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Transcript of 13 Colonies
Major cities Founded for Religious Freedom Colony was named after a Native American Tribe Argriculture and Manufacturing
major industries (Hart, 2002) New England Colony Founded in 1638 by John Wheelright
and John Mason New Hampshire Concord was a Major City Was a Royal Colony New York
............ - Corn, Pumpkins, etc.
were crops grown here Agriculture and
Major Industries Rhode Island Founded by
Roger Williams and Anne
Hutchison in 1636 First Colony to guarantee
freedom of worship Founded because founders disliked
the religious ways of Mass. "Rhode Island" is Dutch for
"Red Island" Plymouth founded in 1620 by Pilgrims led by William Bradford Massachusetts Bay founded in 1630 by Puritans led by John Winthrop New York Connecticut Founded by Thomas Hooker and others in 1636 New York was founded in 1664 by James, Duke of York. James thought of the colony as a money making business. Major Industry: Argriculture Founded because disliked the Autocratic rule of Puratins Hooker created a document called the "Fundamental Principals" -New York was at first owned by the Dutch and named New Amsterdam. Middle Colony Sir George Calvert planned to start a religious colony that would allow Roman Catholics to freely practice their religion. However sometime later Calvert died. Leaving his son to go on and start the colony in the year of 1634, where he and 200 other settlers would land in Chesapeake Bay. (James, Duke of York) Calvert wanted to name the colony after the king's wife, Mary. Pennsylvania Pennsylvania was founded in 1681 by William Penn. Penn created the colony in order to pay off debt. -The king granted William Penn a huge area of land between the Puritan colonies of New England and the Anglican colonies of the south. -William Penn insisted that the Delaware Indians be treated fairly and paid for their land. Middle Colony Maryland was known for being plentiful in it's seafood content. (William Penn) New Jersey A major business in South Carolina was business in growing rice through the use of slavery. New Jersey was founded in 1664 by Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret. The colonists wanted religious freedom and an assembly that voted on local matters. (Sir George Carteret) Here, the settlers are mostly made up of poor Tobacco farmers. (Lord Berkeley) -The land was given to them by the Duke of york because he thought it was too big to govern easily Middle Colony -Some colonist from New England moved here looking to find better farmland. Delaware Delaware was founded in 1701 by settlers in the lower counties. The settlers wanted a constitutional monarchy. In the year of 1663 eight nobles received a grant for land from King Charles the second. settlers would eventually flock to two areas, North and South Carolina. In 1719 the nobles would start a very large town in South Carolina Created for people who owed debt and couldn't afford to pay it off. Oglethorpe wanted to help those in debt. Founded in 1732 by respected English settler James Oglethorpe, -The capital of Delaware was New Castle. -The colony was named for the Delaware tribe and for an early governor of colonial Virginia. In 1733, Oglethorpe and 120 colonists built the colony's first settlement at Savannah, above the Savannah River. Oglethorpe set strict rules for the colony. Farms could be no bigger than 500 acres, and slavery was forbidden.
At first, Georgia grew slowly. Later, however, Oglethorpe changed the rules to allow large plantations and slave labor. After that, the colony grew more quickly. Middle Colony -King Charles II of England then gave New Netherland to his brother, the Duke of York. He renamed the colony New York in the duke's honor. New Castle, Delaware Kelly, M. (2011). americanhistory.about.com. Retrieved from http://americanhistory.about.com/library/charts/blcolonial13.htm (Kelly, 2011) Richmond. (2000). Historic jamestown. Retrieved from http://www.apva.org/history/ (Richmond, 2000) Virginia However the colony would later go through a starving time which would end up killing more than 400 of the settlers who resided in Jamestown by 1610 Gascars, H. (Artist). (2008). James stuart, duke of york.jpg. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org (Gascars, 2008) (1990). tobacco plant. (1990). [Print Photo]. Retrieved from http://scienceline.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/tobacco-640x480.jpg ("tobacco plant," 1990) By Hunter
& Michael Founded in 1607 by the London Company thanks to a land grant from King Charles. The reason why the colony was founded was for the London company to gain riches and wealth. (n.d.). Williampenn.jpg. [Print Drawing]. Retrieved from pennywind.com ("William‑penn.jpg," ) The main cash crop in this colony would later be the tobacco plant. The Jamestown colony constantly struggled for food to survive.
John Smith would allow the settlers to have good relations for a temporary period of time (n.d.). Lordberkeley.jpg. [Print Drawing]. Retrieved from buddsknpfarms.com ("Lordberkeley.jpg," ) (n.d.). Sirgeorgecarteret.jpg. [Print Drawing]. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Carteret ("Sirgeorgecarteret.jpg," ) (n.d.). De_9064.gif. [Print Drawing]. Retrieved from epodunk.com ("De_9064.gif," )