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Copy of The Philippine Press During the Japanese Interregnum

This has no connection with the title, but please stop using "huehuehuehue" to substitute laugh. Never go full retard.

Mac Bornales

on 22 July 2013

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Transcript of Copy of The Philippine Press During the Japanese Interregnum

A Sudden Pause:
The Philippine Press
During the
Japanese Interregnum

TVT Company
The Press
The Press
1942 -1945
1941 - 1942
Dec. 8, 1941 - Japanese forces entered Manila
Jan 2, 1942 – Manila declared as Open City
Apr 9, 1942 – Fall of Bataan, Death March
Philippine guerrilla movement continues to grow

Bureau of Constabulary - opposing the guerrillas
Kempeitai (Japanese military police corps)
Makapili (military group aimed to give military aid and intel to Japan)

Hukbalahap - anti-Japanese guerilla movement formed by the peasant farmers of Central Luzon
1944 - 1945
Oct 20, 1944 – return of Douglas McArthur
Oct 23-26, 1944 – battle of Leyte Gulf
Sep 2, 1945 – Japanese forces formally surrendered
Tribune, La Vanguardia, Taliba

Leading newspaper chain during its time

The only newspaper chain allowed to be published under the Japanese censorship

Liwayway – (also owned by the Roces) weekly magazine; also used as a propaganda material

January 2, 1942 – 6 Japanese forces took over TVT Company in Florentino Torres Street

January 3 – P.10 to P.05, 4-page, tabloid-like Tribune was released

David T. Boguslav - Tribune's assoc. editors was arrested for internment as an enemy national six days after the invasion

Editorials of the wartime Tribune were irregular affairs that dealt only on such important events (surrender of Singapore, attempted assassination of Jose P. Laurel Sr., etc.)

February 3, 1945 - the day when it put out its last issue

Depended exclusively on the Japanese-operated Domei
News Agency

Osaka Mainichi Publishing Company - took over other newspapers

Manila Sinbun-sya – Japanese newspaper published in the country
Hidezo Kaneka – executive editor

Newspaper that were allowed to be published was used by the Japanese as a propaganda

Mail Censorship Act
In 1943, censorship was given the mantle of legality with the passing of the Mail Censorship Act

“All mail matters deposited in the post office for transmission wither within or outside the Philippines will, before being transmitted to their addressees,
be submitted to censorship for any hostile, unfriendly, or subversive matter, or for any matter which may impair the good and friendly relations the Philippines has with other countries or for matters which contain false and malicious propaganda intended to incite a feeling of hostility or unfriendliness against other powers

Late December, 1941 – DMHM (Debate, Mabuhay, Herald, Monday Mail), TVT’s rival company, was destroyed
Official Journal of the Japanese Military Administration

Contains proclamation, notifications, and orders of the Commander in Chief of the Japanese Imperial Forces and the Director General of the Japanese Military administration

Also contains the executive orders issued by the Chairman of the Philippine Executive Commission

Selling price: P .30 per copy
Denial of free expression during the occupation was absolute and, oftentimes, brutally enforced

Little known acts of heroism by some members of the profession worried the occupation officials to no end
Example: Story of an issue of the Taliba (sister daily in Tagalog) which showed an upside down cut of Japanese navy ships kempei-tai investigated the paper’s staff

On the whole, the basic urge of the Filipino newspaperman to express himself was suppressed with an iron hand for four long, dreary years

The Tribune carried under its masthead the proud slogan “Independent Filipino Daily”

Underground Newspapers
Written by journalist-guerillas

Typewritten or mimeographed

8 ½ x 11-inch paper

Provide the people with counter information

Despite threats that possession of a copy would mean death, the people continued to patronize them

To empower the soldiers' and people's morale and aid as counter propaganda against the Japanese
Leones, Clod (1963). The press during the Japanese regime. In Teodoro, Luis V. & De Jesus, Melinda Q. (2001), The Filipino press and media, democracy, and development (pp. 71-73). Quezon City, Philippines: University of the Philippines Press.

Sumulong, Sassy Mae C. (2002). History of Journalism in the Philippines. Oocities. Retrieved June 19, 2013, from http://rocesfamily.com/sm2002/rocesphils/japanese.htm.

Trota Jose, Ricardo (1990). The Tribune during the Japanese occupation. Philippine Studies, 38 (1), 45-64.

Rosario-Braid, Frorangel & Tuazon, Ramon R. (1999). Communication media in the Philippines: 1521-1986. Philippine Studies, 47 (3), 291-318.
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