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Spanish Pronunciation (University of Kansas)

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Ann Gorsuch

on 8 May 2011

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Transcript of Spanish Pronunciation (University of Kansas)

14. PKT What’s the difference between
si and sí or tu and tú ?

or how about el and él? Introduction Second Question:
How did she not break a smile the entire time?? VeRdaD / FaLSo need more questions? murcielago this word contains all 5 spanish vowels Vowels The most important aspect of spanish pronunciation is the vowels- and lucky for you, they're a lot easier than the English vowels The pronunciation of spanish vowels changes like in English FaLs Cierto/ Falso: This word contains all 5 spanish vowels DOWN ACROSS Natural Stress So do spanish words GOT STRESS?? Now that you've got the vowels down,
the next step is understanding how to
pronounce the rest of the word... Listen to Kassy say CERVEZA (definition needed?) as she puts emphasis in each different syllable. Which one is correct?

are they all? There is only one correct answer. We will return to what it is in un momentito. First, let's talk about what determines which syllable we stress. Syllable stress depends on what letter the word ends in Most words end with:
-a vowel (AEIOU)
For these, the natural stress lies in the second-to-last syllable.
Ex: PA-sa za-PA-to TIP-os JO-ven aka
the penultimate
syllable You give it a try Which syllable should be emphasized? em-ba-ra-za-da 1 2 3 4 5 em-ba-ra-ZA-da because it ends in a vowel, the second to last syllable is stressed. oh and guys, this word does not mean embarrassed. It means pregnant. yes, you did tell your teacher you were pregnant. we all did at one point in time. embarazado(a) --- verguenza tengo .. estoy so instead of try For all other endings, the stress is in the LAST syllable Ex: pas-TEL re-co-men-DAR ca-PAZ Mixed Practice: Which syllable should be stressed? biblioteca
cerveza pared (wall) biblioTEca


cerVEza like in the word:
página What you've just learned is for words that don't have a written accent (tilde). Written Accents (tilde) the tilde is just the teléfono notice: tildes only appear on vowels So what do accents do? in this section, we'd like to point out the 3 main functions of accents: Accents are used:
1.To put emphasis on a certain syllable
2.To change the pronunciation of two vowels stuck together
3.To change the meaning of a word 1. 3. 2. 1. To put emphasis on a certain syllable When a word has an accent, it breaks the natural stress in a word and means you are supposed to stress that syllable.

pájaro (instead of pa-JA-ro)
teléfono (instead of te-le-FO-no)
Sábado (instead of sa-BA-do)
adiós (instead of a-DI-os) 2. To change the pronunciation of two vowels stuck together
Usually when we say multiple vowels we combine, or blend, the sounds
like in the name: Uruguay
When there is a tilde though, it breaks the blended sound (which is called a diphthong) and each vowel sound should be distinctly prononced. Example continuación more: País Miércoles Tío 3. To change the meaning of a word
You’ve already seen plenty of examples where the accent changes the meaning of a word.
sí - La respuesta es Sí. (yes) si - Si no viene hoy, viene mañana. (if)

tú - Tú eres la luz de mi vida. (2nd person subject pronoun, you) tu - ¿Cuál es tu coche? (2nd person possessive pronoun, your)

él - ¿Lo quiere él? (3rd person singular pronoun, he) el - El libro de español (definite article, the)

dé - Déme el examen (usted command of the verb DAR) de - El hijo de mi amigo (preposition “de”)

más - Yo soy más guapa que ella. (more) mas - No quiero, mas he de hacerlo. (mas without the accent means “pero”)

mí - el libro es para mí (object of a preposition, me) mi - éste es mi libro (possessive pronoun, my)

sé - Yo sé la respuesta. (“yo” form of the verb SABER) se - Se come bien en este restaurante. (pronoun)

té - me gusta el té más que el café (tea) te - ¿A ti, te gusta el té? (2nd person object pronoun)

sólo - El drogadicto sólo piensa en su adicción. (only) solo/a - Prefiero estar solo cuando estudio. (alone)

aún - Me han dicho que aún no se sabe si va a regresar o no. (todavía) aun - Continuaba trabajando aun cuando era viejo. (even)  more examples Also! Especially watch out for these... Like in hablo/ habló some conjugations involve accents. When you read and listen be sure to pay attention to accents because they will indicate the tense.
camino v caminó
(I walk v. He walked) translate 5. RR Some Spanish letters are really different than in English A great example of this is the double rr now you try ferrocarril which function does this tilde use?

teléfono 6. N v Ñ The Spanish pronunciation of the letter ‘n’ is nearly exactly the same as in English.
The sound will come from your nasal area, like when you say the English words, not, none and gnome.
Hablan Practice: Los negocios de China son importantes. Niño
It is a lot like the previous ‘n’ sound, with the exception of a y-ish “ya” sound that is integrated at the end. It sounds basically like the ‘n’ sound in the English word ‘onion’. It is also somewhat reminiscent of the three stooges, nyah, nyah, nyah. Practice: Las niñas juegan con sus muñecas. 7. B y V enseñar WATCH OUT:
If you forget the ñ… bad things can happen.

