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Cool presentation

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by

Tim Warre

on 30 October 2014

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Transcript of Cool presentation

What type of task?
Several of the writing tasks could have a narrative element to them. For example when writing an article/letter/competition entry/review you may need to recount part of a story or experience.

One example of a CAE letter task is a piece sent to a magazine/newspaper about an experience you have had for example:

"We are offering readers a free holiday weekend for the best descriptive account of a new or unusual experience that you have had. Write a letter describing the experience and explaining what made it so memorable or significant."
(task is on page 8 of the student's book)
Planning
These are the stages you should go through when planning and executing your writing task.

Brainstorming

(structures, vocabulary, ideas)
Outline paragraphs
(we'll look at this in depth)
Vocabulary selection
(impressive expressions and structures)
Writing
Checking
(reread looking for errors/repetition/boring vocabulary)
Past narrative tenses.
Past simple
- finished actions in the past, actions in sequence.

I breathed in deeply and stepped out of the plane into the air.

Past continuous
- descriptions/actions in progress interrupted by past simple actions.

The pale winter sun was shining through the leaves of the trees, the birds were singing happily and the wind was whistling past.

As the balloon was rising into the sky I looked down at the people below me.
Narrative/descriptive writing
Possible Paragraph Outline
1. What led to the experience?

(why did you decide to do it?)
Was it a burning ambition? (something you had always wanted to do)

2. Preparation for the experience.
Was it an extreme experience? How did you feel before? Description of the day and the events before the experience.

3. Description of the experience.
(main body of composition)
Description of the event, your feelings, what happened.

4. Why was it so special/significant?
What happened after, how you felt later, why it changed your life, would you recommend it.
Brainstorm!
Think of as many exciting/new activities as you can and interesting ways to describe them.
Outline Paragraphs
How many paragraphs do you think this task should have? Think of titles for each paragraph.

NOTE: DON'T PUT PARAGRAPH TITLES IN THE FINAL COMPOSITION THIS IS JUST FOR PLANNING
Narrative Tenses cont.
Past perfect
- actions that happened before a specific moment in the past.

I looked out over the landscape,
I had never seen
such a beautiful sight before.

I took the map out and checked our location.
I had marked
all the most important places on it the night before.

Past perfect cont
. - duration of time for an action that happened before a specific moment in the past.

When we finally reached the summit of the mountain
we had been walking
for over 6 hours.

I had been dreaming
about taking to the skies in a hot air balloon since I was a child.
Sequencing
Sequencing
At first/To start with/In the beginning..............
Then/next/after that/.....................
The next thing that happened was................
The next thing I knew was..................
Seconds/Minutes later..................
Later on/Some time later.................
It wasn't until much later that..............
After some time/what seemed like years............
Finally/In the end.................
At last,..............
I was just about to (infinitive) when..........
I was on the point of (gerund) when...........

Sudden/unexpected events.
Out of the blue...............
Like a bolt from the blue.........
Completely unexpectedly...............
Just as I was least expecting it..............

Rapid events
In the blink of an eye.............
As quick as a flash..............
Sequencing cont.
Simultaneous events
Meanwhile, In the meantime..........
While all this was going on............

Looking back
In retrospect...............
When I think back to that day...........
Looking back on that day.............
Vocabulary
Ways to say exciting/excited:
exhilarating/exhilarated
adrenalin rush
thrilling/thrilled

Scary/scared
petrifying/petrified
terrifying/terrified
frightening/frightened

Nervous
on edge
I had butterflies in my stomach
nerve-racking/nail-biting (to describe the activity)


Difficult
Tough
Hard
Challenging
Vocabulary cont.
Phrasal verbs:
take up a challenge (accept)
set off on a journey/adventure (start)
freak out (get very scared and nervous)

Describing the weather:
A scorching summer day
A freezing winter day
A crisp winter day
A howling wind was blowing
A light breeze was blowing
The sun was beating down on us
It was pouring with rain
The heavens opened (it started to rain very hard)

Expressions:
to be game
the game plan
the name of the game
fun and games
Expressions
1 down, 2 to go
up to (your decision it's up to us)
pick-me-up
pick your way (we picked out way down the mountain)
to not bat an eyelid
to be all fingers and thumbs
start from scratch
back to square one
back to the drawing board

Look in your notes for more suitable ones.
Style and structure
The main purpose of the task is to tell your story so you can use colorful language and an informal style. Remember you are trying to win a competition so try and make your story as exciting as possible.

But remember it is a letter so be sure to start with:

Dear Editor

Yours faithfully,
Full transcript