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Ottoman Empire - Snapshot.

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by

Cathy Schick

on 14 June 2013

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Transcript of Ottoman Empire - Snapshot.

1299 AD to 1923AD
Founded the Ottoman Empire
Osman I
1281 - 1326
at the age of 18
600 years
the same time as Medieval Knights
and the crusades
the ottoman empire lasted...
Central Asia
Anatolia [modern day Turkey]
Osman moved to Anatolie and was given lands for loyal service by the current Overlords the Seljuk Turks.
Osmanli (Ottoman)
Turcoman tribes, like Osman's own, had been settling in Anatolia since 1071, when the Seljuk Turks defeated the Greek Byzantine Empire, Which led to them being able to take control of all of Anatolia (Turkey).
When the Mongols, from beyond China (Genghis Khan), defeated the Seljuk’s in 1243, the Turcoman Principalities became autonomous fiefdoms (land over which one dominant person or group exercises complete control).
Egypt
Modern day Arabia
Modern day Africa
Italy
Spain
France
Towards the end of the 13th Century (late 1200’s), Mongol power was in decline and the Turcoman chiefs assumed greater independence.
Who only had to pay the Mongols tribute.
The Empire was named after him.
Osman = Osmanli
European nations mistakenly called them the Ottomans, and this is why they are still called this in Western Society today.
Began during the late European Middle Ages (Medieval Times).
500 to 1400 AD
Seljuk Turks
Mongols
Byzantine
Islam
Judaism, Shamanism
Christianity
The Enlightenment
1750's
Ottoman Empire
Influenced and Influenced by
The Renaissance
1400's
Europeans rediscovered
Ancient Greek Literature through the Ottoman's and Asia.
Who had translated the texts into Arabic.
Spreading from Europe, West to the East.
Brought, along with other ideas, the idea's of Nationalism and Independence to the many countries under Ottoman Rule.
Caused Independence wars and the break up of the Ottoman Empire, as well as the eventual break up of other Empires.
Ottoman Empire was an Islamic Empire. But in the lands they took over there were Christians (Byzantine), Jerusalem and the Jews, Shamanism (Mongol).
Ottoman Empire came after these great Empires grew weak, taking over the countries and different people that lived in them.
In all these instances of Influence, Trade was a major highway, of not just goods, but ideas.
Trade
Europe
Asia
All these religions were allowed to be practiced in the Ottoman Empire.
From
At the time of settlement Islamic warriors moved from Central Asia into Anatolia (modern day Turkey) when the Seljuk Turks defeated the Byzantines in the 11th Century, pushing the Byzantines back to Constantinople, opening the way for Islamic Ghazis to occupy more and more of Byzantium.
Osman I, was also known as Osman Ghazi
He considered himself a Ghazi - the Ghazi were Islamic Soldiers of God, meant to spread the one true faith to other people.
The beginning of the Ottoman Empire
However the correct term, would be the Osmanli Empire.
Constantinople
Osman remained loyal to the Seljuk Dynasty until his death. His sons Orhan and Aladdin however declared the Osmanli Empire Independent during Ochan's reign, and thus began the Empire building of the Osmanli Turkomans. But that is another story...
Conqueror of Constantinople.
5 x Great Grandson of Osman I
Full transcript