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What is Andragogy?

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Ashleigh Grindrod

on 4 November 2016

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Transcript of What is Andragogy?

In 1968, Malcolm Knowles introduced an interesting perspective on the concept of adult learning. This was defined as helping adults learn differently through science and thus was contrasted with the pedagogy learning style; the science of helping all children learn. It was this perspective that changed current thinking and Andragogy became increasingly famous for theorists who were trying to separate adult and child education (Knowles, 1980).
Limitations of Andragogy?
5 Assumptions of Adult Learners:

Self-concept- moving from dependent to self directed learner as one matures
Adult Learner Experience- as one matures, experience enables increasing resources for learning
Readiness to Learn- as one matures, goals become orientated in line with ones social roles
Orientation to Learning- as one learns new knowledge, one wants to apply it immediately
Motivation to Learn- motivation to learn comes from internal factors as one matures
Self-concept- I attain the ability to work independently in all aspects of my personal and professional life. Working as a dental nurse, I was soley responsible for the running of the surgery and I believe it was this stage of my life that I became confident in self-directing. Ensuring the surgery was consistently clean and organised was my top priority, thus I believe the internal motive i had aquired to self-direct and ensure I could work to my full potential helped achieve this. Following this, returning to academic studies as a mature student has also strengthened this skill as I have learnt to work on assignments autonomously.

Adult Learner Experience- The ability to apply extensive knowledge of my career to my academic studies. Returning back to university after working as a nurse has proved beneficial towards my personal development. I have entered my academic studies with strong organisational skills and the ability to work well under pressure. Gaining conflict resolution skills throughout my job role has also been successfully applied to situations at university.

Readiness to Learn- Ensuring I perform to the best of my abilities in any situation to become the best role model for my son. As I would like to progress in to the accountancy field, my readiness to learn is at its highest to ensure I am able to successfully progress into different social roles.

Orientation to Learning- Continuously attaining new information and putting it to use within my career or studies. This was highlighted during university as I was able to learn different team working roles and methods and able implement them in to the workplace immediately.

Motivation to Learn- Adopting Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs (Huitt, 2007), ensures that I stay motivated in all aspects of my life. I have adopted this theory since the first year of my academic studies as I feel I strongly connect with it.
As the E-Learning module involves a large amount of self directed learning, I feel that I have the ability to perform to my potential as I thrive in self-directed environments. Communication with other students is also encouraged through the use of online discussion boards and Google plus.
Currently I do not have any previous experience learning online, however, I plan to take advantage of the use of discussion boards/google plus and work effectively with my tutor
My readiness to learn and motivation are enhanced through the use of new software and gaining the ability to develop computer skills in areas I had not attained previously

I now have the ability to self-direct my own learning using a variety of software, different researching methods and working efficiently towards deadlines
I am able to apply my previous experiences in nursing to current situations to aid my learning
I have always been aware of my reason to study; to provide a better life for my family
Gaining new social roles has increased my readiness to learn; dental nurse mentor
Improving E-Learning Skills through the use of Adult Learning Theory
Improving Future Learning Through Adult Learning Theory
To keep a reflective diary and reflect daily on life's experiences to aid learning further

Strengthening motivation through the use of different motivation theories

Ensuring I learning from any mistakes and plan accordingly for future situations

Continuation of self-directed learning through the use of daily goals

Adopting hands on learning methods as much as possible
What is Andragogy?
My Personal Relation to the Adult Learning Theory
Room for Improvements?
Adult Learning Theory
It only focuses on each individual and does not operate from critical social agendas or help debate societies relationship to adult education
(Merriam, 2001)
An adult that has no knowledge on a certain topic will rely heavily on the teacher (pedagogy style) whilst a child may show self-directed learning outside of school hours
(Merriam, 2001)
Ashleigh Grindrod
Adult Learning within E-Learning Development?

Taking into consideration the previous characteristics of Andragogy, it is clear that it poses an interesting perspective on the concept of adult learning. Furthermore, it seems there are many opportunities that lie ahead for Andragogy within research and practice, despite its limitations
Huitt, W., 2007. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. [Online]
Available at: http://www.edpsycinteractive.org/topics/conation/maslow.html
[Accessed 1 November 2016].
Knowles, M. S., 1980. The Modern Practice of Adult Education: From Pedagogy to Andragogy. Second ed. New York: Cambridge Books.
Knowles, M. S., Holton, E. F. & Swanson, R. A., 2005. The Future of Andragogy. In: The Adult Learner: The Definitive Classic in Adult Education and Human Resource Development. s.l.:Routledge Publishers, p. 238.
Merriam, S. B., 2001. New Directions for Adults and Continuing Education. 89 ed. s.l.:John Wiley & Sons.
Merriam, S. B., 2001. New Directions for Adults and Continuing Education. 89 ed. s.l.:John Wiley & Sons.
Shuell, T., 2016. Theories of Learning. [Online]
Available at: http://www.education.com/reference/article/theories-of-learning/
[Accessed 3 November 2016].

To ensure I familiarise myself with all the correct online tools related to E-Learning to ensure I can work autonomously

To discuss E-learning tools and collaborate with other peers to widen my knowledge base within E-Learning

Challenge myself with new learning opportunities that fall in line with my expected social roles

Engage in certain E-Learning experiences that may help solve regular problems that I encounter
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