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Pre-Raphaelites

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Chiara Laruffa

on 27 November 2013

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Transcript of Pre-Raphaelites

group of English painters, poets, and critics, founded in 1848 by Dante Gabriel Rossetti and other six-members
THEIR AIM

rejecting Mannerism
disgust for the excessive use of bitumen
TO REFORM ART BY:
Bright and sharp focus techniques on a white canvas.
MEDIEVAL CULTURE
REALISM
THEMES
social life
"Work" by Brown
Annunciation
Ecce ancilla domini
by Rossetti
LANDSCAPES
Blossoming red alamond by Godward
the Arthurian cycle








the Lady of Shallot by Hunt.
WOMEN
idealized subjets
luminous colors
literary allegories
heroic women
distance
Elisabeth Siddal
Neo-Classical Women
inspiration by Classical Greek and Roman style of art
Madame Moitessier by Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
Pea Blossoms by Edward John poynter
Mrs Langtry
returning to the abundant details, intense colours and complex compositions of 15th century
bringing back the "truth to nature"
observing directly the world
ART in Victorian Era
Fairy paintings
Christmas Traditions
Impressionist Women
Edgar Degas, Claude Monet and Eduard Manet.
indistinct outlines
loose of interest in painting Victorian Women
The sprigged frock by Philip Wilson Steer
post-impressionist women
flat style
full of colours
tiny dots
Vincent Van Gogh and Paul Gauguin
dashes of color
Paul Signac
“the Jade necklace” by William Clarke Wontner
fairy painting is strongly rooted in the literary and theatrical influences of Romanticism, as well as in the cultural issues facing the Victorian era.
Titania and Bottom, Henry Fuseli.
Modern revival of fairy painting
the Peacock Room, Aesthetic Movement designed by James Abbott McNeill Whistler, one of the most famous examples of Aesthetic style interior design
Aesthetism
The first Christmas card, designed by J.C. Horsley.
Pre-Raphaelites
Ophelia by Rossetti
Shakespeare's plays
Women at Tahit By Gaugin
Paul Signac
The Captive Robin by John Anster Fitzgerald c.1864
The fantasy themes in Shakespeare and Spenser’s works greatly influenced the Fairy Painting
Fairy Feller's master-stroke Richard Dadd (1819–1887)
Sir Joseph Noel Paton
The quarrel of Oberon and Titania
fairy-tale books of Arthur Rackham (1867-1939)
L’ art pour l’art
(Victor Cousin)

Aubrey Beardsley’s illustrations in the Yellow Book
Aesthetic Decorative arts
Jones was employed as one of the Superintendents of Works for the Great Exhibition of 1851.
Victorian Architecture
Interior
decoration
&
design
Characterized by order and ornamentation.
Rooms were divided into private and public places.
Parlors and dining rooms were the most important rooms of the houses.
They were full of objects mirroring ambitions and interests.
A bare room was considered of bad taste.
Walls and Ceilings
Furniture
Wallpapers
Victorian Designers
Decorated ceilings
"Graining"
"Harmony by analogy"
"Harmony by contrast"
Old styles modified
Charles Locke Eastlake
Augustus Pugin
The tempest
the invention of photography
Photography was realised in 1839 by Louis Daguerre in France and William Fox Talbot in the UK. By 1889, hand-held cameras were available.
William

Blake
The illustrations of the INFERNO from the Divina Commedia, by William Blake.
INTRODUCTION
Henry Fuseli
Victorian art: styles of art produced during the reign of Queen Victoria (19th century)

Movements: classicism, neoclassicism, impressionism and post-impressionism

can be divided in two different periods:
RICHARD DADD
The painting he is working on is Contradiction: Oberon and Titania (1854/1858).
In the hospital he was allowed to continue to paint and it was here that many of his masterpieces were created, including his most celebrated painting, The Fairy Feller's Master-Stroke, which he worked on between 1855 and 1864.
Sketches to Illustrate the Passions
Early Victorian : influenced by realism and faithfulness to the true aspect of nature, moral or spiritual undertone to realistic and lifelike scenery
Even Edwin Landseer
Even Edwin Landseer
Titania and Bottom
JOHN EVERETT MILLAIS
FERDINAND LURED BY ARIEL
Late victorian: abandon to the realistic aspects of earlyworks, move into fantasy and mythology for thematic material, ecletic and ambiguous
the dark chrytal
Labyrinth
FEATURES
art for art's sake - 1818
Bright and cheerful colors, stark attention to very small deteils within the scene. Vibrant colors = high society of England
women, in particular nudes and fairies.
James Abbot McneilWhistler
landscapes, social events, countryside
suggetion
sensuality
symbols
synaesthetic effet
MAIN CHARACTERISTICS:
Decorative Art
AESTHETIC LITERATURE
Owen Jones (1809 – 1874) was a London-born architect and designer of the nineteenth century.
The Grammar of Ornament is the global and historical design sourcebook for which Jones is best known today.
At the beginning of the 19th century it was hardly celebrate
Queen Victoria and his husband, Prince Albert, around a christmas tree. Picture appeared on a newspaper in 1848
Christmas crackers invented by Tom Smith in 1843
Charles Dickens' "A Christmas Carol"
Big Ben
Westminster Palace
stained glass
Royal Throne
William Morris
Art and Craft Movement
House of Lords
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