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Palace of Versailles

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Morgan Edwards

on 11 May 2015

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Transcript of Palace of Versailles

Apartments of Marie-Antoinette
The Queen's Grand Apartments
Mesdames Apartments
Palace of Versailles

Completed in 1710
In French monarchy, the King was chosen by God
During coronation process, the King became God's "lieutenant" on Earth, paintings and sculptures evoke that process
Each day at 10 a.m., Court would attend the King's mass
Music of the Chapel would sing the motets each day during the service
Half dome above the organ shows Christ appearing in glory of the Resurrection
Above the Gallery, the descent of the Holy Spirit symbolized by the a Dove which must inspire the King's actions

The Royal Chapel
Mistress of Louis XV
Met at The Yew Tree Ball in the Hall of Mirrors which celebrated the marriage of the Daulphin to Maria Theresa
Lived their from 1745 to 1750 where she was moved to the ground floor and became neighbors to the King's daughters
In 1750 she became his friend but still continued to be his confidante
Apartment of the Marquise de Pompadour
73 meters long, 357 mirrors, and 17 arches of windows
Compositions in the arch, painted by Le Brun, illustrates the history of Louis XIV
Economic wealth shown by the mirrors - luxury objects at time
Where Treaty of Versailles was signed which ended WWI on June 28, 1919
Hall of Mirrors
Official residence of monarchy from 1682-1790
Originally a hunting lodge
Expanded by Louis XIV in the late 1660s
Opened on May 6, 1682; was made the capital kingdom
The War Salon
The Peace Salon
The Battles Gallery
Opéra Royal

Queen's Chamber
Antechamber of the Grand Couvert

The Congress Room
The Nobles Salon

The Guard Room

Le Cabinet Doré - Gilded Study

The Cabinet of the Meridian
The Mesdames

Madame Victorie
Madame Adelaide
Madame Victorie's Large Chamber

Interior Chamber for Madame Adelaide

Madame Adelaide's Bedchamber

Hoqeutons Salon

Apartments of the Dauphin and Dauphine
The Dauphin & Dauphine
Louis XV's Son
Marie Josephe de Saxe
Dauphin's Library
Dauphine's Bedchamber
Dauphin's Large Study
King's Grand Apartments
The Apollo Salon

The Mars Salon

The Diana Salon

The Hercules Salon

King's Chamber
King's Chamber

The Bulls Eye Salon

The Council Study

King's Interior Apartments
Cabinet des Chiens

King's Interior Cabinet

Dressing Room of Louis XVI

The Clockwork Room

Palace of Versailles By: Morgan Edwards
Decorations show military victories that led to peace of Nijmegen
On wall, shows Louis XIV on horseback trampling over enemies with two prisoners supporting him
Below that, Clio, the Muse of History, is writing the future for the King
The ceiling shows France in the center armed with and sitting on a cloud and surrounded by Victories- Victoria was goddess of victory
Represents Kings of three conquered enemies
Germany- kneeling with an eagle
Holland- upside down on a lion
Spain- threating with a roaring lion
Opened on June 10, 1837
Louis-Philippe brought together 33 main battle that involved France
Gallery shows 80 busts of famous officers that had been killed in combat
Shows France had grown through combats - enter a new era of peace
Inaugurated in 1770
Had celebrations, shows, and parliamentary debates here
Holds up to 1,336 spectators
Theater floors can be raised to height of stage floor by winches
On May 16, 1770 it was used for celebrations of the marriage of Louis XVI & Marie-Antoinette
Paintings evoke war, agriculture, trade, industry, and peace
Painting above the podium shows Couder depicting the meeting of the Estates General in 1789 - this symbolizes peace
National Assembly met here
Spent most of her time here, slept here
19 births took place here that were open to the public
Invaded on October 6, 1789, Marie-Antoinette escaped through hidden door
Public meals were held here
Because of boredom, Marie-Antoinette always asked for music, thats why there is a platform for musicians
While eating, Marie-Antoinette never removed her gloves or used her serviette (napkin)
Day and night - 12 bodyguards did their service here
On October 6, 1789, the people who broke in tried to reach the Queen's apartments
Entertain family & friends
Play music with her teacher Gretry
Pose for her favorite painter - Madame Vigee-Lebrun
Named because large amounts of gold on wood
With shape of room, had cut sides, made it possible for Marie-Antoinette's servants to pass through her bedchamber with out disturbing her when she would rest here
When she gave birth to an heir, the room was redecorated with new woodworks
Dolphins evoke children
Roses, Hapsburg eagle, peacock, and symbol of Juno, Queen of Gods, were allusions to the Queen
The Mesdames were the six daughters of Louis XV
Lived at Versailles in 1752, only two of them stayed during Revolution
A former bathchamber of Louis XIV, the Mesdames had the decor replaced in 1763
Only woodwork in corners and chimney remain
Victorie played the harpsichord in here
Mozart dedicated his first six sonatas for harpsichord to her
The frames of the of the overdoors are reused from Madame de Pompadour's room
Natoire painted 4 represented four allegories:
Guards called "Hoquetons" because of their tunics they wore
A decor done in trompe-l'oeil represents weapons, trophies, and statues in false niches
"Clock of the Creation of the World" by Joseph-Francois Dupleix shown here
Wanted to give it to an Indian Prince
Dauphin-eldest son of the King of France
Dauphine- Dauphin's wife
Occupied Louis XV's son & his second wife from 1747-1765
During Revolution, Louis XVII lived here

