do you live? Example of WH-Questions Regular Careless WRITE verses WRITE RECENTLY RECENTLY
(Last week) (Just happened) RECENTLY YEAH-I-KNOW-THAT MYTH!
ASL is American Sign Language and is used in America and in the English speaking parts of Canada. Every country has their own independent sign language. There is Italian Sign Language, French Sign Language, Japanese Sign Language, Chinese Sign Language, Mexican Sign Language, Australian Sign Language, Swedish Sign Language, German Sign Language, etc... And the list goes on! Historically speaking, ASL came from France by a man named Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet. He was an American who was trying to find a way to improve Deaf Education. He sailed to France to study their methods and brought it back to America where it became standardized. All deaf people can read lips Myth or Fact? Myth!
Only 5% of deaf people can skillfully read lips. Why? Only 30% of the sounds are actually made on the lips. The other 70% are made inside the mouth making it difficult to see.
Try watching TV with no sound. This is exactly what a deaf person experiences on a daily basis. Deaf people who don't speak properly or who make noises when they sign are less intelligent or can't learn. Myth or Fact? Myth!
There is no connection between speech and intelligence. Deaf people can't hear themselves talk so they are unable to make the sounds correctly. When deaf people sign, they will sometimes make noises as they can't hear themselves.
Hearing people can hear themselves speak and therefore are able to pick up speech from the time they are born. Two deaf people who marry will have deaf children. Myth or Fact? Myth!
Only 10% of deaf children are born to deaf parents. 90% of deaf children are born to parents who can hear. If you marry a deaf person, you will have a deaf child. Myth or Fact? Myth!
Very few deaf people actually have the deaf gene. The majority of deaf people become deaf through a childhood illness or a form of nerve damage. Both which are not genetic. Deaf people can't use the phone. Myth or Fact? Myth!
With technology today, deaf people are able to send text messages, email, and use webcams on their phones to communicate. There also a device called a Video Phone that allows deaf people to call any hearing person. Taking a few sign language classes means that I can start an interpreter program or teach ASL. Myth or Fact? Myth!
It takes an average of 8-10 years to become fluent in any language. To enter an interpreter program, several ASL courses need to be taken. Many people who enter interpreter programs have been actively signing for several years. To teach ASL, a degree in the field is needed as well as training. Deaf people benefit from hearing aids Myth or Fact? Myth!
Hearing aids only enhance sounds. They are not miracle cures. Deaf people have different types of hearing losses. Some deaf people have severe hearing losses from severe nerve damage where a hearing aid would not benefit them. Others may not be as severe.
Hearing also occurs in the brain, not your ears. ASL is not a true language because it doesn't have a written component Myth or Fact? Myth!
Only 30% of the world's languages contain a written component. English is part of that 30%.
There are between 6,000-8,000 languages in the world. Out of those, 2,000 are signed languages not using a written form. The fingerspelling alphabet makes up a large component of ASL. Myth or Fact? Myth!
Only 10% of ASL is made up of the alphabet. Typically, the alphabet is only used for names of people, titles of books or movies, name brands, and names of cities/towns. ASL can be directly translated into English Myth or Fact? Myth!
Each language has its own grammar and structure that can't be directly translated over. ASL is no different.
English: That color looks good on you.
ASL: YOU COLOR AGREE Because ASL has no written component, literature and poetry can't be established Myth or Fact? Myth!
ASL uses space in 3 dimensions to establish its grammar so it can't be written. However, ASL uses what is called ORAL LITERATURE meaning that it is passed on from family to family or person to person through signing. Many folktales, ASL poetry, storytelling, deaf humor, and literature has been captured on film for people to study and learn about the unique views of Deaf culture. Deaf people can't appreciate music Myth or Fact? Both
Many deaf people love the feel of the bass and vibrations that music puts out. There are some bands who are deaf! Really, it all depends on the deaf person. Some deaf absolutely love music and know more about it than a hearing person. Then there are deaf people who don't understand the concept. Its really a preference. Hearing parents who have deaf children know sign language Myth!
Only 25% of hearing parents actually learn some sign language. The other 75% never learn. Questions?