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Rosa Parks

The Life of an Extraordinary Woman
by

Phaedra Hanst

on 19 April 2010

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Transcript of Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks mother of the modern day civil rights movement Born: Rosa Louise McCauley Parks
Date: February 4, 1913-October 24, 2005
Place: Tuskegee, Alabama
Education: Montgomery Industrial School for Girls
December 1st, 1955 After a long day of working as seamstress at Alabama department store, Rosa boards a bus to go home. She passes by the front, and also empty, seats marked
white only.
Rosa is not allowed to sit in these seats, and chooses on in the middle of the bus. She can remain seated here unless there is a white person standing; if there is, she will have to give up her seat. Although she hates the laws of segregation, she has never been one to go against them. As the bus fills the seats infront begin to fill up, and as more white people step on, the bus driver realizes that there are no more seats left in the section, and so he tells Rosa and the people in her row to move to the back of the bus so that the white people can sit. At first no one moves, but when the bus driver starts to shout, they get up, and move to the back of the bus, white only
everyone except Rosa. The Last Straw As a second-class African-American citizen, Rosa has often been treated poorly at places in her state, she infact remembers that this same bus driver made her step off of the bus so that she could come in through the rear door. And now as this same bus driver is screaming at her to move from her seat, she decides to no longer take this treatment, and says "no". The angry bus driver then stops the bus, and once again tells Rosa to move to the back of the bus, when she once again refuses, he gets out the bus and returns with a policeman. Rosa is then arrested for violating segregation laws. December 2nd, 1955 E.D. Nixon then calls for a meeting of black leaders to discuss how to fight bus segregation. They all knew that the bus system greatly depended on the African-American race, so they decided they were going to boycott on the day of December 5th, led by Martin Luther King Jr. On the morning of December 5, King and the other leaders wait at a bus stop to see whether their plan will work. Bus after bus rolls by with no African Americans aboard. United in protest, boycotters choose instead to walk, take carpools, pedal bicycles, and even ride mules to get to where they need to be. This same day Rosa goes to court with her lawyer. The judge declares her guilty of breaking a city segregation law and fines her $14. Declaring that the law is unjust, Rosa Parks's lawyer says he will appeal the case to the U.S. Supreme Court. Bus companies lose over 75% of their customers, but are convinced that the African-American's protest will not last long. They think that the poor families cannot afford to miss work and will therefore need to use the bus again. But they are horribly wrong.
Eventually, the bus company has to take away a few buses. It also raises ride fees from 10 to 15 cents. Protesters are now also shopping closer to home, making white shopowners lose money. This causes some of the white people to harrass any protesters. The protesters stay calm though, using not only Ghandi's but algo King's policy of non-violence. November 13, 1956 On this day the Supreme court finally decides that Montgomery's segregation laws are unconstitutional. Although the boycott wouldn't have been successful without the unified effort of Montgomery's 17,000 African Americans, no one will forget Rosa Parks, the brave woman who led the way.
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