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Norway

Geography Norway Project
by

Kiersten Walsh

on 27 January 2013

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Transcript of Norway

Norway Welcome to Norway! The land of deep cold winters and long summer up north days with 23 hours of sunshine. If there was a catastrophic alien invasion in North America and my family and I had to pick up and leave. I would chose to go to a European country, Norway. Follow me through this presentation to find out why. Home Oslo Oslo is the capital city of Norway, found at the top of the Oslo fjord. Oslo is a harbour site with very large fishing fleets and ship building yards. Map of Oslo Situation of Oslo Physical Oslo City sits on the fjord Oslo which flows from the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. The fjord creates a major trading route to Norway's capital city. The climate is roughly -5 degrees celsius in the winter to +23 degrees celsius in the summer. Many large forested national parks surround the area with rolling foothills. More then 75% of Norway's population live in this area due to the extreme cold in the north. There are many small islands surrounding the city as well. Human Most city centers are found around Oslo and on the Oslo fjord or in the region surrounding. The boarder to Sweden from Oslo is about 60km. Oslo is Norway's most populated city so the market for trade there is the highest in the country. There are many means of transportation but barely anyone in Oslo drives cars as they are heavily taxed and gas is costly. Most people travel by tram, subway, train or bicycle. Tourism in Oslo is very high due to surrounding fjords, hiking trails, the National Opera House, The Royal Palace, various art gallery's, tours to surrounding communities, and many museums. The population density of Norway is sparse or 15.2 people per sq. km Norway imports machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, food (produce, meats, and grains).

They import these goods from Sweden, Germany, France, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Denmark, United States, and China. Economic Relationships What They Import What They Export Norway exports goods such gas and petroleum products, minerals, metals, timber, ships, fish and fish oils.

They export these products to the UK, Netherlands, France, Sweden, United States and Germany. North Sea The Norwegian economy is a mixed economy, combining elements of both command and market systems. There is a Prime Minster and a Monarchy in place. Yet they are a wealthy and industrial country.Their citizens enjoy very similar rights and freedoms as us. They have a very high standard of living and according to The United Nations HDI Norway has some of the best education, one of the best life expectancies and a very large GDP per capita which is $53,400 in USA dollar. Economic System of Norway Primary industries include mining of raw minerals, drilling off shore and on shore for gas, timber, large fishing industries (which feed inland European countries), and small bits of agriculture including wheat, barely and oats.

Secondary industries in Norway include food processing fish (to ship to in land European countries), timber for ship building and paper products, raw minerals put into food and products.

Tertiary industries in Norway. There are many domestic services not very well known to other countries, such as government workers, local fish shops, hair dressers and many retail stores selling local products.

Quaternary services include tourism guide to fjords, guides to hiking the mountains, websites for where best skiing locations and weather as well. Industries in Norway There are many settlement patterns found in Norway. In the south surrounding the Oslo fjord and city the settlement pattern is clustered. In eastern communities that are found along railways, on fjords, roads, or on the Atlantic Ocean are generally in a linear pattern. Far north people live in a scattered settlement patterns and occasional linear communities. Settlement Patterns in Norway Site This is where Norway is! And up here too! Oslo is the capital city of Norway. What is fjord anyway? A fjord is a long, deep inlet from the sea to the inland mountains. Fjords were formed by glaciers in the ice age making their way down hill to the ocean. A fjord found in Eastern Norway Oslo City Views All of Oslo wraps around the Oslo fjord just like in these pictures. Oslo is found here, North Sea Norway is a developed country. I know this because the pyramid planes out all the way through getting smaller in eighties region and up. Above is the Prime Minister of Norway Jens Stoltenberg Pictured above is King Herald and Queen Sonja of Norway. Caged fishing operation Agriculture Offshore drilling Paper mill Norwegian Fish Market Eastern fishing community in a linear settlement pattern. A lone northern home in a scattered settlement pattern. Analysis Barriers To Migration Barriers of migration to Norway would be for my family and I:
Physical- we would have to get over the Atlantic Ocean which could be easily overcome by flying from Toronto to Oslo.
Emotional- It would be really hard on my family to leave all our friends and family behind. It would be especially hard for my mum to leave my grandma behind. We would also have to leave behind most of our belongings. My parents would have a hard time learning a knew language seeing as they have been speaking English for thirty nine years.
Quotas- both my parents would have to get green cards and visas to get jobs and my family would have to live in Norway for seven years before becoming citizens and only allowed to leave the country for four months during this time. We would have to take courses to learn Norwegian history and the language to be able to live in Norway and take on full citizenship.
My parents both have University degrees and are of the working age so we would be more likely candidates to gain citizenship. National Anthem of Norway Culture Norwegian language has two forms, Bokmal (Book Norwegian) and Nynorsk (New Norwegian), although Bokmal is increasingly more common in the south yet both are spoken equally around the country. Other languages that are spoke in Norway include Swedish, Finish, and Sami. Everyone would have to learn to read both Bokmal and Nynorsk. My family would have to learn Sami (the natives language) as well as both forms of Norwegian.

