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Medieval Weapons

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by

Rose Altmeyer

on 12 December 2014

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Transcript of Medieval Weapons

Medieval Weapons
Bow and Arrow
in 1252 the 'Assive Code of Arms' was passed; it stated that every man between 15 and 60 must be equipped with a bow
range of 275 yards
skilled bowman could shoot 10-12 bolts per minute
archery law decreed that you must practice on holidays and Sundays, too
King Henry proclaimed that an archer would be absolved of murder if he killed a man during archery practice
Crossbow
correct term is arbalest
bolt (arrow) was shot with a deadly point
range was 350-400 yards
shot at a rate of 2 bolts per minute
easy to shoot
effective on knights in full armour
Trubuchet
Battering Ram
Conclusion:

Battle Axe
A battle axe also spelled battle-axe or battle-ax is an axe specifically designed for combat
Battle axes were specialised versions of utility axes
Battle axes were specialised versions of utility axes
Axes designed for warfare ranged in weight from just over 0.5 kg to 3 kg 1 to 6 pounds
length from just over 30 cm to upwards of 1.5 m 1 to 5 feet
a pole weapon long thrusting weapon not intended to be thrown
extremly long varing considerably in sizes from 3 to 6 meters 10 to over 20 feet long
iron or steel head affixed
the shaft near the hed was often reinforced with metal strips called checks or langets
on the battlefield pikes were often used in hedgehog formations
Pike
War Horse
most common type was called the destrier
knights would own several horses
only the biggest and strongest horses became war horses
the courser was the most sought out and expensive war horses
the palfrey was used for traveling
Spears
a pole weapon consisting of wood with a sharpened head
the head may be sharpened end of the shaft such as obsidian iron or bronze
the most common is a metal spearhead shaped like a triangle or leaf
most common weapon from stone age
eventually developed into a bayonet
Javelins
light spear designed primarily of casting as a ranged weapon
almost always thrown by hand
used throughout medieval Europe
javelins including barbed angons were used as an offensive weapon from behind the sheild wall
the welsh particularly the north used the javelins as one of their weapons
Flails
commonly used in middle ages
sometimes called mace and chain or ball and chain
typically the weapon is depicted with one or more weights attached to a handled with a hinge or chain
used as improvised weapon by peasant armies
royal armies used them with two spiked iron balls attached by separate chain
Mace
A mace is a blunt weapon, a type of club or virge that uses a heavy head on the end of a handle to deliver powerful blows
A mace typically consists of a strong, heavy, wooden or metal shaft, often reinforced with metal, featuring a head made of stone, copper, bronze, iron, or steel
used as a close contact weapon and for horseback
were cheap and simply to make
The mace, struck with force, could apply significant injury to a knight and batter his armor
Danish Axe
The Danish Axe also called Broad Axe, Dane-axe is a weapon with a heavy crescent-shaped head mounted on a haft 4ft. to 6ft. 1.2-1.8 m. in length
Originally a Viking weapon spreading through Europe in the 12th and 13th centuries
Onagers
* The onager was a post-classical Roman seige engine
a double edged used for stabbing or thrusting
daggers fulfill the role of a secondary defence weapon in close combat
the dagger became more useful for as a good close up weapon to stab through the gaps in armor
the dagger was a common murder weapon
with the deveopment of firearms, the dagger last more and more of its usefullness in military combat
Dagger
*Its name came from an onager(a wild donkey), for its violent kicking motion
*It is a type of catapulthat used torsinall pressure from a twisted rope, to store energy for the shot
*In action the spoke was forced down, against the tension of the twisted roes and released
*Onagers were mainly used for seiging forts of settlements
Ballistas
*It is similar to a Giant Crossbow and works by using tension
*It was designed to aim huge wooden, iron clad, darts or arrows which were powered by twisted ropes
*The force of the missles launched from the ballista was designed to have great penetration
GREEK FIRE
first used against the Arabs at the siege of Constantinople of 673
was a liquid that ignited on contact with water
was such a devastating weapon so they had a close guard weapon
Medieval Greek Fire had the property of developing intense heat
no one to date has been successfully recreate the exact formula
HAND CANNON
it was also known as a gonne
possibly the oldest type of portable firearm
evidence for the use of hand cannons are from several Arabis manuscripts
was a simple but effective weapon
you would need 2 people to use it
THE HORSSEMAN'S PICK
a weapon of Islamic origin used by colony during the middle ages
this was a type of war hammer that had a ver long spike on the reverse of the hammer head
usually the spike was slightly curved downwards like a minor's pick
often used as a means to penetrate thick armor
but a number of drawbacks limited the weapon's effectivness
*It was capable of skewering several of the enemy at one time
The word ballista is derived from the Greek word Ballistes meaning to throw
MAUL
a long hendled hammer with a heavy metal head
it is either made of lead of iron
a particular use of the maul was by arches during the 15 and 16th centuries
english longbowmen are recorded as using lead mauls
initially as a tool to drive in stalkes but later as an improvised weapon
Bombards
*A bombard is a large-caliber, muzzle-ading medieval cannon or mortar, for throwing heavy stone balls
*The name bombard was first noted from French historical text
*Bombards were usually used during sieges
*They could shoot stone or metal balls, burning materials and weighted cloth soaked in Greek Fire.
