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Louis Riel

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Lenni Matlo

on 28 February 2013

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Transcript of Louis Riel

Before the Rebellion The Red River Colony was established by Thomas Douglas, the fifth Earl of Selkirk, to give workers of the Hudson's Bay Company a place to live and get food from. The colony had had problems in the past, such as conflicts with the Métis, but the biggest problem started when Rupert's Land was about to become part of Canada. Land surveyors and speculators (all English speaking) came to the Red River colony and started to divide up the land, despite the little fact that there was already people living on it. These people were the Métis, French-speaking Catholics with First Nations ancestry and a strong sense of pride in their heritage. While the Red River colony would later become Manitoba, with the support of many Métis, they felt that their rights and traditions were being threatened by Canada and the Red River Rebellion began. Riel's Motivations The Taking of Fort Garry John Schultz and
Thomas Scott The Result of Riel and the Rebellion John A and Canada's view of the Rebellion Bibliography Louis Riel was born on October 22, 1844 in the Red River colony. He was a Métis. In 1866 he got into
politics. He became a Métis leader and in
August 1869 he formed the Métis National
Committee, a political organization that wou-
ld defend the rights and traditions of the Métis.
Riel's main motivation for the Red River Re-
bellion (which he and many other Métis saw as simply a way to ensure the rights and traditions of the Red River peoples would be protected) was to keep his people's traditions safe and their rights protected. http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/confederation/023001-4000.61-e.html
http://www.canadahistory.com/sections/politics/pm/johnmacdonald.htm On November 2 1869, Riel led 120 men to Fort Garry and captured it. This was the start of the Red River Rebellion. After the taking of Ft. Garry, Riel set up a provisional government for the Red River colony (Manitoba) so that when they entered into Confederation there would be a way to protect Métis rights. He also drew up "The Métis List of Right and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms." The Métis' main opposition during the Red River Rebellion was the Canadian Party, who had set up a headquarters at the house of John Schultz. Riel led a Métis party to Schultz's house and kidnapped Schultz and 28 others. He took them to Ft. Garry. He then announced that he was ready to negotiate with Canada, but John A Macdonald refused to recognise him as a political leader. Riel did not help his case when he executed Thomas Scott, a member of the Canadian Party, on March 4 1870. As a result of the execution, Riel was forced to go into exile in the States. As a result of the Rebellion, Riel was forced into exile in America, though he would return later to fight in the Northwest Rebellion. Without Riel, the rebellion, which had been mostly bloodless, collapsed. The Red River Settlement became the centre of the new province of Manitoba, which was formed in 1870. Just before Manitoba was formed, the Canadian government enacted the Manitoba Act. The Manitoba act was very similar to the demands made by Riel and the Métis during the Rebellion. However, the government of Canada insisted that two things made it into the act: the province was limited in size, and all "ungranted lands" (like Crown land and natural resources) would be controlled by the federal government, unlike other provinces where ungranted lands were controlled by the provincial government. This took away Métis control of lands and is partly why they lost so much land before the Northwest Rebellion that would soon follow. and the Métis in Canada Louis Riel and the Red River Rebellion by Lenni Matlo When Canada bought Rupert's Land, John A Macdonald made William McDougal Lieutenant Governor of the territory and sent him to the Red River settlement to establish his authority. The Métis were not impressed by McDougal and set up their provisional government, led by Riel. John A sent Donald Smith west to the colony to try and persuade the people to join Canada. Riel sent a delegation to Ottawa to negotiate the Red River colony becoming part of Canada. Unfortunately, it was just after this that Riel had Thomas Scott executed. This caused the people of Ontario to lose any support they may have given Riel and the Ontario government to put out a bounty on Riel. This caused Riel's exile. John A and Georges-Etienne Cartier met with a Métis delegation and met their demands. The province of Manitoba was formed and Riel would remain in exile until the Northwest Rebellion. Manitoba's size in 1870
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