be careful... 8. LL 9. Ch 10. SZCQ 11. W name of the accent symbol First Question:
Besides the extremely limited vocabulary, revealing shirt, and sheer ridiculousness of the whole song, what was wrong in this video? By reading our minds, or perhaps knowing the title of the presentation,
you might have guessed right- 'his pronunciation'. 4. vowel vowel s n Hablo I speak (present tense) Habló He spoke (past tense) 12. Ü 15. GJX 16. FDM 18. Spelling Changes 17. Y 13. H Ch like LL was removed from the alphabet in 1994. Unlike LL, there is no pronunciation difference for this letter combination. Not to be confused with L, the once-a-letter LL is pronounced like the Y sound we make when saying yes. in honor of its memory. You may ask: well, why then did you all include it in this presentation? AND so you'd understand why it 's in most alphabet songs. and so we could include 'chocolate' in the crossword. In 1994, the Royal Spanish Academy(RAE) removed two letters (ch and ll) from the alphabet, making it 28 letters instead of 30. RAE ruled that the Spanish consonants "CH" (ché) and "LL" (elle) would hence be alphabetized under "C" and under "L", respectively, and not as separate, discrete letters, as in the past.
llamar, llevar, llover, valle Me llevo mi chaqueta cuando hay lluvia en el valle.
examples practice B and V are pronounced exactly the same in Spanish. The sound is pronounced similar to the English B, like in the word “beach.” Spanish rarely has a sound like the English V in Veronica.
B: beca, boca, bajar

V: vaca, vivir, vidrio
there's no difference Practice:
Berta busca un bar donde puede beber.
Veronica visitó a su viejo abuelo Victor.
try saying those 5 times fast Just so you know: when natives clarify how to spell a word that uses b or v, they ask:
"b-grande" o "b-chica"

is it spelled with a
B (b-grande) or a V (b-chica) did you do it?

now we know you're all wondering, is there a word that uses both n and ñ??? as a matter of fact...
EX:Mi novia tiene 20 anos.
(My girlfriend has 20 anuses)
anos= anus
años= years (dolls) Don’t be startled if you hear someone pronounce it with a J sound – it is just a phenomenon from dialects found in the Cono sur!
cono del sur C, S, and Z make the same sound that S makes in English. Make sure to pronounce this sound softly and shortly.
C, S, and Z make the same sound that S makes in English. Make sure to pronounce this sound softly and shortly. celoso,
cereal SZC sábado,
zorro they're all pronounced THE SAME Practice:
Los zapatos son de Sara y su esposo Zoro. When C is followed by an A, O or a U, it makes the same sound as Q
the K sound in English. when followed by I or E
ce- ci- carrot fox jealous preist comer, capaz, culebra

querer, quíen, que Los caníbales del Caribe quieren comer carne humana. Examples: Practice The letter W rarely appears in Spanish. The only words that use a W are words that come from origins of other languages.
interesting fact: Examples:
el western , el whiskey,
el waffle The word vergüenza has a special letter: ü. The two dots over the U are called a dieresis and indicate that two adjacent vowels should be blended (pronounced as a diphthong). The sound gü makes is like “w” in “wonder.”
Ü = W lingüistica
Examples “H” is ALWAYS silent in Spanish. Never pronounce it as the “breath-like” sound that it is in English, such as in house, hospital, or hungry.
Although it is silent it will sometimes sound like a W (hueco, huelga) or Y (hierba, hierro) when placed next to certain consonants. Haber,
Herencia Los húespedes habían hecho sus ejercicios en el hotel.
practice The following words contain the letter 'c'. As you know 'c' has two pronunciations: sss and k. Look at the following and determine which sound it should be. cielo cuando copa caramelo cereal cerca 4 Papa (potato) but worse....
v. ingles (groins) papá vs. papa
inglés vs. ingles Donde, cuando, como, que v.
dónde, cuándo, cómo, qué

Accents are used in the context of a question. I'm cooking french fries. He cooked french fries. You know the sound that you make when you try to see your breath on a winter day? In English, we often add that sound- a soft and breath-like “H” on the back side of our pronunciations of the letters P, T, and K.

The Spanish pronunciation is different. Practice saying the following words with your hand or a piece of paper an inch in front of your mouth. If you feel a puff air, you're adding in your English accent. (That’s bad)
  papel, puerta, pagar
Pepe no propone pagar pronto. torta, tomar, tocar
Tomas ha tomado tequila en la taberna.
kilómetro, kiwi, kinesiología Cassandra corre cuatro kilómetros.
In Spanish, the letter D can be pronounced hard, like the “d” in dog.
Dar, delgado, derecha

Practice: Dónde está David?

