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Transcript of Jaguar Prezi
r What is a Jaguar? a mammal
a big cat
Nocturnal What does is look like? Large Cat
Yellowish to tawny
Black rings with a black dot in the middle on sides and back of body
Rings are tan in the middle
Head, legs, and tail have solid black spots
Some however are black with black spots It's Scientific name Panthera onca I bet you didn't know... Jaguar comes from the Native American word yaguar, which means "he who kills with one leap."
Unlike many other cats, jaguars do not avoid water and they are good swimmers.
They sometimes climb trees to prepare an ambush, killing their prey with one powerful bite. Why is the Jaguar endangered? During the 1960’s and 1970’s, the jaguar was heavily hunted for its beautiful coat.
As many as 18,000 wild jaguars were killed each year.
They are extinct in two countries: El Salvador and Uruguay. How many are left? only eight to sixteen thousand jaguars are left Who is stopping this extinction? The Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) in 1973 brought the pelt trade to a near halt saving thousands of jaguars.
The Panthera organization has also done much work to save the jaguars Where does it live? The Tropical Rainforest Biome The rainforest gets fifty to two hundred fifty inches of rain each year
The temperature is between ninety-three and sixty-three degrees farinhite on average
The average humidity is between seventy-seven and eighty-eight percent.
Rainforest produce forty percent of earths oxygen.
Only six percent of earths surface is rainforests. Who lives in the Tropical Rain Forests? Flora Bengal Bamboo
Tualang Funa Africa Forest Elephant
Jambu Fruit Dove
Wagler's Pit Viper What's it's ecosystem like? Jaquars live in wet lowland areas, swampy grasslands near rivers or lakes. Abiotic Factors What does Abiotic mean? Non-living Why are these important for the Jaguar? They are important because without these three major abiotic factors the Jaguar would die.
It needs water because it is necessary for life and the jaguar uses it to move around because of its ability to swim. It needs nutrient soil so plants grow and its prey eats and lives so that they can eat them. It needs darkness because it is nocturnal and uses stealth to hunt which wouldnt work as well during the day. Endangered: being in serious risk of extinction Biotic Factors Biotic: Living Why are biotic factors important to jaguars? They are important because without these three biotic factors the jaguar would die.
It needs smaller animals because they are the jaguars main food source and it must eat to live. It needs trees because jaguars use trees to ambush and kill there prey. Jaguars need plants because the smaller animals have to eat so they can survive long enough to be hunted. How has the Jaguar survived for so long? Because it has adapted! What are the Jaguars adaptions? The Jaguars three major adaptions are
Its ability to swim
Large teeth and claws How do these help the Jaguar survive? The Jaguars ability to swim helps it to survive because it can cross rivers and streams quickly and easily while pursing prey. The big claws and teeth make it much easier for the Jaguar to kill and attack prey and the claws help it to climb trees. Being nocturnal helps it surprise and kill its prey with stealth and while being undetected at night. Sun Honeydew Caceprio Tree Ants Frog Sloths King Cobra Jaguar Carcass Hyena Maggots The flow of energy The sun gives its energy to the Cecopria tree and the honeydew. Then the honey dew gives energy to the ants and the Cecopria to the sloth. The ant then gives energy to the bull frog which then gives energy to the king cobra. Both the sloth and the king cobra give energy to the Jaguar. The jaguar then gives energy to Hyenas and then to maggots as it decomposes into the soil. The Trophic niche The Jaguar has a very unique and variable niche. The jaguars day usually involves hunting prey, such as sloths or king cobras, drinking water, possibly swimming, eating, and sleeping. Sloths, King Cobras, and various plants are involved in its day. Jaguars Interactions Predation Sloths, King Cobras, Rabbits, Rodents, and Ant eaters of animals that interact with jaguars through predation, or being hunted by jaguars. Parasitism The leech is the only animal that interacts with the jaguar through parasitism. Commensalism The jaguar and the cougar interact through commensalism because they hunt and feed on the same type of prey, however they do not feed on each other. Mutualism The Jaguar doesn't have any mutualistic relationships, however in the amazon the humming bird and flowering plants have a mutualistic relationship because they both benefit from each other. Interspecific Competition Interspecific Competition is competition between species.
The jaguar has to compete with cougars and hyenas.
They resource that they all require is prey. Intraspecific Competition Intraspecific Competition is the competition of a species within its species
When the animal is in mating season, its roars are heard more frequently than during the rest of the year, and the female calls the male very loudly. Mating also takes place among loud and continuous roars. Apparently this takes place after the female poses prolonged resistance.
They choose to mate do to the fact they spend most of the year in solitude. Biogeochemical Cycles Jaguars role The jaguar only plays a role in the carbon cycle, and the nitrogen cycle. The carbon cycle wouldn't be completed without aerobic respiration, which the jaguar preforms. It also plays a role in the nitrogen cycle because when the jaguar dies and decomposes its corpse becomes a part of the nitrogen cycle. Carbons Importance to Jaguars Carbon is very important to Jaguars because it plays a role in most of the Jaguars basic functions and necessity's. Carbon is a key component in aerobic respiration which is the way that a jaguar produces glucose or energy to hunt, eat, and basically live. Carbon is also important because plants use it to grow and preform photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is important because it produces oxygen and plant growth is important because plants are, indirectly, the food source of Jaguars through predation. Nitrogen's importance to Jaguars Nitrogen is important to Jaguars because Nitrogen makes up seventy-eight percent of the air they breath. Without nitrogen there wouldn't be any air to breath. Nitrogen is also important/a key component of the nitrogen cycle and decomposition. This is important because the decomposed animals/plants fertilizes and helps plants grow, which is the food source of most of a jaguars prey. Phosphorus's importance to Jaguars Phosphorus is important to jaguars because it is a key component in plant health. This is important because without plants the jaguar would die for two reasons. First it wouldn't have any oxygen to breath and use to preform photosynthesis with. The other reason is because without plants the jaguars prey would starve causing the jaguar to starve and in turn die. Bibliography National Geographic animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/jaguar/
National Geographic Kids kids.nationalgeographic.com/kids/animals/.../jaguars
Panthera Onca a-z-animals.com/animals/jaguar
San Diego Zoo www.sandiegozoo.org/animalbytes/t-jaguar.html
Wildlife Way station wildlifewaystation.org/animal-description-jaguars Sources