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Does the Mesopotamian Religion Affect Their Daily Life?

Gabriele & Morris in their essay about Mesopotamia

gabriele nervini

on 15 January 2013

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Transcript of Does the Mesopotamian Religion Affect Their Daily Life?

Enlil Anu The Mesopotamians worshipped a lot of different gods and goddesses, this is know as polytheism. Each city had their own god or goddess. Mesopotamian Gods Mesopotamian Beliefs Temples How Did Religion Affect Daily Life in Mesopotamia? Every Mespotamian city was believed to belong
to a main god or goddess, who was worshipped in a great temple in the centre of the city. Ziggurat From about 2200 B.C. tall towers called ziggurats were built at he centre of each temple. Ziggurats were said to be the home of the god whose statue was inside the ziggurat.Only priests were allowed to worship the gods in the ziggurats. Pigs, pottery, jewelery and grain where placed inside the ziggurat as a gift to the gods. The Triad of Deities Anu was known to be one of the most important Mesopotamian gods. He was the god of sky and heaven. Anu was the father of all gods, demons and evil spirits. He was also a member of the triad of deities. Anu was the god of kings and of the yearly calendar. Enlil was the Mesopotamian god of the atmosphere and the wind. Enlil means Lord Wind. Hurricanes and windy days were believed to be Enlil's breath or his words being spoken through wind to his people. Enki Enki is the Mesopotamian god of water. Enki was the god of the city of Eridu, there he evolved into a major god, Lord of Apsu. Lord of Apsu means god of the fresh waters that flow beneath the earth. In an ancient Sumerian myth it is said that Enki had designed national boundaries and given all other gods their roles. Impact on Daily Life Very little record of Mesopotamian daily life is still in our hands. Most of the Mesopotamian population was farmers.

At the top of the social pyramid were the priests. The priests spent most of the day praying and worshiping the gods in the ziggurats, in which they only were allowed. They lived in two story mud brick houses, that were hardened by the sun as the day got warmer. The priest of each city was responsible for making people behave in such a way that the gods would appreciate.

After the priests came the kings and the government officials, these were responsible for creating city laws. You could usually recognize these people by their clothes made of the finest silk and their gold jewelery. These kings and government officials worshiped the gods in their houses near the ziggurats.

Under the king and government officials came the soldiers and scribes. The soldiers fought in wars against other cities to take them over. They would pray to the gods to help them win the war. Many soldiers were also scribes. Scribes were the only people that knew how to write cuneiform. Scribes had to go to school for 12 years to master the art of cuneiform. No girls or poor people were allowed to learn cuneiform.

The next group in the social pyramid were the traders, craftsmen, merchant and farmers. These people would prey to the gods for a good crop and to make a good work day. 80% of these were farmers. Farmers worked outside city walls in fields to grow a good crop.

Last on the social pyramid were the slaves. When one city state conquered another they would bring back slaves. Slaves worked in the houses of rich people like king and government officials. They would do household chores to help their owners. Priests Kings Soldiers Scribes Traders Craftsmen Merchants Farmers Government Officials Slaves We Hope That You Have Enjoyed Our Presentation
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