Place where Marie-Josephe de Saxe gave birth to Louis XVI, Louis XVIII, and Charles X
The overdoors, painted by Jean Restout, are the only original remaining decor
Painting show religious scenes:
The Nativity by Noel Nicolas Coype
Saint Joseph Holding the Child Jesus on His Knees by Louis de Silvestre
Dauphin asked for the overdoors to portray his sisters Elisabeth, Henriette, Adélaide, and Victorie with attributes of the Four Elements
Now on display in Sao Paola Museum in Brazil
Globe show above and under water
Made for Louis XVI's son for educational purposes
Apollo- Sun God and God of Arts & Peace
Louis XIV called him most luxurious of all
Silver furniture and 2.60 meter silver armchair was melted down in 1689
Gilded wooden armchair replace Louis XIV's throne
Draperies corresponded with season
Winter- crimson velvet with 18 bands of gold and silver embroidery
Summer- gold and silver on silk
Mars- God of War
Held evening soirees and ballets here
Sometimes the Princes were in the ballets
Ceiling shows Mars on a chariot with wolves
"The Pilgrims of Europe" & Family of Darius before Alexander showed that French painters could rival Italian painters
Served as billiard room during evening soirees
Two platforms where the ladies applauded King Louis XIV for his brilliant strokes
Sometimes called "Chamber of Applause'
Diana- Goddess of Hunting
Mouldings decorated with hunting scenes of the antiquity (ancient past)
Completed in 1736
In 1664, the Doge, the chief magistrate of Venice or Genoa, gave Louis XIV
The Meal at the House of Simon
so Louis XIV would support him against the Turks
Apotheosis of Hercules
Painted by Fracois Lemoyne
Shows "Virtue raises man above himself"
Meant to rival pieces by the Italian fresco painters
Painted on a primed canvas - glued on the support
Painter committed suicide shortly after this work
1701, Louis XIV moved his bed chamber here to face the rising sun
Where he lunched in some privacy
Likely place where he died on September 5, 1715
In 1755, Louis XV combined two rooms
King's Study- held ministerial councils for financial & state matters
Terms Study- Louis XIV retired with his family or inner circle for supper
Decorations feature designs of trophies and attribute to the army and navy
Where a courtier, a person who attends a royal court as a companion to the King or Queen, waited to be admitted to the royal bed chamber
Entrance guarded by Swiss Guards
Louis XV allowed his favorite dogs to sleep here
Usually inhabited by the valets of the interior apartments
Called "garcon bleus" or blue boys because of the color of their uniform
"Corner Room"
Where Louis XV went to the balcony and watched funeral procession taking away Madame de Pompadour in 1764
Desk was one of the first that granted the King's wish of being able to leave papers on the desk out of sight
Entered through hidden door in bed chamber
Installed for Louis XV in 1738
Decor shows main parts of government
Commerce, agriculture, navy, war, science, and arts
Place dedicated to work
King's serious & industrous character shows here
Louis XV interested in sciences, especially astronomy
Clock shows time, day of week, month, year, moon quarters, and planets revolving around the Sun
Crystal ball shows the Sun and planets based on the Copernicus's Planetary System
Used to determine the first offical time system throughout he kingdom

Le Brun painted the cupola, small dome, and ceiling panels with benefits of the peace from France given to Europe
In reign of Louis XV, Marie Leszczinska, wife of Louis XV, held religious concerts here every Sunday
Ceiling painting shows France carried on a chariot led by peace doves
Followed by grace & immortality
Symbols referring to peace reached in marriage
Marie Leszczinska entertiane her circle of friends here under a large canopy
Marie-Antoinette had it redecorated
Only kept ceiling painting by Michel Corneille
Got rid of delicate French fashion, example - floral designs, for the English designs at the time - square furniture and mahogany
Study for Louis XV's son, and later Louis XVI
Louis XV's son sang, played organ. and performed chamber music with his sisters
Music soothed Louis XV
Decor- angels playing instruments & sea landscapes
Was Madame de Popadour's red lacquer cabinet
Layout evokes Madame Adelaides style
According to the Coutness of Boigne she "had an extreme need for the studied elegance invented by luxury"
Chateau de Versailles. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2015. <http://en.chateauversailles.fr/homepage>.
Dyer, Kim. "Palace of Versailles." Versailles. N.p., 6 Mar. 1995. Web. 8 May 2015. <http://www.castles.org/castles/Europe/Western_Europe/France/france6.htm>.
This Is Versailles. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2015. <http://thisisversaillesmadame.blogspot.com/p/welcome-to-versailles.html>.
"Versailles." History Lines. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2015. <http://www.historylines.net/history/17th_cent/versailles.html>.
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