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Freud vs. Skinner

Comparing and contrasting theories of personality. PSY 405.

Teri Abshier

on 3 May 2013

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Transcript of Freud vs. Skinner

Personality Overview: Teri Abshier
PSY 405
May 2, 2013 Freud:
Deterministic vs. Free Will Sigmund Freud Freud: Assumptions Skinner: Assumptions Skinner:
Strengths and Weaknesses Skinner:
Deterministic vs. Free Will Deterministic:

Freud Theorized Motives Derive from Unconscious Mind

Behaviors Not Consciously Controlled

Significance of "Freudian Slips" Freud:
Strengths and Weaknesses Strengths:
Can be Effective in Therapy Setting
Strong Foundation for Future Psychological Theories

No Scientific Research to provide Credibility to Theory
Theory based on Personal Experiences
Many Predictions based on Freudian Logic prove False Strengths:
Extremely Scientific
Empirical Research following Scientific Method
Extremely Positive Theory Correlations in Lab Setting

Cognitive Differences between Human and Animal Brains
Sometimes Ineffective in Therapy Situations Deterministic:

Behaviors Result from Learning through Operant Conditioning

Human Personality Strictly a Result of the Environment B.F. Skinner Comparing Freud and Skinner References Psychosexual Developmental Stages

Tripartite Mind: id, ego, superego

Childhood Experiences
+ Unconscious Motives
= Personality Development No Developmental Stages

Dual Mind: Conscious and Unconscious

Operant Conditioning
= Personality Development Freud:
Awareness of Self Total Self-Awareness Impossible

Three Levels of Consciousness: Unconscious, Pre-Conscious, and Conscious

Majority of Personality is Unconscious Skinner:
Awareness of Self Humans are Self-Aware

Humans Aware of Consciousness

Humans Aware of Themselves as Part of Their Environment

Self-Awareness Increases or Decreases Probability of Behavior Chandra, S. (1976, Spring). Repression, dreaming and primary process thinking: Skinnerian formulations of some Freudian facts. Behaviorism, 4(1), 53-75. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/27758854

Feist, J., & Feist, G. (2009). Theories of personality (7th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.

Myers, D. G. (2009). Exploring psychology in modules (8th ed.). New York, NY: Worth Custom Publishing.
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