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World War II

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Marci Ward

on 30 April 2015

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Transcript of World War II

1931: Japan invades Manchuria (China) to expand empire
1938: Germany annexes (takes over) Austria to unify German speaking people

Another Treaty violation --> No Response from L of N
Appeasement: giving someone what they want to avoid conflict

Munich Conference (1938): BR and FR give Hitler Sudetenland (part of Czech.), he promises no more invasions
Isolationism and Neutrality
US Response
World War II
War Begins!
The War in Europe
Blitzkrieg ("lightning war")- German surprise attacks using planes and tanks, followed by infantry invasion

Germany takes over most of Europe
The War Expands
1939: Hitler and Stalin non-aggression pact (SU won't declare war, Hitler will give Stalin part of Poland)

1940: Hitler launches surprise attack on SU, tanks freeze, invasion fails

1942: Hitler loses at Stalingrad, major turning point in the War
Japan needed oil →and to expand their empire in the Pacific

Best strategy--> surprise attack on US fleet

December 7, 1941: Attack on Pearl Harbor --> US declares war
US Joins the War
New Alliances
Allied Powers: BR, US, SU

Axis Powers: Germany, Japan, Italy
War in the Pacific
Hideki Tojo: Prime Minister of Japan during WWII

His plan: Short war, negotiate treaty with US for control over East Asia
US Strategy: free islands one at a time "island hopping"

Battle of Midway (1942): turning point, US cripples Japan's fleet
June 6, 1944: Normandy Landing (D-Day)
Goal: liberate France from Nazis

Amphibious attack: water + land

Results: heavy casualties (3,000 dead), turns tide in favor of Allies
The Holocaust
Hitler's "Final Solution": kill all Jews in Europe to create master race

Jews (+ disabled, gays, etc.) were sent to concentration camps like Auschwitz and killed

2/3 of Jews in Europe died (about 6 million)
Ending the War
V-J Day- Sept. 2, 1945
War in Europe Ends
1945: Hitler commits suicide, War in Europe ends (V-E day)
Nuremberg trials: Nazi leaders tried for "crimes against humanity"
Albert Einstein: German Jewish scientist (refugee in US) warns that Nazis may use atomic bomb against US
Manhattan Project: US developed 2 atomic bombs to use against Japan to end war sooner
Build Up to War
1935: Italy invades Ethiopia
1936: Germany places troops near France (violation of Treaty)
1937: Japan brutally invades China again
League of Nations is too weak to respond to any of these events
German Aggression
Response to Hitler
"Do you agree with the reunification of Austria with the German Reich that was enacted on 13 March 1938, and do you vote for the party of our leader Adolf Hitler?"
How would you vote?
Propaganda inside the voting booth
(Sudetenland is free!)
March 1939: Hitler violates Munich pact; invades Czech.

September 1939: Hitler invades Poland --> BR and FR declare war
1940: Nazis take control of France

British left all alone to fight in Europe

Winston Churchill inspired Britain with radio addresses
The War in Europe
End of the War
Elie Wiesel, author of Night
Full transcript