In Norway the main religion is The Church of Norway (Evangelical Lutheran) but there is a small percentage of Catholics and Muslims. My family and I could still attend church every Sunday but would have to understand Latin and Norwegian would be tough and a long process.

My family and I would have to trade up old traditions such as English Pudding on Christmas, various pastas on Christmas Eve, or turkey on Easter Sunday. In Norway most people eat traditional foods like Fiskepudding, which is a pudding of whale steaks, salmon and various other seafood's mixed all together with eggs.

Housing in Norway is very European meaning that houses are much smaller and compact and often people live near their workplace and downtown functions. My family would grow accustomed to the smaller spaces but I think my mum would bring her love of Westernized appliances with her. Including large oven, fridge, and dishwasher. It would be extremely hard for her to switch over. Nynorsk Bokmal Church of Norway Much more compact kitchens. This kitchen is considered large in Norwegian standards. The current state of Norway is great and you can live comfortably, knowing that your whole health care is being covered and that you can never be extremely impoverished. In the next ten years Norway will be having issues with the price of gas and oil. Since there are no oil refinery's in Norway the price of petroleum and gas will keep going up by significant amounts of money. Norway will have to create a better system for natural resources because they are truly harvesting off the land, by mining, offshore drilling, fishing and forestry. The country will have to come up with some back up plan in case they use up these resources and find a more eco-friendly way to do it. Health Care In Norway citizens pay very high taxes for the government to cover there medical care and also medication fees. Reverse Income Taxation Reverse income tax is when a person in Norway makes under the average income then the government will reimburse the citizen by sending them a quarterly cheque. This ensures the citizen is above the poverty line and they are able to keep a job, get a higher education, and keep their families stable. Average Income The average income in Norway is $49,700 dollars a year. The standard of life in Norway is very high. They are ranked first in the United Nations Human Development Index and according to a CNN report the happiest country in the world. This might be hard to believe due to the fact they live in complete darkness up north all winter and it is rather cold all year but they are actually happy. There is absolutely no one under the poverty line due to reverse income tax and their children are receiving some of the best education in the world. Norwegians firmly believe in equality between all races and genders. Quality of Life GDP Per Capita In 2011 the GDP per capita was $53,400 in US dollars Ranked eighth in world Wealth The wealth of Norway can be described in their GDP of which is $265.5 billion (US dollars) which is ranked 48 in the world. The standard of living can describe wealth and seeing as Norway is ranked first in HDI and are they happiest country in the world makes Norway seem very wealthy. In Norway there is absolutely no one under the poverty line and everyone can contribute to the country. Population Pyramid of Norway in 2011 Would I chose Norway to move to? I would definitely choose to move to Norway if a catastrophic event happened. It would be very difficult in the beginning but it is a welcoming culture, a happy place to live, and has a very fair economic system. Education 100% of population over 15 can read and write. The average Norwegian spends 17 years in school. The Government spends 6.8% of GDP each year on education. Norwegian Folk Dance and Song Sami are the indigenous people (aboriginals) of the Northern parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Northern Russia. Who are the Sami? Samiland A traditional Norwegian-Sami house. Traditional Sami Clothing. The Sami are traditionally reindeer herders. Bibliography https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/no.html
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sami_people
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norway
National Geographic Magazine: The Sami and Norway issue
www.visitnorway.com/
www.lonelyplanet.com/norway
hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/ Kiersten
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