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Augusto Boal

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Pei Shan Chua

on 28 January 2014

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Transcript of Augusto Boal

Augusto Boal
Content Page
1. History
2. Techniques
3. Works
4. Philosophy
5. Influences
History of Augusto Boal
Works of Augusto Boal
Philosophy of Augusto Boal
Influences of Augusto Boal
Thank you for your kind attention!
Resources
Slide 1: http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Arts/Arts_/Pictures/2009/5/6/1241622888489/Augusto-Boal-001.jpg; http://cltampa.com/binary/1d65/augusto-boal.jpg; http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-tTlsB9keEE0/TmmXboB4xPI/AAAAAAAAAA8/OuNYLAYeMQA/s1600/Augusto+Boal.jpg; http://www.powerofculture.nl/files/images/200802AugustoBoal_1.jpg
Histoy:: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augusto_Boal; http://ptoweb.org/aboutpto/a-brief-biography-of-augusto-boal/
Works:
Influences:
Philosophy: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/09/theater/09boal.html?_r=0;
DEMO TIME!
1931
Birth of Augusto Boal
in Rio de Janeiro
1940s -
1950s
Pursued a degree in Chemical Engineering at Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, UFRJ
1952
Went to New York;
studied at the School of Dramatic Arts at Columbia University while pursuing his masters degree in Chemical Engineering
1955
Staged two productions of his own play;
The Horse and the Saint
The House Across the Street
1956
work with the Arena Theatre in São Paulo, southeast Brazil where he experimented with Theatre of the Oppressed

John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men, known in Brazil as Ratos e Homens
Won the Direction Revelation Award from the Association of Art Critics of São Paulo
1959
Coup d'état supported by the Brazilian elite, the church and the middle class, and the United State in fear of communism
1971
Kidnapped off the street, arrested, tortured, and eventually exiled to Argentina
wrote Torquemada (1971): about the systematic use of torture in prison
1973
Wrote Theatre of the Oppressed (1973) where he develops a theatrical method based on Pedagogy of the Oppressed, a book by the Brazilian educator and writer Paulo Freire
1981
Organized the first International Festival of the Theatre of the Oppressed in Paris
.
1986
Boal returned to Rio de Janeiro when the military junta in Brazil is removed
Established a major Center for the Theatre of the Oppressed in Rio (CTO - Rio)
1990
Was the keynote speaker for the National Conference of the Association for Theatre in Higher Education (ATHE) in Atlanta, Georgia
1992
Ran for city councillor in Rio de Janeiro as a theatrical act, and he was elected
Published Games for Actors and Non-Actors (Routledge Press); basic introduction to the entire range of TO theory and practice
1993
Held an international festival for the first time in Brazil; Seventh International Festival of the Theatre of the Oppressed
1995
Published The Rainbow of Desire (Routledge Press)
1996
Augusto Boal and Paulo Freire, a liberatory educator, shared a common public stage
Lost his bid for re-election
Form Legislative Theatre
1998
Wrote Legislative Theatre, published by Routledge
1997
Awarded the Career Achievement Award by the Association for Theatre in Higher Education
Theatre of the Oppressed(London: Pluto Press, 1979)
Detailed analysis of the ‘Poetics of Aristotle’.
The early history of the Western theatre.
He argued that the Western theatre at that time was similar to soap operas and he saw the western theatre to be a form of propaganda. .

1999
Went in his first major tour in the US
Objective of the tour is to leave behind at least a core of people who can offer Boal-style workshops, analysis, and ideas
Works of Augusto Boal
Games for actors and non-actors (London: Routledge; Second Edition 2002)
This is his most influential book
He explains his methods of acting briefly
He talks about stories and examples/ experiences of his work
Talks about his political ideas.
Talks about ‘gamersizes’ that he invented.
His methods are still being practiced in the universities

2008
Last trip to North America before he DIE
2009
In France, writing The Aesthetics of the Oppressed and organizing a Gathering of Jokers in Rio for the summer of 2009.
Went back to Rio de Janeiro
On Saturday, May 2nd, at 1:36 AM/CST, Julian Boal sent an e.mail to PTO Board Emeritus Doug Paterson with the following brief message: “my father is gone – he went away sleeping.”
Techniques of Augusto Boal
In his philosophy, life and theater are related enterprises; ordinary citizens are actors who are simply unaware of the play, and everyone can make theater, even the untrained.
They met at confrences and became close in later years.
Inspired by Paulo Freire‘s Pedagogy of the Oppressed, he understood the activist and emancipation role of culture for individuals and communities living in societies where power is in the hands of the few, where the majority are disenfranchised from being seen, heard or being in a position to affect change, which both Boal and Freire knew was basically every society in the world. They both also understood how culture could be used as a tool to pacify and numb the masses.
Paulo's works are influenced by Marxist's philosophy which inspired Boal on his works. When Freire died, Boal said: "I am very sad. I have lost my last father. Now all I have are brothers and sisters". Not only that, he was also inspired by Stanislavski and Brecht's works.
Paulo Freire
Techniques used/ ( Oppressed - weighted down)

1. Involving the audience “spec-actors” to replace the actors and use action to change the outcome of the situation.

2. In Legislative Theatre ( Law itself ) , it is an extension of forum theatre sort of has similarity in it
with its function to determine what is really needed for the Law and creating socio-political impact. Spec-actors may come up and express their views and share their opinions to the creation of new laws.

3.Newspaper Theatre, system of 11 techniques which allow the audience to create a production of news ( from fb/websites/ than rather viewing an artistic piece of news. Helps to make theatrical scene from using News.




Techniques used/ ( Oppressed - weighted down)

4. Invisible Theatre,where it is enacted in a place where its unusual and would not normally to expect to see one and spectators to view it as an unstaged event.

5. Rainbow of desire, from the book he published, stem-ed from image theatre focuses the internal oppression and explore the external oppression which is considered drama therapy in this context. Help to identify greater social issues, to change and take action in society.

6. Image theatre is the stem before the branches
. Participants explore issues of oppression by using nonverbal expression and sculpting their own and other participants’ bodies into static physical images that can depict anything concrete or abstract, such as a feeling, issue, or moment.

Techniques used/ ( Oppressed - weighted down)

7. Game playing also another book Boal published , games for non-actors and actors. It is the core of the tree, well faciliated games allow participants to stretch their limits of imagination and to let loose from habitual behaviours as well as deconstruct and analyze societal structures of power and oppression.

8.Lastly forum theatre, where there are three types of people in this setting. Spec-actors, actors-facilitators and the joker/coringa. where audience discuss the play or matter at hand at the end of performance . suggest outcomes and resolutions by replacing the actors henceforth the direct actions.
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