*It was very powerful and was used to bring down castle walls
MOURNINGSTARS
a medieval weapon consisting of a spiked club
it was used by both infantry and calvary
the mourningstar first came into widespread use around the beginning of the 14th century
the term is often applied to the military flail which consists ofa wooden shaft
the shaft and head were usually of one piece but sometimes reinforced at the top with an iron band
POLE ARMS
a close combat weapon in which the main fighting part of the weapon
pole weapons are relatively simple to make
it was also easy for most people to use as they were often derived from hunting
on defence the men holding the pole arms were hard to reach
but today the military of Ceremonial Guards is restricted to use pole arms
QUATERSTAVES
an english weapon that who used during the medieval period
the origin of the weapon's name is uncertain
the name may came from way that the stuff is held
the staff could be 6 or 7 feet in length
the staff is held with the back hand at the end of the staf
SWORD
its a long, edged piece of forged
the word 'sword' comes from the old english 'sweord'
a sword consists of a blade and a hilt
with one or two edges for striking and cutting, and a point for thrusting
the sword is a purely military weapon, and this has made it symbolic state power in many cultures
Sparths
*It had a large head and broad blade
*In Ireland it was known a sparr
*It is a variation of the Danish axe
*It originated in either Western Scotland or Ireland
*The sparth was widely used by the galloglass(warriors from Scotland)
Chainmail Armor
*Mail or chain mail is made of interlocking rings, which may be weld shut
*Mail armour provided an effective defence against slashing blows by an edged weapon and penetration by thrusting and piercing weapons
*Chainmail armor was believed to be impossible to penetrate
*Mail's resistance to weapons was determined by its linkage type, material used, weave density, and ring thickness
*Mail provided a significnat advantage to a warior combined with competent fighting techniques
Plate Armor
*Plate armor protected the chest and lower limbs
*In the 14th century larger and comeplete full plates of armor had been developed
*Maxmillian plate armor was typicly denoted by fluting and decrotive etching
*Full plate armor was expensive to produce
*Lavishly decorated suits of armor remained the fashion with 18th century nobles after they had ceased to be useful for the military
Body Armor
*A brigandine, a form of body armor, is a cloth garmen, generally canvas or leather, lined with small steel plates riveted to the fabric
*It was commonly worn over a gambeson and mail shirt
*Cuirass is a peice of armor formed of a single or multiple pieces of metal or other rigid material
*Corslets provided with back pieces were worn by foot soldiers in the 17th century
*Faulds are a piece of plate armor worn below a breast plate to protect the waist and hips
Helmets
*Helmets, or helms, are one of the best known artifacts from the middle ages
*They are not only for military use, but for many other jobs where there is a danger of a head injury
*The medieval version are also preserved in coats of arms
*The crests were originally bird-like crests on the helmet
*Helmets have never fallen out of use
Shields
*Shields were developed to shield, or protect, a knight or soldier from blows from the weapons of their enemies
*Shield were also used as bludgeoning weapons
*Shield construction used wood, animal hides, or metal
*The decoration on a shield, or shield symbols, allowed knights to be easily recognised
*The style of different shields ched as different types of body protection were developed
Shield Types
*Medieval shield construction started with the type of materials that would be required for a particular type of shield
*The materials were chosen according to the style of combat and armor worn by the owner to determine the weight and style of the shields
*The shield symbols included a knighs coat of arm
* Different symbols were originally used to decorate the clothing worn over the knight's armor
*The designs us with Medieval shields were plants and animals depicted on the field of the shield
http://www.medievalwarfare.info/weapons.htm#bombards
http://www.lordsandladies.org/ballista.htm
sources
http://www.medievalwarfare.info/armour.htm#torso
http://www.medievalwarfare.info/weapons.htm
http://www.lordsandladies.org/middle-ages-weapons.htm
http://www.medieval-life-and-times.info/medieval-weapons/index.htm
http://medieval.stormthecastle.com/armorypages/
https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR-C-KykdP817KLQ5gI6daNuoCP7wEiFmHN8DNL7ikLgmp6b-GN
www.historicalreplicas.net/img/Full-Body-Armor/HR-1037.jpg
https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRUWj6aRmSwV0hFu6H0tJwZJ5PkAytNM3WogxbjcL6RPLShU4oY
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/26/RomanCatapult444.JPG
https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQeg5EDnrtlOxVkVRI1PRH3xo_hjVpMO2e1Lr4eQ3RKo1U4f1wz
www.a2armory.com.com/images/armor/chmasetTB.jpg
http://www.medievalwarfare.info/armour.htm#mail
http://www.medievalwarfare.info/armour.htm#plate
http://www.medievalwarfare.info/weapons.htm#sparths
http://www.medievalwarfare.info/weapons.htm#onagers
http://www.medievalwarfare.info/armour.htm#head
http://www.medieval-life-and-times.info/medieval-swords-and-armor/medieval-shields.htm
http://www.medieval-life-and-times.info/medieval-swords-and-armor/medieval-shields.htm
Weapons Video
www.youtube.com/watch?v=63VmCPMf_DM
img3.wikia.nocookie.net_cb20100709004031/nethack/images/7/7b/Brigfront.jpg
Mangonel
www.swordsandarmor.com/images/H002203_White_Knight_Helmet.JPG
Trebuchet,Mangonel, and Battering Ram
use to hurl heavy stonesto smash castles and city walls
name comes from the French word "trebucher" which means throw over
believed to be invented by the Chinese in 300 BC
also called the trebucket
similar to the slave sling

