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Freud vs. Skinner
Transcript of Freud vs. Skinner
May 2, 2013 Freud:
Deterministic vs. Free Will Sigmund Freud Freud: Assumptions Skinner: Assumptions Skinner:
Strengths and Weaknesses Skinner:
Deterministic vs. Free Will Deterministic:
Freud Theorized Motives Derive from Unconscious Mind
Behaviors Not Consciously Controlled
Significance of "Freudian Slips" Freud:
Strengths and Weaknesses Strengths:
Can be Effective in Therapy Setting
Strong Foundation for Future Psychological Theories
No Scientific Research to provide Credibility to Theory
Theory based on Personal Experiences
Many Predictions based on Freudian Logic prove False Strengths:
Empirical Research following Scientific Method
Extremely Positive Theory Correlations in Lab Setting
Cognitive Differences between Human and Animal Brains
Sometimes Ineffective in Therapy Situations Deterministic:
Behaviors Result from Learning through Operant Conditioning
Human Personality Strictly a Result of the Environment B.F. Skinner Comparing Freud and Skinner References Psychosexual Developmental Stages
Tripartite Mind: id, ego, superego
+ Unconscious Motives
= Personality Development No Developmental Stages
Dual Mind: Conscious and Unconscious
= Personality Development Freud:
Awareness of Self Total Self-Awareness Impossible
Three Levels of Consciousness: Unconscious, Pre-Conscious, and Conscious
Majority of Personality is Unconscious Skinner:
Awareness of Self Humans are Self-Aware
Humans Aware of Consciousness
Humans Aware of Themselves as Part of Their Environment
Self-Awareness Increases or Decreases Probability of Behavior Chandra, S. (1976, Spring). Repression, dreaming and primary process thinking: Skinnerian formulations of some Freudian facts. Behaviorism, 4(1), 53-75. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/27758854
Feist, J., & Feist, G. (2009). Theories of personality (7th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.
Myers, D. G. (2009). Exploring psychology in modules (8th ed.). New York, NY: Worth Custom Publishing.