D also has a softer pronunciation that gives it more of a “th” sound such as in the word “this.”
Débil, debajo, día

Practice: Adela no da dinero a Daniel.
The Spanish "f" is pronounced just like the "f" in the English word “fire.”
F: firmar, forma, Fernando The Spanish "m" is pronounced like the "m" in the word "monster.“
M: madre, mascota, manzana
- Soft G: agente, general, angel
Practice: La gente en el gimnasio son gemélos.
Soft J: jugar, ajedrez, julio
Practice: Jorge juega ajedrez en junio y Julio.
Soft X: México In Spanish, G, J, and X can be pronounced softly like we pronounce our H in “hungry” or “hot” in English. G can also be pronounced with a more hard and deliberate emphasis like the G sound found in “garden.”
Hard G: guitarra, ganar, guerra
Practice: El Señor Guiterrez luchó en la guerra. X can also be pronounced as we would pronounce the letters “ks” in English.
Hard X: exámen, próxima
Hay un exámen la próxima clase. We pronounce the Spanish “Y” the same way as the English “Y.”
Y: yogúr, yunque, yerba

the letter ‘y’ is pronounced i griega, but the word ‘y’ is pronounced ‘ee’ (like the spanish letter ‘i’) Practice:
Yani toma yerba mate. P R O N U N C I A C I O N I M R C I E L a G o C E R V E Z A T E L E F O N O I F E R O C A R R I L E N S E ñ A R V A C L L M A R C H O C L A T Z A P T O S W H S K Y V R G U E N Z .. A H O R A C R T A T R T A O O G U E R R A F I R M A Y E R B A E B R A C Done. Click on the forward arrow to begin Mike has a pretty serious gringo accent To help you avoid sounding like him,
we've put together a pronunciation guide.
(you're welcome) to listen, click in the black area, or push play What is it called when a vowel is pronounced
like the 'uh' in ability? Schwa Which are correct statements:
the schwa is a natural sound in English
b) the schwa is a natural sound in Spanish
c) the schwa is a natural sound in both English and Spanish a) M U R C I E L A G O Scroll your mouse over and press play (click right arrow for answer) Schwa is not a sound in Spanish, although it does occur frequently in English.

Be careful not to reduce your vowels into schwas. now practice saying them with the correct stress did you get the answer right from before? Mini Quiz! Teléfono has an accent on the é to change the natural stress of the word.

Recall: words that end in a vowel are naturally stressed in the second to last
syllable ('fo'); however, in this word, the stress is in the 'lé' syllable. Therefore, this accent signifies the breaking of the natural stress rules. (1) really, try it. carro perro rojo challenge word... R A A E O cielo
cerca ssss k copa
cerca A I E a Crossword hint: what's the coolest word that has quite a few Ts?
it is Cortatorta
try saying it. cut cake = cake cutter! La gente en el gimnasio son gemélos. You practice: Jorge juega ajedrez en junio y Julio. El Señor Guiterrez luchó en la guerra. Hay un exámen la próxima clase. To exemplify the NON-SPANISH (supper airy) way to pronounce
the PTK sounds, try beat boxing using the consonants P T and K not the best at it? listen to this girl Spanish P T K sound nothing like this, they are pronounced without any inkling of air. Special Thanks to: Amy Rossomondo Antonio Simoes ~ EGARC staff Specfically Keah Cunningham
and Andrew Jackson and Thank You all! We hope we have helped you improve your Spanish and that you will continue bettering it by practicing every night. (Just kidding).

Now we have finally come to the the end- so keep it classy everyone. Love,
The Creators Ann Gorsuch Jordan Chapman Rachel Lopez Kassy Miller THE END Right arrow for the credits Mini Quiz:

How do you spell Zebra in Spanish? Cebra! Remember Ze rarely exists in spanish It is important for you to learn and practice your pronunciation of the Spanish language, because bad pronunciation can decrease your ability to converse successfully with others. There are three things you can do to really improve your pronunciation skills: practice orally, practice listening, and have a true desire to improve your pronunciation. That last one may surprise you, but studies show that having an attitude of concern for pronunciation is one of the most powerful assets to improvement. We hope that by the end of this presentation you will be able to:

1. Distinguish between Spanish and English pronunciation
2. Emphasize the correct syllables in Spanish
3. Identify and interpret subtle differences in the way words are pronounced and know how this affects their meaning.

We hope that through this presentation you gain a greater understanding and desire to improve your Spanish pronunciation.
l O spanish vowels are always short and tense Inglés (English) v papá (dad)

Lastly- what’s the difference between...
Hablo y habló

cocino papas fritas cocinó papas fritas cocino papas fritas cocinó papas fritas respuestas: hmmm, which word should we use for the crossword....?
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