spiralforums.biz/uploas/monthly_11_2010/post-19351-1291100967.jpg
used to batter and shake down gates, doors, walls, castles, fortresses and towns
huge tree trunks were used to make them
trunks were often fitted with a metal head and supported by large metal bands
foot soliders swung the tree trunk back and forth to batter the target
a timber roof protected the many foot soliders from missiles
www.heavenlyswords.com/images/T/IF403029.jpg
The Medieval Ages Were A Violent Time To Be Alive.
used during seige warfare
similar to a catapult
fired heavy projectiles froma bowlshaped becket at the and of its arm
threw misiles farther than the trebuchet
used by the French before it came to England in 1216
capable of firing missiles up to 1,300 ft.
Our Shield
the blue stands for truth and loyalty
the red stands for military strength
the silver triming stands for peace and sincerity
the giffin in the middle stands for Valour and death-defying bravery; vigilance
the coat of arms all stand for each group member
Our Visual Representation
Other Odd Weapons
the 'mercy giver' was a weapon used to kill a knight who had recieved a fatal wound but wouldn't die until a few days later
the 'sword breaker' was a dagger with deep ridges where you would hook your opponents sword and twist until it broke
the 'man catcher' was a semicurcular weapon with spikes protruding out of the inside and was used to pull men of their horses; one wrong move and you could mortally injure yourself
For our visual aid we have created a mini battlefield. We will also show you replicas of the weapons and will tell you about them and how they work.
Common Missiles
stones
fire
darts
burning tar
greek fire
burning sand
quicklime
dung
animal carcases
dicease ridden bodies
body parts
anything rotting
Seige Wepons Video
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sm6u0PFKWB
Full transcript