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Boreal Shield

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by

Tayah Clarke

on 4 December 2012

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Transcript of Boreal Shield

Endangered A species threatened with imminent extinction or extirpation throughout all or a significant portion of its Canadian range. Vulnerable A species particularly at risk because of low or declining numbers, small range or for some other reason, but not a threatened species. Threatened A species likely to become endangered in Canada if the factors affecting its vulnerability are not reversed. Extirpated A species no longer existing in the wild in Canada but occurring elsewhere in the world. Extinct A vulnerable animal is: The Blue Whale A threatened animal is: The Woodland Caribou An Endangered animal is: The Bowhead Whale An extirpated animal is: Frosted Elfin Butterfly Landforms The Boreal shield is Canada's largest eco-zone at 1774000km2. The most common landforms in the Boreal Shield is plains and low hills. Climate Zones The Boreal Shield is continental with long cold winters and short hot summers. There's high levels of precipitation with around 400mm in the west, and around 1600mm in some parts of Newfoundland. The average mid-winter temperature of the Boreal Shield in the east is -1 C, and around -20 C in the west. The average mid-summer temperature is around 13 C throughout and an average mid-winter temperature of -15 C. Drainage The Boreal Shield's drainage contains Lake Superior, Lake Huron, Lake Winnipeg, but it also borders the St.Lawrence River and the Atlantic ocean. The many rivers within the Boreal Shield are drained by the Hudson Bay and the Atlantic drainage Basins. The Growing season in the Boreal Shield is very short. The soil is acidic with a lack of humus and low in nutrients which makes it not good for farming. Soil Parks The Boreal shield contains many National and Provincial parks such as:

- Georgian Bay Islands National Park of Canada
- Gros Morne National Park of Canada
- La Mauricie National Park of Canada
- Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve of Canada
- Pukaskwa National Park of Canada
- Terra Nova National Park of Canada Major Vegetation Groups The natural vegetation of the Boreal Shield is mostly
trees, like the Black Spruce,
White Spruce, Jack Pine, and Balsam Fir. Major transportation routes There's many ways of major transportation in the Boreal Shield such as:
-Thompson airport
-Thunder Bay airport
-Sudbury airport
-St.John's airport
-Chicoutimi airport
-Sudbury VIA rail
-Jonquiere VIA rail Aboriginal peoples in the area Many Aboriginal peoples are spread out acorss the Boreal Shield. An example of 2 of the groups are the Algonquians and the Iroquians. These 2 groups are spread out along the Great lakes St.Lawrence lowlands. Landforms and Geology The Boreal Shield covers most of the Canadian Shield, so most of the landforms are plains and low hills, found mainly in the west. It also has a rich supply of minerals and lumber, which plays a big role in fueling the economy of the “heartland” of southern Ontario and Quebec. The two types of rock present in the Boreal Shield are igneous and metamorphic. The growing season in the Boreal Shield is very short. The soil type is heavily leached soils, like bare rock and very swampy areas. The soil is very acidic and lacks in humus and nutrients, which makes it not good for farming. Soils Vegetation The vegetation in the Boreal Shield is a mix between coniferous and deciduous trees. Some examples of the types of tress in the eco-zone are... Jack Pine Trembling Aspen Black Ash Mountain Maple High-Bush Cranberry Bunchberry Moss Sedge White Spruce Black Spruce White Birch Goldenrod Blueberry Bush Speckled Alder Labrador Tea The Human Activities in the Boreal Shield Mining Recreation Forestry Tourism Human Activities The population of the Boreal Shield is 2 821 808. Those activities are all very important contributors to the Boreal Shield, but the people will always continue to provide for the value of wildlife. The human activities that occur in the Boreal Shield are... Some of the Major Wildlife in the Boreal Shield are... Bears Beavers Blue Jays Boreal Owl Bufflehead Great Blue Heron Moose Muskrat Pileated Woodpecker Ring-Necked Duck Striped Skunk White Throated Sparrow Wolf Wood Duck Woodland Caribou The National parks are... La Mauricie Gros Morne Georgian Bay Islands Mingan Archipelago Pukaskwa The Provincial Parks are... Athabasca Sand Dunes Lac La Ronge The Boreal Shield has many unique aspects one of them being that it is the largest eco-zone in Canada at 1 774 000km. This eco-zone covers major cities such as St. Johns and Thunder Bay. The region is popularly known as the “shield country”. Unique Aspects Map Of Canada Climate Bibliography wiki.answers.com

ernestchi.tripod.com

ecozoneexpersts.wikispaces.com

ecozones.ca

pc.gc.ca

wikipedia.org

wikispaces.com The Diversity Shield (The Boreal Shield) http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Vulnerable

http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca/site/english/maps/environment/ecology/threats/speciesatrisk/risk_table.html/#9

http://raysweb.net/specialplaces/pages/canada-es.html

http://canadianbiodiversity.mcgill.ca/english/ecozones/borealshield/borealshield.htm The coldest months Of the year are November, December, January, and February. The temperature slowly increases until July and August, the warmest months of the year at an average of 16 degrees Celsius. Then the temperature slowly decreases each month for the rest of the year. http://geography.ridley.on.ca/CGC1D/Students2007/Geo%20Boreal%20Shield_Fairn.ppt_files/Geo%20Boreal%20Shield_Fairn.ppt.ppt#265,3,Types%20of%20Land http://ernestchi.tripod.com/id1.html http://geography.ridley.on.ca/CGC1D/Students2007/Geo%20Boreal%20Shield_Fairn.ppt_files/Geo%20Boreal%20Shield_Fairn.ppt.ppt#265,3,Types%20of%20Land http://ecozones.ca/english/zone/BorealShield For precipitation, November is the month that receives the most amount of precipitation each month. December and January also receive a lot of precipitation every year, which is the least amount of precipitation any month receives. Table of Contents 1. Landforms and Geology

2. Climate

3. Soils

4. Vegetation

5. Human Activities

6. Major Wildlife

7. Other Unique Aspects of the Boreal Shield

8. National and Provincial Parks

9. Vulnerable Animals

10. Threatened Animals

11. Endangered Animals

12. Extirpated Animals

13. Extinct Animals

14. Map of landforms

15. Map of Climate Zones

16. Map of Drainage

17. Map of Soil Type

18. Map of Parks

19. Map of Major Vegetation Groups

20. Map of Major Transportation Routes

21. Map of Aboriginal Peoples in the Area An extinct animal is: The Blue Walleye A species formerly indigenous to Canada that no longer exists anywhere. The Boreal Shield A project by: Tayah Brooke Makaylah And
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