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Transcript of Participles
Servus, ã dominõ
, ex oppido fugit. - The slave,
having been beaten
by the master, fled from the town.
Faber, ab architectõ
, rísit. - The craftsman,
having been praised
by the architect, smiled.
Memor, ã líbertõ
, írãtissimus erat. - Memor,
having been awakened
by the freedman, was very angry!
What Are Participles?
Participles are verbal adjectives
4 kinds of participles:
Present Active, Future Active, Perfect Active, and Perfect Passive
Participle = stem + marker + adjective ending
Present Active Participles
Translated as "________ing"
Built off the 2nd principal part
Marker(s): -ns or -nt-
Takes 3rd declension adjective endings
Serví per víllam contendêrunt, arãneãs
. - The slaves hurried through the house
for spiders' webs.
Puella mãtrem in hortõ
vídit. - The girl saw her mother
in the garden.
vídit. - The freedman saw his master
Perfect Passive Participles
Translated as "having been ______ed"
Built off the 4th principal part
Marker(s): -ss- , -t-
Takes 1st/2nd declension adjective endings