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Religious Experiences - A2 Edexcel

Religious Experiences
by

D Petal

on 8 August 2014

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Transcript of Religious Experiences - A2 Edexcel

eg. A Muslim or Jew
c. ‘type’ of faith – a devout Catholic or a
nominal Catholic who only attends weddings
and funerals
Numinous –
Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1855)
Rudolf Otto
“The Idea of the Holy” (1936),
used the term numinous to refer to
a being
that had an awesome power separate from this
world.
– does this make religion impersonal?

Imagine being in the presence of your idol/hero/heroine,
how would you feel? What would you do or say? If this reaction could be multiplied infinitely, we might have an example of numinosity
1. Numinous
make notes on each one using p.3-6 A2 book
Various scholars have made attempts of defining
religious experiences.
Student task:
Using p.2-3 make a note of the definitions of the following:
Ninian Smart
Edward Schleiermacher
Martin Buber
Paul Tillich
William James
Richard Dawkins
Saint Teresa of Avila
Scholars’ Definitions
In The Evidential Force of Religious Experience
Seven types of religious experience:
Awareness experience – seeing the work of God when looking at the world
Quasi-sensory experience – inner experience of God (vision)
Numinous experience – encountering the holiness of God
Regenerative experience – a conversion experience
Interpretive experience – prayers answered
Mystical experience – a sense of the ultimate reality
Revelatory experience – receiving enlightenment and knowledge, through a revelation from God
Caroline Franks Davis
Religious
Experiences

P.24 Jordan, Lockyer, Tate
2. Mystical Experiences
He stressed that a personal relationship can exist with
the divine regardless of a numinous experience:
I - It
: viewing people and things simply as phenomena (that is, simply classifying things)
I - Thou
: taking a relationship further by ‘probing deeper’ – this is a truly personal relationship according to Buber

God is the Eternal Thou and can reveal himself
to man on a personal level through contact with
man and nature. As Buber put it,
“…in each
Thou we address the Eternal Thou”.
Numinous –
Martin Buber (1878-1965)
Mystical
– a sense of ‘union’
with the divine
‘Prayer’
– brought about by meditation
and reflection

Conversion
– life changing and
permanent
Different forms of
Religious Experiences
“Sociology of the Paranormal” (1975)

Common themes of religious experiences are:
A feeling of deep inner peace
A certainty of everything turning for the good
A sense of the need to help others
A belief that love is at the centre of everything
A sense of joy
A great emotional intensity
Andrew
Greeley
Religious experiences are:
Unique
Private - individual
Corporate – large number
of people
In The Evidential Force of Religious Experience
Seven types of religious experience:
Awareness experience – seeing the work of God when looking at the world
Quasi-sensory experience – inner experience of God (vision)
Numinous experience – encountering the holiness of God
Regenerative experience – a conversion experience
Interpretive experience – prayers answered
Mystical experience – a sense of the ultimate reality
Revelatory experience – receiving enlightenment and
knowledge, through a revelation from God
Caroline
Franks Davis
Scholars' Definitions:
Different Types of
Religious Experiences
Types of
Experiences
Numinous
Kierkegaard supports Buber about God being personal
He saw faith as a miracle and stated that the only way man can know God is through a
‘leap of faith’.
Faith arises through human experience including religious experience
Both Kierkegaard and Buber are saying
that knowledge of God is different for each individual:
a. ‘blind faith’ on a personal level
b. the personal denomination of faith
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